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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 193006 matches for " Paulino; Díaz? Aparicio "
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Identificación y tipificación de biotipos y serotipos de Yersinia enterocolitica
Elizalde Casta?eda,Paulino; DíazAparicio,Efrén; Hernández? Andrade,Laura; Jaramillo Arango,Carlos Julio;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102001000400008
Abstract: objective: to assess the presence of yersinia enterocolitica in otherwise healthy pigs slaughtered for human consumption. methods: one hundred pharyngeal tonsils were sampled in a slaughterhouse in the state of mexico. the minimum sample size (n=100) was calculated based on a preliminary sample of 20 cases, which had 20% positive cases. the collected tonsil samples were inoculated in rappaport broth, and salmonella-shigella and mcconkey media. the biotyping identification process was based on biochemical and serological tests using o:3, o:8 and o:9 antisera. results: twenty-two isolates were obtained. most were biotype 1 (8 cases of o:3 and 8 cases of o:9), but 6 cases could not be serotyped. none of the isolates were of o:8 group. conclusions: this was the first time that y. enterocolitica serotypes were isolated from pig tonsils in mexico. its importance rely on the fact that the isolated serotypes are the most commonly found in public health problems.
Identificación y tipificación de biotipos y serotipos de Yersinia enterocolitica
Elizalde Casta?eda Paulino,DíazAparicio Efrén,Hernández? Andrade Laura,Jaramillo Arango Carlos Julio
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2001,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Conocer la existencia de Yersinia enterocolitica en suínos visiblemente sanos y sacrificados para el consumo humano. MéTODOS: Fueron estudiadas 100 muestras de tejido linfático obtenidas en el momento del sacrifício, en un matadero del Estado de México. Fueron realizados muestreos pilotos de 20 casos, de los cuales 20% fueron positivos, permitiendo obtener una muestra estudiada (n=100). Las muestras colectadas de tejido linfático fueron acondicionadas para el aislamiento de Yersinia enterocolitica en caldo de Rappaport y en medio de cultivo de Salmonella-Shigella y MacConkey. Las identificaciones fueron efectuadas por medio de pruebas bioquímicas y serológicas, utilizándose en el caso los antisueros O:3, O:8 y O:9 para la biotipificación correspondiente. RESULTADOS: Fueron obtenidos 22 aislamientos tipificándose 8 serotipos pertenecientes al O:3 y 8 al O:9 correspondientes al biotipo 1; y, en 6 muestras no fue posible la serotipificación. No se encontró en el total de los aislados el serotipo O:8. CONCLUSIONES: En base en la metodología, se registró la presencia de Y. enterocolitica y sus serogrupos en tejido linfático de porcinos por la primera vez en México; esto es importante porque el patógeno y sus serotipos aislados están comprometidos con mayor frecuencia con problemas de salud pública.
Leucemias agudas y síndromes mielodisplásicos secundarios al tratamiento oncológico
Díaz Beveridge,R.; Aparicio Urtasun,J.;
Anales de Medicina Interna , 2003, DOI: 10.4321/S0212-71992003000500009
Abstract: secondary hematological malignancies represent a severe complication of cancer treatment. their real incidence is unknown because of the heterogeneity of primary tumors, their therapies, and their prognosis. the usual presentation is an acute leukemia or myelodisplastic syndrome. two different diseases have been described with particular clinical and cytogenetic features, namely the one associated with alkylating drugs and that related to epipodophylotoxins. diagnosis is based on clinical suspicion, morphological alterations and cytogenetic studies. prognosis is uniformly dismal. conventional chemotherapy is mainly palliative, whereas allogenic transplantation allows the cure of a small percentage of cases. thus, potential curative therapies for solid tumors should be optimized and patients maintained in long-term surveillance programs.
Immunogenic Response of Brucella canisvirB10 and virB11 Mutants in a Murine Model
E. Palomares-Resendiz,Efrén Díaz-Aparicio
Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology , 2012, DOI: 10.3389/fcimb.2012.00035
Abstract: The virB locus, which encodes the type IV secretion system, is a major component of virulence in Brucella. A non-polar virB10 mutant and a virB11 deletion mutant were constructed in Brucella canis. In the mouse model, both mutants were cleared at day 21 post-infection, indicating reduced virulence in mice. After challenging with wild-type B. canis, the amounts of CFU recovered at day 15 were significantly lower in the group previously vaccinated with the virB10 mutant. Levels of IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, and IgM, the induction of the cytokines IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, and the production of IFN-γ were measured in lymphocyte cultures. All strains elicited similar levels of different antibody isotype profiles, and no significant differences were detected (P < 0.05). The wild-type strain induced a rapid and strong INF-γ response at 24 h, while both mutants induced mild INF-γ responses at 24 h, which remained constant over the course of sampling. Our results suggest that the virB mutants elicit a protective immunity and may be considered as candidates for studies to be conducted in dogs against canine brucellosis.
Optimización de la actividad a administrar en estudios de extremidades óseas empleando MDP-Tc99m.
Pérez Díaz, Marlen.,Díaz Rizo, Oscar.,Estévez Aparicio Eric.,Dopico Hdez, Rolando.
Alasbimn Journal , 2003,
Abstract: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la actividad óptima del radiofármaco MDP cubano-Tc-99m en el establecimiento de una relación de compromiso entre calidad de imagen y protección radiológica del paciente durante estudios de extremidades realizados en Medicina Nuclear. La técnica estadística utilizada para establecer el criterio de optimización fue el análisis discriminante. Se tomaron tres muestras de 18 pacientes. A cada muestra se le aplicó un protocolo diferente de MDP-99mTc. Cada muestra se dividió en tres grupos de 6 pacientes. Los valores de actividad administrados fueron: 293 MBq, 430 MBq y 598 MBq. En cada estudio se valoraron imágenes de manos y fémures. Las relaciones Se al/Ruido (S/F) y Se al/Fondo (S/F) fueron procesadas estadísticamente para cada imagen. Se obtuvo que con 430 MBq se logra buena calidad en imágenes de manos y fémures, ambas utilizando un protocolo a 10 minutos de adquisición para las condiciones técnicas utilizadas.The aim of the present study was to determine the optimum activity of the Cuban MDP labeled with Tc-99m, for establishing a compromise relation between image quality and patient radiological protection in Nuclear Medicine studies. The used statistical technique was the discriminant analysis to arrive at the optimization criterion. Three samples of 18 patients each were selected. Each sample was undergone to a different acquisition protocol. Each sample was divided into three groups of 6 patients each. The administered activities were: 293 MBq, 430 MBq or 598 MBq. Images of hands and femurs were graded for each study. The ratios Signal /Background and Signal/ Noise were processed. The value of 430 MBq was enough to obtain good image quality using a protocol of 10 minutes of acquisition for the used technical conditions.
Bioclimate-Vegetation Interrelations along the Pacific Rim of North America  [PDF]
Manuel Peinado, Gustavo Díaz, José Delgadillo, Francisco Manuel Oca?a-Peinado, Miguel ángel Macías, Juan Luis Aguirre, Alejandro Aparicio
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.310173
Abstract: This study was designed to examine relationships between climate and vegetation of the Pacific rim of North America, from the Mediterranean deserts of California to Alaska’s boreal taiga. Relations were inferred from temperature and rainfall data recorded at 457 weather stations and by sampling the vegetation around these stations. Climate data were used to construct climatograms, calculate forty one variables and detect main latitudinal and longitudinal gradients. In order to identify the best functions able to relate our variables, polynomial and non-polynomial regressions were performed. The k-means algorithm was the clustering method used to validate the variables that could best support our bioclimatic classification. The variable that best fitted our classification was finally used to prepare a discriminatory key for bioclimates. Across this extensive area three macrobioclimates were identified, Mediterranean, Temperate and Bo- real, within which we were able to distinguish nine bioclimates. Finally, we relate the different types of potential natural vegetation to each of these bioclimates and describe their floristic composition and physiognomy.
Evolución del consumo de fármacos antidepresivos en las áreas sanitarias de La Rioja y Zamora durante el período 1997-2001
Sainz de Rozas Aparicio,Carlos; Ruiz Clavijo Díez,María Teresa; Díaz Madero,Alfonso;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272004000500008
Abstract: background: due to the high increase in the utilization of antidepressant drugs and the change in the prescription profile within this group, this study is aimed at discovering the evolution of the utilization of antidepressant drugs (no6a subgroup) outside of the hospital setting in the rioja and zamora health districts throughout the 1997-2001 period and to evaluate the impact of the new drugs. methods: a study was made of the utilization of drugs included in the no6a treatment subgroup under the anatomical therapeutic chemical (atc) classification. the data on the utilization of each specialty was taken from the pharmacy management (sifar) software applications and has been stated for each active ingredient in daily dose per inhabitant (ddi). results: in the period under study, there was an increase in the total utilization of antidepressants in the two areas (zamora 55% and rioja 93%) due mainly to the increase in selective serotinin reuptake inhibitors (ssri) (zamora 80% and rioja 143%) and in the new heterocyclic antidepressants (zamora 82% and rioja 78%). conclusions: there has been an increase in the utilization of antidepressants, all of which has taken place in conjunction with a change in the prescription profile. there is a clear shift toward the utilization of the ssri's and some heterocyclic antidepressants (venlafaxine, trazodone, reboxetine), the utilization of tricyclic antidepressants and imao's having decreased.
Evaluación de la prueba de rivanol para el diagnóstico de brucelosis en caprinos
Efrén Díaz Aparicio,Laura Hernández Andrade,Virginia Ochoa Díaz,José María Blasco Martínez
Veterinaria México , 2000,
Abstract:
Fístula Colecisto-Umbilical Espontánea Secundaria a Colecistolitiasis
Freddy Miguel Ortiz Aparicio,John Marcelo Guzman Díaz,Juan Victor Guzman Gonzales
Revista Científica Ciencia Médica , 2009,
Abstract: La apertura externa de una fístula colecistocutánea la mayoría de las veces ocurre en el hipocondrio derecho. Sin embargo,otros sitios pueden estar implicados, como el hipocondrio izquierdo (45 %), el ombligo ( 27 %), la región lumbar derecha, lafosa iliaca derecha y región glútea. Por tanto, el objetivo es exponer el caso de una paciente con fístula colecisto-umbilicalespontánea, secundaria a colecistolitiasis, atendida en el Instituto Gastroenterológico Boliviano-Japonés. Paciente sexofemenino, 47 a os de edad, presentó con cuadro clínico de dolor abdominal de 25 a os de evolución, localizado en hipocondrioderecho, con salida de material purulento de color amarillo-verdoso a través de un orificio de aproximadamente3mm, situado a nivel de la cicatriz umbilical. Se realizó fistulografía a través del orificio umbilical visualizándose trayectofistuloso de o la vesícula biliar al ombligo; el conducto cístico y el colédoco estaban permeables. Se trató quirúrgicamente,mediante colecistectomía convencional con resección del trayecto fistuloso.
Administered Activity Optimization in Renal Scintigraphy with DMSA - 99mTc.
Pérez Díaz, M.,Diaz Rizo, O.,Dopico Hernández, R.,Estéves Aparicio, E.
Alasbimn Journal , 2003,
Abstract: A method, which consists in constructing a discriminant function of the image quality is proposed. The dependent parameter is referred image quality by expert criterion. The function is able to select which of the measured parameters determine the referred image quality. The minimum activity to permit good image quality can be proposed as optimum among a group of tested activities. The method was tested in 36 patients underwent to DMSA-99mTc scintigraphy. They were divided into 3 groups of 12 patients each. Each group was monitored by a different acquisition protocol and for two activities (72 MBq and 133 MBq). The measured parameters were: the age, sex and weight of the patients, the labeling yield (LY), the acquisition time and some Signal-to-Background ratios. The constructed function could classify 91.7% of the cases correctly. The ratios Right Kidney/Bladder, Left Kidney/Bladder, LY and Right Kidney/Liver were the determinant parameters. 72 MBq-700 kcounts was selected as the optimal combination to obtain good image quality.
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