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Industrial Noise Pollution and the Need for Applying Protocols for its Control and Decrease
Parvin Nasiri
Audiology , 1999,
Abstract: Industrialization has had many complications for human beings and has been a threat to social mental and physical health. Vibration induced noises in the workplace is one of the main devastating factor in producing hearing loss in workers. Recently, several investigations on the issue of noise pollution and noise dosimetry and also Noise induced hearing loss have been developed. In the current article we will have a look and sometimes reconsideration on the results and of these studies and will discuss the findings in regard to noise control and management in details.
Estimating the Amount of Exposure to Noise and Hearing Status in Dentists in Tehran
Rostam Sasani,Parvin Nasiri
Audiology , 1999,
Abstract: Technology has made people to be exposed to a lot of sources of noise because of the instruments they use at workplace or at home. Dentists are a group of such people who are especially subject to different sources of noise such as high-speed air-turbine headpieces, operated at 300,000 to 400,000 revolutions per minuteIn the current study we were aimed at measuring noise at the dentists’ office; estimating hearing thresholds in dentists and determining the reason of hearing loss and finally determining the role that work experience e play in the hearing loss occurred.Dentists have been divided into groups based on the work experience and subjects were randomly selected from the dentists of various groups. Sound levels were measured in clinical settings and in a pre-clinical laboratory for estimation of hearing-damage risk among dentists,The findings demonstrated that all dentists regardless of age and gender suffered a notched hearing loss at 6000 Hz. Additionally hearing loss was worse in right ear.Since sound energy of high-speed air-turbine headpieces is mostly concentrated in high frequencies, it can lead in the most possible hearing loss at 6000Hz.
Comparing the Heat Stress (DI, WBGT, SW) Indices and the Men Physiological Parameters in Hot and Humid Environment
Farideh Golbabaie,Mohammad Reza Monazam Esmaieli,Rasoul Hemmatjou,Parvin nasiri
Iranian Journal of Health and Environment , 2012,
Abstract: Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Background and Objectives: Heat stress is considered as a serious threat to the health and safety of workers in many industries, including petrochemical and steel. Assessment of the heat stress is important from the disease prevention point of view and also for the safety and performance of workers at workplace. Although there are many indices to evaluate the heat stress, it is hard to select an applicable index for a wide range of weather conditions. The purpose of the study was to develop an optimal index based on physiological parameters in a petrochemical industry. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in a petrochemical industry located in Assaluyeh (south of Iran). Twenty one healthy young men at different levels of fitness and heat acclimation volunteered to participate in the study. Physiological parameters including heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, skin temperature and oral temperature were measured during the working day over two consecutive weeks. Simultaneously, we measured the climatic parameters required to calculate the wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT), required sweat rate (SWreq), and the discomfort index (DI) indices. Results: All the measurements took place on 2 sites: Kar (working place) and Paziresh (resting room). Our results showed that the mean values of indices and physiological parameters in Kar for both acclimated and unacclimated groups were significantly higher than Paziresh (P<0.05). There was the strongest linear correlation between WBGT and heart rate (0.731), systolic blood pressure (0.695) and diastolic blood pressure (0.375) and skin temperature (0.451) respectively. The amounts of DI were 0.725, 0.446, 0.352, and 0.689 respectively. But the strongest linear relationship existed between SWreq and deep body temperature (0.766). Conclusion: There were significant differences in the present indices and physiological parameters of Kar and Paziresh, confirming the previous studies findings. Finally, WBGT was considered optimal index and the results revealed the almost perfect linear correlation between WBGT and heart rate. We propose WBGT can be the most applicable index for evaluating heat stress in this climate. st1":*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm
A Noise Measurement Study of the Traffic in the Modarres High Way in Tehran
Amir Hossein Izad Doustdar,Parvin Nasiri,Majid Abbas Pour
Audiology , 1999,
Abstract: We measured the noise caused by Vehicles and its subjective effects in the Modarres high way In Tehran. we examined 143 cases in 11 stations in the mentioned pathway with an accuracy of 95% and a standard deviation of 39%. The noise criteria of Leq and the number of vehicles were determined in dBA. The loudness contours were also measured in some stations to determine the subjective impacts of noise. Then the correlation of the responses of the interviewees with sound pressure level was measured. Based on our findings, decrease of the noise of traffic sources should be considered three levels: the first level is noise reduction at the level of source, e.g. the vehicles;the second is Noise reduction at the traffic level and the third is noise reduction at the level of general activity.
The Rate of Decline and Trend Line Analysis of Groundwater underneath Dhaka and Gazipur City  [PDF]
Mithila Parvin
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2019.113020
Abstract: Groundwater is reported to account for 87% of all drinking water resources in Dhaka which has suffered a decline of up to 75 m in some specific location. Over-extraction of groundwater is an extensive social problem in Dhaka and Gazipur city which needs to be investigating thoroughly. This study presents the diagnosis of groundwater depletion pattern and the yearly rate of decline over the last three decades for Dhaka and Gazipur metropolitan area. Groundwater data were collected from the relevant institutions in order to analyse the trend line and the rate of decline of groundwater levels for more than 30 years period to understand the long-time variability. Ten individual stations datasets for GWL have been analyzed for Dhaka and Gazipur within a selected reference time period (1980-2012). The highest depleted GWL were found in the Mirpur station which is now 68 m below ground. To find out the time span when the depletion rate is highest, the rate of decline of all datasets has been computed which shows that 1998-2005 is the consecutive eight years time span with the fastest depletion rate. On the other hand, the annual trend-line analysis shows rapid depletion pattern after the year 2000.
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2002,
Abstract: Introduction. Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA) is one of the successful method of anesthesia in relief of pain of surgery. It has a multiple advantages including feasibility, rapidity of recovery, rapid onest, muscular relaxation and controllable onset of anesthesia. But this technique dose not relief postoperative pain. In the previous studies it had been tried to add some drugs to local anesthetic in IVRA for relief postoperative pain. Methods. One hundred and ten adult patients in class I and II ASA scheduled for elective operation of unilatral upper extrimeties under IVRA, randomly allocated into interventional and control groups. NRA was done with Lidocaine 0.5 percent with or without dexamethason. Postoperative pain was assessed by visual analogue scale. Results. Addition of dexamethason to local anesthetic in IVRA resulted in better tolleration of turniquate pain and reduced VAS score. Frequency of severe postoperative pain was reduced in case group. Discussion. It seems that dexamethason usage in local anesthetic in IVRA prevents sever postoperative pain in patients. The results of this study is simillar to the study wich added ketorolac to IVRA solution.
A Classifier Ensemble of Binary Classifier Ensembles
Hamid Parvin,Sajad Parvin
International Journal of Electronics Communication and Computer Technology , 2011,
Abstract: This paper proposes an innovative combinational algorithm to improve the performance in multiclass classification domains. Because the more accurate classifier the better performance of classification, the researchers in computer communities have been tended to improve the accuracies of classifiers. Although a better performance for classifier is defined the more accurate classifier, but turning to the best classifier is not always the best option to obtain the best quality in classification. It means to reach the best classification there is another alternative to use many inaccurate or weak classifiers each of them is specialized for a sub-space in the problem space and using their consensus vote as the final classifier. So this paper proposes a heuristic classifier ensemble to improve the performance of classification learning. It is specially deal with multiclass problems which their aim is to learn the boundaries of each class from many other classes. Based on the concept of multiclass problems classifiers are divided into two different categories: pairwise classifiers and multiclass classifiers. The aim of a pairwise classifier is to separate one class from another one. Because of pairwise classifiers just train for discrimination between two classes, decision boundaries of them are simpler and more effective than those of multiclass classifiers.The main idea behind the proposed method is to focus classifier in the erroneous spaces of problem and use of pairwise classification concept instead of multiclass classification concept. Indeed although usage of pairwise classification concept instead of multiclass classification concept is not new, we propose a new pairwise classifier ensemble with a very lower order. In this paper, first the most confused classes are determined and then some ensembles of classifiers are created. The classifiers of each of these ensembles jointly work using majority weighting votes. The results of these ensembles are combined to decide the final vote in a weighted manner. Finally the outputs of these ensembles are heuristically aggregated. The proposed framework is evaluated on a very large scale Persian digit handwritten dataset and the experimental results show the effectiveness of the algorithm.
Quantum Potential and Symmetries in Extended Phase Space
Sadollah Nasiri
Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry : Methods and Applications , 2006,
Abstract: The behavior of the quantum potential is studied for a particle in a linear and a harmonic potential by means of an extended phase space technique. This is done by obtaining an expression for the quantum potential in momentum space representation followed by the generalization of this concept to extended phase space. It is shown that there exists an extended canonical transformation that removes the expression for the quantum potential in the dynamical equation. The situation, mathematically, is similar to disappearance of the centrifugal potential in going from the spherical to the Cartesian coordinates that changes the physical potential to an effective one. The representation where the quantum potential disappears and the modified Hamilton-Jacobi equation reduces to the familiar classical form, is one in which the dynamical equation turns out to be the Wigner equation.
Fetal Electrocardiogram Signal Extraction by ANFIS Trained with PSO Method
Maryam Nasiri
International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.11591/ijece.v2i2.231
Abstract: Studies indicate that the primary source of distress in pregnent mothers is their concerns about fetus’s condition and health. One way to know about condition of fetus is non-invasive fetal electrocardiogram signal extraction through which the components of fetal electrocardiogram signal are extracted from a signal recorded at abdominal area of mother which is a combination of fetal and maternal electrocardiogram signal and noise source components. The purpose of this study is to propose an algorithm to boost this extraction. To this end, we decomposed electrocardiogram signal to its Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMFs) thruogh Empirical Mode Decomposition algorithm; then, we removed the last and collected the other IMFs to reconstruct electrocardiogram signal without Baseline. Afterwards, we used Particle Swarm Optimization to train and adjust the parameters of Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System to model the path that maternal electrocardiogram signal travel to reach abdominal area. Accordingly, we were able to distinguish and remove maternal electrocardiogram signal components from the recorded signal and hence we obtained a good approximation of fetal electrocardiogram signal. We implemented our algorithm and other algorithms on simulated and real signals and found out that, in most cases, the proposed algorithm improved the extraction of fetal electrocardiogram signal.
Exploring the significant role of meta-discourse in academic writing for a discourse community by academic members
Nasiri, Sina
International Journal of Research Studies in Education , 2013,
Abstract: Academic writing is kind of writing in which the writers of an academic community try to inform their colleagues about their findings. When they want to write for their communities they should know how to write for. This issue can be outlined by recognizing the underlying features of a particular community and discipline. Recognizing the features is possible through the phenomenon called Meta-discourse. Meta-discourse refers to the aspects of text structure which goes beyond the subject matter and shows the presence of the author, involves linguistic elements which writers use to contribute the acceptability and understandability of the content of the text. Considering the important role of meta-discourse in academic writing, this descriptive study attempts to discover the meaning of meta-discourse and its two main categories, i.e. textual meta-discourse and interpersonal meta-discourse, based on the taxonomy developed by Hyland (1998a). Finally the researcher proposes some of the main issues relating the presence of meta-discourse in texts.
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