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The Religiosity of Japanese Migrants in the Czech Republic  [PDF]
Petra Tlcimukova
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.21002
Abstract: This study examines the role of religion in lives of the Japanese migrants in the Czech Republic. Scholars have been dealing with issues concerning both the religiosity and migration for a long time. The contemporary sociology of religion offers various theoretical and methodological tools to approach both social phenomena; nevertheless, regarding the transformative character of both of them, it remains difficult to characterize the nexus of the various modes of religiosity and migration development. Based on critics of contemporary research on migrants religiosity, I propose a qualitative approach that builds upon the postulates of theories of transnationalism and draws on Jean-Claude Kaufmann’s method of understanding interviews. The method of gaining and analysing the interviews conducted with the Japanese living long-term in the Czech Republic allowed me to observe the process of religious identity construction, or in other words to uncover the deeper levels of claims concerning their relationship with religion. The results of my empirical investigation and analysis show that 1) not all migrants create transnational identities, 2) the method of understanding interview allowed some respondents to construct their own individualized and fragmented religious identities, 3) not all religious identities of migrants can be interpreted as transnational.
Effect of Cultural Differences in Reaction of Students to Ambiguous Art Stimulus  [PDF]
Petra Potmesilova, Petra Sobkova, Marcela Fojtikova Roubalova
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.211008
Abstract:

Reconstruction is one of the basic methods used in art therapy and the artphiletic approach to work with a client. The method of Reconstruction can be used in practice not only for development of imagination, but also as a means of obtaining information about the ways clients react to ambiguous stimuli. The present article compares reactions of students of Palacky University in Olomouc and students of Sichuan University at Chengdu to an ambiguous stimulus using the reconstruction method.

Physical Activity Improves Mental Rotation Performance  [PDF]
Petra Jansen, Stefanie Pietsch
Creative Education (CE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2010.11009
Abstract: Even there seemed to be general knowledge that physical activity enhanced spatial cognitive performance almost none experimental studies on this influence exist. For that the influence of physical activity on mental rotation per-formance is investigated in this study. Mental rotation is the ability to imagine how an object would look if rotated away from the original orientation. Two groups of 44 students of educational science each solved a psychometrical mental rotation task with three-dimensional block figures. After this, the participants of the physical activity group took part in a sport lesson, whereas the participants of the cognitive activity group attended an oral lesson of kinematics. Both lessons took 45 minutes. Thereafter, all participants solved the mental rotation task again. The results showed that the participants of the physical activity group improved their mental rotation performance whereas the participants of the cognitive activity showed no improvement.
Collective Actions in the European Union—American or European Model?  [PDF]
Verica Trstenjak, Petra Weingerl
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2014.53015
Abstract: Collective redress is a procedural mechanism that allows for reasons of procedural economy and efficiency of enforcement many similar legal claims to be combined into a single court action. Consumers and investors encounter problems with the enforcement of their rights through the individual redress, especially in times of the financial crisis. If a substantial number of harmed individuals decide not to pursue their, usually low, claims, the unduly gained profits of the opposite party can be extremely high. Thus, collective redress mechanisms can represent better option for consumers and investors, as their claims tend to be much less burdensome in case of the collective action. However, such mechanisms can trigger the abuse of the procedures, with the most commonly quoted threat being the example of American regulation of class actions. Negative characteristics of American model are the reasons that EU decided to shape its own concept of collective redress mechanisms. The binding act in this field in the EU is directive on injunctions for the protection of consumers’ interests; however, there is no binding act yet regarding compensatory actions. In June 2013, the European Commission published the Recommendation on common principles for injunctive and compensatory collective redress mechanisms in the Member States concerning violations of rights granted under Union Law. It is not binding on Member States, however, it can serve as a guideline to improve their existing legislations, especially the regulation of collective compensatory actions. In so doing, consumers and investors might be given the possibility to use more efficient mechanism to compensate the harm suffered.
The Relation between Performance and Flows of Mutual Funds: Case of the Croatian Fund Market  [PDF]
Darko Brborovic, Petra Posedel
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.519292
Abstract: With pre 2008 euphoria and present depression, inflows to open investment funds and outflows from it shaped general market conditions on the Croatian fund market. This article studies the relationship between performance of open ended investment funds and inflows (outflows) to them on Croatian funds data in an environment without long fund data history, with small number of funds and relatively illiquid underlying equity market. The results suggest that the driving forces behind funds’ flows encompass the combined influence of present month fund’s performance and persistency of past performances. At the end of our analysis we test the significance of the introduced explanatory variables on the data sets that include data for each particular fund. The significance of the introduced explanatory variables varies among different funds, although a general level of the explanatory power is maintained on average.
K vyzvám spole nosti vědění adresovanym kole. / The role of school in the knowledge society and the consequences of social changes for school.
Petra Valentová
Pedagogicka Orientace , 2013, DOI: 10.5817
Abstract: Spole nost vědění – termín ozna ující mnoho teoretickych p ístup k pochopení na í sou asnosti se stal rovně sou ástí mnoha ve ejnych dokument . Studie nazna uje charakteristické znaky, které na e sou asnost vykazuje a které její ozna ení coby spole nost vědění opravňují, pozastavuje se u názor spole enskych kritik , zamy lí se nad nově definovanou rolí lověka v pracovním světě a nazna uje některé d sledky, které z konceptu spole nosti vědění vyplyvají pro kolu. Autorka nazna uje nutnost změn ve směru k otev enosti koly coby instituce, k otev enosti kurikula, interdisciplinaritě, internacionalitě, nově definované roli u itele atd., sou asně v ak upozorňuje na odpovědnost spole nosti v i kole, nebo kola je ve spole nosti vědění sice úst ední institucí, nepo ívá v ak v dy tomu odpovídající vá nosti.
The nominalized infinitive in French : structure and change
Petra Sleeman
Linguística : Revista de Estudos Linguísticos da Universidade do Porto , 2010,
Abstract: Many European languages have both nominal and verbal nominalized infinitives. They differ, however, in the degree to which the nominalized infinitives possess nominal and verbal properties. In this paper, nominalized infinitives in French are analyzed. It is shown that, whereas Old French was like other Romance languages in possessing both nominal and verbal nominalized infinitives, Modern French differs parametrically from other Romance languages in not having verbal infinitives and in allowing nominal infinitives only in a scientific style of speech. An analysis is proposed, within a syntactic approach to morphology. that tries to account for the loss of the verbal properties of the nominalized infinitive in French. It is proposed that the loss results from a change in word order (the loss of the OV word order in favor of the VO word order) and a change in the morphological analysis of the nominalized infinitive: instead of a zero suffix analysis, a derivational analysis was adopted by the speakers of French. It is argued that the derivational analysis restricted nominalization to Vo, which made nominalization of infinitives less ìverbal than in other Romance languages
Vyvoj osobní letecké dopravy v závislosti na ekonomickych ukazatelích s dopadem na cestující
Petra Skolilová
GRANT journal , 2012,
Abstract: lánek se zabyvá analyzou vlivu ekonomickych ukazatel na vyvoj osobní letecké dopravy. Kromě zkoumání závislosti základních ekonomickych ukazatel jako je elasticita poptávky, p íjmy a ztráty z osobní letecké dopravy, zkoumá dopad změn vy e popsanych veli in na cestující z pohledu cenové hladiny.
Co-operation between Social Service Providers – a Comparison between Germany and Greece
Claudius, Petra
Social Work and Society , 2006,
Abstract:
“Best read books” in Slovenian public libraries
Petra Jager
Knji?nica : Revija za Podro?je Bibliotekarstva in Informacijske Znanosti , 2008,
Abstract: The paper investigates hundred most borrowed books in public libraries in perspective of some trends in reading habits and general mission of public libraries. It introduces genres and quality of most borrowed books in Slovenian public libraries. The research was based on one hundred best read monographs in Slovenian public libraries during the six year period. The analyzed data from the database conducted by Institute of Information Science since 2002 include all public libraries which use the COBISS.SI system and have automated borrowing. The best read books show big qualitative differences among most borrowed titles. Opposed to few artistic literature titles, the majority of borrowed books are popular literature. The first type of literature represents obligatory reading titles in secondary school system. The list of best read books indicates that the majority of users’ interests are moving apart from public libraries strategic aims.
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