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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 70 matches for " Pattnaik Kaumudee "
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Intravitreal live adult Brugian filariasis
Rao Nageswar,Mahapatra Sontosh,Pattnayak Sabyasachi,Pattnaik Kaumudee
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 2008,
Abstract: Human ocular infestation by live filarial worm is a rare occurrence and has been reported mostly form South-East Asia. It involves the eyelids, conjunctiva, cornea, anterior chamber and uvea. No case of intravitreal Brugian microfilaria / adult worm has been found by Medline search. Here we report a case of live intravitreal adult Brugian filaria, where the parasite was successfully removed by pars plana vitrectomy. Identification of the worm was done by light microscopy and confirmed by immuno chromatographic test.
Strengthening microbial forensics to counter bioterrrorism
Pattnaik P
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology , 2005,
Abstract:
The Effect of Units Lost Due to Deterioration in Fuzzy Economic Order Quantity (FEOQ) Model
M. Pattnaik
International Journal of Analysis and Applications , 2013,
Abstract: For several decades, the Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) model and its variations have received much attention from researchers. Recently, there has been an investigation into an EOQ model incorporating effect of units lost due to deterioration in infinite planning horizon with crisp decision environment. Accounting for holding and ordering cost, as has traditionally been the case of modeling inventory systems in fuzzy environment are investigated which are not precisely known and defined on a bounded interval of real numbers. The question is how reliable are the EOQ models when items stocked deteriorate one time. This paper introduces Fuzzy Economic Order Quantity (FEOQ) model in which it assumes that units lost due to deterioration is included in the objective function to properly model the problem in finite planning horizon. The numerical analysis shows that an appropriate fuzzy policy can benefit the retailer and that is significant, especially for deteriorating items is shown to be superior to that of crisp decision making. A computational algorithm using LINGO 13.0 and MATLAB (R2009a) software are developed to find the optimal solution. Sensitivity analysis of the optimal solution is also studied and managerial insights are drawn which shows the influence of key model parameters.
Optimal Decision-Making in Fuzzy Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) Model under Restricted Space: A Non-Linear Programming Approach
M. Pattnaik
International Journal of Analysis and Applications , 2013,
Abstract: In this paper the concept of fuzzy Non-Linear Programming Technique is applied to solve an economic order quantity (EOQ) model under restricted space. Since various types of uncertainties and imprecision are inherent in real inventory problems they are classically modeled using the approaches from the probability theory. However, there are uncertainties that cannot be appropriately treated by usual probabilistic models. The questions how to define inventory optimization tasks in such environment how to interpret optimal solutions arise. This paper allows the modification of the Single item EOQ model in presence of fuzzy decision making process where demand is related to the unit price and the setup cost varies with the quantity produced/Purchased. This paper considers the modification of objective function and storage area in the presence of imprecisely estimated parameters. The model is developed for the problem by employing different modeling approaches over an infinite planning horizon. It incorporates all concepts of a fuzzy arithmetic approach, the quantity ordered and the demand per unit compares both fuzzy non linear and other models. Investigation of the properties of an optimal solution allows developing an algorithm whose validity is illustrated through an example problem and ugh MATLAB (R2009a) version software, the two and three dimensional diagrams are represented to the application. Sensitivity analysis of the optimal solution is also studied with respect to changes in different parameter values and to draw managerial insights of the decision problem.
Use of Telemedicine in Postgraduate Pathology Education  [PDF]
Asaranti Kar, Tushar Kar, Priyadarshini Biswal, Kaumudee Pattanaik, Pallavi Bhuyan, Rajashree Mallick, B. N. Mohanty
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2013.46053
Abstract:

Objective: Telemedicine is the use of telecommunication for medical diagnosis, treatment, health education and research. Telepathology is diagnostic pathology at a distance. It functions with images viewed on a video monitor rather than directly through a microscope. Many years have passed since the evolution of telepathology. But no study has yet been done to evaluate the benefits postgraduates got through this. Therefore this study is undertaken to analyse the different impacts of telepathology on the postgraduate learning. Material and Methods: The study was done in Telemedicine Center of S. C. B. Medical College, Cuttack over a period of 9 years. The telepathology service was carried out by store and forward method using a CCD, a large computer server and a huge bandwidth network service (VSAT). The sessions with SGPGI, Lucknow were analysed and the benefits of postgraduates were studied. Results: The number of sessions held was 95. Out of which 92 sessions were with SGPGI. It included 202 cases transmitted from Lucknow and 186 cases from S. C. B. Medical College, Cuttack. The postgraduates had a chance to exposure to rare cases in renal pathology, dermatopathology and hepatopathology. The overall concordance rate with glass slide diagnosis was 87%. Conclusion: The diagnostic expertise through light microscopy and tele-images are not the same. But the telepathology system increased the ability of image analysis, histopathologic diagnosis of our postgraduates and also exposed them to many rare and interesting cases.

Optimal Promotion and Replenishment Policies for Profit Maximization Model under Lost Units  [PDF]
Pradip Kumar Tripathy, Monalisha Pattnaik, Prakash Tripathy
American Journal of Operations Research (AJOR) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajor.2012.22031
Abstract: Ever since its introduction in the second decade of the past century, the economic order quantity (EOQ) model has been the subject of extensive investigations and extensions by academicians. The physical characteristics of stocked items dictate the nature of inventory policies implemented to manage and control. The question is how reliable are the EOQ models when items stocked deteriorate one time. This paper introduces a modified EOQ model in which it assumes that a percentage of the on-hand inventory is wasted due to deterioration. There is hidden cost not account for when modeling inventory cost. We study the problem of promotion for a deteriorating item subject to loss of these deteriorated units. The objective of this paper is to determine the optimal time length, optimal units lost due to deterioration, the promotional effort and the replenishment quantity so that the net profit is maximized and the numerical analysis show that an appropriate promotion policy can benefit the retailer and that promotion policy is important, especially for deteriorating items. Furthermore crisp decision making is shown to be superior to crisp decision making without promotional effort cost in terms of profit maximization.
Nutrient Status of Vermicompost of Urban Green Waste Processed by Three Earthworm Species—Eisenia fetida, Eudrilus eugeniae, and Perionyx excavatus
Swati Pattnaik,M. Vikram Reddy
Applied and Environmental Soil Science , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/967526
Abstract: Major nutrient status of vermicompost of vegetable market waste (MW) and floral waste (FW) processed by three species of earthworms namely, Eudrilus eugeniae, Eisenia fetida, and Perionyx excavatus and its simple compost were assessed across different periods in relation to their respective initiative substrates. Their physical parameters—temperature, moisture, pH, and electrical conductivity—were also recorded. The nutrients—nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and magnesium—increased in the vermicompost and compost while the organic carbon, C/N and C/P ratios decreased as the composting process progressed from 0 to 15, 30, 45, and 60 days. The nutrient statuses of vermicomposts of all earthworm species produced from both the wastes were more than that of the compost and that of their respective substrates. Moreover, the vermicompost produced by E. eugeniae possessed higher nutrient contents than that of E. fetida, P. excavatus, and compost. The MW showed higher nutrient contents than the FW. Thus, vermicomposting is the paramount approach of nutrient recovery of urban green waste. 1. Introduction The urban green waste generally comprises of garden or park waste such as grass or flower cuttings and hedge trimmings, domestic and commercial food waste, and vegetable market waste,the later is generated in large quantities and accumulated in unhygienic way adjacent to vegetable markets emanating unbearable malodor due to lack of proper scientific disposal management particularly in developing countries like India. The vegetable market waste is the leftover and discarded rotten vegetables, fruits, and flowers in the market. This urban waste can be converted to a potential plantnutrient enriched resource—compost and vermicompost that can be utilized for sustainable land restoration practices [1]. Vermicomposting is a mesophilic process and is the process of ingestion, digestion, and absorption of organic waste carried out by earthworms followed by excretion of castings through the worm’s metabolic system, during which their biological activities enhance the levels of plant-nutrients of organic waste [2]. Compost and vermicompost are the end products of aerobic composting process, the later with using earthworms. Vermicompost possessed higher and more soluble level of major nutrients—nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium [3–5]—compared to the substrate or underlying soil, and normal compost. During the process, the nutrients locked up in the organic waste are changed to simple and more readily available and absorbable forms such as
Efficient Architectural Framework for Cloud Computing
Souvik Pal,Prasant Kumar Pattnaik
International Journal of Cloud Computing and Services Science (IJ-CLOSER) , 2012, DOI: 10.11591/closer.v1i2.513
Abstract: Cloud computing is that enables adaptive, favorable and on-demand network access to a collective pool of adjustable and configurable computing physical resources which networks, servers, bandwidth, storage that can be swiftly provisioned and released with negligible supervision endeavor or service provider interaction. From business prospective, the viable achievements of Cloud Computing and recent developments in Grid computing have brought the platform that has introduced virtualization technology into the era of high performance computing. However, clouds are Internet-based concept and try to disguise complexity overhead for end users. Cloud service providers (CSPs) use many structural designs combined with self-service capabilities and ready-to-use facilities for computing resources, which are enabled through network infrastructure especially the internet which is an important consideration. This paper provides an efficient architectural Framework for cloud computing that may lead to better performance and faster access.
Evaluation of gene value and heuristic function of alternate plans in multi database system using Genetic Algorithm
Sambit Kumar Mishra,Srikanta Pattnaik
International Journal of Database Management Systems , 2011,
Abstract: The major tasks in multiple query processing in multi database system are common operation or expressionidentification and global execution plan construction. Each query can have several alternative evaluationplans, each with a different set of tasks. Therefore the goal of multiple query processing is to choose theright set of plans for queries which minimizes the total execution time by performing common tasks onlyonce. The objectives in the multiple query processing are to increase system throughput and decreasesingle query response time. I have retrieved the alternate plans and the tasks, estimated cost of plans andheuristic function of alternate plans in multi database system by applying the genetic algorithm technique.
Retrieval of average sum of plans and degree coefficient between genes in distributed Query Processing
Sambit Kumar Mishra,Srikanta Pattnaik
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2010,
Abstract: Distributed query is one that selects data from databases located at multiple sites in a network and distributed processing performs computations on multiple CPUs to achieve a single result. Query processing is much more difficult in distributed environment than in centralized environment because a large number of parameters affect the performance of distributed queries. The goal of distributed query processing is to execute queries to minimize the response time and to minimize the total communication costs associated with a query. In addition, when redundant data is maintained, one also achieves increased data reliability and improved response time. In this paper, the multi attribute based mechanism is proposed to meet the demand and the result is compared with some commonly used query optimization algorithms.
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