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PERFIL GINECO-OBSTéTRICO DE MULHERES ENCARCERADAS NO ESTADO DO CEARá
Samila Gomes Ribeiro,Paula Renata Amorim Lessa,Alana Santos Monte,Elizian Braga Rodrigues Bernardo
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar el perfil ginecológico y obstétrico de mujeres encarceladas en Ceará. Estudio documental, retrospectivo con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado en el Instituto Penal de Mujer del Estado del Ceará, con 672 registros. Respecto a la edad, 62,3% de las mujeres tenía hasta 31 a os. La edad de la menarquía fue más prevalente 10 a 13 a os (57,2%). El 55,8% aseguró que la primera relación sexual fue de 11 a 15 a os. El método anticonceptivo más utilizado fue la esterilización femenina, representado por 29,5%. El comportamiento homosexual se encontró en 17,9%. Los datos todavía mostraron un alto número de embarazos y abortos. Llegamos a la conclusión de que estas mujeres necesitan más atención de los profesionales de salud y de acciones de salud que son específicos para el contexto penitenciario, pues tienen riesgos ginecológico y obstétrico.
Análise da capacidade diagnóstica dos exames preventivos do cancer de colo uterino Análisis de la capacidad diagnóstica de los exámenes preventivos del cáncer de cuello uterino Analysis of the capacity of preventive diagnostic tests for cervical cancer
Thaís Marques Lima,Paula Renata Amorim Lessa,Lydia Vieira Freitas,Liana Mara Rocha Teles
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-21002012000500005
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Avaliar a capacidade diagnóstica dos exames citológicos, colposcópico e histológico na detec o de les es pré-malignas. MéTODOS: Estudo documental, retrospectivo, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado no Instituto de Preven o do Cancer (IPC), em Fortaleza-CE. A popula o foi composta por prontuários de 112 mulheres que possuíam o resultado dos três exames. Adotou-se o teste de qui-quadrado e considerou-se estatisticamente significativo quando p < 0,05. Foram aplicados a sensibilidade e especificidade, valor preditivo positivo (VPP) e valor preditivo negativo (VPN) para a citologia e colposcopia. RESULTADOS: A partir da compara o entre os exames diagnósticos observou-se que a citologia obteve uma sensibilidade de 89,8%, uma especificidade de 35,7%, um VPP de 90,7% e um VPN de 33,3%. A colposcopia alcan ou uma sensibilidade de 84,7%, uma especificidade de 50%, um VPP de 92,2% e um VPN de 31,8%. CONCLUS O: Observou-se que esses exames apresentaram valores de sensibilidade e especificidade que podem alternar-se, indicando-se a associa o de ambos para melhorar a acurácia do diagnóstico das les es pré-malignas. OBJETIVO: Evaluar la capacidad diagnóstica de los exámenes citológicos, colposcópico e histológico en la detección de lesiones pre-malignas. MéTODOS: Estudio documental, retrospectivo, con abordaje cuantitativo, realizado en el Instituto de Prevención del Cáncer (IPC), en Fortaleza-CE. La población estuvo compuesta por historias clínicas de 112 mujeres que poseían el resultado de los tres exámenes. Se adoptó el test de Chi-cuadrado y se consideró estadísticamente significativo cuando p < 0,05. Fueron aplicados la sensibilidad y especificidad, valor predictivo positivo (VPP) y valor predictivo negativo (VPN) para la citología y colposcopía. RESULTADOS: A partir de la comparación entre los exámenes diagnósticos se observó que la citología obtuvo una sensibilidad de 89,8%, una especificidad de 35,7%, un VPP de 90,7% y un VPN de 33,3%. La colposcopía alcanzó una sensibilidad de 84,7%, una especificidad de 50%, un VPP de 92,2% y un VPN de 31,8%. CONCLUSIóN: Se observó que esos exámenes presentaron valores de sensibilidad y especificidad que pueden alternarse, indicándose la asociación de ambos para perfeccionar el diagnóstico de las lesiones pre-malignas. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic capacity of cytological, colposcopic, and histological exams on the detection of premalignant lesions. METHODS: A documentary, retrospective study, with a quantitative approach, conducted in the Cancer Prevention Institute (CPI), in Fortaleza-CE. The popul
Retrato da realidade socioecon?mica e sexual de mulheres presidiárias
Nicolau, Ana Izabel Oliveira;Ribeiro, Samila Gomes;Lessa, Paula Renata Amorim;Monte, Alana Santos;Ferreira, Rita de Cássia do Nascimento;Pinheiro, Ana Karina Bezerra;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002012000300011
Abstract: objective: to investigate the socioeconomic and sexual profile of prisoners. methods: a study using a quantitative approach, transversal and descriptive, involving 155 prisoners. data collection was performed from january to march, 2010, in the female penitentiary in the state of ceará (brazil), and included data on socioeconomic and sexual characteristics. results: most of the young brazilian women were single with low educational levels and family income, imprisoned for drug trafficking. there was early first sexual intercourse, with stability and little variety of sexual partners. being a prisoner, using drugs and possessing tattoos/piercings represented common aspects of the participants and their partners. the homo/bisexuality, and prostitution were strongly present. stds before or after the arrest showed little expression. the guarantee of achievement of conjugal visits and the obtaining of preventive screening still faces major obstacles. conclusion: despite the vulnerabilities encountered, it was concluded that strategies to promote sexual health in the prison environment should encompass the complexity of the peculiarities experienced by prisoners.
Conhecimento, atitude e prática do uso de preservativos por presidiárias: preven??o das DST/HIV no cenário prisional
Nicolau, Ana Izabel Oliveira;Ribeiro, Samila Gomes;Lessa, Paula Renata Amorim;Monte, Alana Santos;Bernardo, Elizian Braga Rodrigues;Pinheiro, Ana Karina Bezerra;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342012000300025
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practices of women prisoners regarding the use of female and male condoms as a means of prevention against std/hiv. this quantitative and evaluative knowledge, attitude and practice (kap) study included 155 female prisoners. data collection was performed between january and march 2010 at the state of ceará women's penitentiary. although the women had heard of and/or knew about the purposes of the use of condoms, only 35 (22.6%) had appropriate knowledge regarding male condoms, and 11 (7.1%) in regards to the use of female condoms. their attitudes were less favorable regarding oral sex. appropriate practice was not significantly representative, particularly regarding the female condom. homo/bisexuality, gender issues, lack of knowledge, and the difficult access to condoms are obstacles that must be considered in the promotion of sexual health in the studied group.
Presence of high-grade intraepithelial lesions among women deprived of their liberty: a documental study
Lessa, Paula Renata Amorim;Ribeiro, Samila Gomes;Lima, Diego Jorge Maia;Nicolau, Ana Izabel Oliveira;Damasceno, Ana Kelve de Castro;Pinheiro, Ana Karina Bezerra;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692012000200019
Abstract: the aim of this study was to analyze the results of the pap smears of women deprived of their liberty. it is a retrospective, documental study, with a quantitative approach, performed in a female prison of ceará, brazil, with a sample of 672 patient records. regarding the microbiological findings, it was verified that the main cervical-vaginal colonization was by bacilli suggestive of gardnerella/mobiluncus (21.8%), followed by trichomonas vaginalis (12%), and candida sp (5.8%). the frequencies of samples with atypical cells presented rates of 4.1% for atypical cells of undetermined significance; 3.2% for low-grade intraepithelial lesions; and 2.5% for high-grade intraepithelial lesions. the importance of screening for cervical cancer in female prisons was highlighted, as well as the inclusion of the nurse in this environment, ensuring individualized, quality care for women deprived of their liberty.
LEITURA E ESCRITA NA PRé-ESCOLA: SUPERA O DA MECANIZA O POR MEIO DE SITUA ES REAIS DE LEITURA E ESCRITA
Paula Renata Amorim
Nuances : Estudos sobre Educa??o , 2009,
Abstract: Este artigo relata as várias etapas de trabalho com uma Proposta de lnterven o Pedagógica elaborada por mim como parte das atividades propostas pelo Projeto Fênix: mudan a de paradigma para a forma o inicial e continuada de educadores pré-escolares. Mais do que fazer um relata, pretende-se aqui refletir sobre a forma como a pré-escola vem trabalhando a alfabetiza o, bem como propor alternativas de trabalho que superem a mecaniza o do processo de ensino e aprendizagem da leitura e da escrita.
Desempenho animal, produ??o de forragem e características estruturais dos capins marandu e xaraés submetidos a intensidades de pastejo
Flores, Renata Santos;Euclides, Valéria Pacheco Batista;Abr?o, Maria Paula Cavuto;Galbeiro, Sandra;Difante, Gelson dos Santos;Barbosa, Rodrigo Amorim;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982008000800004
Abstract: the objectives were to evaluate the forage yield, the structural characteristics, the herbage intake, the grazing behavior and beef cattle performance in the palisadegrass cvs. marandu and xaraés pastures submitted to three grazing intensities. the experiment was carried out at embrapa gado de corte. the experimental period was from october 2005 to june 2006. the area was of 8 ha, divided in 12 paddocks of 0.67 ha. two cultivars of palisadegrass, marandu and xaraés, and three grazing intensities, 15, 30, and 45 cm of sward height were evaluated. the experimental design was randomized block in a split plot arrangement and two replications. the main plot was constituted by cultivars and the subplot by the grazing intensities. the grazing was continuously stocking with variable stocking rate. each paddock was grazed by three steers and regulating animals were utilized to adjust the sward heights. the sward heights were monitored twice per week. the grass was sampled each 28 days to estimate the herbage yield, herbage accumulation rate, pasture structural characteristics, and nutritive value. animals were weighed each 28 days. the dry matter intake was estimated in the summer and the autumn, and the grazing behavior in the summer. herbage accumulation and average daily gain decreased as the grazing intensities increased for both palisadegrass cvs. xaraés and marandu. the forage intake for the animals in xaraés grass pasture was limited by the variation in the sward structure. based on the sward structural characteristics, forage intake and the productivity, these grasses require differentiated management. marandu grass must be managed between 25 and 40 cm of height and xaraés grass at 40 cm.
A pessoa religiosa na Sociologia da Religi o de Georg Simmel
Patricia Amorim de Paula
Pro-Posi??es , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-73072012000100014
Abstract:
EM BUSCA DE UMA DEFINI O DE POLICENTRISMO URBANO PARA AS METRóPOLES BRASILEIRAS Towards a definition of urban polycentrism for Brazilian metropolises En búsqueda de una definición de policentrismo urbano para las metrópolis brasile as
Renata Parente Paula Pessoa
Revista Paranaense de Desenvolvimento , 2011,
Abstract: Português Policentricidade tem um significado amplo e complexo, que varia dependendo da perspectivaespacial, social, econ mica e histórica da análise. Essa complexidade conduz a defini esvariadas deste tema, uma vez que o contexto em que um sistema urbano policêntrico estáinserido influencia o seu perfil, levando a uma compreens o confusa deste conceito. Esteartigo analisa o conceito de policentrismo, em seu sentido mais amplo, por meio de revis oda literatura. O quadro teórico apresenta o tema de forma abrangente, visando encontraruma defini o mais específica para o contexto das metrópoles brasileiras. O artigo apreciaainda a relevancia do policentrismo no contexto do Brasil, classificando as áreas urbanasbrasileiras em Cidades Médias, Regi o Metropolitana e Regi o Intermetropolitana. Esses tiposs o caracterizados a fim de construir uma defini o adequada de policentrismo no contextodo Brasil.English Polycentricity has an extensive and complex meaning that diverges depending on the spatial,social, economic and historical perspective of the research. This complexity generates multipledefinitions of this subject, since the context in which an urban polycentric system is situated influences its profile, providing an unclear explanation of this notion. This paper examines theconception of polycentrism in its larger sense, reviewing the literature. This theoretical frameworkpresents the theme in a comprehensive way, seeking a general definition for the context ofBrazilian metropolis. The article also looks into the polycentrism relevance in the country’scontext, classifying the Brazilian urban areas into Medium-Sized City, Metropolitan Region,and Inter-Metropolitan Region. These typologies are characterized in order to build a usefuldefinition of polycentrism in the Brazilian context.Espa ol Policentricidad tiene un significado amplio y complejo, que varía dependiendo de la perspectivaespacial, social, económica e histórica del análisis. Esa complejidad trae definiciones variadaspara el tema, una vez que el contexto en el que un sistema urbano policéntrico está insertadoinfluencia su perfil, causando una comprensión confusa de este concepto. Este artículo analisael policentrismo, en su sentido más amplio, por medio de una revisión de la literatura.El cuadro teórico presenta el tema visando encontrar una definición más específica para elcontexto de las metrópolis brasile as. El artículo aprecia aún la relevancia del policentrismoen el contexto de Brasil, clasificando las áreas urbanas brasile as en Ciudades Medianas,Región Metropolitana y Región Intermetro
Age and growth of Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus brasiliensis) off the northeastern coast of Brazil
Nóbrega, Marcelo Francisco de;Lessa, Rosangela Paula;
Neotropical Ichthyology , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-62252009000400016
Abstract: age and growth of the spanish mackerel (scomberomorus brasiliensis) caught off northeastern brazil were determined. a total of 831 otoliths were examined - 296 from males (12 - 75 cm fl), 212 from females (11.5 - 72 cm fl) and 323 from specimens of undetermined sex (12.4 - 75 cm fl). there was a high percentage of juveniles in the catches, resulting mainly from the use of gillnets. marginal increment analysis of the otoliths indicated that the shortest distances from the last ring to the edge occurred from november to may, laying down just one ring annually. one to eight rings were found, with specimen lengths ranging from 11.5 to 75.8 cm. the schunute model was used to determine what model was best fit the data, demonstrating that the specialized von bertalanffy growth equation is the most appropriate. curves were established for males (l∞ = 79.52 cm, k = 0.189, t0 = -0.384 year) and females (l∞ = 109.18 cm, k = 0.114, t0 = -0.414 year), which resulted in distinct growth patterns between sexes. based on the parameters estimated for the sexes separately, males have an approximate longevity of 15.5 years, whereas female longevity is 25.9 years. specimens between 2 and 6 years of age represented 86% (n = 5,290) of the catch composition, characterizing the species as a catchable stock in the region. the present study updates essential information for assessing the stock of this important resource, for which the last growth studies in the region were carried out approximately thirty years ago.
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