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Awareness of breast cancer risk factors and practice of breast self examination among female undergraduates in university of Nigeria Enugu campus  [PDF]
Peace Iheanacho, Afam Ndu, Amaka Doris Emenike
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.31019
Breast cancer patients generally have low rates of survival due to being diagnosed at advanced stages raising critical issues about prevention and avoidance of risk factors. Breast self examination makes women more “breast aware”, which in turn may lead to an earlier diagnosis of breast cancer. In Nigeria, the statistics of breast cancer have overtaken cancer of the cervix to become the commonest malignancy in women. This study was carried out to determine the awareness of breast cancer risk factors and practice of breast self examination among female students of the University of Nigeria Enugu Campus. The descriptive survey design was used for the study. The population of the study was all the female students that reside in hostels in the campus (2400) in number. A sample of 240 students was selected using quota sampling technique. Structured questionnaires based on the research objectives were used for data collection. The results of the study showed that most of the students have little knowledge of breast cancer risk factors and majority of the students do not practice BSE monthly. It was recommended that there should be regular organization of seminars and workshops for students to address sensitive topics like breast cancer risk factors and breast self examination.
Students’ Entry Qualification and Academic Performance in Basic Schools of Nursing in Enugu State between 1995 and 1999  [PDF]
Ngozi P. Ogbonnaya, Perpetua O. U. Okpuruka, Peace N. Iheanacho, Afam Ndu
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.510084
Abstract: This study was a descriptive study of the correlation type, carried out to find out the relationship between entry qualification and academic performance in two basic schools of nursing in Enugu State, South-East, Nigeria, between 1995 and 1999. The study retrospectively examined the scores of a sample of 390 nursing students. Data were O’ level GCE/SSCE Grades, representing the entry qualification; and the final pre-qualifying examination result scores, representing the final academic performance collected from student records and analyzed based on the formulated hypotheses. Pearson’s product-moment Coefficient of Correlation and t-test were used to compare performances. A positive correlation which was statistically significant was found between entry qualifications and final performance. One of the schools performed better than the other, while science- based students performed better than non-science-based students. It was recommended that relevant regulatory bodies should ensure that prospective student nurses get credit passes in all the basic sciences as part of the requirements for admission.

Nonadherence Factors and Sociodemographic Characteristics of HIV-Infected Adults Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
Ijeoma Okoronkwo,Uchenna Okeke,Anthonia Chinweuba,Peace Iheanacho
ISRN AIDS , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/843794
Abstract: Adherence to treatment instructions with antiretroviral therapy (ART) is very crucial for successful treatment outcome. However, sticking to treatment instructions pose-great challenges to HIV/AIDS patients. This cross-sectional study was on HIV infected adults attending ART clinic in Nigeria to explore nonadherence factors in relation to their socioeconomic characteristics. Validated structured questionnaire was administered to 221 participants. Results showed a high nonadherence rate of 85.1%. The commonest occurring factors of non-adherence were forgetfulness (53.8%), busy schedule (38.8%), side effects of drugs (31.9%), and stigma (31.9%). Males were more likely to complain from busy schedule, feeling healthy, fear of partner disclosure, long waiting period, and long term regimen. Patients with no formal education were more likely to attribute non-adherence to poor communication, side effects of drugs, and stigma. Employed patients seemed to miss their drugs more than the unemployed and artisans. The high non-adherence rate has serious implications for the control of HIV in infected individuals and management of HIV in general. Nurses should intensify efforts on patient education and counseling. 1. Introduction HIV/AIDS is one of the major public-health problems worldwide, affecting mostly people who are at the most productive stage of life. Out of the estimated 34 million people living with HIV/AIDS globally as at the end of 2010, 68% reside in Sub-Saharan Africa [1]. Nigeria has an HIV prevalence of 4.1% and currently an estimated 3.6 million people are living with HIV/AIDS [2] which puts Nigeria as the second country with the largest number of people living with HIV (PLWH) after South Africa. The development and availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART) became a turning point in the control and prevention of the epidemic. With the success of ART in improving the quality of life of PLWH and reducing morbidity and mortality, HIV has become a chronic manageable disease [3]. Studies have shown a correlation between higher levels of adherence and improved virological and clinical outcomes [4, 5]. However, ensuring that PLWH receive, and adheres to their highly active ART poses a challenge to the treatment efficacy [6]. In Nigeria ART was commenced (i.e., combining at least 3 drugs from various classes of ART into a cocktail that produces a dramatic reduction in viral load and allows immune suppression) in 2002 and coverage stood at 359,181 in 2010 [2]. Adherence to ART according to Carter [7] refers to timely intake of the right dose of prescribed
First Ladies in Nigeria: The Rise of Amazon Crusaders for Better Life of the Vulnerable  [PDF]
Ngozi N. Iheanacho
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2016.63011
Abstract: This paper is a study of the status and operations of Nigerian First Ladies. The rise and boom dates back to 1987, during the tenure of Maryam Babangida—wife of the then president. Subsequent national First Ladies cued into the structure and legacy of the office and extended the phenomenon to state First Ladies. Like Amazons, they have continued to rise in fame, with exotic paraphernalia of office and pet-projects, making Nigeria a bee-hive of First Ladies operation. Through ethnographic and phenomenological method of knowledge inquiry and presentation in qualitative analysis the report is replete with reasons for the boom—the major being the people’s cosmology of woman and motherhood and, the onerous desire of women to adequately cue into the global project of gender balance in advancement. In spite of the marginal status of the office in the body polity of the nation, First Ladies have contributed significantly to human development index of the target group and, provided strategic platform for women mobilization and consciousness in public affairs.
Religio-Cultural Foundation and Resources of Human Relations in Africa  [PDF]
Ngozi N. Iheanacho
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2016.62005
Abstract: Human life is more meaningful and fulfilling only when lived and shared in healthy group relations. This way of understanding life is a fundamental influence and concomitant to the dynamics of building structures of association and wholesome cooperation. Human relations extend to all dimensions of life-hence: to live is to interact and, to interact is to relate. With the methods of phenomenology, this paper qualitatively analyzed the cultural foundations and religious fabrics of human relations. Culture and religious import of human relations underlie African peoples’ world-view, values and patterns of interaction, communal living, hospitality, etc. In the industrial aspect, religious beliefs and practices, such as God’s providence, intercessory prayer, staff fellowship, thanksgiving service, and retreat, are veritable tools for peace, motivation and viable operations.
The Rising Paradigm of Pentecostapreneurship in Nigeria: Impacts on National Development  [PDF]
Ngozi N. Iheanacho, Chidiebere A. Ughaerumba
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2016.63028
Abstract: For over four decades now, the Pentecostal brand of Christianity has remained on steady rise and boom in Nigeria. The churches flourish as vibrant business enterprises—the founders and leaders—operate in the praxis of entrepreneurs. The number of such churches operating in the frame of pentecostapreneurship is so many that investigation into the phenomenon is necessary. Relying on phenomenological method of enquiry, skewed in qualitative analysis, the paper identified the pentecostapreneurship praxis as veritable socio-economic activity for national development. The operational strategies revolve around crusade, revival and outreach programmes.
The Contours of a Just and Lasting Peace
Coalition for Peace
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 1988,
The People's Christmas Ceasefire and the Challenge of Forging Genuine and Lasting Peace
Coalition for Peace
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 1988,
Between beauty and humiliation: casting a sharp eye on the panacea of psychology
Peace Kiguwa
Psychology in Society , 2009,
Efficacy and Cost-Benefit Analysis of Indigenous Technical Knowledge versus Recommended Integrated Pest and Disease Management Technologies on Common Beans in South Western Uganda  [PDF]
Peace Kankwatsa
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104589
The common bean is the second most important food and third economically important crop after banana and coffee in the South Western Agro-Ecological Zone of Uganda. Farmers’ returns to investment in bean production are consistently negative mainly due to losses resulting from collective effects of insect pests and diseases that cause damages at the various plant growth stages. This research study was carried out to 1) identify the major insect pests and diseases affecting the common beans in the zone; 2) test and compare the performance of the local/traditional practices versus integrated pest and disease management (IPDM) technology combinations; 3) determine the yield performance of improved varieties under the different pest control practices; 4) evaluate the profitability of the different pest and disease management practices. Results showed that cutworm, thrips, aphid and defoliating beetles were the major insect pests, while angular leaf spot, ascochyta blight, anthracnose and the bean common mosaic virus (BCMV) were the major diseases. Improved varieties managed with the recommended IPDM technology combination were more protected compared to the farmers’ indigenous practices. The climbing varieties had significantly higher yield (3.4 t/ha) than the local bush variety (1.2 t/ha). Consequently, the application of indigenous practices resulted in negative returns to investment while the combination of research recommended technologies including judicial inorganic pesticide application led to positive returns to investment in bean production. The marginal rate of return (MRR) of IPDM technologies including inorganic pesticides was two times greater, implying that integration of improved variety with recommended agronomic crop management technologies plus judicial chemical application is economically feasible for increased common bean production in South Western Uganda.
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