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Phytosociology with Other Characteristic Biologically and Ecologically of Plant in Palestine  [PDF]
Jehad M. H. Ighbareyeh, A. Cano-Ortiz, Asma A. A. Suliemieh, Mohammed M. H. Ighbareyeh, E. Cano
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.520327

Idna, Hebron area, Palestine was subject to phytosociological study through the period from March to May 2013; this area has a characteristic dry, arid, semi-arid and very little of sub-humid and locates between Mediterranean, Negev and Sinai regions. We took 237 samples of different species plants from Idna village; the absence of phytosociological studies on the area led us to run a statistical treatment on the 237 woody plant inventories. Moreover, the inventories were made following Braun-Blanquet 1979; we transformed the Braun-Blanquet species abundance-dominance values into those of Van der Maarel 1979. In the statistical treatment we obtained two large groups in the cluster: group (A), representing forests, copses and high shrublands influenced by climate (climatophilous); and group (B), representing Tamarix copses which are influenced by edaphohygrophilic. Working a great interest for Palestine. Due to the lack of phytosociological studies in this country. For the first time gets to sample and characterize the phytosociological methodology woody plant communities. The objective of this study is to obtain bioclimatic indicators to trigger sustainable agricultural development. We propose eight association plant communities such as ASL1 = association of woody plants (association one)Pistacio palaestinae-Quercetum lokii; ASL2Capparido sinaicae-Ceratonietum siliquae

Nutritional assessment of zinc among adolescents in the Gaza Strip-Palestine  [PDF]
Osama S. AbuNada, Marwan O. Jalambo, Mai Ramadan, Baker Zabut
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2013.33017
Abstract: Zinc deficiency, obesity and stunting can be observed together in some developing countries. Moreover, zinc deficiency may enhance fat deposition and decrease lean body mass. In term of health, adequate absorbable zinc in food is essential for human health and growth. On the other hand, zinc deficiency affects children’s physical growth and deteriorates health status and increases the risk and severity of a variety of infectious diseases. The aim of the study is to assess zinc nutritional status among early adolescents in the GazaStrip-Palestine. Methods: A cross sectional study had been performed on 296 adolescents aged 12-15 years old. Three areas in theGazaStrip were chosen randomly. Systematically, pupils of 7th, 8th and 9th grades were selected. Height and weight measures were taken. Questionnaires including dietary habit and physical activities of pupils were collected in addition to serum zinc level measure. Results: The overall prevalence of serum zinc deficiency among adolescents was 42.5%. Zinc deficiency was more prevalent among the females (47.7%) than the males (37.2%). The overall prevalence of high body mass index was 29%. The overall prevalence of stunting was 7.6%. The stunted males (8.8%) were more prevalent than the females (6.4%). Forty-nine percent of the females live in sedentary life style, whereas 55% of the males practiced active and very active leisure physical activity. The females were less consuming of meat, eggs and milk than the males. Serum zinc level is associated positively with consumption of meat, BMI for age, stunting and physical activities. Conclusion: Zinc deficiency is prevalent among adolescents. Serum zinc level was affected positively by consumption of animal food sources. Zinc deficiency is associated positively with the life style characteristic of adolescents in the GazaStrip.

The Stone Slurry in Palestine from Environmental Burden to Economic Opportunities—Feasibility Analysis  [PDF]
Nabil Al-Joulani, Nidal Salah
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.512106
Abstract: This research will examine the potentially economic, environmental, and political impacts for recycling the stone slurry in Palestine through utilization of this slurry in the ready mix concrete industry. The utilization concept is concluded in incorporation of the stone slurry as a partial replacement of the fine ingredient of the concrete mix which is the natural sand, based on several empirical studies that have proved the possibility for this utilization. The proposed utilization would result in a rather integration between these two main economic sectors: stone industry, and ready mix concrete industry. The results of this research revealed significant economic and environmental gains in terms of money and natural resources saved if partial replacement of natural sand with fresh stone slurry has been adopted.
Hand Hygiene Knowledge, Practices and Attitudes among Nurses and Physicians  [PDF]
Mu’taz M. Dreidi, Intima Alrimawi, Ahmad R. Saifan, Abdul-Monim Batiha
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.85048
Abstract: Background: Hand hygiene is one of the most effective ways to control health care related infection. Nurses and physicians are the main health care workers contacting with patients, representing the vector in the chain of infection. Thus, assessing their knowledge, practice and attitudes regarding hand hygiene is very important to decrease the incidence of health care related infection and to improve quality of care. Aims: The aim is to assess the knowledge, practice and attitude of Palestinian physicians and nurses regarding hand hygiene in hospitals. Methods: The study adopted a cross-sectional, quantitative design. Nurses and doctors who worked in the major governmental and private hospitals in the West Bank (Palestine) were targeted. Data was collected using Hand Hygiene Questionnaire. Results: 200 nurses and physicians participated in this study. The results showed that the participants had a moderate knowledge regarding the hand hygiene (m = 6, SD = 1.7). They had a better attitude score than practice with a mean of 82.5 ± 8.8. There was a significant difference between male and female only in practice score (p = 0.015). Older participants had better attitudes, and private hospitals had significantly higher scores for compliance, importance of hand hygiene and practice than governmental hospitals (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The results of the current study showed that there was a further need to focus on the practices of hand hygiene by continuous education for both Palestinian nurses and physicians.
Impact of Environment Conditions on Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.): To Optimal Production and Sustainability, Achieving Food Security and Increasing the Palestinian Economy  [PDF]
Jehad M. H. Ighbareyeh, Eusebio Cano Carmona
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2018.62005
Abstract: Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) is one of important economic fruit crops found in Hebron of Palestine. Climate is one of the key controlling factors in grape and wine production. Materials & Method: We analyzed grape production in Hebron region, and studied the correlation analyses between productions and climatic, bioclimatic factors. The bioclimate, climatic factors were obtained according to Rivas-Martinez to classification of the earth. However, the independent variables were examined: the bioclimate factors as compensated thermicity index, annual ombrothermic index, water deficit and simple continentality index; and following climate factors: mean monthly temperature, precipitation and soil water reserve. The data used were from one meteorological station of the Palestinian Meteorological Department for the years 1993 to 2009 (16 years), and to the same years of grape production (rain-fed) from the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).?Result & Discussion: When we applied a Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and observed that the Hebron type plots are located at the left of axis 1 during 1999-2004 negatively affected by the bioclimate factors as compensated thermicity index, with a large proportion of the variance explained by axes 1 (76.66%), but precipitation was positive influenced on grape yield for the years (2004-2009), with a proportion of the variance explained by axes 2 (23.34%); Hebron type plots are located at the right of axis1during 1993-1999 positive affected by the bioclimate factor as a simple continentality index and annual ombrothermic index, and climate factors as water deficit, soil water reserve and mean monthly temperature, with a large proportion of the variance explained by axes 1 & 2 (100%). Conclusions: Grapes are sensitive climate and the surrounding environment factors, and in order to get a high production and high-quality grapes, mean monthly temperature must be between 15°C - 20°C, and 20°C - 30°C (27
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among patients with Schizophrenia in Palestine
Waleed M Sweileh, Sa’ed H Zyoud, Salah A Dalal, Sami Ibwini, Ansam F Sawalha, Iyad Ali
BMC Psychiatry , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-244x-12-235
Abstract: We recruited 250 patients with schizophrenia from 4 psychiatric primary healthcare centers in Northern Palestine. The MS prevalence was assessed based on National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III Adapted criteria.The overall MS prevalence was 43.6%, with 39% in male and 55.9% in female patients. On average, the study patients had 2.3?±?1.3 metabolic abnormalities. Univariate analysis showed that MS was significantly higher with older age, female gender, longer duration of the illness, smoking, abdominal obesity, high systolic and diastolic blood pressure, high triglycerides, low HDL-C, and high fasting plasma glucose. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that only systolic blood pressure, high triglycerides, high fasting plasma glucose, and low HDL-C were significant predictors of MS in schizophrenic patients.MS is common among Arab patients with schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia should receive regular monitoring and adequate treatment of cardio-metabolic risk factors.Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects approximately one percent of the various populations throughout the world [1-3]. Patients with schizophrenia are reported to have shorter life span compared to the general population [4-6]. The most commonly reported cause of excess mortality among patients with schizophrenia is cardiovascular diseases [7,8]. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among patients with schizophrenia has been linked to high prevalence of metabolic syndrome [9]. Metabolic syndrome (MS), also known as syndrome X or insulin resistance syndrome is a cluster of interrelated metabolic risk factors that appear to directly promote the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease [10-13]. Furthermore, metabolic abnormalities not only have an impact on physical health but also on a poorer quality of life [14], non-compliance [15] and a lower functional outcome [16].Three definitions of MS have been proposed by the National Cholesterol E
Isaías Barre?ada Bajo
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2011,
Abstract: Political Islam is just another component of the political scenario of the Palestinian minority in Israel, together with Communists, Arab nationalists and local traditionalist groups. It has common roots with the Islamist organisations in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip and, just like them, it combines a traditionalist doctrine with nationalist demands which, in turn, it shares with the other Palestinian political organisations. Since 1996, after 10 years of experience in municipal politics, one branch of the Islamic Movement has taken part in legislative elections and participated in the Israeli state elections, while the other has chosen to limit its actions to extra-Parliamentary politics. The former has become the most-voted option among Israeli Palestinians since 2006, while the latter is one of the most active in terms of claims for the rights of Palestinians and for the defence of Muslims in historic Palestine.
Attempts to prevent displacement in the occupied Palestinian territories
Karim Khalil
Forced Migration Review , 2012,
Abstract: Prevention has become a strategy increasingly adopted by the humanitarian community in addressing forced displacement in the occupied Palestinian territories, as well as responding to immediate emergency needs for families displaced or at risk of displacement.
The terrorists of the Middle East.
Takis Fotopoulos
International Journal of Inclusive Democracy , 2006,
Abstract: In the last few days in the Middle East the world has, once again, seen the implementation of pure Nazi methods, which everybody had thought to have been forever condemned to the rubbish bin of History. The capture of a single Israeli soldier by Palestinian guerillas in a battle with the Israeli army (following the killing of scores of Palestinian women and children over the previous days by the same army, for which Israel refused to accept an independent inquiry) is now being paid for through the collective punishment of the entire Gaza population.
Palestine: the hour of truth.
Takis Fotopoulos
International Journal of Inclusive Democracy , 2006,
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