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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 210657 matches for " Patrik L. Ferrari "
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The universal Airy_1 and Airy_2 processes in the Totally Asymmetric Simple Exclusion Process
Patrik L. Ferrari
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: In the totally asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) two processes arise in the large time limit: the Airy_1 and Airy_2 processes. The Airy_2 process is an universal limit process occurring also in other models: in a stochastic growth model on 1+1-dimensions, 2d last passage percolation, equilibrium crystals, and in random matrix diffusion. The Airy_1 and Airy_2 processes are defined and discussed in the context of the TASEP. We also explain a geometric representation of the TASEP from which the connection to growth models and directed last passage percolation is immediate.
Polynuclear growth on a flat substrate and edge scaling of GOE eigenvalues
Patrik L. Ferrari
Mathematics , 2004, DOI: 10.1007/s00220-004-1204-6
Abstract: We consider the polynuclear growth (PNG) model in 1+1 dimension with flat initial condition and no extra constraints. Through the Robinson-Schensted-Knuth (RSK) construction, one obtains the multilayer PNG model, which consists of a stack of non-intersecting lines, the top one being the PNG height. The statistics of the lines is translation invariant and at a fixed position the lines define a point process. We prove that for large times the edge of this point process, suitably scaled, has a limit. This limit is a Pfaffian point process and identical to the one obtained from the edge scaling of Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (GOE) of random matrices. Our results give further insight to the universality structure within the KPZ class of 1+1 dimensional growth models.
Dimers and orthogonal polynomials: connections with random matrices
Patrik L. Ferrari
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: In these lecture notes we present some connections between random matrices, the asymmetric exclusion process, random tilings. These three apparently unrelated objects have (sometimes) a similar mathematical structure, an interlacing structure, and the correlation functions are given in terms of a kernel. In the basic examples, the kernel is expressed in terms of orthogonal polynomials.
Why random matrices share universal processes with interacting particle systems?
Patrik L. Ferrari
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: In these lecture we explain why limiting distribution function, like the Tracy-Widom distribution, or limit processes, like the Airy_2 process, arise both in random matrices and interacting particle systems. The link is through a common mathematical structure on an interlacing structure, also known as Gelfand-Tsetlin pattern, that appears for specific models in both fields.
Slow decorrelations in KPZ growth
Patrik L. Ferrari
Mathematics , 2008, DOI: 10.1088/1742-5468/2008/07/P07022
Abstract: For stochastic growth models in the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) class in 1+1 dimensions, fluctuations grow as t^{1/3} during time t and the correlation length at a fixed time scales as t^{2/3}. In this note we discuss the scale of time correlations. For a representant of the KPZ class, the polynuclear growth model, we show that the space-time is non-trivially fibred, having slow directions with decorrelation exponent equal to 1 instead of the usual 2/3. These directions are the characteristic curves of the PDE associated to the surface's slope. As a consequence, previously proven results for space-like paths will hold in the whole space-time except along the slow curves.
From interacting particle systems to random matrices
Patrik L. Ferrari
Statistics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/1742-5468/2010/10/P10016
Abstract: In this contribution we consider stochastic growth models in the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang universality class in 1+1 dimension. We discuss the large time distribution and processes and their dependence on the class on initial condition. This means that the scaling exponents do not uniquely determine the large time surface statistics, but one has to further divide into subclasses. Some of the fluctuation laws were first discovered in random matrix models. Moreover, the limit process for curved limit shape turned out to show up in a dynamical version of hermitian random matrices, but this analogy does not extend to the case of symmetric matrices. Therefore the connections between growth models and random matrices is only partial.
Last Branching in Directed Last Passage Percolation
Patrik L. Ferrari,Herbert Spohn
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: The 1+1 dimensional directed polymers in a Poissonean random environment is studied. For two polymers of maximal length with the same origin and distinct end points we establish that the point of last branching is governed by the exponent for the transversal fluctuations of a single polymer. We also investigate the density of branches.
Domino tilings and the six-vertex model at its free fermion point
Patrik L. Ferrari,Herbert Spohn
Mathematics , 2006, DOI: 10.1088/0305-4470/39/33/003
Abstract: At the free-fermion point, the six-vertex model with domain wall boundary conditions (DWBC) can be related to the Aztec diamond, a domino tiling problem. We study the mapping on the level of complete statistics for general domains and boundary conditions. This is obtained by associating to both models a set of non-intersecting lines in the Lindstroem-Gessel-Viennot (LGV) scheme. One of the consequence for DWBC is that the boundaries of the ordered phases are described by the Airy process in the thermodynamic limit.
Large time asymptotics of growth models on space-like paths I: PushASEP
Alexei Borodin,Patrik L. Ferrari
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: We consider a new interacting particle system on the one-dimensional lattice that interpolates between TASEP and Toom's model: A particle cannot jump to the right if the neighboring site is occupied, and when jumping to the left it simply pushes all the neighbors that block its way. We prove that for flat and step initial conditions, the large time fluctuations of the height function of the associated growth model along any space-like path are described by the Airy_1 and Airy_2 processes. This includes fluctuations of the height profile for a fixed time and fluctuations of a tagged particle's trajectory as special cases.
Anisotropic growth of random surfaces in 2+1 dimensions
Patrik L. Ferrari,Alexei Borodin
Mathematics , 2008, DOI: 10.1007/s00220-013-1823-x
Abstract: We construct a family of stochastic growth models in 2+1 dimensions, that belong to the anisotropic KPZ class. Appropriate projections of these models yield 1+1 dimensional growth models in the KPZ class and random tiling models. We show that correlation functions associated to our models have determinantal structure, and we study large time asymptotics for one of the models. The main asymptotic results are: (1) The growing surface has a limit shape that consists of facets interpolated by a curved piece. (2) The one-point fluctuations of the height function in the curved part are asymptotically normal with variance of order ln(t) for time t>>1. (3) There is a map of the (2+1)-dimensional space-time to the upper half-plane H such that on space-like submanifolds the multi-point fluctuations of the height function are asymptotically equal to those of the pullback of the Gaussian free (massless) field on H.
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