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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 141 matches for " Parna Eskandari Payandeh "
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Study of Biological Methods in Landfill Leachate Treatment  [PDF]
Parna Eskandari Payandeh, Naser Mehrdadi, Parisa Dadgar
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2017.79038
Abstract: Landfill leachate is mainly the result of precipitation of water into the layers of buried waste, and biochemical reactions of waste that has dangerous substances and pollutants that lead to the contamination of surface and groundwater resources. Therefore, it must be collected and treated properly. The investigation of various biological methods in leachate treatment, their advantages and disadvantages, and their effect on reduction of COD (chemical oxygen demand) are the objectives of this study. Reviewed processes include anaerobic and aerobic sequencing batch reactor, up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket, moving-bed biofilm reactor, membrane bioreactor, and aerated lagoons, lead to reduction of biodegradability pollutants in different circumstances. The present study has indicated that the most and the least reduction of COD has been through aerated lagoon (95%) and moving-bed biofilm reactor (8%), respectively.
Simpson’s Method for Solution of Nonlinear Equation  [PDF]
Hamideh Eskandari
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/am.2017.87073
Abstract: The programs offered for solving nonlinear equations, usually the old method, such as alpha, chordal movement, Newton, etc. have been used. Among these methods may Newton’s method of them all be better and higher integration. In this paper, we propose the integration method for finding the roots of nonlinear equation we use. In this way, Newton’s method uses integration methods to obtain. In previous work, [1] and [2] presented numerical integration methods such as integration, trapezoidal and rectangular integration method that are used. The new method proposed here, uses Simpson’s integration. With this method, the approximation error is reduced. The calculated results show that this hypothesis is confirmed.
On Point-Based Haptic Rendering  [PDF]
Shi Wen, Shahram Payandeh
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.55A003
Abstract: Haptic rendering is referred to as an approach for complementing graphical model of the virtual object with mechanics- based properties. As a result, when the user interacts with the virtual object through a haptic device, the object can graphically deflect or deform following laws of mechanics. In addition, the user is able to feel the resulting interaction force when interacting with the virtual object. This paper presents a study of defining the levels-of-detail (LOD) in point-based computational mechanics for haptic rendering of objects. The approach uses the description of object as a set of sampled points. In comparison with the finite element method (FEM), point-based approach does not rely on any predefined mesh representation and depends on the point representation of the volume of the object. Different from solving the governing equations of motion representing the entire object based on pre-defined mesh representation which is used in FEM, in point-based modeling approach, the number of points involved in the computation of displacement/deformation can be adaptively defined during the solution cycle. This frame work can offer the implementation of the notion for levels-of-detail techniques for which can be used to tune the haptic rendering environment for in- creased realism and computational efficiency. This paper presents some initial experimental studies in implementing LOD in such environment.

Calculation of the Approximate Energy of Ground and Excited Stationary States in Quantum Mechanics Using Delta Method  [PDF]
Farrin Payandeh, Touraj Mohammadpour
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2016.41016
Abstract: In this paper, pursuing a new advised method called Delta method which is basically similar to variational method, we find the ground and excited states, according to a typical quantum Hamiltonian. Moreover, applying this method, the upper bound values for the eigenenergies of the so-called ground and excited states are estimated. We will show that this new method, is as beneficial as the traditional variational method which is common in deriving eigenenergies of some of the quantum Hamiltonians. This method helps physics students to broaden their knowledge about the possible mathematical ways; they can use to obtain eigenenergies of some quantum Hamiltonians. The advantage of Delta method to variational method is in its simplicity and reduction of the calculation procedures.
A New Steganography Method Based on the Complex Pixels  [PDF]
Amin Hashemi Pour, Ali Payandeh
Journal of Information Security (JIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jis.2012.33025
Abstract: Today steganography has attracted the attention of many researchers. In this paper, we propose a new steganography method for secure Data communication on half tone pictures. Using the halftone pictures improve the security and capacity. In this method, the complexity of every pixel in picture is computed, then a neibourhood is defined to compute the complexity of every pixel, and then the complexity of every pixel is computed in the neibourhood. Placing data in the monotonous areas of halftone can explain the presence of hidden data. A method has been represented that surveys the position of every pixel neibouring others and prevents including in monotonous areas. If that was a complicated one, steganography bit after stonehalf will be hidden after scrolling the whole, the process of spreading error will be done. Performing the suggested method improves the quality of placing picture and increases its security.
Krein Space Quantization of Casimir Effect for a Spherical Shell
F. Payandeh
ISRN High Energy Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/714823
Methyl 4-(1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)benzoate trihydrate
Parna Gupta,Soumik Mandal
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2010, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536810039188
Abstract: The title compound, C15H12N2O2·3H2O, has been prepared from the reaction of a Schiff base of benzene-1,2-diamine and iron perchlorate at room temperature. The dihedral angle between the benzimidazole ring and the 4-substituted benzene ring is 0.47 (3)°. Hydrogen bonding involving water molecules, imidazole N, imidazole imine H and ester O atoms stabilizes the crystal structure.
Resolution of giant Molluscum contagiosum with antiretroviral therapy
Sen Sumit,Bhaumik Parna
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2008,
Deformation Projected RMF Calculation for Cr and Fe nuclei in Hybrid Derivative Coupling Model
Parna Mitra,G. Gangopadhyay
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1142/S021830130400265X
Abstract: The ground state properties of even mass Cr and Fe isotopes are studied using the generalized hybrid derivative coupling model. The energy surface of each isotope is plotted as a function of the mass quadrupole moment. The neutron numbers N=20 and N=40 are seen to remain magic numbers but N= 28 and 50 are predicted to be non-magic. The neutron number N=70 turns out to be a magic number according to the present calculation. In all the isotopes studied the calculated binding energy values are less than those obtained from experiment while the deformation is in better agreement.
Continuous utility factor in segregation models: a few surprises
Parna Roy,Parongama Sen
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We consider the constrained Schelling model of social segregation which allows non-local jumps of the agents. In the present study, the utility factor u is defined in a way such that it can take continuous values and depends on the tolerance threshold as well as fraction of unlike neighbours. Two models are proposed: in model A the jump probability is determined by the sign of u only which makes it equivalent to the discrete model. In model B the actual values of u are considered. Model A and model B are shown to differ drastically as far as segregation behaviour and phase transitions are concerned. The constrained model B turns out to be as efficient as the unconstrained discrete model, if not more. In addition, we also consider a few other dynamical aspects which have not been studied in segregation models earlier.
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