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Ra?a e gênero no Brasil
Lowell, Peggy;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 1995, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64451995000100003
Abstract: using sample data from the 1960 and 1980 demografic censuses (the most recent available), this study estimates the magnitude of racial differences by gender in place of residence, education, occupational distribution, and wages. contrary to predictions that race and gender divisions in the workplace would yield to the homogenizing forces of industrialization, it is demonstrated that the modern urban labor market in brazil continues to be segregated by race and gender.
How Many Nurses are Enough? A pilot Study Measuring Nursing Care Hours per Patient Day and Patient Outcomes
Aquichán , 2007,
Abstract: the in this article, the author presents research and findings of correlations between patient outcomes and staffing mix, in particular, the proportion of registered nurses and its impact on quality of care. in examining the relationships among nursing quality indicators of care, the investigator focused on the mix of registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and unlicensed staff; the maintenance of skin integrity; and the link between nosocomial urinary tract infections and patient satisfaction for patient outcomes. the results indicate that adequate nurse staffing and appropriate skill mix is an important factor to consider when making critical staffing decisions. the study also demonstrated statistically significant relationships among the proportions of registered nurses and nosocomial urinary tract infections and patient satisfaction.
A Transnational Gaze
Levitt, Peggy;
Migraciones internacionales , 2011,
Abstract: in the decade since this journal was founded, major demographic shifts caused shifts in migration studies. against this backdrop, the questions migration scholars ask and the analytical and methodological tools we use to answer them have changed dramatically. in this essay, i take an idiosyncratic look at these developments and propose directions for the future. i focus on the analytical rewards of using a transnational perspective to study migration, on the importance of considering space and scale in our work, and on bringing culture more centrally back into our conversations. i highlight opportunities at interdisciplinary intersections that, can move our field forward in new productive directions if we take advantage of them.
Trinta e sete dias em Nova York com Adalzira Bittencourt
Sharpe, Peggy;
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-026X2008000300024
Abstract: adalzira bittencourt's visit to the us during 1939 resulted in a travel narrative that recounts the details of her visits to numerous schools, hospitals and orphanages in the city of new york and to the 1939 world's fair held in the same city. her general impressions of the eugenic reforms underway in the us during this time period reveal her support for the project of cultural renewal sponsored by the vargas regime that targeted the disadvantaged in brazilian society. in addition, bittencourt's commentary exposes the racial prejudice prevalent in american society at the time and outlines the hues and tones of her own brand of racism vis a vis the very sector of the brazilian population she advocated for throughout her career as a lawyer, educator, social activist and writer.
A Transnational Gaze
Peggy Levitt
Migraciones internacionales , 2011,
Abstract: En los 10 a os que tiene de haberse fundado esta revista, importantes cambios demográficos han dado lugar a transformaciones en los estudios sobre migración. Desde esta perspectiva, las preguntas que se hacen los estudiosos de la migración y las herramientas de análisis y metodología que utilizan para responderlas se han modificado drásticamente. En este ensayo se echa un vistazo idiosincrásico a estos cambios y se propone un rumbo a seguir en el futuro. El estudio se concentra en las ventajas analíticas de utilizar una perspectiva transnacional para el estudio de la migración, en la importancia de tomar en cuenta el espacio y la magnitud de nuestro trabajo, y en situar de nuevo la cultura en el centro de nuestros debates. Así mismo se destacan las oportunidades que las intersecciones interdisciplinarias nos brindan para que nuestro campo avance en una nueva y más productiva dirección.
Reclasser les victimes de la Première Guerre mondiale : Le cas de la loi du 30 janvier 1923 sur les emplois réservés en France (1923-1939)
Peggy Bette
Amnis , 2006, DOI: 10.4000/amnis.880
Abstract: En 1923, les parlementaires fran ais adoptent une loi réservant des emplois aux victimes de guerre dans les administrations et les établissements publics. Il s'agit de favoriser le reclassement social de milliers d'invalides, veuves et orphelins de guerre. Près de 150 000 d'entre eux bénéficient d'un emploi réservé entre 1923 et 1939. Il leur a fallu auparavant se soumettre à un système de sélection exigeant. Les parlementaires l'ont voulu ainsi parce que leur principale préoccupation est de concilier les intérêts des victimes de guerre et les exigences du service public. La question de savoir si ce système d'embauche préférentielle est compatible avec les principes républicains d'égalité ne semble pas les intéresser. Ils souhaitent avant tout que la Nation s'acquitte de ses devoirs envers les victimes de guerre. En 1923, los miembros del parlamento francés adoptan una ley según la cual se deben reservar empleos en las administraciones y los organismos públicos para las víctimas de guerra. El objetivo es promover la integración social de miles de inválidos, viudas y huérfanos de guerra. Cerca de 150.000 individuos se benefician con la obtención de un empleo reservado entre los a os 1923 y 1939. De antemano, deben someterse a un sistema de selección muy exigente. Así lo quieren los parlamentarios porque su preocupación principal es la de conciliar los intereses de las víctimas de guerra y las exigencias del servicio público. Saber si este sistema de empleo preferencial es compatible con los principios republicanos de igualdad, no parece interesarles en este momento. Ante todo, ellos quieren que la Nación cumpla con sus deberes para con las víctimas de guerra. In 1923, the French parliament members adopted a law reserving jobs in administrations and public establishments for war victims. The objective was to promote the social integration of thousands of war wounded, widows and orphans. Close to 150,000 of them benefited from reserved jobs between 1923 and 1939. Beforethat, they had to submit to a stringent selection system. The parliament members wanted it this way, because their main concern was to reconcile the war victims’ interests with the public service demands. At that time, no one raised the question of whether this system was compatible with the republican principles of equality. Their first wish was that the Nation fulfilled its duty towards the war victims.
How Many Nurses are Enough? A Pilot Study Measuring Nursing Care Hours per Patient Day and Patient Outcomes
Peggy Tallier
Aquichán , 2007,
Roots Always Precede Routes: On the Road, through a Glass Darkly
E-rea : Revue électronique d’études sur le Monde Anglophone , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/erea.1629
Abstract: Cet article explore les strates souterraines de On the Road, d’une part, en adoptant trois angles d’approche (le rapport dialogique errance-enracinement, l’ethnogenèse et la géographie culturelle), et d’autre part, en intégrant le roman dans un projet plus vaste, le projet Route qui permet une lecture de la genèse du roman publié en 1957 et de sa version originale, le Rouleau, publiée cinquante ans plus tard. Cet article analyse les rapports entre espace, identité, errance et nation, et tente de proposer une lecture de la présence invisible de l’ethnicité franco-américaine de l’auteur comme fils conducteur des proto-versions de On the Road et des thèmes abordés (l’errance, la cartographie de l’espace et la quête du père et de la patrie perdus). This article explores the subterranean layers of On the Road, firstly, approaching them from three perspectives (the dyad routes-roots, ethnogenesis and cultural geography), and secondly, considering the novel within a larger project, the “Road” project, which allows further insight into the genesis of the 1957 edition and of the original scroll published fifty years later. This article focuses on the relationship between space, identity, travel and nation, and attempts to offer a reading of the author’s French-Canadian and Franco-American invisible ethnicity as a guiding line to the On the Road proto-versions and to the themes developed (travel, mapping the land and the quest for the father[land]).
Mitotic Activity in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Land Race “Olaudi” Walp) in Nigeria  [PDF]
Peggy Obaseojei Willie, Peter Osobase Aikpokpodion
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.68123
Abstract: Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata is a major staple for millions of households in the tropics. A cowpea land race, “Olaudi” collected from South-Eastern Nigeria was investigated for mitotic indices during cell division. Root tips were pre-treated with 8-hydroxyquinoline for three hours, fixed in Carnoy’s solution (alcohol-acetic acid solution 3:1 v/v) for 24 hours, hydrolysed in 1 NHCl and squashed in aceto-orcein. Various stages of mitosis were recorded to determine mitotic activity in dividing cells. Results obtained showed that active cell division occurred between 7.00 AM and 2.00 PM but peaks between 11.00 AM and 1.00 PM. Although cells at the prophase stage were in a continuum, they became observable between 8.00 AM and 3.00 PM, but greater proportion of cells was observed at 12.00 PM. Cells at metaphase were generally observed during a six hours period between 8.00 AM and 1.00 PM, but the peak period was 11.00 AM. Mitotic activity at anaphase commenced around 10.00 AM late morning but plateaus for two hours early afternoon between 12.00 PM and 2.00 PM. Telophase activity was mostly observed at 11.00 AM within a five hour period between 9.00 AM and 2.00 PM. Mitotic index peaked at 1.00 PM with 65.3% of cells in active cell division, with a concomitant high mean germination percentage (63.5%). This study provides useful basic information to guide further cytogenetics research in the genetic improvement of this local cowpea landrace.
Outpatient alcoholism treatment – 24-month outcome and predictors of outcome
Michael Soyka, Peggy Schmidt
Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1747-597x-4-15
Abstract: Prospective observational study with 92 alcohol-dependent patients. Assessments were made by personal interviews at the beginning and end of therapy, and at the 24-month follow-up. Univariate and logistic regression analyses were performed.Results: The mean age was 46.0 (SD = 9.9) years. There were 58 males (65.2%) and 31 females (34.8%). Of the 67 patients interviewed at 2-year follow-up, 58% were abstinent and 79% improved. Differences between abstainers and non-abstainers were found for number of previous detoxifications, and number of patients attempted suicides. In addition, female gender and a higher number of prior treatments predicted negative treatment outcome.Matching patients to different types of treatment by means of empirically based characteristics may help to improve outcome but research has failed to establish reliable predictors in that area. Data from this follow-up study confirm the role of certain clinical outcome predictors. Additionally, results give further evidence for outpatient treatment as an effective setting for alcohol-dependent patients as indicated by a favourable retention rate (84%) and outcome (minimum abstinence rate 44%).Setting and gender effects play a substantial role in treatment of alcoholism. Variables that may predict treatment outcome are of great relevance for optimal allocation of patients to different treatment settings [1-5]. In Germany and other European countries in recent years highly structured outpatient treatment programs have been developed and partially replaced longer inpatient treatment as indicated by a larger number of patients in outpatient clinics but few follow-up studies have been published on the efficacy of these treatments [6]. Variables that were found to be predictive in inpatient treatment [7] do not necessarily have to be so in other treatment settings.Favourable 3-year outcome results for an intensive alcohol outpatient treatment programme were found in an earlier study [8]. Furthermore, this
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