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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13676 matches for " Peláez Mendoza "
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Ciência em Cuba: uma aposta pela soberania
Mendoza, Orfilio Peláez;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142011000200009
Abstract: on january 15, 1960, fidel castro ruz, then prime minister of the revolutionary government, said that cuba's future would necessarily have to be a future of men of science, a future of men of thought. half a century after this prophetic announcement, the caribbean island is a country of researchers, specialists and highly skilled workers, boasting one of the world's most important biotechnological industries, with achievements comparable to those of leading nations in this field of knowledge. now, scientific activity in cuba is on the way to becoming a powerful productive force, bringing in considerable foreign currency and generating greater well-being for society.
Enfermedad inflamatoria pélvica y adolescencia
Peláez Mendoza,Jorge;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2012,
Abstract: the pelvis inflammatory disease (pid) is known as the infection of the superior genital tract including the different evolutionary phases of the infectious process, as well as the involvement of any of its locations, the inflammation of the fallopian tubes is the commonest way. this entity may to appear in any moment during the reproductive life of woman, but it is much higher the risk of appearance during adolescence and youth accepting that in those aged of 20 it is three times greater than the group aged of 25-29. the great frequency of this disease in adolescents and young peoples is explained among other things, by the close association between the sexual transmited desease (std) and the pid; nowadays it is considered that in more than 90 % of all the pids is present a recent episode of std. as it is fully known, the practice of risky sexual behaviors is a common feature in these ages thus this sector of population is in a higher risk of std, pid and its sequelae. in present review we try to approach the problem of pdi in adolescents with an integral overview and also with the update that this subject need, as well as its proper diagnosis and management to promote and to protect the sexual and reproductive health of this important population sector.
El abuso sexual y su asociación con las infecciones de transmisión sexual
Peláez Mendoza,Jorge;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2010,
Abstract: it is known that the sexual abuse is the "involving" of immature and dependents children and adolescent of both sexes, in sexual activities no really understood and no responsibly allowed, most of these aggressions have as victim women and girls, are committed by men of different ages. one of the main concerns in face of a sexual abuse is the risk of sexual transmission infection (std). it is essential to characterize those diagnosed in the first consultation and those founded during the follow-up, especially in adolescents ones. in present article we made an updated review on the association between the sexual abuse and presence of stis, also including a updated approach of these patients management related to prophylactic treatment. we conclude that there is a close link between occurrence of sexual abuse and presence of one sti (s), thus, we suggest screening always its presence in all victim of sexual abuse and also it is necessary that the health care staff always consider a chronic sexual abuse in face of a finding of a sti in a minor.
Consideraciones del uso de anticonceptivos en la adolescencia
Peláez Mendoza,Jorge;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 1996,
Abstract: an analysis is carried out about the major issue of pregnancy in adolescence, and about contraception as one of the elements that must be kept in mind at the moment of facing this health problem; the advantages and disadvantages of contraception are evaluated, and these are related with the medical and social perils of pregnancy, reaching the conclusion that the advantages of contraception are higher than its risks, if they go together with and adequate sex education; therefore, the should be considered as a fundamental pillar in the struggle for the decrease of the incidence of pregnancy among adolescents, and its negative consequences.
Salud sexual y reproductiva de adolescentes y jóvenes: una mirada desde la óptica de los derechos humanos
Peláez Mendoza,Jorge;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2008,
Abstract: today it is very important to deal with the topic of adolescence and youth due to the trascendency of this age group for development and its impact on the world population, paticularly on latin america and the caribbean, where the inhabitants aged 10-24 account for 30 % and the adolescents aged 11-19 represent 20 %, with an equitable distribution between both sexes. it is expected that the population aging affects the region in the next decades. the current situation of cuba is a clear example of it. therefore, the topic of youth and an adequate promotion of reproductive health are still present. it is necessary that the attention of public policies focus on it in the coming years, since it is a priority to preserve the future fertility of adolescents and youth. the present situation of poverty and inequality predominating in a great number of the countries of our region is a menace for the development of this human capital. this article is aimed at analyzing the aspects related to the strategies and policies of sexual and repoductive health directed to adolescents and youth with an approach that pioritizes their human, sexual and reproductive rights. this perspective is based on the commitments made by the countries on ratifying the universal declaration of human rights, the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women, the international convenant on economic, social and cultural rights, and the convention on the rights of the child, as well as the conclusions of the international conference on population and development (icpd) and the fourth world conference on women.
Adolescente embarazada: características y riesgos
Peláez Mendoza,Jorge;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 1997,
Abstract: the characteristics inherent to pregnant adolescents are widely analyzed and emphasis is made on the risks of pregnancy at this stage of life. maternal and perinatal morbidity is divided according to the time of appearance and some of the aspects connected with them are discussed. it is concluded that only through a policy oriented towards the sexual and sanitary education of the new generations it will be possible to improve in the future the indicators related to pregnancy incidence at this stage of life and the perinatal results.
Los regímenes extendidos, una opción válida para conocer y promover
Peláez Mendoza,Jorge;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2009,
Abstract: prescription of continuous use of active combined oral contraceptives (open regimes) has had a great diffusion and acceptation in recent years; it has been particularly significant in more developed countries. initially, its use was limited to specific medical indications, such as, endometriosis, menstrual dysfunction-associated anemia, dysmenorrhea, and other entities, occupying a key place those related to a decision or a personal desire. at present times, this method is very popular among women with a marked impact on quality of life. so far, there were no side effects with use pattern of contraceptives, since there are multiple advantages associated with its use, including a reduction in anticonceptional long-term costs. that is why we consider very appropriate to carry out present review on this topic, to offer health professional working in family plan and reproductive health sphere, the tools needed allowing them to know method and its introduction in daily practice, considering that it will be a positive contribution for improvement of quality of life of cuban woman. to know the new regimes and their potentials is a challenge and an urgent need for present physicians, being an unavoidable responsibility to maintain a updating high level and information on all topics referring anticonceptional practice.
Utilidad del sistema intrauterino liberador de levonorgestrel (Mirena) en el tratamiento de las metrorragias
Peláez Mendoza,Jorge;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2010,
Abstract: the continuous use of active hormonal contraceptives by insertion of intrauterine system releaser of progestational agent (levonorgestrel) has been very useful due to its desired contraceptive action as well as its positive effect for managing of some gynecological affections including endometriosis, uterine fibromatosis and certain menstrual dysfunctions and adding recently new indications. objective: to assess the usefulness of the intrauterine releaser system lovenorgestrel (mirena) in management of metrorrhagies and other gynecological affections. methods: a descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study was conducted including 19 patients underwent mirena insertion to treatment metrorrhagies and other gynecological affections between january 1, 2003 and december 31, 2008. patients included in study were half-yearly assessed by interviews, clinical examination, hematology studies and echography. results: there was a market reduction of menstrual flux; those patients with more than 12 months of use had an increase of 1 ? gr in first figures of hemoglobin. patients presenting with myomata achieved a slight reduction of tumor and a metrorrhagies control also verifying a decrease in cystic masses and in symptoms of patients with endometriosis, while it was possible to obtain a linear endometrium in patients under hormone replacement therapy (hrt). conclusions: more frequently reported adverse effects were those related to local action of progestogen on endometrium e.g. spotting and amenorrhea. as exception were the lower extremities cramps. until now no patient has interrupted the use of mirena.
Aborto en la adolescencia: Consideraciones bioéticas en torno a la decisión de abortar
Peláez Mendoza,Jorge;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2008,
Abstract: induced abortion is not a problem easy to be evaluated. what is difficult about it is that a social behavior cannot be explained by the opinion of its actors. it depends on the system of social relations where it is immersed, the juridical and moral relations, the institutions influencing on it, and the economic and technological support of the country. it is really difficult to know the problematic of abortion in adolescents in our region, since in most of the latin american and caribbean countries this procedure is ilegal or it has serious restrictions. only cuba, puerto rico, canada and the united states have reliable statistics, due to the fact that abortion is legal. in spite of the prohibitions, it is estimated that millions of ilegal abortions are performed every year. one of the main ethical dilemmas of abortion in adolescence is to face the principle of the adolescent's autonomy to demand abortion and the answer given by society. some studies report the role played by the family in the decision making at the time of aborting. some of the important reasons for their decision are that they want their daughters to continue studying and that they consider they are not prepared yet to be mothers. it is stressed the little attention payed to the peer groups in the decision making, which differs from the weight given to them in the genesis of other risk behaviors, such as the beginning of early sexual relations
Embarazo en la adolescente, una asignatura pendiente Taenage pregnancy, a pending subject
Jorge Peláez Mendoza
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2012,
Abstract:
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