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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 209396 matches for " Patrícia Martins e Souza "
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Aspectos radiográficos e ultra-sonográficos dos pacientes submetidos a alongamento ósseo pelo método de Ilizarov
Souza, Patrícia Martins e;Marchiori, Edson;Dinoá, Vanessa A.;Knackfuss, Irocy G.;
Radiologia Brasileira , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-39842003000600005
Abstract: ten patients treated with ilizarov external fixator for limb lengthening were monitored with radiographs and sonography examinations between march, 2001 and march, 2002. most of the patients were children and adolescents who were submitted to surgery for correction of congenital deformities (six cases). in three patients shortening was secondary to post-traumatic osteomielitis and in one patient due to tumor resection. the femur was affected in 60%, tibia in 30% and fibula in 10% of the cases. the main radiographic findings of bone regeneration during the normal process of limb lengthening were lucent areas, linear ossification, periosteal reaction, soft tissue abnormalities and complete consolidation. sonographic findings of new bone formation included anechoic areas, sparse echogenic foci within the distraction site, linear longitudinally oriented echogenic foci, amorphous and coarse echogenic foci and complete calcification. there were 15 complications in six patients: fluid collection at the distraction site (five cases), pin site infection (four cases), soft tissue collection (three cases), premature consolidation (two cases) and delayed consolidation (one case).
Aspectos radiográficos e ultra-sonográficos dos pacientes submetidos a alongamento ósseo pelo método de Ilizarov
Souza Patrícia Martins e,Marchiori Edson,Dinoá Vanessa A.,Knackfuss Irocy G.
Radiologia Brasileira , 2003,
Abstract: Neste trabalho foram monitorados, por meio de radiografias simples e ultra-sonografias, dez pacientes submetidos a alongamento ósseo com o uso do fixador externo de Ilizarov, no período de mar o de 2001 a mar o de 2002. Os pacientes submetidos ao método de Ilizarov foram principalmente crian as e adolescentes, para corre o de anomalias congênitas (seis casos). A corre o do encurtamento se deveu a trauma complicado com osteomielite em três pacientes e a ressec o tumoral em um paciente. O fêmur esteve envolvido em 60% dos casos, a tíbia em 30% e a fíbula em 10%. Os achados radiográficos encontrados na evolu o normal do regenerado ósseo foram um centro radiotransparente, ossifica o linear, rea o periosteal, aumento das partes moles e ossifica o completa. Os achados da forma o do osso novo na ultra-sonografia foram o regenerado anecóico, ecos esparsos no sítio de distra o, ecos lineares alinhados longitudinalmente, ecos grosseiros e amorfos e calcifica o completa. Ocorreram 15 complica es em seis pacientes: cisto no regenerado (cinco casos), infec o adjacente aos pinos (quatro casos), cole o em partes moles (três casos), consolida o precoce (dois casos) e retardo na consolida o (um caso).
Patellofemoral instability: evaluation by magnetic resonance imaging Instabilidade femoropatelar: avalia o por ressonancia magnética
Patrícia Martins e Souza,Marcelo Sadock de Sá Gabetto,Marcelo Ganem Serr?o,Luiz Ant?nio Martins Vieira
Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia , 2013,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating patelofemoral instability. METHODS: 39 patients (45 knees) with patellar instability underwent knee magnetic resonance images between October 2009 and July 2011, at the Rede Lab's D'Or, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, were included. MRI were analyzed for the presence of bone, hyaline cartilage and soft-tissue abnormalities, as well as anatomic variants that may contribute to chronic patellar instability. RESULTS: The authors found, of the 45 knees analysed, bone changes in 44%, cartilaginous injuries in 64%, disruption of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) in 29% and joint morphology abnormalities in 73% patients. Meniscal tears were also identified in 2 (4%) patients and fibular fracture in one (2%) patient. CONCLUSION: MRI allowed the detection of predisposing factors that may contribute to the development of patellofemoral instability and the diagnosis of bone, hyaline cartilage, ligamentous and meniscal abnormalities. OBJETIVO: Determinar a contribui o da ressonancia magnética (RM) na avalia o da instabilidade femoropatelar. MéTODOS: Foram incluídos 39 pacientes (45 joelhos) com instabilidade femoropatelar, submetidos à RM do joelho entre outubro de 2009 e julho de 2011, na Rede Labs D'Or, Rio de Janeiro (RJ). Os resultados dos exames foram analisados quanto à presen a de altera es ósseas, cartilaginosas e nas partes moles, além de altera es anat micas que podem contribuir para a instabilidade patelar cr nica. RESULTADOS: Os autores encontraram, nos 45 joelhos examinados, altera es ósseas em 44%, les es da cartilagem em 64%, ruptura do ligamento patelofemoral medial (LPFM) em 29% e anormalidades da morfologia articular em 73% pacientes. Foram também identificadas les es meniscais em dois (4%) pacientes e fratura da fíbula em um (2%) paciente. CONCLUS O: A RM permitiu a detec o de fatores predisponentes à instabilidade e o diagnóstico de les es ósseas, cartilaginosas, meniscais e ligamentares.
Análise isocinética da articula??o do cotovelo em crian?as com paralisia cerebral
Franciulli, Patrícia Martins;Souza, Flávia de Andrade e;Bigongiari, Aline;Mochizuki, Luis;Araújo, Rubens Correa;
Motriz: Revista de Educa??o Física , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1980-65742012000100006
Abstract: the joint torque is an important variable related to children with cerebral palsy. the present study analyzed kinetic parameters during elbow flexion and extension movements in healthy and cerebral palsy children. ten healthy and 10 cerebral palsy children participated of the study. an isokinetic dynamometer was used to measure the elbow mean peak torque, mean angle peak torque, coefficient of variation and acceleration during flexion and extension movements at different angular speeds. the mean peak torque on extension movement in healthy children group was significant higher compared to the cerebral palsy group. the coefficient of variation on both flexion and extension movements was significantly higher in cerebral palsy group. however there were significantly difference on both groups compared the lowest and highest velocities. although the results showed no difference in flexor peak torque, the acceleration is significantly lower in lowest and highest angular velocity.
Análise da atividade eletromiográfica de superfície de pontos gatilhos miofasciais
Bigongiari, Aline;Franciulli, Patrícia Martins;Souza, Flávia de Andrade e;Mochizuki, Luis;Araujo, Rubens Corrêa;
Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0482-50042008000600003
Abstract: there are examples of common clinical conditions that clinical signals are related to alterations in muscle tone, including myofascial pain syndrome. objective: to discuss the application of surface emg to detect effect of miofascial trigger point (mtp) on neuromuscular activity at rest and maximum voluntary contraction of the trapezoid muscle. methods: fifty-six subjects participated in the study and were divided into two groups: healthy group (n = 28), with subjects who necessarily did not present mtp, and pain group (n = 28), with subjects who necessarily had mtp. results: the emg signal was significantly higher in the muscle portion containing mtp than in the healthy muscle portion in pain group and than healthy group (26,56 ± 44,54, 5,39 ± 6,29 and 1,56 ± 0,76, respectively, p = 0,0001) during rest. in addition, a higher intensity of the emg signal was observed in subjects with active mtp than in latent mtp (17,85 ± 30,25 versus 3,74 ± 1,52, p = 0,04. besides, the subjects who presented autonomic phenomena had higher emg signal than those who had no autonomic phenomena (16,78 ± 28,44 versus 3,51 ± 3,65. conclusion: the surface emg is reliable to measure the muscular activity of the mtp, mainly at rest condition.
Production and Partial Characterization of an Extracellular Phytase Produced by Muscodor sp. under Submerged Fermentation  [PDF]
Natálie Martins Alves, Luis Henrique Souza Guimar?es, Roberta Hilsdorf Piccoli, Patrícia Gomes Cardoso
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2016.61003
Abstract: In most of the raw materials of plant origin used in animal feed, a portion of the phosphorus is stored as phytic acid or phytate. Phytate is the main storage form of phosphorus in vegetables but is not readily assimilated into food at low concentrations of the enzyme phytase. In addition to making phosphorous unavailable, phytate binds divalent cations such as calcium, copper, magnesium, iron, manganese and zinc, preventing the absorption of these nutrients in the gut of the animal. Phytase promotes the hydrolysis of the phytate phosphorus-releasing molecule, thereby increasing its bioavailability in feed. Phytase is distributed in plant and animal tissues and it is synthesized by some species of bacteria and fungi. The addition of this enzyme in the diet of animals is essential to promote greater uptake of phosphorus and also contributes to a decrease in the levels of phosphorus excreted by animals, thus reducing the pollution caused by excess phosphorus in the environment. This work aimed to select a fungus that stands out in the production of phytase among 100 isolates from Brazilian caves belonging to the genera Aspergillus, Penicillium and Cladosporium and 13 endophytic fungi of the aerial part of the coffee plant. For selection, the fungi were cultured in medium containing phytic acid as a sole source of phosphorus. After seven days at 25 °C, we evaluated growth and enzyme production by the presence of the phytic acid halo degradation (Enzymatic Index-EI) surrounding the colonies. Forty-seven species produced phytase, and the fungi Penicillium minioluteum (CF279) and Muscodor sp. (UBSX) showed higher degradation halos, 2.41 and 4.46, respectively. Considering the Muscodor sp. as the main source of phytase, high enzymatic levels were obtained when the fungus was grown under submerged fermentation with initial pH of 5.0 using wheat bran as additional carbon source for 144 h, at 125 rpm and 30 °C.
Uso de drogas antiobesidade entre estudantes universitários
Martins, Maria do Carmo de Carvalho e;Souza Filho, Manoel Dias de;Moura, Felipe Scipi?o;Carvalho, Juliana de Sousa Ribeiro de;Müller, Marina Costa;Neves, Rebeka Valen?a;Mousinho, Patrícia Coelho;Lima, Iúri Paz;
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-42302011000500017
Abstract: objective: to evaluate the use of anti-obesity drugs among students attending a public university. methods: this was a cross sectional random study of 664 college students. drug use, socioeconomic, and anthropometric variables were observed. body mass index (bmi) and waist circumference (wc) were classified according to world health organization criteria. results: current or previous use of anti-obesity drugs was reported by 6.8% of students. amphetamine and sympathomimetic amines (40.5%) were the most commonly used drugs. among those who reported use of anti-obesity agents, 62.2% were female. only 31.1% of medications were prescribed by doctors. mean bmi and wc were higher among students reporting the use of such drugs, but 47% of them were classified as eutrophic by bmi, and 76.5% had normal wc measure. conclusion: the use of anti-obesity drugs among college students is of concern, particularly due to the high proportion of drug use without indication or prescription.
Goodwill: uma análise dos conceitos utilizados em trabalhos científicos
Martins, Eliseu;Almeida, Diana Lúcia de;Martins, Eric Aversari;Costa, Patrícia de Souza;
Revista Contabilidade & Finan?as , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-70772010000100005
Abstract: the accounting literature considers that goodwill represents the difference between the market value of an entity and the fair value of its identifiable net assets. the use of a divergent concep, in theoretical or empirical researches can result in distorted results, wrong conclusions, incorrect financial statements, among other theoretical and empirical problems. thus, the objective of this study is to verify if the concept of goodwill used in researches published in the main international and brazilian journals, as well as in the elaboration of dissertations and theses in the accounting area in brazil, is that referred by the accounting literature as the correct. using contents analysis, 138 national and international works containing one of the following terms in the title, abstract or keywords were analysed: goodwill, intangible, intangibles, fundo de comércio, intangível and intangíveis. the total of works analysed are divided in 60 empirical works and 78 theoretical. from the general total of works, only 47 explicitly present the goodwill′s concept, being 24 empirical and 23 theoretical. most of the works which presents the goodwill concept did it to discuss the accounting treatment and companies′ valuation. from the total of works with the goodwill concept explicitly presented, 18 present a divergent concept from that one defined by the accounting literature. the mistakes are divided in 6 categories, being that 61% of the mistakes founded referes to the calculation of goodwill as the difference between the market value (only calculated or paid) and the book value of the net assets.
Excesso de peso e adiposidade central em adultos de Teresina-PI
Holanda, Lorena Guimar?es Martins;Martins, Maria do Carmo de Carvalho e;Souza Filho, Manoel Dias de;Carvalho, Cecília Maria Resende Gon?alves de;Assis, Regina Célia de;Leal, Lívia Maria Moura;Mesquita, Lorena Patrícia Leal;Costa, Emanuella Machado;
Revista da Associa??o Médica Brasileira , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-42302011000100016
Abstract: objective: to determine prevalence of overweight and abdominal fat in adult population in the urban area of teresina-pi. methods: cross-sectional study with probabilistic sample by conglomerates. the study evaluated 464 adults, 20 to 59 years of age living in the urban area of teresina-pi. nutritional status was classified by the body mass index (bmi) and abdominal fat accumulation was estimated according to waist circumference. the significance level was set at 5% (p<0.05). results: prevalence of overweight and obesity according to nutritional status based on bmi was, respectively, 30.0% and 7.7%. there was an increase in the proportion of overweight and obesity among men with progressively higher family income. highest rates of obesity were found among individuals 50 to 59 years of age with stable marriages and nonsmokers. no association was found between individual or family income and presence of abdominal fat in the population. conclusion: prevalence of overweight in the study population follows the brazilian trend. proportions of overweight and obesity were higher among men and increased with age. women and married persons showed a greater tendency for abdominal obesity.
Descri??o das no??es conceituais sobre os grupos alimentares por professores de 1a a 4a série: a necessidade de atualiza??o dos conceitos
Fernandez, Patrícia Martins;Silva, Denise Oliveira e;
Ciência & Educa??o (Bauru) , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-73132008000300006
Abstract: individual interviews were carried out with teachers of 1st to 4th grades in a sample of public and private schools in the federal district, and point out the need to update food classification groups according to examples and function, alongside nutrition activities and the sources of information consulted by educators. results showed the association of consumption of energetic and extra energetic food with inappropriate food intake, while certain foods are identified as prioritized in a daily food intake. school books were highlighted as the main information source and on a smaller scale technical handbooks on dietary habits and those for health professionals. it is concluded that educative actions in nutrition need to be scrutinised by educated and updated teachers, alongside the revision of the parametros curriculares nacionais (pcns) (national curriculum parameters) from the perspective of interdisciplinary and interdepartmental instruction in food and health in school.
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