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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 187159 matches for " Patrícia de Sousa Fernandes "
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Eficácia da educa o em saúde no tratamento n o medicamentoso da hipertens o arterial Effectiveness of education in health in the non-medication treatment of arterial hypertension
Thatiane Lopes Oliveira,Leonardo de Paula Miranda,Patrícia de Sousa Fernandes,Ant?nio Prates Caldeira
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Verificar a eficácia da educa o em saúde na ades o ao tratamento n o medicamentoso da hipertens o arterial. MéTODOS: Foram analisados hábitos referentes à alimenta o, à atividade física e ao uso de tabaco e álcool, bem como avalia o de medidas antropométricas e níveis pressóricos, antes e após a realiza o de grupos de educa o em saúde em 216 hipertensos. RESULTADOS: Houve mudan a estatisticamente significante no consumo de legumes, na ades o à prática de atividade, na redu o do índice de massa corpórea e da circunferência abdominal e no controle da press o arterial, após os grupos de educa o em saúde. CONCLUS O: A educa o em saúde proposta foi eficaz no incentivo à ades o ao tratamento n o medicamentoso da hipertens o arterial, evidenciando a relevancia da ado o dessas estratégias educacionais pelos profissionais de saúde. OBJECTIVE: To verify the efficacy of health education on the adherence to non-pharmacological treatment in arterial hypertension. METHODS: Habits related to nutrition, physical activity and use of tobacco and alcohol were analyzed, as well as assessment of anthropometric and blood pressure levels, before and after the performance of group health education in 216 hypertensive patients. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant change in the consumption of legumes, in the adherence to physical activity, in the reduction of body mass index and abdominal circumference, and in the control of arterial pressure, after the health education groups. CONCLUSION: The proposed health education was effective in incentivizing the adherence to non-pharmacological treatment in arterial hypertension, evidenced by the relevance of the adoption of these educational strategies
Qualidade de mam?o 'Formosa' produzido no RN e armazenado sob atmosfera passiva
Fernandes, Paula Lidiane de Oliveira;Aroucha, Edna Maria Mendes;Souza, Pahlevi Augusto de;Sousa, Aline Ellen Duarte de;Fernandes, Patrícia Liane de Oliveira;
Revista Ciência Agron?mica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-66902010000400012
Abstract: the aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of carnauba wax (primax wax) and low-density polyethylene film "x-tend" on shelf life of 'formosa' papaya fruits produced in baraúna, rn. the experiment was carried out in the postharvest laboratory of the universidade federal rural do semi-árido (ufersa). a 3 x 6 factorial scheme with three replications of three fruits per plot in a completely randomized design was used. the treatments consisted of the combination of three types of atmosphere (wax, polyethylene film and control) with six storage times (0; 7; 14; 21; 28 and 35). the fruits of these treatments were stored in cold chamber at 10 ± 2 oc and rh 90 ± 5%, and analyzed in 7 days intervals. the evaluated traits were: external appearance, weight loss, pulp firmness, soluble solids, titratable acidity and c vitamin. it was observed that polyethylene film was the most efficient coverage to keep the external quality and to reduce the weight loss of the papaya fruits. the carnauba wax in the used concentration shows good efficiency in papaya fruits conservation as compared with that polyethylene film. the shelf life of papaya fruits kept under modified atmosphere was of 35 days and for those fruits kept at ambient condition was of 28 days.
Transcriptional and Proteomic Responses to Carbon Starvation in Paracoccidioides
Patrícia de Sousa Lima,Luciana Casaletti,Alexandre Melo Bail?o,Ana Tereza Ribeiro de Vasconcelos,Gabriel da Rocha Fernandes,Célia Maria de Almeida Soares
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002855
Abstract: Background The genus Paracoccidioides comprises human thermal dimorphic fungi, which cause paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), an important mycosis in Latin America. Adaptation to environmental conditions is key to fungal survival during human host infection. The adaptability of carbon metabolism is a vital fitness attribute during pathogenesis. Methodology/Principal Findings The fungal pathogen Paracoccidioides spp. is exposed to numerous adverse conditions, such as nutrient deprivation, in the human host. In this study, a comprehensive response of Paracoccidioides, Pb01, under carbon starvation was investigated using high-resolution transcriptomic (RNAseq) and proteomic (NanoUPLC-MSE) approaches. A total of 1,063 transcripts and 421 proteins were differentially regulated, providing a global view of metabolic reprogramming during carbon starvation. The main changes were those related to cells shifting to gluconeogenesis and ethanol production, supported by the degradation of amino acids and fatty acids and by the modulation of the glyoxylate and tricarboxylic cycles. This proposed carbon flow hypothesis was supported by gene and protein expression profiles assessed using qRT-PCR and western blot analysis, respectively, as well as using enzymatic, cell dry weight and fungus-macrophage interaction assays. The carbon source provides a survival advantage to Paracoccidioides inside macrophages. Conclusions/Significance For a complete understanding of the physiological processes in an organism, the integration of approaches addressing different levels of regulation is important. To the best of our knowledge, this report presents the first description of the responses of Paracoccidioides spp. to host-like conditions using large-scale expression approaches. The alternative metabolic pathways that could be adopted by the organism during carbon starvation can be important for a better understanding of the fungal adaptation to the host, because systems for detecting and responding to carbon sources play a major role in adaptation and persistence in the host niche.
Epidemiological aspects of human and canine visceral leishmaniasis in Montes Claros, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, between 2007 and 2009
Prado, Patrícia Fernandes do;Rocha, Marília Fonseca;Sousa, Joel Fontes de;Caldeira, Dênio Iuri;Paz, Gustavo Fontes;Dias, Edelberto Santos;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822011000500006
Abstract: introduction: visceral leishmaniasis (vl) is an expanding zoonosis in brazil and is becoming urbanized in several brazilian regions. this study aims to describe the epidemiological features of human and canine vl in the municipality of montes claros, state of minas gerais, by focusing on their spatial distribution. methods: data concerning human cases and reactive dogs for vl from 2007 to 2009 were obtained from the information system for disease notification (sinan) and from reports of the local centro de controle de zoonoses (ccz), respectively. the addresses of human and canine cases have been georeferenced and localized in thematic maps, allowing their spatial visualization as well as the identification of areas at risk of vl transmission. results: ninety-five cases of human vl were reported in the period. the 0-9-year-old age group (48.4%) was the most affected, within which the majority consisted of male patients (64%). of the samples collected for the canine serological survey, 2,919 (6.3%) were reactive to vl. the spatial localization of these cases shows that the disease was scattered in the urban area of the municipality. areas showing a higher dissemination risk were concentrated in the central, northwestern, and southern regions of the city. conclusions: identifying the areas most at risk in urban montes claros may help guide actions toward local epidemiological vigilance and control.
Análise do processo de avalia??o da aprendizagem de a??es educativas de profissionais de enfermagem
Mira, Vera Lucia;Peduzzi, Marina;Melleiro, Marta Maria;Tronchin, Daisy Maria Rizatto;Prado, Maria de Fátima Fernandes;Santos, Patrícia Tavares dos;Lara, Enilda Maria de Sousa;Silva, Jaqueline Alcantara Marcelino da;Borges-Andrade, Jairo Eduardo;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342011000700006
Abstract: the objective of this study was to analyze the learning evaluation process of nursing staff training programs, regarding its effectiveness and instrument validity. this is an empirical study whose findings support theoretical formulations for the construction of an evaluation methodology. the analysis consisted of learning evaluations related to six training programs, totaling 993 evaluations. the results of these six training programs showed the need to propose an evaluation methodology, defining criteria, instruments and indicators for this purpose. furthermore, it is important to improve the diagnosis process on training needs and teaching strategies.
Intera??o entre audiologia e genética no estudo de uma família: a complexidade do diagnóstico molecular e do aconselhamento genético
Hoffmann, Flavia Maria Rodrigues;Rodrigues, Patrícia Fernandes;Santos, Teresa Maria Momensohn dos;Sartorato, Edi Lucia;Maciel-Guerra, Andréa Trevas;Matas, Carla Gentile;de Moraes, Vanessa Cristine Sousa;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992008000500010
Abstract: hearing loss is a multifaceted condition with many etiologies, among which genetic mutation is. therefore, it is important to connect audiological investigation to etiological diagnosis. aim: this study aims to establish the audiological and genetic profiles of three non-syndromic children with sensorineural hearing loss. materials and method: three brothers aged 3, 5 and 16 were enrolled in this study. they were submitted to behavioral and electrophysiological hearing tests and molecular studies. results: the hearing tests showed moderate to moderately severe bilateral symmetric sensorineural hearing loss and an accentuated descending slope. transient and distortion product otoacoustic emissions were absent in the two younger children. abr showed a bilateral moderately severe to severe sensorineural hearing loss. p300 showed bilateral normal latencies in the older brother. molecular tests showed that the two younger children were heterozygote for mutation 35delg on gene gjb2. conclusion: the combination of speech and hearing tests and genetic analysis allows for the etiologic diagnosis of seemingly similar hearing loss cases, which however display different genetic backgrounds. molecular studies must be comprehensive enough to avoid precipitated diagnosis which may impair genetic counseling.
Mudan?a de estrutura moraica do latim ao português
Costa, Evellyne Patrícia Figueiredo de Sousa;
Alfa : Revista de Linguística (S?o José do Rio Preto) , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1981-57942011000200010
Abstract: this study aims at investigating the evolution of the moraic structure from latin to portuguese. latin, which presents vocalic and consonantal quantitative distinction, has the following syllable patterns: (i) light syllable, which contains a single mora (e.le.men.tum); (ii) heavy syllable, which contains two moras (bul.ga); (iii) super heavy syllable, which contains three moras according to our argument (paul.lum). diachronically, there is a loss of quantitative distinctive among the vowels. from latin to neo-romance languages the moraic structure has its effects. based on such information and on hayes' moraic theory (1989), we intend to investigate the effects of such change in both languages by analyzing related phonological processes, such as diphthongization and monophthongation. moraic theory allows us both to identify the way moraic structures are attributed to languages and to determine which principles operate in these languages. hayes (1989) defines a mora as a weight unit at the prosodic tier and represents the contrast between long syllables and short syllables. also, a mora counts as a phonological position (a long segment is represented as being doubly linked). we argue that the choices made by the portuguese language to deal with moraic structure of latin had already been available in vulgar latin and, according to the choices made, principles such as stray erasure and parasitic delinking, which are related to prosodic licensing, acted in the aforementioned change
Mudan a de estrutura moraica do latim ao português
Evellyne Patrícia Figueiredo de Sousa Costa
Alfa : Revista de Linguística , 2011,
Abstract: Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar a evolu o da estrutura moraica do latim ao português. A língua latina apresenta distin o quantitativa vocálica e consonantal: (i) sílabas leves, portadoras de uma mora (e.le.men.tum); (ii) sílabas pesadas, portadoras de duas moras (bul.ga); (iii) sílabas superpesadas, portadoras de três moras segundo a nossa proposta (paul.lum). Diacronicamente, há a perda da distintividade quantitativa dentre as vogais e, na passagem às línguas neorromanicas, a estrutura moraica tem seus efeitos. Diante desse cenário e a partir dos pressupostos da Teoria Moraica de Hayes (1989), investigamos os efeitos dessa mudan a através de processos fonológicos envolvidos, tais como ditonga o e monotonga o. A Teoria Moraica busca caracterizar de que modo as línguas atribuem estrutura moraica e que princípios atuam nessas línguas. Hayes (1989) define mora como uma unidade de peso do tier prosódico que caracteriza o contraste entre sílabas longas e breves, além de contar como uma posi o fonológica (segmento longo é representado como duplamente ligado). Propomos que as escolhas feitas pela língua portuguesa, tais como ditonga o e monotonga o, para lidar com a estrutura moraica latina já est o disponíveis em latim vulgar e que princípios como Stray Erasure e Parasitic Delinking, relacionados com Licenciamento Prosódico atuam na referida mudan a.
Participa o e gest o local: pontuando reflex es sobre a experiência de or amento participativo em Teresina/PI
Lima, Antonia Jesuíta de,Sousa, Patrícia de
Textos & Contextos (Porto Alegre) , 2010,
Abstract: O debate que circunda o redimensionamento das institui es democráticas contemporaneas sinaliza para a redefini o das rela es entre Estado e sociedade. Neste sentido, s o preconizados novos paradigmas de gest o pública calcados em um duplo processo: de descentraliza o e de participa o. No contexto da redemocratiza o da sociedade brasileira, esses parametros foram associados à revers o do autoritarismo que ordenou o processo de produ o das políticas públicas. Assim, nas últimas décadas, assiste-se à implementa o, no nível local, de formatos institucionais que visam à democratiza o da gest o pública. Este artigo apresenta reflex es iniciais de uma pesquisa sobre o Or amento Participativo em Teresina/Piauí.
Ceratoconjuntivite alérgica e complica es no segmento ocular anterior de pacientes
Botelho Patrícia Bezerra de Menezes,Marback Patrícia,Sousa Luciene Barbosa de,Campos Mauro
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2003,
Abstract: INTRODU O: A alergia ocular é condi o que pode ocasionar sintomas de coceira, ardor e lacrimejamento, podendo também ser amea adora para vis o. A fisiopatologia envolve mecanismos de hipersensibilidade imunológica. Devido a fatores imunológicos, o segmento anterior destes pacientes está mais suscetível a altera es que amea am a acuidade visual, tais como: opacidades corneanas, ceratocone e catarata. MéTODOS: Foram revistos, retrospectivamente, 186 pacientes com ceratoconjuntivite alérgica e selecionados pacientes que possuíam altera es de segmento anterior e acuidade visual menor ou igual a 0,6 corrigida em um ou ambos os olhos. A AV 0,6 foi escolhida aleatoriamente a fim de agrupar os pacientes. Estes pacientes foram analisados quanto à idade, sexo, tipo de alergia, tempo de aparecimento da doen a (considerado como tempo de aparecimento de sintomas), tempo de latência (tempo que surgiu a complica o após o primeiro dia de atendimento), altera es sistêmicas, efeitos colaterais das drogas e complica es oculares. Estes pacientes n o poderiam melhorar a AV com tratamento tópico e tinham acompanhamento mínimo de 3 meses. RESULTADOS: As altera es de segmento anterior que causaram AV menor ou igual a 0,6 (refra o ou estenopeico) sem possibilidade de melhora com medica o tópica foram: úlcera em escudo: 5 casos, catarata: 3 casos, opacidade corneana: 6 casos, perfura o ocular: 2 casos e ceratocone: 13 casos. CONCLUS O: Pacientes com ceratoconjuntivite alérgica podem ter como principais causas de baixa acuidade visual altera es de segmento anterior, entre elas, opacidades corneanas, ceratocone e catarata.
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