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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8134 matches for " Paiva Vera "
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Sem mágicas solu??es: a preven??o e o cuidado em HIV/ AIDS e o processo de emancipa??o psicossocial
Paiva, Vera;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832002000200003
Abstract: this text discusses the need to politicize psycho-educational arenas and presents the idea of a "psycho-social emancipation" as one of the references for improved operationalization of the notion of vulnerability in the field of prevention of new hiv infections and of the organization of care for those who are aids carriers. reflecting on actions designed to encourage patients to take their medication and use condoms, it suggests that the prevention of hiv should overcome models devised for "hiv negative" people and that the prevent-assist continuum should be radicalized. to this end, it is pressing to: take into account the facts accumulated in the field of cultural analyses and of psychosocial research in the planning and organization of preventive actions and of providing assistance to hiv carriers, including, for instance, the ideas of oppressive social construction of two genders, masculine and feminine; overcome the notion of "individuals as consumers" (of services, educational programs, condoms and prescribed medication, of behaviors and safe practices to be practiced); foster the innovation of prevention and care actions. working with the idea of a "subject-citizen individual", co-participant in the psycho-educational arenas whose horizon consists of psychosocial emancipation, can enhance the quality of preventive actions and of integrated care of hiv and aids patients, so as to include "all" brazilians, according to the socio-cultural context of "each one", both men and women, testing positive or negative.
A psicologia redescobrirá a sexualidade?
Paiva, Vera;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722008000400002
Abstract: common sense designates the psychologist the most proficient professional to work with sexuality. rarely, though, we are educating psychologists to work with the sexual life in non-clinical contexts. this article synthesizes a critique of the "sexological" framework, hegemonic throughout the xx century, and argues that the "constructionist" approach, while deconstructing woman's subordination and hetero-normativeness as natural, was validated as an alternative paradigm of great relevance for research and professional practice approaching the sexual sphere. this theoretical framework better understood challenges as the aids epidemic, especially in contexts of inequality and rights violations; inspired technologies for its prevention based on gender analysis and the understanding of sexual scenarios, scenes, scripts and trajectories by sexual subjects. psychologists practice will benefit from rediscovering sexuality, surpassing approaches based on personal values, rethinking the sexological and psychological approaches that aim at universalism, at least on the sexuality domain.
Ambientes virtuais de aprendizagem: implica??es epistemológicas
Paiva, Vera Menezes de O;
Educa??o em Revista , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-46982010000300018
Abstract: this text presents some epistemological views - objectivism, subjectivism and experientialism - aiming at understanding the concepts of knowledge and learning which underlay the construction of virtual learning environments. it also presents a description of three free learning software - aulanet, moodle and teleeduc - and emphasizes that other internet tools can be added to those virtual educational environments in order to offer more learning experiences. finally, it concludes that learning environments remove teachers from the learning stage as they can also learn with the students.
Da compreens o da vulnerabilidade social ao enfoque multidisciplinar
Buchalla Cassia Maria,Paiva Vera
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2002,
A dimens?o psicossocial na promo??o de práticas alimentares saudáveis
Lara, Bruna Robba;Paiva, Vera Silvia Facciolla;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832012000400014
Abstract: this paper critically examines how the psychosocial dimension is dealt with in promoting healthy dietary practices. a search was carried out in lilacs and in medline's multipurpose mode, from 2000 to 2011, using the terms intervention, health promotion and psychosocial, and all terms relating to nutrition. it was observed that during this last decade, sociocognitive approaches and models of rational belief still predominated in this field. intervention studies focusing on the individual prevailed, with less attention paid to the broader social context that produces dietary practices. it can be concluded that for healthy dietary practices to be promoted within the context of comprehensive healthcare, the debate about what can be called psychosocial needs to be broadened to incorporate the recent contributions from healthcare approaches based on human rights, with awareness of the multidimensionality of the health-disease-care process.
Trabalho e estratégias formativas: um exemplo empírico
Paiva, Vanilda;Calheiros, Vera;Potengy, Giselia;
Cadernos de Pesquisa , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-15742003000300006
Abstract: based on empirical research conducted in rio de janeiro during the past few years, this article focuses on professionals considered as "potential winners", "potential losers" and "followers of alternative/ideological jobs in the process of integration" within the context of changes occurred in the production structure and in the labour market during recent years. research has focused on different professional segments and their characteristics connected to: microelectronics and the new means of communication (potential winners); retired teachers and professionals who opted for voluntary resignation programs (potential losers); and teachers who are working and supplement their income with informal activities and persons dedicated to different alternative practices in the process of integration into the new capitalism age (body therapists, "fortune-tellers" and alternative food suppliers). the treatment given to the three groups altogether aims to provide a wider outlook of the processes that affected as well as their contradictions. the article also focuses on the new skill formation strategies adopted the midst of the fragmentary qualification processes during the past few years.
Jovens e adolescentes em tempos de Aids reflex?es sobre uma década de trabalho de preven??o
Paiva, Vera;Peres, Camila;Blessa, Cely;
Psicologia USP , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642002000100004
Abstract: this article reviews the recent evolution of the hiv/aids epidemic in brazil and its frameworks for prevention. considering a decade of preventions initiatives targeting young people and their educators in s?o paulo, describes the surpassing of the "risk group" notions and indicators of the successes of the national efforts facing the challenges of a growing epidemic among young people. a preliminary work developed in public elementary night schools inspired several programs that have created parameters for prevention actions, indicators of the youth social context and vulnerability, described socio-cultural categories that frame daily life and sexual activities of young people. beginning with interactive actions that focus on sex and reproduction, gender relations and other issues, various projects deal with unawareness, emotions, structural violence, and citizenship. cooperation and acceptance was found in high degree among the various groups living in vulnerable contexts and among adults involved with them: students, incarcerated kids and young people gathered in different communities and activities.
Scripts em cena: HIV e mercado sexual no contexto turístico
Bellenzani, Renata;Blessa, Cely;Paiva, Vera;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722008000400003
Abstract: tourism creates social, cultural and health impacts on host communities. current paper analyzes, through an ethnographic study and 14 interviews with young ecotourism guides, how the sexual scenario in the tourism context and its sexual scripts construct the vulnerability to std/hiv and to commercial sex among young "cai?aras". traditional sexual scripts, operated by "sex playing", "pleasure," "no sexual inhibition" scenario, revealed social inequalities among "cai?aras" and tourists and expanded the young people's vulnerability to std/hiv and the commercialization of sexuality. female sexual scripts (passive/na?ve) impaired the condom negotiation in collected sexual scenes. the "more autonomous" scripts were interpreted as availability for "sexual program". the "non-failing" and "pick the tourists" scripts also broadened the vulnerability of young males. the tourist context builds a unique sexual scenario and crosses the local residents' social-affective trajectory. political and local health programs must take seriously into account the tourism impact.
Vulnerabilidade ao HIV: turismo e uso de álcool e outras drogas
Santos,Alessandro de Oliveira; Paiva,Vera;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102007000900013
Abstract: objective: to describe situations of alcohol and other drug use involving tourists, and their implications regarding vulnerability to hiv. methods: this was an exploratory qualitative study conducted in communities that host tourism in the vale do ribeira, state of s?o paulo, from october 2002 to february 2003. in the first stage of the study, 29 monitors in four host communities were interviewed to gather scenarios of drug use involving tourists. in the second stage, two workshops were held, bringing together 77 interviewees and health and education professionals from ten communities, in order to dramatize the scenarios gathered in the interviews and share repertoires for dealing with these situations and finding ways for preventing hiv. results: the scenarios showed that alcohol and other drug use by tourists increases their vulnerability to hiv transmission through favoring casual sexual intercourse without condoms and sexual harassment and abuse. hiv prevention work in these communities that host tourism needs to take into account the consumption of these substances which use creates difficulties regarding safe sex practices and, in the case of injecting drugs that are shared, constitutes a risk factor for hiv transmission. conclusions: this study provided data to help in understanding how situations of alcohol and other drug use fit within daily life in these host communities, thereby extending the vulnerability to hiv. the study produced analysis of the social context of hiv transmission that may provide backing for drawing up prevention programs that are better adapted to these communities.
Opini?es e atitudes em rela??o à sexualidade: pesquisa de ambito nacional, Brasil 2005
Paiva,Vera; Aranha,Francisco; Bastos,Francisco I; ,;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102008000800008
Abstract: objective: to describe opinions and attitudes concerning sexuality of the brazilian urban population. methods: a population survey was carried out in 2005 on a representative sample of 5,040 interviewees. an analysis of the attitudes regarding sexual initiation and sexual education of teenagers, considering gender, age, schooling, income, marital status, color, geographic region and opinion on fidelity, homosexuality, and masturbation. the results were contrasted with a similar survey carried out in 1998, when possible. results: most interviewees selected the "sex is evidence of love" option when describing the meaning of sex. as in 1998, the majority was in favor of sexual initiation after marriage (63.9% for women vs. 52.4% for men initiation); results differed among religions. school teenage education on the use of condoms was supported by 97% of the interviewees across all social groups. the proportion of brazilians who agreed with having access to condoms in health services (95%) and at school (83.6%) was high. fidelity remained an almost unanimous value and there was an increase, in 2005, in the proportion of those in favor of sexual initiation after marriage, and in the rate of acceptance of masturbation and homosexuality compared to the 1998 survey. the younger generations tend to be more tolerant and equalitarian. conclusions: as observed in other countries, this study confirms the difficulty in establishing a single dimension that guides sexual life ("liberal" vs "conservative"). the study suggests that the normativity concerning sexual activity should be understood in the light of the local culture and social organization of sexuality, considered by the std/aids programs. opinions in favor of free access to preservatives at school clash with the slower results obtained in fighting the stigma and discriminating against homosexual minorities. the design of laical policies on sexuality allow for the dialog across different perspectives.
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