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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 32570 matches for " Peter Boldsen Knudsen "
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Anticancer and Antifungal Compounds from Aspergillus, Penicillium and Other Filamentous Fungi
Tanja Thorskov Bladt,Jens Christian Frisvad,Peter Boldsen Knudsen,Thomas Ostenfeld Larsen
Molecules , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/molecules180911338
Abstract: This review covers important anticancer and antifungal compounds reported from filamentous fungi and in particular from Aspergillus, Penicillium and Talaromyces. The taxonomy of these fungi is not trivial, so a focus of this review has been to report the correct identity of the producing organisms based on substantial previous in-house chemotaxonomic studies.
Bio-Activity and Dereplication-Based Discovery of Ophiobolins and Other Fungal Secondary Metabolites Targeting Leukemia Cells
Tanja Thorskov Bladt,Claudia Dürr,Peter Boldsen Knudsen,Sara Kildgaard,Jens Christian Frisvad,Charlotte Held Gotfredsen,Martina Seiffert,Thomas Ostenfeld Larsen
Molecules , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/molecules181214629
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize fungal natural products (NPs) with in vitro bioactivity towards leukemia cells. We based our screening on a combined analytical and bio-guided approach of LC-DAD-HRMS dereplication, explorative solid-phase extraction (E-SPE), and a co-culture platform of CLL and stromal cells. A total of 289 fungal extracts were screened and we tracked the activity to single compounds in seven of the most active extracts. The novel ophiobolin U was isolated together with the known ophiobolins C, H, K as well as 6-epiophiobolins G, K and N from three fungal strains in the Aspergillus section Usti. Ophiobolins A, B, C and K displayed bioactivity towards leukemia cells with induction of apoptosis at nanomolar concentrations. The remaining ophiobolins were mainly inactive or only slightly active at micromolar concentrations. Dereplication of those ophiobolin derivatives possessing different activity in combination with structural analysis allowed a correlation of the chemical structure and conformation with the extent of bioactivity, identifying the hydroxy group at C3 and an aldehyde at C21, as well as the A/B- cis ring structure, as indispensible for the strong activity of the ophiobolins. The known compounds penicillic acid, viridicatumtoxin, calbistrin A, brefeldin A, emestrin A, and neosolaniol monoacetate were identified from the extracts and also found generally cytotoxic.
Flyb ren termografisk kortl gning og varmetabskortl gning
Peter Knudsen
Geoforum Perspektiv , 2010,
Abstract:
Improved homological stability for the mapping class group with integral or twisted coefficients
S?ren K. Boldsen
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: In this paper we prove stability results for the homology of the mapping class group of a surface. We get a stability range that is near optimal, and extend the result to twisted coefficients.
Anmeldelser
Peter Dragsbo,Christian Ringskou,Sofie Lene Bak,Knud Knudsen
Kulturstudier , 2011,
Abstract: Anmeldelser af: Birgit Vorre:Boligen i det 20. rhundrede. Indretning og brug. Nyt Nordisk Forlag Arnold Busck, 2008, 314 s. Palle Ove Christiansen:Smeden & skaberv rket. Tanker om tilv relsen i en vestjysk fabriksby. C.A. Reitzels Forlag, 2008. 167 s. Bent stergaard:Indvandrerne i Danmarks historie. Kultur- og religionsm der. Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2007, 523 s. Christian Tortzen:En s mand han maa lide. S m ndenes Forbund 1897-1997. Bind II. De sidste 50 r. Kampen forts tter. Pantheon, 2007, 560 s.
Different versions of mapping class groups of surfaces
S?ren Kj?rgaard Boldsen
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: We give a short, mostly elementary and self-contained proof of the classical result that the groups of diffeomorphisms, homeomorphisms, and homotopy equivalences of a surface have the same group of connected components.
Towards representation stability for the second homology of the Torelli group
S?ren K. Boldsen,Mia Hauge Dollerup
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: We show for g > 6 that the second homology group of the Torelli group of a surface of genus g and 1 boundary component is generated as an Sp(2g,Z)-module by the image under the stabilization map of the second homology group of the Torelli group of a surface of genus 6 and 1 boundary component. In the process we also show that the quotient of the complex of arcs with identity permutation by the Torelli group is (g-2)-connected, for one or two boundary components.
Increased liver regeneration rate and decreased liver function after synchronous liver and colon resection in rats
Hideki Sasanuma, Frank Mortensen, Anders Knudsen, Peter Funch-Jensen, Masaki Okada, Hideo Nagai, Yoshikazu Yasuda
Annals of Surgical Innovation and Research , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1750-1164-3-16
Abstract: Ninety-six Sprague-Dawley rats were block-randomized into six groups: Group I had a laparotomy performed. Group II had 1 cm colon resected and anastomosed. Group III and V had 40% or 70% of the liver resected, respectively. Additionally Group IV and VI had 1 cm colon resected and anastomosed, respectively. Body weight was recorded on postoperative day 0, 3, 5 and 7. Rats were sacrificed on postoperative day 7 by rapid collection of blood from the inferior vena cava, and endotoxin levels were measured. Remnant liver function was evaluated by means of branched amino acids to tyrosine ratio. Liver regeneration was calculated by (liver weight per 100 g of the body weight at sacrifice/preoperative projected liver weight per 100 g of the body weight) × 100.The total number of complications was significantly higher in Group VI than Group I, III, IV, and V. Body weight and branched amino acids to tyrosine ratio were both significantly lower in rats that had simultaneous colonic and liver resection performed. Hepatic regeneration rate was significantly higher in the simultaneous colectomy group. Systemic endotoxin levels were unaffected by simultaneous colectomy on postoperative day 7.In our model morbidity seems to be related to the extent of hepatic resection. In rats undergoing liver resection, simultaneous colectomy induced a higher degree of hepatic regeneration rate. Body weight changes and branched amino acids to tyrosine ratio were negatively affected by simultaneous colectomy.Surgical resection of colorectal liver metastases offers the best possibility for long-term survival. After complete resection of detectable metastases, about one third of patients survive for at least 5 years [1,2]. The surgical strategy for the treatment of colorectal cancer and synchronous liver metastases remains controversial. Simultaneous colorectal and liver resections might impose an increased risk of postoperative liver dysfunction and septic complications [3-5]. In a previous study, w
Up-front fludarabine impairs stem cell harvest in multiple myeloma: report from an interim analysis of the NMSG 13/03 randomized placebo controlled phase II trial
Hans E. Johnsen,Lene M. Knudsen,Anne K. Mylin,Peter Gimsing
Hematology Reports , 2009, DOI: 10.4081/hr.2009.e11
Abstract: The impact of chemotherapy resistant B cells in multiple myeloma (MM) needs to be evaluated by in vivo targeted therapy. Here we report the conclusions from a phase II randomized, placebo controlled trial adding fludarabine to the induction with cyclophosphamide-dexamethasone. Based on an interim toxicity and safety analysis, the trial was stopped following inclusion of 34 of a planned 80 patients due to a reduced number of patients (4/17) actually harvested in the experimental arm compared to the control arm (11/17; p lower than 0.05). In conclusion, the scheduled fludarabine dosage in 2 cycles combined with alkylating therapy impairs stem cell mobilization and standard therapy in young MM patients and should not be administrated up-front.
Matador - et kig ind gadespejlet
Nanna Frost,Holger Knudsen,Sine Dalsgaard Kristensen,Peter Rosenlund S?rensen
Massekultur & Medier , 1981,
Abstract: Matador - et kig ind gadespejlet
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