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Use of space and temporal distribution of Trichechus manatus manatus Linnaeus in the region of Sagi, Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil (Sirenia, Trichechidae)
Paludo, Danielle;Langguth, Alfredo;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81752002000100019
Abstract: the marine manatee trichechus manatus manatus linnaeus, 1758 is endangered in the brazilian atlantic coast due to indiscriminate hunting practiced in the past, and to the low reproductive rate of the species. this work studies its use of space and temporal occurrence in the coastal area of sagi, northeastern brazil. daily observations from the beach of the animals in the sea were made during daytime from 1990 through 1993. the presence of reefs covered with marine algae is a determinant factor in the occurrence of the manatee. they were sighted feeding on algae that grow over the reefs close to beaches that were of high energy during high tide. the range used by manatees shifted according to tide. they occur in depths of 0.4 to 3.8 m; the distance from the beach varies according to the tide level. they show marked seasonality of occurrence, with higher frequencies in december - january and lowest in june - july. two possible causes of the seasonal occurrence are discussed. sagi is important for the conservation of the species in northeastern brazil as feeding and reproductive grounds.
Toda crian?a tem família: crian?a em situa??o de rua também
Paludo, Simone dos Santos;Koller, Silvia Helena;
Psicologia & Sociedade , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-71822008000100005
Abstract: the study aims to describe the family characteristics of street situation youths from the perception of these youngsters. individual and qualitative semi-structured interviews with seventeen youths, aged between 11 and 16 years (m=14,05; dp=1,24), of both sexes, were conducted. it was an opportunity for understanding the dynamic interplay of risk factors that move youngsters to street life. first, the fact of being on the street does not imply the absence of a family. children and adolescents enrolled in the study had ties with their families, even when they perceive it as a very fragile one. only five participants would go back home every day. the participants described a variety of family configurations. remarriage was pointed out by 41% and 35% mentioned a monoparental family configuration, led by a woman. women who take care of the household are of great importance in this population's family structure. in contrast, 58% did not know who their fathers are. the number of siblings varied between one and 12 (m=5,69; dp=3,07). the majority of parents were unemployed or involved in informal labor. in order to supplement the family income many children start to work on the streets. violence, poverty, adversity, associated with social, affective, and economical problems seems to play an important and dynamic role in shaping families characteristics of street youths. it is necessary to offer opportunities to promote resilience for these families. women had an essential role in family care, and may be a powerful link for development.
Resiliência na rua: um estudo de caso
Paludo, Simone dos Santos;Koller, Silvia Helena;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722005000200009
Abstract: resilience can be understood as a dynamic process involving positive adaptation in a significant adversity. however, when it focus on adolescents that live in street context, resilience seems unattainable. that article intends to present and to discuss possibilities and adversities in their lives. it is a case study that describes the process of resilience in street situation. an adolescent in street situation, 14 years of age, female participated in it. the risk and protection factors were analyzed in the different levels proposed by the ecological approach: person, process, context and time. risks permeate their entire live, but individual characteristics and support are main protection factors and they can colaborate with resilience process.
Leandro Barbosa de Pinho,Karine Paludo
Revista Eletr?nica de Enfermagem , 2000,
Abstract: This work seeks to register data of a study on the incidence of Children's Intestinal Parasites in 1876 children assisted in the National health clinic of the Ability of Medicine of the Federal University of Pelotas / RS in the first Semester of 2000. The methodology maid was quantitative, qualitative, descriptive and exploratory. The study confirms that the hottest stations of the year are responsible for the increase of those diseases. They were analyzed 74 folders of children that were with probable diagnosis for intestinal parasites, being ended that there is the need of improvement of the orientations offered by the professionals to the population and mainly to the children's parents.
Bulk Density in Jack Bean’s Development Grown in Cerrado Oxisol  [PDF]
Edna Maria Bonfim-Silva, Juliana Terezinha Sasso Paludo, Tonny José Araújo da Silva, Salom?o Lima Guimar?es
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.69134
Abstract: The use of cover plants promotes the recycling of nutrients and the increase in organic mass, and minimizes the effects of erosion. The objective was to evaluate the effect of bulk density in the development of jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis) in Cerrado Oxisol. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at the Federal University of Mato Grosso, Rondonópolis-MT, in the period from June to September 2013. Oxisol was used from a Cerrado reserve area, collected at 0 - 0.20 m depth. The experimental design was completely randomized, corresponding to bulk density levels (1.0, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6 and 1.8 Mg·m-3), and five replications. The experimental plot consisted of three PVC rings (polyvinyl chloride) with 150 mm internal diameter, 300 mm total height, where the upper and lower rings of pots were filled with 1.0 Mg·m-3 density soil and intermediaries according to bulk density treatments. The results were submitted to variance analysis and, when significant, to regression analysis, both with a 5% probability, using SISVAR software. At 60 days after germination, number of leaves, stem diameter, plant height, dry mass of leaves, stem dry mass, dry mass of roots, dry mass of nodules, number of nodules and chlorophyll index (SPAD index) were evaluated. The increase in bulk density negatively influences the development of jack bean, showing little efficiency as a decompacting plant in Cerrado Oxisol.
Um estudo sobre os fatores de risco e prote??o associados à violência sexual cometida contra adolescentes e jovens adultos
Paludo, Simone dos Santos;Schirò, Eva Diniz Bensaja dei;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2012000300007
Abstract: the aim of the study was to identify the risk and protection factors associated with sexual violence against brazilian adolescents and emerging adults for both familiar and community contexts. the study counts with 7316 participants between the ages of 14-24 years old (m = 16.19; sd = 1.82) and 3974 were females from the data set "brazilian youth". from the whole sample 6.6% of the participants have suffered sexual violence within family and 6.0% within the community. familiar support appears as a protective factor for sexual violence in family and in the community as well. being a female and consume alcohol were the risk factors for both contexts. besides, having a relative arrested, witnessed violence and alcoholism in family were the risk factors for sexual violence among the family, while starvation experiences, being victim of violence in community and involvement in drug trafficking were the risk factors for sexual violence in the community.
Psicologia Positiva: uma nova abordagem para antigas quest?es
Paludo, Simone dos Santos;Koller, Sílvia Helena;
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-863X2007000100002
Abstract: throughout history, psychology studies were focused on pathologies, neglecting issues related to human healthy state. in 1998, when seligman assumed the head of american psychological association, he started the positive psychology movement, which objective is to offer a new approach to human strengthens and virtues, by studying the conditions and processes that contribute to the prosperity of individuals and communities. the present paper presents and discusses this new scientific approach that intends to promote the quality of life at individual and community levels, preventing pathologies. we also point out its gaps in human sciences-directed investigations, as well as its theoretical and empirical contributions and applications.
Regenera??o de uma popula??o natural de Araucaria angustifolia (Araucariaceae)
Paludo, Giovani Festa;Mantovani, Adelar;Reis, Maurício Sedrez dos;
Revista árvore , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-67622011000600017
Abstract: some studies have been suggesting low regeneration capacity in araucaria angustifolia (bertol.) kuntze, based mainly on the small number of regenerating individual. however, there are no works on natural regeneration dynamics. the objective of this work was to study regeneration dynmics of plants in a conserved-natural population of a. angustifolia under a developed forest. in a permanent 5.1 ha-plot was installed in the forest genetic reserve of ca?ador, state of santa catarina. it was evaluated in three consecutive years the regenerating individuals (< 5m tall) and it was discussed the probable factors responsible for found structure. the spatial pattern was analyzed with the ripley's k function. it was found variation in the number of ingressing individuals among the evaluated years, as well as for the dead individuals. the critical stage of regeneration of this species appeared in the first years of development 0.5 m of height. aggregation was predominant in the ingressing individuals and in natural regeneration as a whole. but, because a. angustifolia is a long-lived species, it can keep a low number of regenerating individuals in the population and even though succeed in regeneration.
Menor tempo de jejum pré-operatório e alimenta o precoce no pós-operatório s o seguros? Lesser time of preoperative fasting and early postoperative feeding are safe?
Raquele Brinckmann Ludwig,Juliana Paludo,Daieni Fernandes,Fernanda Scherer
ABCD. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva (S?o Paulo) , 2013,
Abstract: INTRODU O: O jejum noturno praticado antes de opera es eletivas foi instituído para prevenir complica es pulmonares, v mitos, regurgita o e aspira o do conteúdo gástrico. No ano de 2005 foi desenvolvido o projeto de Acelera o da Recupera o Total Pós-operatória, denominado ACERTO. O projeto é composto por uma equipe multidisciplinar que visa à recupera o do paciente cirúrgico administrando de duas a seis horas antes da opera o uma bebida rica em carboidratos (12,5% de dextrinomaltose). A equipe multidisciplinar é composta por anestesistas, cirurgi es, nutricionistas, enfermeiros e fisioterapeutas. OBJETIVO: Frente aos novos métodos de controle no pré-operatório verificar a qual a necessidade de jejum antes de procedimentos cirúrgicos. MéTODOS: Revis o sobre jejum pré-operatório realizada nos meses de setembro e outubro de 2011, nos sites de busca Scielo e PubMed. Foram selecionados 24 artigos. CONCLUS O: Reduzir o tempo de jejum pré-operatório com solu o rica em carboidratos até duas horas antes da opera o, tal como alimenta o precoce no pós-operatório, trazem inúmeros benefícios ao paciente. O projeto ACERTO tem demonstrado bons resultados e estas novas condutas devem ser encorajadas, diminuindo assim o tempo de recupera o do paciente cirúrgico. INTRODUCTION: Fasting in the night before elective surgery has been established to prevent pulmonary complications, vomiting, regurgitation and aspiration of gastric contents. The year of 2005 was developed the project ACERTO. It consists in a multidisciplinary team that aims to recover the surgical patient by administering two our six hours before surgery, a carbohydrate-rich beverage (12.5% dextrinomaltose). The multidisciplinary team consists of anesthesiologists, surgeons, nutritionists, nurses and physiotherapists. METHODS: Literature review of preoperative fasting conducted during September and October of 2011 in Scielo and PubMed. CONCLUSION: Reducing the time of preoperative fasting with high carbohydrate solution until two hours before the operation as early feeding postoperatively, bring numerous benefits to the patient. The ACERTO project has shown good results and these new behaviors should be encouraged, thereby reducing the recovery time of the surgical patient.
Genotype of Melatonin Receptor MT1 (MTNR1A) and Puberty in Mediterranean Italian Buffalo
Marta Paludo,Maria Consuelo Mura,Sebastiano Luridiana,Michele Pazzola
Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus (ACS) , 2011,
Abstract: In adult buffaloes, polymorphism of the MT1 receptor gene has shown to influence the reproductive seasonality. The aim of study was to assess whether the polymorphism of the MTNR1A gene may influence puberty in Mediterranean Italian buffalo.The study was conducted using 50 prepubertal buffalo cows that at the age of 15 months were placed into the group where there was the male. Estrus detection was performed by observing estrous-behaviour and pregnancy checking by palpation per rectum and/or ultrasound between days 40 and 60 post-mating. Also of each animal dates of calving was recorded. From each buffalos a blood sample was collected and used for DNA extraction. PCR analysis was performed using 100-150 ng of DNA to amplify the second exon of the MTNRA1 gene. All PCR products were digested with 2U of enzyme HpaI to highlight the polymorphism at position 82 (characterized by a C to a T substitution) of the MTNR1A gene. Frequency of C and T alleles was respectively 0.42 and 0.58 in the analyzed population which resulted in Hardy Weinberg equilibrium. The genotypic frequency was 28% for genotype C/C, 38% for C/T and 34% for T/T. The registration of reproductive data showed that the first heat is around the age of 20 months and the first calving around 32 months. Our data show that the genotype of the MTNR1A does not influence the onset of reproductive activity in prepubertal buffalo cows.
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