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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 375042 matches for " Patricia; Silva S "
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Prevalencia de riesgo de trastornos alimentarios en adolescentes mujeres escolares de la Región Metropolitana
Correa V,María Loreto; Zubarew G,Tamara; Silva M,Patricia; Romero S,María Inés;
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0370-41062006000200005
Abstract: background: adolescent eating disorders (ed) are a serious public health problem rising with morbidity and mortality. it is important a quick detection, since an early beginning of treatment improves the prognosis and results. objective: to quantify the risk prevalence of ed in female adolescents of the metropolitan region (mr), and evidence differences by groups of age and socioeconomical level (sel). to identify the impact of the psychological characteristics that reinforce them. patients and methods: the edi-2 test was applied to a total of 1610 female students between 11 and 19 years old. the sample was not random and was extracted from 9 schools chosen by convenience, located in areas of different sel in the mr. the threshold used to consider risk of ed was > 110. results: 1 050 surveys were analyzed. 8,3% of the adolescent school population presented risk factors for ed. a higher risk of ed was found in schools located in low-income areas (11,3%), middle-income (8,3%) and high-income (5,1%). these differences were statistically significant (p < 0,02). a tendency to a greater proportion of adolescents at risk of ed was shown in the group of girls 12 years old or younger (10,3%), while those between 13 and 15 years old presented 8,6%, and 7,4% for those older than 16 (p < 0,575). the three first scores, (dt) drive for thinness (14,6 vs 6,3), (b) bulimia (6,1 vs 1,8) and (bd) body dissatisfaction (17,2 vs 7,7) discriminate the high-risk group to develop ed. the eight remaining scores show traces of personality that reinforce eating disorders. conclusions: 1) the study concludes that prevalence of risk for ed in the screened population was 8,3%; 2) the prevalence of risk for ed was greater in the low-income socioeconomic level (11,3%) (p < 0,02); 3) despite not being statistically significant, the observed tendency is that the group at greater risk is the one of younger age, recommending a future evaluation; 4) the results confirm that the three first scores of th
Prevalencia de riesgo de trastornos alimentarios en adolescentes mujeres escolares de la Región Metropolitana Risk Prevalence of Nutritional Disorders in female Adolescents of Santiago
María Loreto Correa V,Tamara Zubarew G,Patricia Silva M,María Inés Romero S
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2006,
Abstract: Introducción: Los Trastornos de Conducta Alimentaria (TCA) en adolescentes son un serio problema de salud pública que ha ido en aumento con sustancial morbilidad y mortalidad. Es importante una detección precoz, ya que el inicio de tratamiento temprano mejora la respuesta y el pronóstico. Objetivo: Cuantificar la prevalencia de riesgo de TCA en adolescentes mujeres de la Región Metropolitana (RM) y evidenciar si existen diferencias de prevalencia por grupos de edad y nivel socioeconómico (NSE), identificando el impacto de los rasgos psicológicos reforzadores en ellas. Pacientes y Metodo: Se aplicó el instrumento EDI-2 a un total de 1 610 escolares, entre 11 y 19 a os. La muestra fue no probabilística, y se extrajo de 9 establecimientos educacionales de la RM, pertenecientes a comunas de distintos NSE elegidos por conveniencia. El punto de corte para considerar riesgo de TCA utilizado fue mayor o igual a 110. Resultados: Se analizaron 1 050 encuestas. El 8,3% de la población adolescente escolar presentó riesgo para TCA. Hubo una mayor prevalencia de riesgo de TCA en aquellos colegios pertenecientes a comunas de menores ingresos: bajo (11,3%), medio (8,3%) y alto (5,1%). Esta diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa (p < 0,02). Hubo una tendencia de mayor proporción de adolescentes con riesgo de TCA en el grupo 12 a os o menos (10,3%), entre los 13 y 15 a os (8,6%), y 7,4% para las de más de 16 a os. (p < 0,575) las tres primeras escalas, (DT) Obsesión por la Delgadez (14,6 vs 6,3), (B) Bulimia (6,1 vs 1,8) y (BD) Insatisfacción Imagen Corporal (17,2 vs 7,7) discriminan el grupo de riesgo de desarrollar TCA. En las 8 escalas restantes se evidencian los rasgos reforzadores del TCA. Conclusiones: 1) El riesgo de prevalencia de TCA en población adolescente femenina escolar entre 11 y 19 a os en la RM fue del 8,3%; 2) Hubo una mayor prevalencia de riesgo de TCA en colegios de NSE bajo (11,3%), (p < 0,02); 3) Existe una tendencia preocupante de que el grupo etario de mayor riesgo sea el de menor edad, a pesar de no ser estadísticamente significativo; 4) Las tres primeras escalas del EDI-2, DT, B y BD discriminan el grupo de riesgo de desarrollar trastornos de conducta alimentaria; 5) Creemos que la utilización de este test de screening es de gran utilidad en la detección de grupos de riesgo y deben ser aplicados por profesionales experimentados y a poblaciones específicas en estudio Background: Adolescent eating disorders (ED) are a serious public health problem rising with morbidity and mortality. It is important a quick detection, since an early beginnin
Asymptotic weight and maturing rate in mice selected for body conformation
Di Masso, Ricardo J.;Silva, Patricia S.;Font, María Teresa;
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572000000200016
Abstract: growth patterns of four lines of mice selected for body conformation were analyzed with the logistic function, in order to provide baseline information about the relationship between asymptotic weight and maturing rate of body weight. two lines were divergently selected favoring the phenotypic correlation between body weight and tail length (agonistic selection: cbi+, high body weight and long tail; cbi-, low body weight and short tail), whereas the other two lines were generated by a disruptive selection performed against the correlation between the aforementioned traits (antagonistic selection: cbi/c, high body weight and short tail; cbi/l, low body weight and long tail). the logistic parameters a (asymptotic weight) and k (maturing rate) behaved in cbi/c and cbi- mice and in cbi+ females as expected in terms of the negative genetic relationship between mature size and earliness of maturing. an altered growth pattern was found in cbi/l mice and in cbi+ males, because in the former genotype, selected for low body weight, the time taken to mature increased, whereas in the latter, selected for high body weight, there was a non-significant increase in the same trait. in accordance with the selective criterion, different sources of genetic variation for body weight could be exploited: one inversely associated with earliness of maturing (agonistic selection), and the other independent of maturing rate (antagonistic selection), showing that genetic variation of a is partly independent of k.
Prevalence, aetiology and antibiotic resistance profiles of coagulase negative staphylococci isolated in a teaching hospital
Keim, Luiz S;Torres-Filho, Sylvio R;Silva, Patricia Vollú;Teixeira, Lenise A;
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-83822011000100031
Abstract: in this paper we carried out a study about prevalence of the clinically significant coagulase negative staphylococcal (cns) isolates found in an university hospital. two hundred four cns isolates from 191 patients obtained between the period of 1998 to 2002, were studied. about 27% (52/191) of the infection cases studied were confirmed as cns-associated diseases. blood stream infection (bsi) was the most frequent cns associated-disease (25%; 13/52). the great majority of the bsi was verified in the neonatal intensive care unit (nicu). the analysis of the 52 patients medical history showed that 85% of the bsi was acquired in hospital. most of the cns nosocomial infections were associated with the use of indwelling medical devices. the incidence of methicillin-resistance among significant cns isolates was 38%. in this study, a high percentage of exogenous contaminant was verified (60%), indicating that contamination of clinical specimens during sample collection is critical.
VARIATION IN THE ENERGY AND MACRONUTRIENT CONTENTS OF TEXTURE MODIFIED HOSPITAL DIETS
Viganó C,Patricia; Silva S,Nilian; Cremonezi J,Camila; Vannucchi P,Guilherme; Campanelli M,Marta;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182011000400008
Abstract: objective: to compare the nutritional content of the main meals of a normal hospital diet with those of texture modified diets (soft, puréed and liquid). methodoloogy: the ash, moisture, macronutrient and energy contents of the foods comprising the main meal of the hospital diets were determined. the values were calculated per capita for each food item comprising the diets and then added up in order to estimate the total amount of energy and macronutrients supplied by main meal. results: compared with the normal diet, the puréed and liquid diets presented higher moisture content as well as reduced content of energy (31.4% and 39.9%, respectively), protein (45.4% and 79.8% ,respectively) and lipid (41% and 76%, respectively). conclusion: texture modified diets exhibit lower energy and macronutrient content, the main changes being detected for the liquid diet, which might imply an insufficient micronutrient supply.
Asymptotic weight and maturing rate in mice selected for body conformation
Di Masso Ricardo J.,Silva Patricia S.,Font María Teresa
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2000,
Abstract: Growth patterns of four lines of mice selected for body conformation were analyzed with the logistic function, in order to provide baseline information about the relationship between asymptotic weight and maturing rate of body weight. Two lines were divergently selected favoring the phenotypic correlation between body weight and tail length (agonistic selection: CBi+, high body weight and long tail; CBi-, low body weight and short tail), whereas the other two lines were generated by a disruptive selection performed against the correlation between the aforementioned traits (antagonistic selection: CBi/C, high body weight and short tail; CBi/L, low body weight and long tail). The logistic parameters A (asymptotic weight) and k (maturing rate) behaved in CBi/C and CBi- mice and in CBi+ females as expected in terms of the negative genetic relationship between mature size and earliness of maturing. An altered growth pattern was found in CBi/L mice and in CBi+ males, because in the former genotype, selected for low body weight, the time taken to mature increased, whereas in the latter, selected for high body weight, there was a non-significant increase in the same trait. In accordance with the selective criterion, different sources of genetic variation for body weight could be exploited: one inversely associated with earliness of maturing (agonistic selection), and the other independent of maturing rate (antagonistic selection), showing that genetic variation of A is partly independent of k.
POSSIBILITIES OF THE PROFESSIONAL OF TOURISM HELPING AT THE HOSPITALITY IN HOSPITAL’S SERVICES: CASE OF HOSPITAL NILZA DE OLIVEIRA PIPINO, UBIRAT -PR
Patricia Regina Cenci Queiroz,Cleucia Lopes da Silva,M?nica de Mattos Sábio
Perspectivas Contemporaneas , 2006,
Abstract: This article aims to discuss some aspects which can be improved concerning the Hospital e Maternidade Nilza de Oliveira Pipino services, through the work of a professional of tourism, implanting some services of hospitality in hospitals. By observing, we could identify some problems due to the lack of organization, human resource management, professional training about the reception of the hospital which can cause disastrous consequences for the patients recovery process. Our main goal is making notes and thinks about the useful help of a professional of tourism for the hospital humanization process.
VARIATION IN THE ENERGY AND MACRONUTRIENT CONTENTS OF TEXTURE MODIFIED HOSPITAL DIETS VARIACIóN EN LA ENERGíA Y CONTENIDO DE MACRONUTRIENTES DE DIETAS HOSPITALARIAS CON TEXTURA MODIFICADA
Patricia Viganó C,Nilian Silva S,Camila Cremonezi J,Guilherme Vannucchi P
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: To compare the nutritional content of the main meals of a normal hospital diet with those of texture modified diets (soft, puréed and liquid). Methodoloogy: The ash, moisture, macronutrient and energy contents of the foods comprising the main meal of the hospital diets were determined. The values were calculated per capita for each food item comprising the diets and then added up in order to estimate the total amount of energy and macronutrients supplied by main meal. Results: Compared with the normal diet, the puréed and liquid diets presented higher moisture content as well as reduced content of energy (31.4% and 39.9%, respectively), protein (45.4% and 79.8% ,respectively) and lipid (41% and 76%, respectively). Conclusion: Texture modified diets exhibit lower energy and macronutrient content, the main changes being detected for the liquid diet, which might imply an insufficient micronutrient supply. Objetivo: Comparar la composición nutricional de las comidas principales en la dieta hospitalaria en general con los de las dietas modificadas para la consistencia (blanda, puré y líquida). Metodología: Se determinó el contenido de cenizas, humedad, nutrientes y energía de los alimentos de la comida principal de las dietas hospitalarias recogidas. Los valores fueron convertidos a cantidades per cápita establecidas para cada alimento de cada dieta y sumados con el fin de estimar el total ofrecido por la comida principal. Resultados: Las dietas líquida y puré tuvieron más humedad, reducción de 41 a 76.0% del contenido de grasas, reducción de 45.4 a 79.8% del contenido proteico y de 31.9 a 39.9% de la energía total. Conclusión: Las dietas de consistencia modificada presentaron una reducción en el contenido de energía y macronutrientes, encontrándose los principales cambios en la dieta líquida, lo que culminó en una probable disminución de la ingesta de micronutrientes.
Estrutura o de um Banco de Dentes Humanos
Nassif Alessandra Cristina da Silva,Tieri Fabio,Ana Patricia Aparecida da,Botta Sérgio Brossi
Pesquisa Odontológica Brasileira , 2003,
Abstract: Um Banco de Dentes Humanos (BDH) é uma institui o sem fins lucrativos, vinculada a uma faculdade, universidade ou outra institui o. Seu propósito é suprir as necessidades acadêmicas, fornecendo dentes humanos para pesquisa ou para treinamento laboratorial pré-clínico dos alunos, dessa forma eliminando o comércio ilegal de dentes que ainda existe nas faculdades de Odontologia. Cabe também ao BDH zelar pela elimina o da infec o cruzada que existe no manuseio indiscriminado de dentes extraídos. Para o bom funcionamento de um BDH, é fundamental um controle severo de seus procedimentos internos, que incluem a separa o e o estoque de dentes, assim como o cadastro e o arquivamento das fichas dos doadores ou beneficiários. Aqui, abordaremos as fun es que um BDH pode desempenhar e a forma pela qual hoje o Banco de Dentes Humanos da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de S o Paulo (FOUSP) funciona e organiza-se.
Effectiveness of sucrose during the frozen storage of arazá (Eugenia stipitata McVaugh) pulp
Silva B. Kelly Johanna,Narváez Cuenca Carlos Eduardo,Restrepo Sánchez Luz Patricia
Agronomía Colombiana , 2011,
Abstract: The effects of sucrose on the quality of frozen arazá pulp were investigated. Five levels of sucrose (0, 5, 10, 20, and 30%) were evaluated in combination with freezing at low speed, storage during one month, and thawing at two different speeds. Sensory quality and water loss after centrifugation (WLAC) were evaluated in the samples. Before freezing sucrose addition (5-30%) to the pulp did not affect the sensory quality of the samples, but a negative effect on WLAC at 5-10% sucrose was observed. Furthermore, addition of 20-30% sucrose to arazá pulp, in combination with low speed-freezing, frozen storage, and low-speed-thawing, can be a useful technique to preserve the texture of arazá pulp. The described treatment gave results comparable to those obtained for the fresh pulp and much better than those obtained when freezing was done at high speed.
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