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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7635 matches for " Park Gwitae "
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Localization and dynamic link detection for geographic routing in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) environments
Kong Youngbae,Kwon Younggoo,Shin Jongho,Park Gwitae
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking , 2011,
Abstract: IEEE 802.15.4a networks can provide the geographic routing solution with high location accuracy for the indoor environments. However, in the non-line-of-sight (NLOS) environments, the IEEE 802.15.4a networks may have a large scale location error and an unstable communication link. In this article, we propose a location estimation and dynamic link detection scheme for the geographic routing in the NLOS environments. The proposed approach corrects the large scale location error and detects the NLOS link in the geographic routing procedure. Simulation and experimental results show that the proposed approach can enhance the performance of the geographic routing.
The Finite-Element Modeling of Dynamic Motions of a Constraint Wind Turbine and the System Diagnosis for the Safety Control  [PDF]
Raiwung Park
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.512123

The aim of this paper is to present a finite element modeling of the dynamic motion of a turbine rotor and its controller design with the mass unbalance under a crack on a rotating shaft. This process is an advanced method to the mathematical description of a system including an influence of a mass unbalance and a crack on the rotor shaft. As the first step, the shaft is physically modeled with a finite element method and the dynamic mathematical model is derived by using the Hamilton principle; thus, the system is represented by various subsystems. The equation of motion of a shaft with a mass unbalance and a crack is established by adapting the local mass unbalance and stiffness change through breathing and gaping from the existence of a crack. This is a reference system for the given system. Based on a fictitious model for transient behavior induced from vibration phenomena measured at the bearings, an elementary estimator is designed for the safety control and detection of a mass unbalance on the shaft. Using the state estimator, a bank of an estimator is established to get the diagnosis and the system data for a controller.

The effect of individualized music on agitation for home-dwelling persons with dementia  [PDF]
Heeok Park
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.36061

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the effect of individualized music on agitation for homedwelling patients with dementia. Method: One group pre-post test was used for research design and a total of 26 subjects participated in this study. Individualized music intervention was subjects’ listening to their preferred music for 30 minutes prior to peak agitation time twice a week for a total of four sessions. The subject’s agitation levels were measured for three different points: thirty minutes prior to listening to music, 30 minutes while listening to the music, and after listening to the music throughout the 4 sessions. To measure the agitation level, the modified CohenMansfield Agitation Inventory was used. A Paired ttest was used for data analysis. Results: Most subjects were female (73.1%), Caucasian (92.4%), Protestant (50%), and independent activity (53.8%). The mean of the subjects’ MMSE scores was 8.08 (8.17). The most favorite music types included country/western music (31.0%), religious music (26.9%), and big band (26.9%). Agitation level decreased while listening to the music compared to the baseline (t = 3.70, p < .001). Conclusion: The findings of this study would provide meaningful data to develop an individualized music intervention protocol to control agitation for homedwelling patients with dementia.


Partially Funded Social Security and Inter-Generational Distribution  [PDF]
Hyeon Park
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.49107
Abstract: This paper introduces a parametric model of partially funded social security system and analyzes inter-generational distribution of consumption and welfare in an OLG general equilibrium. This paper specifically aims to examine the effects of transition toward more funded system on saving and capital accumulation. It is shown that an increase in intensity of fundedness increases capital accumulation unless the income effect from interest rate change outweighs other effects and negatively affects the total saving severely. By deriving closed form solutions for the variables, this paper finds that an increase in the intensity of fundedness increases saving but decreases consumption, when population growth rate is greater than the net return to capital. This paper also finds that for a partially funded system, an increase in tax rate increases public saving but reduces private saving unambiguously, while the effects on consumption and capital accumulation are not conclusive.
Difference in the Contents of Music Intervention to Control Agitation by Music Providers  [PDF]
Heeok Park
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.58077
Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the contents of music intervention studies between the music therapists and non-music therapists who endeavored to control agitation in patients with dementia, and to provide meaningful ideas to improve the music interventions by music providers. Method: This study is a review study by searching CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PsychINFO for the keywords, “agitation” and “music,” which are used in the searches. Results: A total of 30 studies of music intervention (7 studies about music therapists and 23 studies about non-music therapists) were included for the review. The studies about music therapists had a more reasonable sample size, variety of music activities, and comparison groups. The studies of non-music therapists were provided by nurses, researchers, recreational therapists, and trained nursing assistants and they provided music using background music at a scheduled time for care, such as mealtimes and bathing times. Conclusions: Studies on music interventions need to have a more rigorous research design, such as randomized controlled trials for the future studies. Furthermore, there is a need for multi-disciplinary music intervention studies by music providers who have different types of educational backgrounds and clinical experiences.
Willingness to Pay for the Subscription Fee of Public Broadcasting System  [PDF]
Inho Park, Hyun Soon Park
Advances in Journalism and Communication (AJC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajc.2014.21001
Abstract: The study aims at developing communication strategies for the public broadcasting system according to WTP (Willingness to Pay) for the subscription fee and the audience’s perception of the public broadcasting system as a public good. A quasi-experiment was conducted for audiences who have previously watched public broadcasting channels. According to the results, those respondents who think of public broadcasting as a public good and who think that public broadcasting performs its public role well have high intention to pay the subscription fee. Respondents feel at a loss when they pay the subscription fee, and the willingness to pay the fee goes down.
A Brief Review: Stage-Convertible Power Amplifier Using Differential Line Inductor  [PDF]
Jonghoon Park, Changhyun Lee, Changkun Park
Wireless Engineering and Technology (WET) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wet.2012.34027
Abstract: In this review article, a stage-convertible RF power amplifier designed with a 0.18-μm RF CMOS process is described. A method to implement a low-power matching network is an essential technology for the stage-convertible power amplifier. Various low-power matching networks with distributed active transformers as an output power combiner are compared in terms of the amounts of undesired coupling, the chip size, and the amount of power loss. The feasibility of a differential line inductor for the stage-convertible power amplifier is assessed and explained. Finally, we show that the differential line inductor is a realistic means of reducing the overall chip size, enhancing the quality factor of the matching network, and minimizing the undesired coupling between the inter-stage matching network and any output matching network. Additionally, the operating mechanism of the stage-convertible power amplifier using the differential line inductor for a low-power matching network is described in detail.
On the Torsion Subgroups of Certain Elliptic Curves over Q  [PDF]
Yoon Kyung Park
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2013.32043

Let E be an elliptic curve over a given number field . By Mordells Theorem, the torsion subgroup of E defined over Q is a finite group. Using Lutz-Nagell Theorem, we explicitly calculate the torsion subgroup E(Q)tors for certain elliptic curves depending on their coefficients.

Equity of access to long-term care among the Korean elderly  [PDF]
Ju Moon Park
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.510221

The aim of the current study is to examine the extent to which equity in the utilization of longterm care services has been achieved in the Republic of Korea (hereafter Korea), based on the Aday—Andersen Access Framework that takes into consideration a series of variables hypothesized as predictive of utilization. The current study used cross-sectional survey data collected and conducted by the Korea Labor Institute (KLI) between August 1 to December 22, 2006. The sample for this study was 5544 persons who are older than 60 years. The study was extracted from a larger nationally representative cross-sectional survey of 10,255 individuals. The stratified cluster sampling technique was used to draw the survey respondents. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data from the sample. Descriptive and logistic regression analysis was performed examining the relationship between the dependent variable and the independent variables and the relative importance of factors. The results indicate that a universal health insurance system has not yielded a fully equitable distribution of services. The limitation of benefit coverage as well as disparities in consumer cost-sharing and associated patterns of utilization across plans high out-of-pocket payment can be a barrier to health care utilization, which results in inequity and differential long-term care utilization between sub-groups of older adults. Health policy reforms in Korea must continue to concentrate on expanding insurance coverage, reducing the inequities reflected in disparities in consumer cost-sharing and associated patterns of utilization across plans, and establishing a financially separate insurance system for poor older adults. The behavioral responses of physicians to the method of reimbursement, and the subsequent impact on overall rates of utilization and expenditures need to be more fully understood. In addition, further research is needed to identify the nonfinancial barriers that persist for certain demographic subgroups, i.e., those 70 and older, men, lacking social network members, those who have four or more family members, and those who have no schooling.

Transit Bus and Pedestrian Safety Analysis in the Context of Operator Improvements and Traffic Volume Assessment  [PDF]
Seri Park, Vanvi Trieu
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2014.42013
Abstract: Pedestrian safety related to public bus transit is an integral part of promoting sustainability especially in the urban setting. This concept has received significant attention within the last decade as transit agencies strive to make their systems more sustainable and safer at the same time. This study examined pedestrian collisions related to public transit buses in Philadelphia over a three-year study period from 2008 to 2011. The objective is to perform a detailed analysis on crash records, which provides the foundation on statistics for bus-pedestrian collision to allow for future studies in modeling work in this field. Results of this research provided insights on bus-pedestrian collisions in terms of bus maneuver, cause of crash, impact point of bus, and relation to hourly traffic volume. A strong correlation was found between traffic volume and bus-pedestrian collision rate in terms of hours of the day. For any given hour, an increase in collision frequency was found if the traffic volume exceeds a threshold of 5% of its average annual daily traffic. This serves as an indicator of locations that pedestrians are vulnerable at. Analyses were conducted to the fullest extent allowable by the limited dataset. This study presents findings that can be future developed and investigated in future studies. Additionally, countermeasures are recommended in each section that presents a critical area to address.
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