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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 409359 matches for " Paola; Castillo M "
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Conocimientos adquiridos por padres en un programa educativo de reanimación cardiopulmonar básica pediátrica
Pino A,Paola; Castillo M,Andrés;
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0370-41062012000300003
Abstract: background: most pediatric cardiac arrest episodes are the result from extra cardiac events. they occur at home, while children are under the supervision of their parents or caregivers. therefore pediatric health care providers should promote the education of basic pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (cpr) to parents. objective: to describe the outcome of an educational program of basic pediatric cpr to parents of admitted children. patients and method: 108 parents of 89 patients admitted to the pediatric service of the clinical center universidad catolica were provided with cpr training. acquired knowledge was assessed through a phone survey, consistent in 6 questions with a maximum score of 14 points, applied 1 month after the training session. results: median score obtained was 12 points. five participants achieved a score of 14 points. least retained knowledge related to: steps of cpr (31.5%), number of cycles before activating an emergency system (55.6%), and steps followed when removing foreign body airway obstruction in conscious children (14.8%). conclusions: in this study, only a few participants were able to answer all six questions without mistakes. however, hard-to-remember concepts were identified, for emphasis in future educational programs.
Conocimientos adquiridos por padres en un programa educativo de reanimación cardiopulmonar básica pediátrica Outcome of a parent education program on basic pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitacion
Paola Pino A,Andrés Castillo M
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2012,
Abstract: Antecedentes: En pediatría, la mayoría de los paros cardiorrespiratorios son de origen extra cardíaco y se producen en el hogar, donde los ni os se encuentran bajo la supervisión de sus padres o cuidadores. Por lo anterior, los profesionales de la salud infantil deberían promover la capacitación a los padres en reanimación cardiopulmonar (RCP) básica pediátrica. objetivo: Evaluar los conocimientos adquiridos por los padres de ni os hospitalizados luego de un programa educativo de RCP básica pediátrica. Pacientes y Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo para identificar los conocimientos adquiridos por 108 padres de 89 pacientes hospitalizados, en un programa educativo implementado en el Servicio de Pediatría del Hospital Clínico UC. El instrumento utilizado fue una encuesta de 6 preguntas con un puntaje máximo de 14 puntos, aplicada telefónicamente un mes después del taller. Resultados: El puntaje obtenido presentó una mediana de 12 puntos. Cinco participantes obtuvieron el puntaje total. Las preguntas con menos porcentaje de cumplimiento fueron las referentes a los pasos para realizar RCP (31,5%), al número de ciclos antes de activar el sistema de emergencias (55,6%) y a los pasos para aliviar la asfixia por cuerpo extra o en ni os conscientes (14,8%). Conclusión: En este estudio, un bajo porcentaje de los participantes estudiados fue capaz de responder las 6 preguntas sin errores. Por otro lado, se logró identificar los conceptos que fueron más difíciles de recordar para los participantes; los cuales deben ser abordados con más énfasis en futuros programas educativos. Background: Most pediatric cardiac arrest episodes are the result from extra cardiac events. They occur at home, while children are under the supervision of their parents or caregivers. Therefore pediatric health care providers should promote the education of basic pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to parents. objective: To describe the outcome of an educational program of basic pediatric CPR to parents of admitted children. Patients and Method: 108 parents of 89 patients admitted to the pediatric Service of the Clinical Center Universidad Catolica were provided with CPR training. Acquired knowledge was assessed through a phone survey, consistent in 6 questions with a maximum score of 14 points, applied 1 month after the training session. Results: Median score obtained was 12 points. Five participants achieved a score of 14 points. Least retained knowledge related to: steps of CPR (31.5%), number of cycles before activating an emergency system (55.6%), and steps followed w
Uso de catéter venoso central de inserción periférica en pediatría Central venous catether for peripheral insertion in pediatrics
Paula Fajuri M,Paola Pino A,Andrés Castillo M
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2012,
Abstract: Introducción: El catéter venoso central de inserción periférica (PICC) puede permanecer desde días hasta meses instalado sin necesidad de recambio; permitiendo la administración de soluciones con pH y osmolari-dad extremas, medicamentos irritantes y/o vesicantes, nutrición parenteral u otros medicamentos por tiempo prolongado en pacientes con accesos venosos periféricos difíciles. Objetivo: Describir la experiencia del uso de PICCs en pacientes pediátricos hospitalizados. Pacientes y Método: Estudio observacional y descriptivo, donde se hizo un seguimiento a 337 pacientes con PICCs instalados por enfermeras capacitadas, en el Servicio de Pediatría del Hospital Clínico de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile entre los a os 2001 y 2011, que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: La edad de los pacientes presentó una mediana de 36 meses. La principal indicación para la instalación del PICC fue la terapia antibiótica prolongada en el 67,1%. El acceso venoso más utilizado fue la extremidad superior en un 52,2%. El promedio de días de permanencia del catéter presentó una mediana de 9 días con un rango entre 1 y 90 días. El principal motivo para el retiro del PICC fue la finalización del tratamiento en el 75,3%. Las complicaciones presentadas fueron: oclusión e infección asociada al catéter con un 8,9% y 2,9%, respectivamente. Conclusión: El PICC es una excelente alternativa para la terapia endovenosa por períodos prolongados; sin embargo, es muy importante mantener un equipo de enfermería capacitado, tanto en la inserción como en la mantención del PICC durante su permanencia. Introduction: Central venous catheter of peripheral insertion (PICC) can stay installed from several days up to months without removal. It allows the administration of extreme pH and osmolarity solutions, irritating and/or vesicant drugs, parenteral nutrition and other medications for prolonged periods in patients with complicated peripheral venous access. Objective: To describe the experience with PICCs in hospitalized pediatric. Patients and Methods: Observational and descriptive study on 337 patients hospitalized in the Pediatrics Service of the Clinical Hospital of Catholic University of Chile between 2001 and 2011, who fulfilled the inclusion criteria and had a PICCs installed by trained nurses. Results: The patients' average age was of 36 months. Main indication for installing PICC was prolonged antibiotic therapy, in 67.1% of cases. The most widely used venous route was the upper limb, in 52.2%. The mean average time in which the PICC remained in the body wa
La piel como fuente de malignidad
Paola Castillo C.
Revista chilena de pediatría , 2001,
Abstract:
Sexual relations prevalence among adolescents in one school in Bucaramanga city
Mélany Castillo Suárez,Mariluz Meneses Moreno,José leonardo Silva Durán,Paola Andrea Navarrete Hernández
MedUNAB , 2003,
Abstract:
Criterios transdiciplinares para el dise?o de objetos lúdico-didácticos
Castillo Beltrán,Paola Andrea;
Cuadernos del Centro de Estudios en Dise?±o y Comunicaci?3n. Ensayos , 2011,
Abstract: this investigation tries to set out how industrial design takes part through the project process in the design of playful-didactic objects for children, pointing out different concepts given by other fields from knowledge (evolutionary psychology, mental psychology, learning, playful, didactic, semiotics). considering design like a discipline or a synthetic axis in the configuration that obliquely materializes and organizes these concepts in a whole: the object; one looks for to establish the existing criteria and relations to project a playful-didactic object. these criteria would optimize the attainment of objectives of planned learning and development, as soon as the object configuration is handled in the conjunction of different integrated factors through the object configuration.
An Analysis of Fights in the National Hockey League  [PDF]
Henry L. Castillo, Paul M. Sommers
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2017.74047
Abstract: The authors use data from fight logs during the 2016-2017 regular National Hockey League (NHL) season to test for a difference in the proportion of games with and without fights for each of the thirty NHL teams. Only one team (Toronto Maple Leafs) was more likely to be involved in a fight at a home game than at an away game. Teams that fought proportionally more often in the second half of the season made the playoffs; teams that fought significantly less often did not. And, long distance air travel (flights involving more than 1000 miles or trips that required crossing at least one time zone) resulted in disproportionately more games with fights for eight different NHL teams.
Field Studies on the Relationship between Fusarium verticillioides and Maize (Zea mays L.): Effect of Biocontrol Agents on Fungal Infection and Toxin Content of Grains at Harvest
Paola Pereira,Andrea Nesci,Carlos Castillo,Miriam Etcheverry
International Journal of Agronomy , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/486914
Abstract: Maize (Zea mays L.) is a staple food for the majority of the world's population. Fusarium verticillioides (Sacc.) Nirenberg (Teleomorph: Gibberella moniliformis Wineland; synonym: F. moniliformis) is both a saprophyte and a parasite of maize and can also be found as an endophyte. The presence of this fungus in maize constitutes an imminent risk due to its ability to produce fumonisins, mycotoxins with proven carcinogenic effects. The present work investigated biocontrol activity of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and Microbacterium oleovorans against F. verticillioides infection and fumonisin B1 production in field-grown maize during four consecutive growing seasons. Treatment with B. amyloliquefaciens consistently reduced F. verticillioides inoculum and fumonisin content of harvested grains. F. verticillioides count and fumonisin levels correlated negatively with rainfall regimes; however, none of these parameters showed significant correlation with yields. Treatment with these biocontrol agents may improve phytosanitary quality of the grains and reduce toxicological risk in the maize agroecosystem. 1. Introduction Maize (Zea mays L.) is a staple food for the majority of the world’s population together with wheat and rice [1]. The maize crop is currently the third most traded cereal with a total production of 817 million tones in over 159 million hectares by 2009 [2]. About 35 to 40% of maize annual production of Argentina is obtained in Córdoba province [3]. Maize is mainly used as a food source but it has become the most important raw material for animal feed and for several industrial processes [4, 5]. An increasing area is now being used to cultivate this crop, not only in temperate agro-ecological zones but also in all sorts of edaphic, altitudinal, and fertility conditions; which explains its global adaptability and its many types of varieties [6]. In spite of this versatility, maize, as well as the rest of the agronomic crops, is not exempt of suffering from different diseases affecting its emergence, growth, development, and yield. Plant diseases cause global losses ranging between 9 and 22% of annual production, depending mainly on the crop and technological development of the country where the crop is [7]. Fusarium verticillioides (Sacc.) Nirenberg (Teleomorph: Gibberella moniliformis Wineland; synonym: F. moniliformis) is both a saprophyte and a parasite of maize; it can be found as a systemic endophyte in a symptomless biotrophic state or as a hemibiotrophic pathogen depending on environmental conditions [8, 9]. Regardless the occurrence of
?Son los chilenos igualmente solidarios?la influencia de los recursos personales en las donaciones de dinero
Castillo, Juan Carlos;Leal, Paola;Madero, Ignacio;Miranda, Daniel;
Opini?o Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-62762012000100008
Abstract: in the public discourse it is commonly assumed that chile is a solidary country, an assumption that is mixed with the idea of homogeneity in the country as far as helping behavior and solidarity values is concerned. the present paper is aimed at challenging this homogeneity assumption by proposing that helping behavior is associated to personal resources, which at the same time are linked to the position in the social stratification structure. using data from the solidarity survey implemented by the assessment center mide uc of the pontificia universidad católica de chile in 2009, the paper focuses on a specific type of helping behavior: money donations. the analysis centers on the influence of personal resources such as income, education and networks on this kind of donations. results indicate that individuals with greater resources are more given to donate, whereby the educational level plays a key role.
TEC crea Programa de Investigación en Nanotecnología
Paola Vega Castillo,Juan Chaves Noguera,Noemi Quirós Bustos
Tecnología en Marcha , 2010,
Abstract: El Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica creó, recientemente, el Programa de Investigación en Nanotecnología, con la participación de las escuelas de Ingeniería Electrónica, Química, Física, Biología y el área académica del Doctorado en Ciencias Naturales para el Desarrollo. El programa ha sido declarado de interés institucional y obedece al interés del Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica en contribuir a posicionar al país como un generador de nanotecnología, y así fomentar la inversión extranjera y mejorar los productos nacionales con el uso de la nanotecnología, con lo cual se incrementa la competitividad de las empresas costarricenses, además de colaborar con la sociedad costarricense en proyectos de investigación abocados a solucionar problemas nacionales utilizando la nanotecnología. Por otra parte, se divulgará el concepto de nanotecnología y sus aplicaciones en sectores industriales, agrícolas y sociales. Este artículo presenta un breve resumen de los primeros proyectos del Programa.
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