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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 228 matches for " Parodi "
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Textos de especialidad y comunidades discursivas técnico-profesionales: una aproximación basada en corpus computarizado
Estudios filológicos , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0071-17132004003900001
Abstract: any attempt to support active membership participation of technical professionals in discourse communities is determined by the efficient competence of the specialized discourse through which the knowledge of each domain is generated, transmitted, and disseminated. the objective of this investigation is to describe the technical-scientific text types that 3rd and 4th high school students read, when attending three professional schools in three different areas of specialization in the city of valparaíso, chile. in this article, a general research theoretical framework and methodological procedures are presented; also, twelve texts types identified on functional, situational and textual criteria are described. based on computational tools, we conducted a deep linguistic description of sixty five grammatical features in the most common text type detected in the corpus: technical-scientific manuals. the results show interesting text type heterogeneity among the specialized areas. manuals reveal a degree of similarity in respect to the occurrence of the linguistic features involved.
Discurso especializado y lengua escrita: foco y variación
Estudios filológicos , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0071-17132006000100012
Abstract: this paper investigates the variation across written and spoken registers and specialized and non-specialized texts. the same method was used as in biber's (1988) research on linguistic variation across speech and writing, but the focus was the spanish language with emphasis on a text-oriented perspective. a corpus of 90 authentic texts was collected and 65 salient linguistic features, with functional and communicative implications, were determined, most of them not only operating at word and sentence level, but in search for a text projection. normalized frequencies of these features in each text were then entered in a factor analysis, from which five dimensions emerged. the emerging dimensions tend to identify variation between written and spoken registers and technical and non-technical texts, being the case that the "informational focus" turned out to be the most relevant dimension to account for the written technical-scientific corpus
El Corpus Académico y Profesional del Espa?ol PUCV-2006: semejanzas y diferencias entre los géneros académicos y profesionales
Estudios filológicos , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0071-17132009000100008
Abstract: the elusive concepts underlying the term genre offer different alternative conceptions. this may confuse the novice, but also the expert. this article addressed a discussion on the contemporary conceptions of discourse genre. also, a particular cognitive perspective was focused, but with special emphasis on findings from empirical data. the research was based on the description of the largest available on-line corpus (59 million words) of written specialized spanish texts on four disciplines: psychology, social work, industrial chemistry, and construction engineering. the corpus was collected in one chilean university and in the corresponding professional backgrounds, and it showed that the access to disciplinary knowledge is build upon, on the one hand, a varying repertoire of nine written academic genres, and on the other, a richer group of twenty eight professional genres. interesting variations between the four disciplines under study were identified. psycholinguistic and educational implications were advanced in relation to knowledge acquisition, discourse genres and reading comprehension.
Géneros discursivos y lengua escrita: Propuesta de una concepción integral desde una perspectiva sociocognitiva
Letras , 2009,
Abstract: the concept of discourse genre has been focus of wide discussion in recent bibliography. its definition and classifications have been a subject from multiple theoretical and empirical perspectives. particularly, it is worth foregrounding that its centrality within linguistic theories has occupied a predominant place during the last ten or fifteen years. even so, it is easy to realize that the elusive and divergent conceptions that underlie the term genre offer a wide variety of alternative options, making it possible to detect relatively extreme visions. in this context, this article proposes an interdisciplinary framework for the theoretical reflection that aims at achieving a comprehensive conception of discursive genres. therefore, without dismissing an acknowledgment of social and semiotic factors, an operational definition of this construct is proposed from a perspective that emphasizes the cognitive factor and the active role of the subject in its construction. at the same time, a proposal is advanced for the construction of academic and professional genres in disciplinary fields.
Academic and professional genre variation across four disciplines: exploring the PUCV-2006 corpus of written Spanish
Parodi, Giovanni;
Linguagem em (Dis)curso , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1518-76322010000300006
Abstract: the elusive concepts underlying the word genre offer different alternative conceptions. this may produce confusions but identifying the theoretical frameworks help in understanding the possible preliminary doubts of the novice. systemic functional linguistics (sfl), new rhetoric (nr), semiolinguistics (sl), communicative procedural text linguistics (cpl), interdisciplinary text linguistics (itl), and genre analysis (ga), among others, are all theoretical propositions that represent options to be explored. in this paper, a discussion of the contemporary conceptions of discourse genre will be presented. my own perspective will also be a particular focus, but with special emphasis on findings from empirical data. the research is based upon the largest available on-line corpus (58 million words) of written specialized spanish on four disciplines: psychology, social work, industrial chemistry, and construction engineering. the corpus was collected in one chilean university and the corresponding professional settings. the corpus description shows that access to disciplinary knowledge is constructed through a varying repertoire of written genres depending on disciplinary domain and on academic or professional field. psycholinguistic and educational implications are advanced in relation to knowledge acquisition, discourse genres and reading comprehension.
La organización retórica del género Manual a través de cuatro disciplinas: ?cómo se comunica y difunde la ciencia en diferentes contextos universitarios?
Boletin de Linguistica , 2010,
Abstract: it is hard to find research in which a combined analysis of the rhetorical organization of discourse genres and the respective quantifications of the frequency of occurrence of macro-moves, moves and steps across disciplines. the textbook genre, the occurrence of its rhetorical macro-moves, moves and steps and disciplinarity are the focus of this study. we aim at the determining the quantitative occurrence of the macro-moves, moves and steps identified in 126 university textbooks, as part of pucv-2006 corpus of spanish. we distinguish the area of knowledge (basic sciences and engineering and social sciences and humanities) as well as four specific disciplines: social work, psychology, industrial chemistry and civil construction. the results show variation patterns among the rhetorical macro-moves, moves and steps in respect of the disciplines involved. disciplinarity emerges as a salient factor. ss and h texts reveal an important concentration in abstraction and focalization in theorizing without a definitive answer in reviewing alternative propositions. on the contrary, basic science texts show a strong didactic component and a clear concentration not only in declarative knowledge transmission but also in a step by step modus operandi, which corresponds to procedural knowledge.
University genres in disciplinary domains: social sciences and humanities and basic sciences and engineering
Parodi, Giovanni;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44502009000200007
Abstract: the issue of disciplinarity is becoming increasingly salient in discourse studies. questions of how differences in the structures of intellectual fields and curricula help shape educational experiences and outcomes are the focus of studies across a variety of disciplines using a range of approaches. one way to access the specialized written genres employed by academia is to begin from the tenet that all materials read by students during their university training reveal relevant data about disciplinary genres. this article presents research that focuses on the collection, construction, and description of an academic corpus based on texts collected in four disciplinary domains of knowledge: industrial chemistry, construction engineering, social work, and psychology. a review of the concepts of genre and academic discourse is presented. this is followed by a description of the procedures of collecting and organizing the academic corpus pucv-2006, which comprises almost 60 million words. in addition, a preliminary genre typology of the 491 text corpus is provided.
RLA. Revista de lingüística teórica y aplicada , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-48832008000100006
Abstract: this article focuses critically on a relatively new way of doing linguistics, that is, corpus linguistics (cl). to do so, a general overview of the (re)emergence is presented and a theoretical background is analyzed in order to justify its independence as a linguistic research methodology but with robust principles. also, my own definition of cl is proposed. a discussion of the possible status of cl as a theory is focused. to the end of the article, cl and spanish language research is related.
RLA. Revista de lingüística teórica y aplicada , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-48832006000200007
Abstract: el grial (www.elgrial.cl) is a computational interface that allows not only tagging and parsing of texts in spanish language but also interrogation of the corpora collected and stored in the web site. in this article we give a general overview of the objectives for its design and implementation; also, a description of its main functions and components is given. also, the corpora stored are described, all of them produced as result of research conducted at the pucv. another relevant feature of the interface is the temporal loading and access system that allows researchers to add new texts to the system, have them tagged and then interrogated. as a way to show all the potentialities of the web site and tools associated some of the resources and exemplified and commented
RLA. Revista de lingüística teórica y aplicada , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-48832010000200003
Abstract: from strictly linguistic studies, the characterization of multisemiotic written specialized texts has been scarce or almost null. not many corpus-based studies focus on the description of graphs, tables, and diagrams, as well as their layouts, as part of academic texts. the objective of this study is to identify, describe and quantify the occurrence of (multi)semiotic artifacts which are present in a sample of texts (1.043) belonging to the pucv-2010 academic corpus. the corpus was collected in twelve phd programmes in six chilean universities and comprises all the documents students are given to read during their formal curricula, with the exception of those included in the final doctoral research (3,160 written texts, which are distributed among physics, chemistry, biotechnology, history, literature, and linguistics). as part of the results, nine artifacts were identified and defined, based on the distinction of four semiotic interacting systems: verbal, graphical, mathematical, and typographical. interesting differences are detected between basic sciences (bs) and social sciences and humanities (ss&h), due to the prototypical type of artifacts and also considering the quantification of their occurrence across disciplines.
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