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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9737 matches for " Patricia Bogdanov "
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Information & Communication Technologies Impact on Academic Curricula
Dimiter Bogdanov
Educational Technology & Society , 1999,
The Nearest Millisecond Pulsar Revisited with XMM-Newton: Improved Mass-Radius Constraints for PSR J0437-4715
Slavko Bogdanov
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/762/2/96
Abstract: I present an analysis of the deepest X-ray exposure of a radio millisecond pulsar (MSP) to date, an X-ray Multi Mirror-Newton European Photon Imaging Camera spectroscopic and timing observation of the nearest known MSP, PSR J0437--4715. The timing data clearly reveal a secondary broad X-ray pulse offset from the main pulse by $\sim$0.55 in rotational phase. In the context of a model of surface thermal emission from the hot polar caps of the neutron star, this can be plausibly explained by a magnetic dipole field that is significantly displaced from the stellar center. Such an offset, if commonplace in MSPs, has important implications for studies of the pulsar population, high energy pulsed emission, and the pulsar contribution to cosmic ray positrons. The continuum emission shows evidence for at least three thermal components, with the hottest radiation most likely originating from the hot magnetic polar caps and the cooler emission from the bulk of the surface. I present pulse phase-resolved X-ray spectroscopy of PSR J0437--4715, which for the first time, properly accounts for the system geometry of a radio pulsar. Such an approach is essential for unbiased measurements of the temperatures and emission areas of polar cap radiation from pulsars. Detailed modelling of the thermal pulses, including relativistic and atmospheric effects, provides a constraint on the redshift-corrected neutron star radius of R>11.1 km (at 3 sigma conf.) for the current radio timing mass measurement of 1.76 M_sun. This limit favors "stiff'" equations of state.
Modeling the X-rays from the Central Compact Object PSR J1852+0040 in Kesteven 79: Evidence for a Strongly Magnetized Neutron Star
Slavko Bogdanov
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/790/2/94
Abstract: I present modeling of the X-ray pulsations from the central compact object (CCO) PSR J1852+0040 in the Galactic supernova remnant Kesteven 79. In the context of thermal surface radiation from a rotating neutron star, a conventional polar cap model can reproduce the broad, large-amplitude X-ray pulse only with a "pencil plus fan" beam emission pattern, which is characteristic of strongly magnetized ($\gtrsim$10^12 Gauss) neutron star atmospheres, substantially stronger than the ~10^10 Gauss external dipole field inferred from the pulsar spin-down rate. This discrepancy can be explained by an axially displaced dipole. For other beaming patterns, it is necessary to invoke high-aspect-ratio emitting regions that are greatly longitudinally elongated, possibly due to an extremely offset dipole. For all assumed emission models, the existence of strong internal magnetic fields ($\gtrsim$10^14} Gauss) that preferentially channel internal heat to only a portion of the exterior is required to account for the implied high-temperature contrast across the stellar surface. This lends further observational evidence in support of the "hidden" strong magnetic field scenario, in which CCOs possess strong submerged magnetic fields that are substantially stronger than the external dipole field, presumably due to burial by fallback of supernova ejecta. I also conduct phase-resolved X-ray spectroscopy and find no evidence for prominent spin-phase-dependent absorption features that could be produced by cyclotron absorption/scattering.
Prospects for Neutron Star Equation of State Constraints using "Recycled" Millisecond Pulsars
Slavko Bogdanov
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Rotation-powered "recycled" millisecond pulsars are a variety of rapidly-spinning neutron stars that typically show thermal X-ray radiation due to the heated surface of their magnetic polar caps. Detailed numerical modeling of the rotation-induced thermal X-ray pulsations observed from recycled millisecond pulsars, including all relevant relativistic and stellar atmospheric effects, has been identified as a promising approach towards an astrophysical determination of the true neutron star mass-radius relation, and by extension the state of cold matter at densities exceeding those of atomic nuclei. Herein, I review the basic model and methodology commonly used to extract information regarding neutron star structure from the pulsed X-ray radiation observed from millisecond pulsars. I also summarize the results of past X-ray observations of these objects and the prospects for precision neutron star mass-radius measurements with the upcoming Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer (NICER) X-ray timing mission.
A NuSTAR Observation of the Gamma-Ray-Emitting X-ray Binary and Transitional Millisecond Pulsar Candidate 1RXS J154439.4-112820
Slavko Bogdanov
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: I present a 40 kilosecond Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) observation of the recently identified low-luminosity X-ray binary and transitional millisecond pulsar (tMSP) candidate 1RXS J154439.4-112820, which is associated with the high-energy gamma-ray source 3FGL J1544.6--1125. The system is detected up to ~30 keV with an extension of the same power-law spectrum and rapid large-amplitude variability between two flux levels observed in soft X-rays. These findings provide further evidence that 1RXS J154439.4-112820 belongs to the same class of objects as the nearby bona fide tMSPs PSR J1023+0038 and XSS J12270-4859 and therefore almost certainly hosts a millisecond pulsar accreting at low luminosities. I also examine the long-term accretion history of 1RXS J154439.4-112820 based on archival optical, ultraviolet, X-ray, and $\gamma$-ray light curves covering the past $\sim$decade. Throughout this period, the source has maintained similar flux levels at all wavelengths, which is an indication that it has not experienced prolonged episodes of a non-accreting radio pulsar state but may spontaneously undergo such a state transformation in the future.
The db/db Mouse: A Useful Model for the Study of Diabetic Retinal Neurodegeneration
Patricia Bogdanov, Lidia Corraliza, Josep A. Villena, Andrea R. Carvalho, José Garcia-Arumí, David Ramos, Jesús Ruberte, Rafael Simó, Cristina Hernández
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097302
Abstract: Background To characterize the sequential events that are taking place in retinal neurodegeneration in a murine model of spontaneous type 2 diabetes (db/db mouse). Methods C57BLKsJ-db/db mice were used as spontaneous type 2 diabetic animal model, and C57BLKsJ-db/+ mice served as the control group. To assess the chronological sequence of the abnormalities the analysis was performed at different ages (8, 16 and 24 weeks). The retinas were evaluated in terms of morphological and functional abnormalities [electroretinography (ERG)]. Histological markers of neurodegeneration (glial activation and apoptosis) were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. In addition glutamate levels and glutamate/aspartate transporter (GLAST) expression were assessed. Furthermore, to define gene expression changes associated with early diabetic retinopathy a transcriptome analyses was performed at 8 week. Furthermore, an additional interventional study to lower blood glucose levels was performed. Results Glial activation was higher in diabetic than in non diabetic mice in all the stages (p<0.01). In addition, a progressive loss of ganglion cells and a significant reduction of neuroretinal thickness were also observed in diabetic mice. All these histological hallmarks of neurodegeneration were less pronounced at week 8 than at week 16 and 24. Significant ERG abnormalities were present in diabetic mice at weeks 16 and 24 but not at week 8. Moreover, we observed a progressive accumulation of glutamate in diabetic mice associated with an early downregulation of GLAST. Morphological and ERG abnormalities were abrogated by lowering blood glucose levels. Finally, a dysregulation of several genes related to neurotransmission and oxidative stress such as UCP2 were found at week 8. Conclusions Our results suggest that db/db mouse reproduce the features of the neurodegenerative process that occurs in the human diabetic eye. Therefore, it seems an appropriate model for investigating the underlying mechanisms of diabetes-induced retinal neurodegeneration and for testing neuroprotective drugs.
Hyper-relativistic mechanics and superluminal particles
Yu. I. Bogdanov,A. Yu. Bogdanov
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: Recent experiments by OPERA with high energy neutrinos, as well as astrophysics observation data, may possibly prove violations of underlying principles of special relativity theory. This paper attempts to present an elementary modification of relativistic mechanics that is consistent both with the principles of mechanics and with Dirac's approach to derivation of relativistic quantum equations. Our proposed hyper-relativistic model is based on modified dispersion relations between energy and momentum of a particle. Predictions of the new theory significantly differ from the standard model, as the former implies large Lorentz gamma-factors (ratio of particle energy to its mass). First of all, we study model relationships that describe hypothetical motion of superluminal neutrinos. Next, we analyze characteristics of Cherenkov radiation of photons and non-zero mass particles in vacuum. Afterwards, we derive generalized Lorentz transformations for a hyper-relativistic case, resulting in a radical change in the law of composition of velocities and particle kinematics. Finally, we study a hyper-relativistic version of Dirac equation and some of its properties. In present paper we attempted to use plain language to make it accessible not only to scientists but to undergraduate students as well.
Jane Bogdanov,Przemyslaw Maslak
Molbank , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/M670
Abstract: A new sulfide, 2-methyl-7-(phenylsulfanylmethyl)naphthalene was synthesized and its MS, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and DEPT-135 data are reported.
Synthesis of 2,7-Bis(fluoromethyl)naphthalene
Jane Bogdanov,Przemyslaw Maslak
Molbank , 2008, DOI: 10.3390/m567
Abstract: No abstract available
Synthesis of 2-Fluoromethyl-7-methylnaphthalene
Jane Bogdanov,Przemyslaw Maslak
Molbank , 2008, DOI: 10.3390/m568
Abstract: No abstract available
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