oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 13 )

2018 ( 24 )

2017 ( 33 )

2016 ( 41 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 17424 matches for " Patrícia Zart1 "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /17424
Display every page Item
Cryostimulation improves recovery from oropharyngeal dysphagia after stroke
Patrícia Zart1, ,, ,,Deborah Salle Levy2,Geovana de Paula Bolzan3,Renata Mancopes4
International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology , 2013,
Abstract: Introduction: Stroke is considered one of the most frequent neurological causes of oropharyngeal dysphagia. Aim: To determine the effect of cryostimulation on oropharyngeal sensitivity and, subsequently, on the swallowing reaction and premature escape of food in patients with neurogenic dysphagia after stroke. Methods: Clinical and experimental study. The study enrolled 7 adult subjects, 6 men and 1 woman ranging from 28 to 64 years of age, with a diagnosis of stroke and current oropharyngeal dysphagia without any other underlying disease. The selected subjects underwent speech-language pathology evaluation and videofluoroscopic assessment of the dysphagia. The subjects were then treated with cryostimulation consisting of 10 applications to each structure (anterior faucial pillar, posterior oropharyngeal wall, soft palate, and back tongue) 3 times a day (for a total of 30 daily applications per structure) for 4 consecutive days. The patients were then re-evaluated based on the same criteria. The pre- and post-cryostimulation results of the clinical and videofluoroscopic evaluations were analyzed descriptively and statistically using Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test. Results: Cryostimulation had beneficial effects on oropharyngeal sensitivity in 6 of the 7 subjects. There was also a significant improvement in swallowing and in the premature escape in six subjects. Conclusion: Cryostimulation increased sensitivity and subsequently improved the swallowing reaction and premature escape of food in patients with neurogenic dysphagia after stroke. These effects were evident by both speech-language pathology and videofluoroscopic evaluation.
Cryostimulation improves recovery from oropharyngeal dysphagia after stroke
Zart, Patrícia;Levy, Deborah Salle;Bolzan, Geovana de Paula;Mancopes, Renata;Silva, Ana Maria Toniolo da;
International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology , 2013, DOI: 10.7162/S1809-97772013000100006
Abstract: introduction: stroke is considered one of the most frequent neurological causes of oropharyngeal dysphagia. aim: to determine the effect of cryostimulation on oropharyngeal sensitivity and, subsequently, on the swallowing reaction and premature escape of food in patients with neurogenic dysphagia after stroke. methods: clinical and experimental study. the study enrolled 7 adult subjects, 6 men and 1 woman ranging from 28 to 64 years of age, with a diagnosis of stroke and current oropharyngeal dysphagia without any other underlying disease. the selected subjects underwent speech-language pathology evaluation and videofluoroscopic assessment of the dysphagia. the subjects were then treated with cryostimulation consisting of 10 applications to each structure (anterior faucial pillar, posterior oropharyngeal wall, soft palate, and back tongue) 3 times a day (for a total of 30 daily applications per structure) for 4 consecutive days. the patients were then re-evaluated based on the same criteria. the pre- and post-cryostimulation results of the clinical and videofluoroscopic evaluations were analyzed descriptively and statistically using student's t-test and fisher's exact test. results: cryostimulation had beneficial effects on oropharyngeal sensitivity in 6 of the 7 subjects. there was also a significant improvement in swallowing and in the premature escape in six subjects. conclusion: cryostimulation increased sensitivity and subsequently improved the swallowing reaction and premature escape of food in patients with neurogenic dysphagia after stroke. these effects were evident by both speech-language pathology and videofluoroscopic evaluation.
QUALIDADE TECNOLóGICA E éPOCAS DE COLHEITA DE VARIEDADES DE CANADE-A úCAR CULTIVADAS EM TIETê/ SP
Celina Maria Henrique,M?nica Sartori de Camargo1,Dulcinéia Elizabete Foltran,Patrícia Wyler
Colloquium Agrariae , 2011, DOI: 10.5747/ca.2011.v07.n01.a061
Abstract: The evaluation of technological quality of new sugarcane varieties is essential to obtain best sugar yield and choose the best variety for each region. The objective was evaluating technological quality of sugarcane varieties during four harvest times at Tietê, which is a sugarcane region but there is few works about this subject. The experiment was carried out in Kandiustalf soil, using complete randomized blocks with four repetitions and nine sugarcane varieties (IAC 86 2480; IAC 91 1099; IAC87 3396; IACSP 94-4004; IACSP 93-6006; IACSP 93-3046; IACSP 94-2094; IACSP 94-2101; RB 86 7515). Four sugarcane harvest were done (January, March, May and July/ 2008) and the parameters related to the technological quality (brix, pol sugars, total reducing sugar, cane fiber and the maturation index) were obtained. The technological quality was influenced by sugarcane varieties in all harvest times. The pol values were increased in function ofharvest time. The IAC SP 91-1099 showed best brix value at July and there is no difference between varieties in other harvest time. The maturation index was similar among sugarcane varieties and IAC SP 94-2094 e 94-2101 began this process earlier. The IACSP 93-6006 and IAC 86 2480 showed low fiber content, which could be problem to this region.
Amaurose secundária a mucocele esfenoidal
Antonio Antunes Melo1,Sílvio da Silva Caldas Neto2,Mariana Carvalho Leal Gouveia3,Patrícia Ferreira Santos4
Arquivos Internacionais de Otorrinolaringologia , 2011,
Abstract: Introdu o: A mucocele do seio esfenoidal é uma les o rara e benigna. Essas les es s o provavelmente diagnosticadas tardiamente por serem assintomáticas ou causarem sintomas n o específicos. As características clínicas dependem de sua localiza o e podem incluir dor fronto-orbitária, paralisia do nervo oculomotor, diminui o da acuidade visual, exoftalmia e anosmia. Os achados da tomografia computadorizada (TC) e ressonancia nuclear magnética (RNM) de nariz e seios paranasais aumentaram a precis o do diagnóstico. O tratamento consiste na marsupializa o e drenagem da mucocele por via endoscópica nasossinusal. O prognóstico em rela o à vis o depende da dura o da perda da acuidade visual pré-operatória. Objetivo: Relatar um caso de mucocele esfenoidal de grandes dimens es. Relato de Caso: Os autores relatam um caso de mucocele do seio esfenoidal em um paciente masculino de 48 anos de idade que apresentou amaurose subitamente. Comentários Finais: As características da mucocele esfenoidal s o revistas com especial aten o para os seus achados clínicos e radiológicos, bem como o tratamento cirúrgico.
Catheterization urinary as a risk factor for urinary tract infection: nursing team knowledge of intensive care unit
Gilson de Vasconcelos Torres1, Patrícia de Cássia Bezerra Fonseca2, Isabelle Katherinne Fernandes Costa3
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: to identify the degree of knowledge related to Urinary catheter (UC) by the nursing team in the Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital in Natal/RN. Method: this is a descriptive, quantitative and non-participant observational study, approved by the Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil (protocol number 278/09). Sample of 42 professional’s team whose data were collected through a structured questionnaire. The results were tabulated in Excel and analyzed using SPSS version 15.0. Results: the prevalence of staff members on institutional third party (64,3%), female (69,0%), aged 21 to 35 years (59,5%) and average level of education (88.1%). As to knowledge, the nurses had levels of good to excellent and the nursing staff, to regulate the poor. The nurses made a mistake when choosing SVD (40,0%) and washing hands (30,0%) and technicians on hand washing (74,4%) and the contents of the tray (34,7%). Conclusion: it is for health professionals manage the use of bladder catheters delay, especially in intensive care patients, minimizing the risk of emergence of secondary infections, possible to avoid.
Prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss in drivers
Andréa Cintra Lopes1, , , ,,Vanessa Guioto Otowiz2,Patrícia Monteiro de Barros Lopes3,José Roberto Pereira Lauris4
International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: Work-related hearing loss is one of the most common occupational illness progresses over the years of noise exposure associated with the work environment, may cause damage to undertake physical activity, the individual's physiological and mental besides causing hearing damage irreversible interfering with communication and quality of life. With high prevalence of male evaluates which is the second leading cause of hearing loss. Since there is no medical treatment for this type of hearing loss, it is evident the importance of preventive and conferences aimed at preserving hearing and health as a whole. Objective: To assess the prevalence of hearing loss in audiometry admission of drivers. Methods: Retrospective study. By 76 charts of professional drivers in leased transport companies. We analyzed data from specific interview and pure tone audiometry. Results: The prevalence of abnormal tests was 22.36% with the lowest thresholds for tritonal average of 3,000, 4,000 and 6,000 Hz. The higher the age, the higher thresholds. Conclusion: This study has highlighted the occurrence of hearing in the absence of complaints. Considering that PAIR is preventable, justifies the importance of coordinated and multidisciplinary involving not only health teams and safety, but also the institutions involved in preserving the health of workers, as the team SESMET, unions or prosecutors.
Plug-In Vehicle Acceptance and Probable Utilization Behaviour  [PDF]
Patrícia Baptista, Catarina Rolim, Carla Silva
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2012.21008
Abstract: This paper presents a study undertaken to understand the plug-in vehicle acceptance and probable utilization behaviour in terms of charging habits and utility factor (probability of driving in electrical mode). A survey was designed to be answered via World Wide Web, throughout 3 months and only accessible to Portuguese inhabitants. The survey was composed by biographical and car ownership info, mobility patterns, awareness toward plug-in vehicle technologies, price premium and, finally, potential buyer’s attitudes regarding charging vehicles with electricity from the grid. An explanation of how each vehicle technology works in the case of a regular hybrid (HEV), a plug-in hybrid (PHEV) and a pure electric vehicle (EV) was provided. A total sample of 809 volunteers answered the survey, aged above 18 years old, 50% male and 50% female. The results allowed the estimation of the typical daily driving distance, the Utility Factor curve for plug-in hybrid future users, the charging preferences for future users of pure electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles and the necessary feebates to promote the market penetration of such technologies. Other correlations were also analyzed between driving patterns, type of owned car, price premium and the willingness to buy pure electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles. The main policy implications are that an increase of awareness campaigns is necessary if the government intends to support the plug-in electric vehicle technology widespread and a minimum of 5000 € investment per ton of avoided CO2 will be necessary in a year.
Synthesis and Characterization of a New Cellulose Acetate-Propionate Gel: Crosslinking Density Determination  [PDF]
Patrícia Allue Dantas, Vagner Roberto Botaro
Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry (OJPChem) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpchem.2012.24019
Abstract: Crosslinking is one of the most commonly reactions used to improve the physical properties of cellulose derivatives. Cellulose Acetate Propionate (CAP) is a commercial ester obtained as a cellulose derivative and it can be used as basis for the synthesis of crosslinked chains as described in this work. Typical used crosslinkers are di-functional compounds, such as dianhydrides or diisocyanate. The formation of polymeric 3D structures as described in this work occurs typically by the reaction of the linear chains bearing free OH groups with crosslinking agents such as dianhydrides. These reactions are used to make a very absorbent material, typically a gel. The syntheses were performed in homogeneous medium with acetate propionate in a very dry atmosphere by employing PMDA (Pyromellitic Dianhydride) and BTDA (3,3’, 4,4’ Benzophenone Tetracarboxylated Dianhydride) as crosslinking agents in a reflux system. TGA analysis has shown the different thermal stability of the gels when compared with CAP. Typical TGA curves have demonstrated the lower stability of the crosslinked chains when compared to CAP as consequence of esther linkages formed in the gels structures. The Mc, which is the value for the molar mass between crosslinkings points in 3D structure, was determined according to Flory-Rehner theory. This important parameter has demonstrated greater reactivity of PMDA in comparison with the BTDA in the reactions conditions’ employed in this work.
Application of an Educational Resource for Parents of Seven-Year-Old Children Diagnosed with Developmental Coordination Disorder  [PDF]
Patrícia Carla de Souza Della Barba
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2015.51001
Abstract: The present study aims to discuss the application of educational resource “Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder: at Home, at School and in the Community” (Missiuna, Rivard, & Pollock, 2011) for parents of seven-year-old children of a public school in a Brazilian city. The booklet aims to help parents and teachers identify and manage school-aged children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD). Methods: The contents of the booklet were used in a group of four parents of children previously identified with DCD in the school environment using a workshop. Results: The meetings of the parents were oriented to the characterization of the disorder. The activities helped parents understand the difficulties of their children. Conclusion: In this study it was found that the use of the educational resources together with games proved to be an important approach to working with parents of children with DCD. However, it is important to expand the number of participants in future studies.
A successful clinical case of encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis: surgical management using enterolysis
Neto,Patrícia; ,;
Nefrología (Madrid) , 2012, DOI: 10.3265/Nefrologia.pre2012.Jul.11532
Abstract: the encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis is a rare but serious complication of peritoneal dialysis. the incident rate varies between 0.5 to 4.4%. this entity is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. the diagnosis requires the presence of clinical features of intestinal obstruction or disturbed gastrointestinal function with pathological and radiological evidence of bowel encapsulation. the exact pathogenic mechanism of eps remains unknown, although it's strongest associated with duration of peritoneal dialysis. we present a clinical case of eps and discuss the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention.
Page 1 /17424
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.