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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 401548 matches for " Paulette M. McManus "
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Archaeological parks: what are they?
Paulette M. McManus
Archaeology International , 1999, DOI: 10.5334/ai.3017
Abstract: Most in-situ conservation and presentation of archaeological sites focuses more on the monuments and other artefacts themselves than on them and the landscapes of which they are a part. The concept of an archaeological park can overcome this limitation. In this personal view of what constitutes an archaeological park, the intellectual roots and contemporary meaning of this relatively new concept are explored.
Alison M. McManus
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine , 2007,
Abstract: Childhood obesity is arguably the most significant global public health threat, yet effective strategies to contain or prevent the disease are not available. This review examines the physical activity patterns of children and the role physical activity plays in daily energy expenditure. The prevailing focus on moderate to vigorous activity in childhood means there is limited objective information on either sedentary behaviour or non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT), the energy expended during the activities of daily living. Most strategies targeting the prevention of childhood obesity have focused upon adding moderate to vigorous activity and have not been particularly successful. The low efficacy of more purposeful activity is perhaps not surprising because of the small variance in children's physical activity levels explained by moderate to vigorous activity. Subtle changes in NEAT have in contrast been shown to account for differences in fat-mass gain or resistance in adults. Theoretically, manipulating a child's living environment to enhance NEAT would create a positive gain in TDEE, a gain that could lead to the prevention of excess fat-mass. More careful consideration of the specific aspects of physical activity that are most influential in the maintenance of body weight in childhood is a priority. Appreciating the role NEAT may play in the variation of total daily energy expenditure in children is a future challenge for physical activity research
Voluminous Cystic Trigeminal Schwannoma: Case Report and Literature Review  [PDF]
Médard Kakouc, Alban Slim Mbende, Romuald Kouitcheu, Fulbert Kouakou, Paulette Yapo, Isidore Diomandé
Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery (OJMN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojmn.2017.74015
Abstract: Voluminous trigeminal schwannomas are rare, predominantly benign growth encapsulated tumors composed of Schwann cells with controversial surgical treatment. They account for 20% to 40% of all trigeminal schwannomas and share the same imaging findings of neurinomas elsewhere. Surgery remains the treatment of choice for most lesions as long as complete excision is feasible. A 35-year-old house wife complained of a 3-month history of progressive right visual field impairment associated with headaches. Neurological examination revealed a complete cavernous sinus syndrome. CT scanning showed a voluminous cystic mass of the right parasellar compartment extending to the optic nerve and the orbit. A concomitant MRI scan revealed more exquisite anatomical details of the lesion. The patient benefitted from a subsequent CT-angiography (not included) which excluded any vascular abnormalities associated with the tumor. Surgical excision of the tumor was warranted and the patient underwent surgery a few days after admission. A pterional extradural-intradural approach combined with incision of the lateral wall of the parasellar compartment via a standard frontotemporal craniotomy was performed and pathological examination was in favor of a cystic trigeminal schwannoma. Post-operative MRI showed a complete excision of the tumor. A 2-year follow-up yielded persistent right monocular blindness. Given this typical appearance of this lesion indicative of both cisternal and parasellar compartment extension, as well as the level of controversy surrounding surgical treatment of these particular tumors; we sought to report this rare case of a voluminous cystic trigeminal schwannoma and share our humble surgical experience of dealing with these lesions. The patient was informed that non-identifying information from the case would be submitted for publication, and she provided consent.
Mobile APPs and Global Markets  [PDF]
Kungpo Tao, Paulette Edmunds
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.88097
Abstract: In this research, we examine the popularity of mobile applications across different categories by using the measures of monthly active users (MAUs) of each app. It is the authors’ intention to inspect the key characteristics of mobile apps and the relationship those characteristics have with market share and growth rate in global markets. The ease of use of mobile apps leads to a subsequent impact on the global users’ mobile behavior in daily life. Mobile apps have flooded the market, however, the acceptance and use of individual apps relies on a combination of the preference of users and the operational strategies employed by app developers. Based on secondary data collected from multiple sources including both publications and online data, the global market growth of mobile apps including China (the world’s largest market of mobile apps) has shown a correlation between apps’ market share and the users’ mobile behavior based on messaging, networking, shopping, video watching, and gaming. This research categorizes users’ mobile behavior in terms of age groups and time spent on certain mobile apps. The objective of this investigation is better understanding of the dominance of leading mobile apps and the future trend of mobile apps designed for the global market.
Assessment of examiner leniency and stringency ('hawk-dove effect') in the MRCP(UK) clinical examination (PACES) using multi-facet Rasch modelling
IC McManus, M Thompson, J Mollon
BMC Medical Education , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6920-6-42
Abstract: Data were analysed from the first nine diets of PACES, which were taken between June 2001 and March 2004 by 10,145 candidates. Each candidate was assessed by two examiners on each of seven separate tasks. with the candidates assessed by a total of 1,259 examiners, resulting in a total of 142,030 marks. Examiner demographics were described in terms of age, sex, ethnicity, and total number of candidates examined.FACETS suggested that about 87% of main effect variance was due to candidate differences, 1% due to station differences, and 12% due to differences between examiners in leniency-stringency. Multiple regression suggested that greater examiner stringency was associated with greater examiner experience and being from an ethnic minority. Male and female examiners showed no overall difference in stringency. Examination scores were adjusted for examiner stringency and it was shown that for the present pass mark, the outcome for 95.9% of candidates would be unchanged using adjusted marks, whereas 2.6% of candidates would have passed, even though they had failed on the basis of raw marks, and 1.5% of candidates would have failed, despite passing on the basis of raw marks.Examiners do differ in their leniency or stringency, and the effect can be estimated using Rasch modelling. The reasons for differences are not clear, but there are some demographic correlates, and the effects appear to be reliable across time. Account can be taken of differences, either by adjusting marks or, perhaps more effectively and more justifiably, by pairing high and low stringency examiners, so that raw marks can be used in the determination of pass and fail.An examiner for the MRCP(UK) clinical examination, PACES, in an informal, personal account of examining, wrote:"Outside, seagulls, starlings, and sparrows, and the occasional blackbird, come and go. Inside, there are hawks and doves." [1]Clinical examinations require, to a large extent, that judgements of candidates are made by experienc
“Excessive Drinking—An Inescapable Part of University Life?” A Focus Group Study of Australian Undergraduates  [PDF]
Jonathan Hallett, Alexandra McManus, Bruce R. Maycock, Jennifer Smith, Peter M. Howat
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.47071

The university environment reinforces positive alcohol-related expectations and motivations for drinking among undergraduate students. High levels of hazardous consumption in this population lead to significant negative alcohol-related consequences, for individuals and those around them. This study sought to explore the contexts in which those who engage in hazardous drinking consume alcohol, their perceptions of safety and harm, and receptivity to health messages. Undergraduate university students (n = 69; aged 17 - 24 of both genders [57% female]) were purposively recruited into one of seven focus groups after screening with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to select for hazardous drinking (score, >8) or moderate drinking. A focus group interview schedule was developed, which was informed by theory and tested for validity by a panel of experts. Qualitative analysis of the data revealed four thematic clusters: positive expectations; inescapable culture; defining situations; and permissible drunkenness. Drinking was associated with various personal and social advantages that reinforced participants’ intentions and/or willingness to drink. Alcohol played a meaningful role in the way in which participants identified with youth and university culture. Economical drinking was prominent, with students constantly negotiating pathways to intoxication within the confines of their budgets. Heavy drinking was viewed as permissible when in the home environment and/or in the company of trusted friends. Most students were unreceptive to health messages, and advice on restricting alcohol consumption seemed to have limited impact on drinking behaviour. Our findings clarify why some university students maintain or increase drinking behaviour despite known negative outcomes and offer useful insights to inform further research and the development of alcohol interventions specifically targeted at students.

Bioregion heterogeneity correlates with extensive mitochondrial DNA diversity in the Namaqua rock mouse, Micaelamys namaquensis (Rodentia: Muridae) from southern Africa - evidence for a species complex
Isa-Rita M Russo, Christian T Chimimba, Paulette Bloomer
BMC Evolutionary Biology , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-10-307
Abstract: Cytochrome b sequences of 360 widely sampled individuals identified 137 unique maternal alleles. Gene tree and phylogeographic analyses of these alleles suggest the presence of at least eight lineages or haplogroups (A-H), with varying degrees of intra-lineage diversity. This differentiation is in contrast with the most recent taxonomic treatment based on cranial morphometrics which only recognised four subspecies. The mtDNA diversity strongly supports earlier views that this taxon may represent a species complex. We further show statistical support for the association of several of these lineages with particular vegetation biomes of southern Africa. The time to the most recent common ancestor (TMRCA) dates to the Pliocene (~5 Mya) whereas coalescent-based divergence time estimates between lineages vary between 813 Kya [0.22 - 1.36] and 4.06 Mya [1.21 - 4.47]. The major diversification within lineages occurred during the Pleistocene. The identification of several regions of sympatry of distinct lineages offers future opportunities for the elucidation of the underlying speciation processes in the suggested species complex.Similar to other African murine rodents, M. namaquensis radiated during the Pliocene and Pleistocene coinciding with major periods of aridification and the expansion of savanna habitats. The suggested species complex is represented by at least eight lineages of which the majority are confined to only one or a few neighbouring biomes/bioregions. Contrasting intra-lineage phylogeographic patterns suggest differences in adaptation and responses to Plio-Pleistocene climatic and vegetation changes. The role of ecological factors in driving speciation in the group needs further investigation.Globally the order Rodentia represents the richest mammalian diversity [1], yet species and higher level classification within the order remains to be resolved due to controversies surrounding morphological character evolution in the group [2-5]. The Old World subfami
Brève histoire des politiques environnementalles dans la Roumanie
Proenvironment Promediu , 2008,
Abstract: Les politiques nationales roumaines includent la protection de l’environnement comme domaine autonome depuisl’année 1990, quand le Ministère de l’Environnement on a fondé. La stratégie nationale pour la protection del’environnement qu’on a actualisé en 1996 et 2002. Dans notre étude sont presenté les principales aspectsconnecté avec la qualité de l’air, l’eau, pollution phonique, alimentation et lodgement, avec accent sur les donnésdu dèrnière decenie. Il sont reliefé aussi les problèmes connecté avec des cas particuliers, location avec hautdegré de pollution, avec influence sur les indicateurs de qualité des facteurs de l’environnement mentionné.Quoique de point de vue législatif la Roumanie s’aligne presque totallement au standards europées, notre pays nedétient pas les résources administratives et finacières pour les appliquer.
Approaching plans and programmes under the strategic environmental assessment view
Proenvironment Promediu , 2008,
Abstract: Even strategic environmental assessment (SEA) is a concept which must be implemented at national level,no official regulations concerning the implementation nor adequate knowledge of this problem exist. The briefpresentation of this concept is the aim of this study. By definition, SEA is a process aiming to supply the takinginto consideration of the impact upon the environment when developmental sugestions at policy, planprogramme or project levels are elaborated, before the final decision connected to their promotion. The processof SEA implementation and its seven stages (framing, domain definition, P/P evaluation, performing theEnvironmental Report, consultation with authories and public, taking decision and monitoring) are presented inthis paper. The advantages of using this approach are also emphasized: acheiving sustainable management fromthe environmental point of view, improvement of the quality of the policy, plan or programme elaborationprocess, increase of the efficiency and efficacy of the decisonal process, stregthening of the leading system andinstitutional efficiency, strengthening of the EIA process for projects, facilitation of the transfrontaliercooperation.
Innovation and Co-Creation Process within a Service Context: A Matter of Choice or Necessity?  [PDF]
John McManus, Barry Ardley
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2019.71002
The notion of service ought to be embedded in the psyche of those responsi-ble for the design and delivery of service provision. Within an ever changing landscape, meeting customer expectations is a major priority for firms en-gaged in service provision. Enhancing the service experience lies in the con-text of innovation and entrepreneurship. The focus of innovation within business should take into consideration the unexpected, the nature of incon-gruities, process need and changes to structure. Innovation within service industries is widely recognised among researchers and practitioners as a key to gaining and sustaining competitive advantage. Increasingly, firms within service industries are placing new knowledge at the core of their strategies, especially knowledge about co-creation processes, knowledge of innovation and service design. In this context, the purpose of this paper is to explore the linkages between service development and co-creation processes to better understand the complexity of service innovation. The paper will first outline the notion of service and the context of service innovation. It will present a summarised view for management of service innovation. The paper will then move to illustrating how the creation and use of co-creation processes can be used to provide a shared understanding of what constitutes best practice.
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