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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 27689 matches for " Patrícia Garcia Moura-Grec "
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Consequências sistêmicas da cirurgia bariátrica e suas repercuss es na saúde bucal Systemic consequences of bariatric surgery and its repercussions on oral health
Patrícia Garcia Moura-Grec,Vivian Helena Assis,Vanessa Pavoni Cannabrava,Vanessa Maira Vieira
ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva (S?o Paulo) , 2012,
Abstract: INTRODU O: O controle da obesidade mórbida pode ser realizado através da cirurgia bariátrica que leva à restri o e/ou à má-absor o de alimentos. O objetivo dessa revis o foi identificar consequências desse procedimento e suas repercuss es na saúde bucal. MéTODO: Foi realizada busca na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, sendo incluídos artigos com rela o direta ou indireta entre cirurgia bariátrica e saúde bucal e publicados nos últimos dez anos. RESULTADOS: Verificaram-se algumas complica es decorrentes dessa opera o, como regurgita o cr nica e deficiências nutricionais, que podem trazer repercuss es na cavidade bucal como eros o dentária, perda óssea e cárie dentária. Por outro lado, existem consequências positivas como controle da diabetes, da apnéia e melhora da auto-estima, que tornam os pacientes menos susceptíveis à complica es na cavidade oral, como xerostomia e doen a periodontal. CONCLUS O: A manuten o da saúde bucal adequada em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica contribui para o sucesso após a opera o, resguardando os benefícios e minimizando os efeitos colaterais. INTRODUCTION: Morbid obesity control can be done by bariatric surgery that restricts or reduces the amount of food absorption. The objective of this review was to identify the consequences of bariatric surgery and its repercussions on oral health. METHOD: It was used the Virtual Library of Health, which included articles that had any direct or indirect connection between bariatric surgery and oral health, and published in the last ten years. RESULTS: Some complications of the surgery are chronicle reflux and nutritional deficiency, which may bring repercussions on the oral cavity, such as tooth erosion, bone loss and dental caries. On the other hand, there are also positive impacts, such as the decrease of diabetes, apnea and improvement on self-esteem, that makes the patients less vulnerable to complications regarding oral health, for example xerostomy and periodontal disease. CONCLUSION: Maintaining proper oral health in patients undergoing bariatric surgery contributes to success after surgery protecting benefits and minimizing side effects
Oral manifestations in HIV+ children in Mozambique
Sales-Peres,Sílvia Helena de Carvalho; Mapengo,Marta Artemisa Abel; Moura-Grec,Patrícia Garcia de; Marsicano,Juliane Avansine; Sales-Peres,André de Carvalho; Sales-Peres,Arsenio;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232012000100008
Abstract: the scope of this study was to identify the prevalence of oral manifestations in hiv+/aids patients at the dia pediatric hospital of maputo. all 90 patients were included in the research. data on dental caries (dmft/dmft index), soft tissues and saliva flow were analyzed. information on diet and hygienic habits was obtained in a semi-structured questionnaire. the t- student and chi-square tests were used for statistical assessment. the most frequent oral lesion was candidiasis (5.5%) and upon further oral examination the prevalence of parotid enlargement was 23.0%. the mean dmft 2.6 (sd 3.6) was considerably higher in relation to dmft of 0.6 (sd 1.6), and the differences between them were statistically significant (p<0.05). the occurrence of mucosal lesions was higher in children who did not take antiretroviral therapy (art) (p= 0.026). the use of art is associated with reduced prevalence of oral lesions in hiv+ patients; however, rampant caries were highest in this group. primary dentition of hiv+ patients should be considered high risk for caries.
Interfaces between bariatric surgery and oral health: a longitudinal survey
Marsicano, Juliane Avansini;Grec, Patrícia Garcia de Moura;Belarmino, Lídia Barbieri;Ceneviva, Reginaldo;Peres, Sílvia Helena de Carvalho Sales;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502011000800015
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate oral changes, such as dental caries, periodontal disease, dental wear and salivary flow in bariatric patients. fifty four obese patients who underwent bariatric surgery were studied before (n=54), up after 3 months (n=24) and 6 months (n=16). methods: indices for evaluating oral conditions were: dmft, cpi, dwi and salivary flow. oidp questionnaire was used to assess the impact of oral health on quality of life. anova and spearman correlation were used (p<0.05). results: dmft was 17.6±5.7, 18.4±4.1 and 18.3±5.5 (p>0.05), presence of periodontal pockets in 50%, 58% and 50% of patients (p>0.05), tooth wear in dentin present in 81.5%, 87.5% and 87.5% before, 3 and 6 months after surgical treatment respectively. there were differences between the three periods for prevalence and severity of dental wear (p = 0.012). salivary flow was 0.8±0.5 ml/min before surgery, 0.9±0.5 ml/min for 3 months and 1.1±0.5m/min for 6 months (p>0.05). the impact of oral health on quality of life decreased with time after bariatric surgery (p= 0.029). conclusion: the lifestyle changes after bariatric surgery and these changes may increase the severity of pre-existing dental problems. however, these alterations in oral health did not influence the quality of life.
Concentra??o de flúor em águas engarrafadas comercializadas no município de S?o Paulo
Grec,Roberto Henrique da Costa; Moura,Patrícia Garcia de; Pessan,Juliano Pelim; Ramires,Irene; Costa,Beatriz; Buzalaf,Marília Afonso Rabelo;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102008000100022
Abstract: the objective of the study was to evaluate the fluoride concentration in bottled water available on the market, in comparison with the values printed on the bottle label. two hundred and twenty-nine water samples were collected from 35 brands available in several supermarkets, grocery stores and snack bars with high turnover in different regions of the municipality of s?o paulo, southeastern brazil, in 2006. fluoride concentrations were determined by duplicate analysis using an ion-specific electrode. the fluoride concentrations ranged from 0.01 to 2.04 mg/l, with significant differences between the values stipulated on labels and those found in the analyses. these results emphasize the importance of controls over fluoride levels in bottled water enforced by the sanitary surveillance agency.
Avalia o da concentra o de flúor e do consumo de água mineral
Ramires Irene,Grec Roberto Henrique da Costa,Cattan Louren?o,Moura Patrícia Gomes de
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2004,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Considerando a água como importante fonte de ingest o de flúor, o aumento da prevalência de fluorose dentária e do consumo de água mineral, o estudo realizado teve como objetivo avaliar o consumo de água mineral e sua concentra o de flúor. MéTODOS: A pesquisa foi realizada nos bairros do município de Bauru, SP. Foram visitadas mil residências que compunham uma amostra estratificada, obtida por conglomerados. Cada conglomerado correspondia a um quarteir o. Para efeito de sorteio os quarteir es foram numerados dentro das 17 regi es estabelecidas no plano diretor do município. Para coleta das amostras de água mineral foram usados frascos plásticos de 50 ml, previamente identificados. Na análise de flúor utilizou-se eletrodo íon sensível (Orion 9609) após tamponamento com TISAB II. Informa es a respeito do consumo de água mineral foram obtidas com a aplica o de um questionário. RESULTADOS: Constatou-se que cerca de 29,7% da popula o do município consome água mineral. Nas 260 amostras analisadas, das 29 diferentes águas, a concentra o de flúor variou de 0,045 a 1,515 mg/l. Em uma das águas, constava no rótulo o valor de 0,220 mg/l, mas na análise constatou-se 1,515 mg/l de flúor. Além disso, algumas águas n o traziam especificado a concentra o de flúor; e, na análise constataram-se valores variando entre 0,049 e 0,924 mg/l. CONCLUS ES: Os resultados mostraram uma grande varia o na concentra o de flúor e refor am a importancia do controle dessas águas por parte da vigilancia sanitária.
Avalia??o da concentra??o de flúor e do consumo de água mineral
Ramires,Irene; Grec,Roberto Henrique da Costa; Cattan,Louren?o; Moura,Patrícia Gomes de; Lauris,José Roberto Pereira; Buzalaf,Marília Afonso Rabelo;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102004000300018
Abstract: objective: considering that water is an importance source of fluoride intake, and that the consumption of mineral water and prevalence of dental fluorosis have been increasing, the aim of this study was to evaluate the consumption of mineral water and its fluoride concentration. methods: the study was performed in residential districts of the municipality of bauru, state of s?o paulo, by means of stratified sampling via clusters. each cluster corresponded to one residential block. for randomization purposes, the residential blocks were numbered within the 17 districts established by the city plan. one thousand homes were thus visited. mineral water samples were collected using previously labeled 50 ml plastic flasks. fluoride analysis was done using an ion-sensitive electrode (orion 9609), after buffering using tisab ii. information on the consumption of mineral water was obtained by means of applying a questionnaire. results: around 29.72% of the city's population was consuming mineral water. in the 260 samples analyzed from 29 different brands of water, the fluoride concentration ranged from 0.045 to 1.515 mg/l. for one brand, the label stated that the fluoride concentration was 0.220 mg/l, but analysis revealed a concentration of 1.515 mg/l. moreover, some brands did not specify the fluoride concentration on the label and, for these, the analysis showed concentrations ranging from 0.049 to 0.924 mg/l. conclusions: the results demonstrated wide variation in fluoride concentrations and reinforce the importance of the control of such waters by the sanitary surveillance agency.
Popula??o indígena: uma reflex?o sobre a influência da civiliza??o urbana no estado nutricional e na saúde bucal
Moura, Patrícia Garcia de;Batista, Luciana Rodrigues Vieira;Moreira, Emilia Addison Machado;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732010000300013
Abstract: although there are still some indigenous societies that have maintained their traditional way of life, where food consumption in terms of amount and quality is based on hunting and agriculture, most indigenous peoples have been undergoing an acculturation process secondary to the contact with urban civilizations, since they no longer have enough land to guarantee their subsistence. thus, they become dependent on local trade and consume processed foods that may be harmful to their oral health and nutritional status. the objective of this communication is to identify the influence of the dietary transition due to contact with urban civilization on the nutritional status and oral condition of native brazilian populations. the data included in this investigation were obtained from the scielo and medline, pubmed databases using the keywords: "south american natives", "dietary behavior", "nutritional status", "oral health". studies have revealed a prevalence of childhood malnutrition, adult overweight and obesity, high caries rates and periodontal disease in the native brazilian communities that have been experiencing changes in their cultural habits. in conclusion, dietary transition can lead to nutritional disorders and the development of oral diseases, suggesting the need for health care and basic sanitation programs and access to land and education, in order to intervene in or monitor these occurrences.
Appetite-related hormone levels in obese women with and without binge eating behavior
Brand?o, Paula Paraguassú;Garcia-Souza, érica Patrícia;Neves, Fabiana Alves;Pereira, Mário José dos Santos;Sichieri, Rosely;Moura, Aníbal Sanchez;
Revista de Nutri??o , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-52732011000500001
Abstract: objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate serum levels of appetite-related hormones (peptide yy3-36, total ghrelin, leptin and insulin) before and after consumption of a meal in obese women with and without binge eating episodes and normal weight women. methods: twenty-five women aged 32-50 years were invited to participate in this study, including 9 normal weight women without binge eating episodes (20-25kg/m2, group 1), 9 obese women with binge eating episodes (330kg/m2, group 2), and 7 obese women without binge eating episodes (group 3). four blood samples were collected from each participant, one being 60 minutes before and three being 15, 45 and 90 minutes after a meal. the composition of the meal was 55% carbohydrates, 15% protein and 30% lipids. results: group 3 presented increased homa-ir (m=2.5, sd=1.04) when compared with group 1 (m=1.5, sd=0.53) and group 2 (m=1.8, sd=0.58), p=0.04. body mass index (p<0.0001), leptin (p<0.0001) and insulin (p=0.01) were higher in group 3 than in the other groups before and after the meal. additionally, total ghrelin (p=0.003) and pyy3-36 (p=0.02) levels were lower in group 2 than in the other groups before and after the meal. after adjustment for body mass index, only the lower pyy3-36 level of group 2 remained statistically different from the other groups (p=0.01). conclusion: our study suggests that lower levels of pyy 3-36 are associated with binge eating in obese women.
Trypanosoma rangeli interactions within the vector Rhodnius prolixus: a mini review
Azambuja, Patrícia;Garcia, Eloi S;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762005000500019
Abstract: this article is an integrative mini review of the research on the interactions between trypanosoma rangeli and the insect vector, rhodnius prolixus. special attention is given to the interactions of these parasites with the gut environment, gut walls, with hemolymph invasion, hemocytes, hemocyte microaggregations, prophenoloxidase-activating system, superoxide, and nitric acid generation and eicosanoid pathways. we described factors affecting vectorial capacity and suggested that t. rangeli may modulate the hemocoelic invasion and the survival of the parasites by overcoming the cellular and humoral defense reactions of the insect vector at different physiological events. the mechanisms of these interactions and their significance for parasite transmission are discussed.
Dialogism and construction of meaning in a tv interview: the (re)construction of the subject’s image
Eneida Lúcia Garcia Klautau,Patrícia de Castro Joubert
Via Litterae , 2010,
Abstract: This study, which was developed in the Interactional Sociolinguistics and in the Enunciative Linguistics areas, observes the dialogical dynamics established in a Television interview and investigates the implications of the dynamics to the process of the subject image (re)construction. It is asserted that every verbal interaction is a game conducted by the previous representations of the social subjects involved in the interaction, representations that, during this encounter, are confirmed or refused by the social voices that span the discourse. Based on the concepts of Participation Framework, by Goffman (1998), Communicative Tropo, by Kerbrat-Orecchioni (1990) and Dialogism, by Bakhtin (2006; 2007), we point out to a construction of meaning mediated by the edition work of the interview that results in a positive self-image projection of the interviewee.
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