Abstract:
We study decay of correlations, the asymptotic distribution of hitting times and fluctuations of the return times for a robust class of multidimensional non-uniformly hyperbolic transformations. Oliveira and Viana [15] proved that there is a unique equilibrium state for a large class of non- uniformly expanding transformations and Holder continuous potentials with small variation. For an open class of potentials with small variation, we prove quasi-compactness of the Ruelle-Perron-Frobenius operator in a space $V_\theta$ of functions with essential bounded variation that strictly contain Holder continuous observables. We deduce that the equilibrium states have exponential decay of correlations. Furthermore, we prove exponential asymptotic distribu- tion of hitting times and log-normal fluctuations of the return times around the average given by the metric entropy.

Abstract:
We establish bounds for the measure of deviation sets associated to continuous observables with respect to not necessarily invariant weak Gibbs measures. Under some mild assumptions, we obtain upper and lower bounds for the measure of deviation sets of some non-uniformly expanding maps, including quadratic maps and robust multidimensional non-uniformly expanding local diffeomorphisms. For that purpose, a measure theoretical weak form of specification is introduced and proved to hold for the robust classes of multidimensional nonuniformly expanding local diffeomorphisms and Viana maps.

Abstract:
We study quadratic skew-products with parameters driven over piecewise expanding and Markov interval maps with countable many inverse branches, a generalization of the class of maps introduced by Viana. In particular we construct a class of multidimensional non-uniformly expanding attractors that exhibit both critical points and discontinuities and prove existence and uniqueness of an SRB measure with stretched-exponential decay of correlations, stretched-exponential large deviations and satisfying some limit laws. Moreover, generically such maps admit the coexistence of a dense subset of points with negative central Lyapunov exponent together with a full Lebesgue measure subset of points which have positive Lyapunov exponents in all directions. Finally, we discuss the existence of some non-uniformly hyperbolic attractors for skew-products associated to hyperbolic parameters.

Abstract:
We study Poincar\'e recurrence from a purely geometrical viewpoint. We prove that the metric entropy is given by the exponential growth rate of return times to dynamical balls. This is the geometrical counterpart of Ornstein-Weiss theorem. Moreover, we show that minimal return times to dynamical balls grow linearly with respect to its length. Finally, some interesting relations between recurrence, dimension, entropy and Lyapunov exponents of ergodic measures are given.

Abstract:
In this article we study the mean return times to a given set for suspension flows. In the discrete time setting, this corresponds to the classical version of Kac's lemma \cite{K} that the mean of the first return time to a set with respect to the normalized probability measure is one. In the case of suspension flows we provide formulas to compute the mean return time. In particular, this varies linearly with continuous reparametrizatons of the flow and takes into account the mean escaping time from the original set.

Abstract:
We construct open sets of Ck (k bigger or equal to 2) vector fields with singularities that have robust exponential decay of correlations with respect to the unique physical measure. In particular we prove that the geometric Lorenz attractor has exponential decay of correlations with respect to the unique physical measure.

Abstract:
Let $AC_D(M,SL(2,\mathbb R))$ denote the pairs $(f,A)$ so that $f\in \mathcal A\subset \text{Diff}^{1}(M)$ is a $C^{1}$-Anosov transitive diffeomorphisms and $A$ is an $SL(2,\mathbb R)$ cocycle dominated with respect to $f$. We prove that open and densely in $AC_D(M,SL(2,\mathbb R))$ (in appropriate topologies) the pair $(f,A)$ has simple spectrum with respect to the unique maximal entropy measure $\mu_f$. On the other hand, there exists a residual subset $\mathcal{R}\subset \text{Aut}_{Leb}(M)\times L^\infty(M,SL(2,\mathbb R))$, with respect to the separate topology, such that any element $(f,A)$ in $\mathcal{R}$ has trivial spectrum or it is hyperbolic. Then, we prove prevalence of trivial spectrum near the dynamical cocycle of an area-preserving map and also for generic cocycles in $\text{Aut}_{Leb}(M)\times L^p(M,SL(2,\mathbb R))$.

Abstract:
In the present paper we give a positive answer to some questions posed by Viana on the existence of positive Lyapunov exponents for Hamiltonian linear differential systems. We prove that there exists an open and dense set of Hamiltonian linear differential systems, over a suspension flow with bounded roof function, displaying at least one positive Lyapunov exponent. In consequence, typical cocycles over a uniformly hyperbolic flow are chaotic. Finally, we obtain similar results for cocycles over flows preserving an ergodic, hyperbolic measure with local product structure.

Abstract:
In the present paper we give a positive answer to a question posed by Viana on the existence of positive Lyapunov exponents for symplectic cocycles. Actually, we prove that for an open and dense set of Holder symplectic cocycles over a non-uniformly hyperbolic diffeomorphism there are non-zero Lyapunov exponents with respect to any invariant ergodic measure with the local product structure.

Abstract:
We study the rate of decay of correlations for equilibrium states associated to a robust class of non-uniformly expanding maps where no Markov assumption is required. We show that the Ruelle-Perron-Frobenius operator acting on the space of Holder continuous observables has a spectral gap and deduce the exponential decay of correlations and the central limit theorem. In particular, we obtain an alternative proof for the existence and uniqueness of the equilibrium states and we prove that the topological pressure varies continuously. Finally, we use the spectral properties of the transfer operators in space of differentiable observables to obtain strong stability results under deterministic and random perturbations.