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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 268 matches for " Peggy Vidot "
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Nursing and midwifery regulation and HIV scale-up: establishing a baseline in east, central and southern Africa
Carey F McCarthy,Joachim Voss,Andre R Verani,Peggy Vidot
Journal of the International AIDS Society , 2013, DOI: 10.7448/ias.16.1.18051
Abstract: Introduction: Shifting HIV treatment tasks from physicians to nurses and midwives is essential to scaling-up HIV services in sub-Saharan Africa. Updating nursing and midwifery regulations to include task shifting and pre-service education reform can help facilitate reaching new HIV targets. Donor-supported initiatives to update nursing and midwifery regulations are increasing. However, there are gaps in our knowledge of current practice and education regulations and a lack of information to target and implement regulation strengthening efforts. We conducted a survey of national nursing and midwifery councils to describe current nursing and midwifery regulations in 13 African countries. Methods: A 30-item survey was administered to a convenience sample of 13 national nursing and midwifery regulatory body leaders in attendance at the PEPFAR-supported African Health Profession Regulatory Collaborative meeting in Nairobi, Kenya on 28 February, 2011. The survey contained questions on task shifting and regulations such as registration, licensure, scope of practice, pre-service education accreditation, continuing professional development and use of international guidelines. Survey data were analyzed to present country-level, comparative and regional findings. Results: Task shifting to nurses and midwives was reported in 11 of the 13 countries. Eight countries updated their scope of practice within the last five years; only one reported their regulations to reflect task shifting. Countries vary with regard to licensure, pre-service accreditation and continuing professional development regulations in place. There was no consistency in terms of what standards were used to design national practice and education regulations. Discussion: Many opportunities exist to assist countries to modernise regulations to incorporate important advancements from task shifting and pre-service reform. Appropriate, revised regulations can help sustain successful health workforce strategies and contribute to further scale-up HIV services and other global health priorities. Conclusions: This study provides fundamental information from which to articulate goals and to measure the impact of regulation strengthening efforts.
Evaluation of the MERIS aerosol product over land with AERONET
J. Vidot,R. Santer,O. Aznay
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions , 2008,
Abstract: The Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) launched in February 2002 on-board the ENVISAT spacecraft is making global observations of top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiances. Aerosol optical properties are retrieved over land using Look-Up Table (LUT) based algorithm and surface reflectances in the blue and the red spectral regions. We compared instantaneous aerosol optical thicknesses retrieved by MERIS in the blue and the red at locations containing sites within the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET). Between 2002 and 2005, a set of 500 MERIS images were used in this study. The result shows that, over land, MERIS aerosol optical thicknesses are well retrieved in the blue and poorly retrieved in the red, leading to an underestimation of the Angstrom coefficient. Correlations are improved by applying a simple criterion to avoid scenes probably contaminated by thin clouds. To investigate the weakness of the MERIS algorithm, ground-based radiometer measurements have been used in order to retrieve new aerosol models, based on their Inherent Optical Properties (IOP). These new aerosol models slightly improve the correlation, but the main problem of the MERIS aerosol product over land can be attributed to the surface reflectance model in the red.
Evaluation of the MERIS aerosol product over land with AERONET
J. Vidot,R. Santer,O. Aznay
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP) & Discussions (ACPD) , 2008,
Abstract: The Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) launched in February 2002 on-board the ENVISAT spacecraft is making global observations of top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiances. Aerosol optical properties are retrieved over land using Look-Up Table (LUT) based algorithm and surface reflectances in the blue and the red spectral regions. We compared instantaneous aerosol optical thicknesses retrieved by MERIS in the blue and the red at locations containing sites within the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET). Between 2002 and 2005, a set of 500 MERIS images were used in this study. The result shows that, over land, MERIS aerosol optical thicknesses are well retrieved in the blue and poorly retrieved in the red, leading to an underestimation of the Angstrom coefficient. Correlations are improved by applying a simple criterion to avoid scenes probably contaminated by thin clouds. To investigate the weakness of the MERIS algorithm, ground-based radiometer measurements have been used in order to retrieve new aerosol models, based on their Inherent Optical Properties (IOP). These new aerosol models slightly improve the correlation, but the main problem of the MERIS aerosol product over land can be attributed to the surface reflectance model in the red.
Ra?a e gênero no Brasil
Lowell, Peggy;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 1995, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64451995000100003
Abstract: using sample data from the 1960 and 1980 demografic censuses (the most recent available), this study estimates the magnitude of racial differences by gender in place of residence, education, occupational distribution, and wages. contrary to predictions that race and gender divisions in the workplace would yield to the homogenizing forces of industrialization, it is demonstrated that the modern urban labor market in brazil continues to be segregated by race and gender.
How Many Nurses are Enough? A pilot Study Measuring Nursing Care Hours per Patient Day and Patient Outcomes
Tallier,Peggy;
Aquichán , 2007,
Abstract: the in this article, the author presents research and findings of correlations between patient outcomes and staffing mix, in particular, the proportion of registered nurses and its impact on quality of care. in examining the relationships among nursing quality indicators of care, the investigator focused on the mix of registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and unlicensed staff; the maintenance of skin integrity; and the link between nosocomial urinary tract infections and patient satisfaction for patient outcomes. the results indicate that adequate nurse staffing and appropriate skill mix is an important factor to consider when making critical staffing decisions. the study also demonstrated statistically significant relationships among the proportions of registered nurses and nosocomial urinary tract infections and patient satisfaction.
A Transnational Gaze
Levitt, Peggy;
Migraciones internacionales , 2011,
Abstract: in the decade since this journal was founded, major demographic shifts caused shifts in migration studies. against this backdrop, the questions migration scholars ask and the analytical and methodological tools we use to answer them have changed dramatically. in this essay, i take an idiosyncratic look at these developments and propose directions for the future. i focus on the analytical rewards of using a transnational perspective to study migration, on the importance of considering space and scale in our work, and on bringing culture more centrally back into our conversations. i highlight opportunities at interdisciplinary intersections that, can move our field forward in new productive directions if we take advantage of them.
Trinta e sete dias em Nova York com Adalzira Bittencourt
Sharpe, Peggy;
Revista Estudos Feministas , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-026X2008000300024
Abstract: adalzira bittencourt's visit to the us during 1939 resulted in a travel narrative that recounts the details of her visits to numerous schools, hospitals and orphanages in the city of new york and to the 1939 world's fair held in the same city. her general impressions of the eugenic reforms underway in the us during this time period reveal her support for the project of cultural renewal sponsored by the vargas regime that targeted the disadvantaged in brazilian society. in addition, bittencourt's commentary exposes the racial prejudice prevalent in american society at the time and outlines the hues and tones of her own brand of racism vis a vis the very sector of the brazilian population she advocated for throughout her career as a lawyer, educator, social activist and writer.
A Transnational Gaze
Peggy Levitt
Migraciones internacionales , 2011,
Abstract: En los 10 a os que tiene de haberse fundado esta revista, importantes cambios demográficos han dado lugar a transformaciones en los estudios sobre migración. Desde esta perspectiva, las preguntas que se hacen los estudiosos de la migración y las herramientas de análisis y metodología que utilizan para responderlas se han modificado drásticamente. En este ensayo se echa un vistazo idiosincrásico a estos cambios y se propone un rumbo a seguir en el futuro. El estudio se concentra en las ventajas analíticas de utilizar una perspectiva transnacional para el estudio de la migración, en la importancia de tomar en cuenta el espacio y la magnitud de nuestro trabajo, y en situar de nuevo la cultura en el centro de nuestros debates. Así mismo se destacan las oportunidades que las intersecciones interdisciplinarias nos brindan para que nuestro campo avance en una nueva y más productiva dirección.
Reclasser les victimes de la Première Guerre mondiale : Le cas de la loi du 30 janvier 1923 sur les emplois réservés en France (1923-1939)
Peggy Bette
Amnis , 2006, DOI: 10.4000/amnis.880
Abstract: En 1923, les parlementaires fran ais adoptent une loi réservant des emplois aux victimes de guerre dans les administrations et les établissements publics. Il s'agit de favoriser le reclassement social de milliers d'invalides, veuves et orphelins de guerre. Près de 150 000 d'entre eux bénéficient d'un emploi réservé entre 1923 et 1939. Il leur a fallu auparavant se soumettre à un système de sélection exigeant. Les parlementaires l'ont voulu ainsi parce que leur principale préoccupation est de concilier les intérêts des victimes de guerre et les exigences du service public. La question de savoir si ce système d'embauche préférentielle est compatible avec les principes républicains d'égalité ne semble pas les intéresser. Ils souhaitent avant tout que la Nation s'acquitte de ses devoirs envers les victimes de guerre. En 1923, los miembros del parlamento francés adoptan una ley según la cual se deben reservar empleos en las administraciones y los organismos públicos para las víctimas de guerra. El objetivo es promover la integración social de miles de inválidos, viudas y huérfanos de guerra. Cerca de 150.000 individuos se benefician con la obtención de un empleo reservado entre los a os 1923 y 1939. De antemano, deben someterse a un sistema de selección muy exigente. Así lo quieren los parlamentarios porque su preocupación principal es la de conciliar los intereses de las víctimas de guerra y las exigencias del servicio público. Saber si este sistema de empleo preferencial es compatible con los principios republicanos de igualdad, no parece interesarles en este momento. Ante todo, ellos quieren que la Nación cumpla con sus deberes para con las víctimas de guerra. In 1923, the French parliament members adopted a law reserving jobs in administrations and public establishments for war victims. The objective was to promote the social integration of thousands of war wounded, widows and orphans. Close to 150,000 of them benefited from reserved jobs between 1923 and 1939. Beforethat, they had to submit to a stringent selection system. The parliament members wanted it this way, because their main concern was to reconcile the war victims’ interests with the public service demands. At that time, no one raised the question of whether this system was compatible with the republican principles of equality. Their first wish was that the Nation fulfilled its duty towards the war victims.
How Many Nurses are Enough? A Pilot Study Measuring Nursing Care Hours per Patient Day and Patient Outcomes
Peggy Tallier
Aquichán , 2007,
Abstract:
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