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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 373403 matches for " Padrón Pérez "
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Rett Syndrome. A Case Presentation Síndrome de Rett. Presentación de un caso
Julio Padrón González,Ramón Pérez Mejías,Lidys Padrón Fernández,Leydis Padrón Fernández
MediSur , 2012,
Abstract: Rett syndrome is a neurological disorder of genetic basis. It affects almost exclusively girls and women being the estimated incidence of this disease in the general population of one case per 10,000 women. In its classical type it is of one in every 15. 000 births. Its diagnosis is descriptive, based on a set of signs and symptoms, but not etiologic. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive. Rett syndrome is frequently misdiagnosed as autism or cerebral palsy. It should be suspected in female patients, diagnosed with child cerebral palsy or idiomatic mental retardation, supported by internationally established criteria. The case of an 11 years old girl visited at her home and attended by doctors of the Barrio Adentro mission in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is presented. The patient was normal until about two years old when she began presenting impairment of psychomotor skills, social and behavioral disorders with infantile autism traits, seizures and considerable mental retardation. El síndrome de Rett es un trastorno neurológico de base genética. Afecta casi exclusivamente a ni as y mujeres; la incidencia estimada en la población general es de un caso por cada 10.000 mujeres, en su tipo clásico, es de 1 por cada 15. 000 nacimientos. Su diagnóstico es descriptivo, basado en un conjunto de signos y síntomas, pero no es etiológico; el tratamiento es sintomático y de apoyo. La enfermedad, frecuentemente, suele estar mal diagnosticada como autismo o parálisis cerebral. Debe sospecharse en pacientes del sexo femenino, con diagnóstico de parálisis cerebral infantil o retardo mental idiomático, apoyado en criterios establecidos internacionalmente. Se presenta el caso de una ni a de 11 a os de edad, visitada en el hogar por médicos de la Misión Barrio Adentro en la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, la cual fue normal hasta aproximadamente los 2 a os, cuando comenzó con deterioro en sus destrezas psicomotoras, alteración social y de conducta con autismo infantil, crisis epilépticas frecuentes y retardo mental importante.
La caries dental como urgencia y su asociación con algunos factores de riesgo en ni?os
Pérez Qui?ones,José Alberto; Mayor Hernández,Félix; Pérez Padrón,Alejandro;
Revista M??dica Electr?3nica , 2010,
Abstract: the disorders produced by dental caries and other oral affections are multiple, making the patient assist to the urgency service. the purpose of this work was evaluating the relations among the sreptococcus mutans and lactobacillus and some demographic variables with dental caries in children, registered in five medical consulting rooms of contreras area, municipality and province of matanzas, for which we carried out an analytic study of the cases kind and controls. the sample was obtained by means of a polistaged, stratified, probabilistic design, and was formed by 900 6-12 years-old children (300 cases and 600 controls). there was a predominance of 6- 8 years-old children both in the cases group and in the control group, and there were not significant differences between the groups. there was prevalence of female children in controls and of male in cases. children from the cases group had a high infection level by streptococcus mutans and lactobacillus, and there was stated a positive association of dental caries with these variables. we designed an educative strategy to evaluate and increase the information level studied children had on this disease.
La caries dental como urgencia y su asociación con algunos factores de riesgo en ni os Dental caries as urgency and its association with some risk facts in children
José Alberto Pérez Qui?ones,Félix Mayor Hernández,Alejandro Pérez Padrón
Revista M??dica Electr?3nica , 2010,
Abstract: Las dolencias producidas por la caries dental y otras afecciones bucales son múltiples, lo que hace al paciente acudir a los servicios de urgencia. El propósito de este trabajo fue evaluar la relación del estreptococo mutans y lactobacilo y algunas variables demográficas con la caries dental en ni os, pertenecientes a cinco consultorios del área de Contreras, del municipio de Matanzas, para lo cual se realizó un estudio analítico del tipo de casos y controles. La muestra se obtuvo mediante un dise o muestral probabilístico estratificado polietápico y quedó conformada por 900 ni os (300 casos y 600 controles) de 6 a 12 a os de edad. Hubo un predominio de ni os en las edades de 6 a 8 a os, tanto en los casos como en el grupo control, y no se observaron diferencias significativas entre ambos grupos. El sexo femenino prevaleció en los controles, y el masculino, en los casos. Los ni os pertenecientes al grupo de casos, tenían un alto grado de infección por estreptococo mutans y lactobacilos, y se demostró asociación positiva de la caries dental con estas variables. Se dise ó una estrategia educativa para evaluar y elevar el nivel de información que sobre esta enfermedad tenían los ni os objetosde estudio. The disorders produced by dental caries and other oral affections are multiple, making the patient assist to the urgency service. The purpose of this work was evaluating the relations among the sreptococcus mutans and lactobacillus and some demographic variables with dental caries in children, registered in five medical consulting rooms of Contreras area, municipality and province of Matanzas, for which we carried out an analytic study of the cases kind and controls. The sample was obtained by means of a polistaged, stratified, probabilistic design, and was formed by 900 6-12 years-old children (300 cases and 600 controls). There was a predominance of 6- 8 years-old children both in the cases group and in the control group, and there were not significant differences between the groups. There was prevalence of female children in controls and of male in cases. Children from the cases group had a high infection level by streptococcus mutans and lactobacillus, and there was stated a positive association of dental caries with these variables. We designed an educative strategy to evaluate and increase the information level studied children had on this disease.
Morbilidad en la consulta de endocrinología del Centro de Investigaciones Medicoquirúrgicas de Angola
Padrón Durán,Rubén S.; Guillén Pérez,Mayda;
Revista Cubana de Endocrinolog?-a , 2006,
Abstract: the data on morbidity at the outpatient department may be useful to know the causes for which the patients visit the health center, as well as to plan and provide special consultations and complementary tests. the objective of this study is to present and analyze morbidity at the endocrinology outpatient department of the center for medicosurgical research in angola. all the diagnoses of every case were collected for 28 months in a row. the specific diagnoses were classified into 7 big groups. 1) glycemia alterations, 2) obesity and other metabolic disorders, 3) reproductive medicine, 4) thryoid disorders, 5) pediatric endocrinology, 6) other endocrinopathies and 7) no endocrinopathies. 2 294 patients received medical attention. the most frequent diagnostic groups were type 2 diabetes mellitus (dm2) and exogenous obesity (53.01 and 24.72, respectively), followed by hyperlipoproteinemias (11.73). in a range between 4.5 and 10 %, we observed euthyroid diffuse goiter, altered fasting glycemia, female infertility and hyperuricemia. the rest was found in less than 3 % of the total of cases. the most important results and conclusions were the following: a) the most common diagnostic groups were glycemia alterations, obesity and other metabolic disorders, among them dm2 and exogenous obesity, b) the diagnoses of reproductive medicine and thyroid disorders were relatively frequent, c) the endocrine disorders at pediatric ages and other endocrinopathies were rare, d) the common endocrinometabolic disorders in other populations were unfrequent or non-existent reasons to seek medical attention, e) the results showed that the whole endocrinology care profile is not well known in this setting.
Morbilidad en la consulta de endocrinología del Centro de Investigaciones Medicoquirúrgicas de Angola Morbidity at the Endocrinology outpatient department of the Center for Medicosurgical Research in Angola
Rubén S. Padrón Durán,Mayda Guillén Pérez
Revista Cubana de Endocrinología , 2006,
Abstract: Los datos de la morbilidad en consulta externa pueden ser útiles para conocer las causas por las que los pacientes acuden al centro de salud, así como para planificar el ofrecimiento de consultas especiales y de exámenes complementarios. El objetivo de este estudio es presentar y analizar la morbilidad en la consulta externa de endocrinología del Centro de Investigaciones Medicoquirúrgicas de Angola (CIMECA). Se compilaron todos los diagnósticos de cada caso durante 28 meses consecutivos. Los diagnósticos específicos se clasificaron en 7 grandes grupos: 1) alteraciones de la glucemia, 2) obesidad y otros trastornos metabólicos, 3) medicina reproductiva, 4) trastornos del tiroides, 5) endocrinología pediátrica, 6) otras endocrinopatías y 7) sin endocrinopatías. Se atendieron 2 294 pacientes. Los grupos diagnósticos más frecuentes fueron: alteración de la glucemia (60,07) y obesidad y otros trastornos metabólicos (42,07); relativamente frecuentes fueron medicina reproductiva (19,4) y trastornos del tiroides (11,07). Sin embargo, los pacientes de endocrinología pediátrica (1,53) y otras endocrinopatías (0,22) fueron muy poco numerosos. Los diagnósticos específicos más comunes fueron la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) y la obesidad exógena (53,01 y 24,72 respectivamente), seguidos por las hiperlipoproteinemias (11,73). En un rango entre 4,5 y 10 % observamos bocio difuso eutiroideo, glucemia en ayunas alterada, infertilidad femenina e hiperuricemia; el resto se halló en menos del 3 % del total de casos. Lo resultados y conclusiones más importantes del estudio son: a) Los grupos diagnósticos más comunes fueron las alteraciones de la glucemia y la obesidad y otros trastornos metabólicos, entre ellos la DM2 y la obesidad exógena, b) Los diagnósticos de medicina reproductiva y trastornos del tiroides fueron relativamente comunes, c) Los trastornos endocrinos en edades pediátricas y otras endocrinopatías fueron muy poco frecuentes, d) trastornos endocrinometabólicos comunes en otras poblaciones fueron motivo de consulta poco frecuentes o inexistentes, e) los resultados indican que en este medio no se conoce bien todo el perfil de atención de la endocrinología. The data on morbidity at the outpatient department may be useful to know the causes for which the patients visit the health center, as well as to plan and provide special consultations and complementary tests. The objective of this study is to present and analyze morbidity at the Endocrinology outpatient department of the Center for Medicosurgical Research in Angola. All the diagnoses of every case were coll
Caracterización de la lactancia materna en un área urbana
Ovies Carballo,Gisel; Santana Pérez,Felipe; Padrón Durán,Rubén S;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1999,
Abstract: a descriptive and cross-sectional study of 872 women who lived in an urban area and had given birth from 1 to 12 months before was conducted in order to know the duration, pattern of breast feeding, and the causes to abandon it. 1.1 % of these women never started breast feeding due to agalactia. women began to breast feed their children in an average time between 1 and 15 days. among those who had abandoned breast feeding at the time of the study the mean time of duration was 108.5 days. the life table technique was applied to the group that was not breast feeding so as to determine the continuity rate and the risk of leaving breast feeding. in the first case there is only 51 % of probability to continue lactating from 4 to 5 months, and in the same period the weaning risk is 0.83 %. the most frequent reason to leave this practice was the complete loss of milk. only 32.6 % of the studied population used breast feeding exclusively. it is concluded that there is a high trend to abandon breast feeding early and, mainly, the exclusive one
Caracterización de la lactancia materna en un área urbana
Gisel Ovies Carballo,Felipe Santana Pérez,Rubén S Padrón Durán
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1999,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo-transversal de 872 mujeres que residían en un área urbana que habían parido desde 1 a 12 meses antes, con el objetivo de conocer la duración, patrón de lactancia materna y causas de abandono de la misma. El 1,1 % de las mujeres nunca iniciaron la lactancia y la razón principal fue la agalactia. El tiempo promedio en que las mujeres comenzaron a lactar a sus hijos fue entre 1 y 15 días. En aquellas que ya habían abandonado la práctica de la lactancia materna al momento de realizar el estudio, el tiempo medio de duración de la misma fue de 108,5 días. En el grupo que aún estaban amamantando, se aplicó la técnica de tabla de vida para establecer la tasa de continuidad y riesgo de abandono de la lactancia. En el primer caso sólo existe un 51 % de probabilidad de continuar la lactancia entre 4 y 5 meses, y en igual período el riesgo de destete es de 0,83 %; la razón más frecuente de abandono fue la pérdida total de leche. Sólo el 32,6 % de la población estudiada practicaba la lactancia materna exclusiva. Se concluye que existe una elevada tendencia al abandono temprano de la lactancia materna y principalmente de la lactancia materna exclusiva A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 872 women who lived in an urban area and had given birth from 1 to 12 months before was conducted in order to know the duration, pattern of breast feeding, and the causes to abandon it. 1.1 % of these women never started breast feeding due to agalactia. Women began to breast feed their children in an average time between 1 and 15 days. Among those who had abandoned breast feeding at the time of the study the mean time of duration was 108.5 days. The life table technique was applied to the group that was not breast feeding so as to determine the continuity rate and the risk of leaving breast feeding. In the first case there is only 51 % of probability to continue lactating from 4 to 5 months, and in the same period the weaning risk is 0.83 %. The most frequent reason to leave this practice was the complete loss of milk. Only 32.6 % of the studied population used breast feeding exclusively. It is concluded that there is a high trend to abandon breast feeding early and, mainly, the exclusive one
Fístulas arteriovenosas para hemodiálisis.: Estudio de un a?o
Fernández Pérez,Raúl; Romero Sánchez,Ramón; Ferrer Padrón,Alejandro;
Revista Archivo M??dico de Camag??ey , 2008,
Abstract: background: chronic renal insufficiency is internationally catalogued as an epidemic and also considered a disastrous disease. objective: to evaluate the obtained results carrying out arteriovenous fistulas for hemodialysis. method: a prospective study during a year was performed (june 2004 to may 2005) at ?manuel ascunce domenech? university hospital of camaguey, in 86 operations of permanent vascular access carried out to 56 patient carriers of chronic renal insufficiency. for primary data collection a survey with ten qualitative variables was utilized; for the evaluation of the results, methods of descriptive statistics were used and relations of bivaried statistical meaning, as well as computer methods that guarantee in a dependable manner the results. results: the age group older than 60 years and the male sex predominated, the most frequent etiological causes of renal insufficiency were the nephroangiosclerosis and the diabetic nephropathy with 17 patient (30,3%) for each one of them. the majority of the operations 52 (60,5%) were carried out in the 90 days after diagnosis of chronic renal insufficiency. conclusions: it was shown that while smaller was the time between the diagnosis of chronic renal insufficiency and carrying out the permanent vascular access the results were better, as well as the prior protection of the member to operate, factors that exert a directly positive action to the immediate function and that are susceptible to be modified by the action of the doctor to achieve better accesses.
Helicobacter pylori y enfermedad péptica ulcerosa
Padrón Pérez,Noel; Fernández Vallín-Cárdenas,Eulalia;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1998,
Abstract: a review on the connection of helicobacter pylori with peptic ulcer disease was made for the family physicians. epidemiological data and diagnostic methods were included. the role of helicobacter pylori in the genesis of ulcer relapses and the significant reduction of recurrences after the erradication with antimicrobial therapy are approached in the present paper. immunization as an instrument of prevention and treatment would be an important achievement that is mentioned as a future alternative to fight ulcer associated with the infection
Ebrotidina: nuevo antagonista H2
Padrón Pérez,Noel; Fernández Vallín-Cárdenas,Eulalia;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 1999,
Abstract: a bibliographic review on the new h2 antagonist, ebrotidine, that presents advantages in comparison with other antisecretory drugs, is made. the gastroprotective properties and the anti h. pylori activity of the drug in the treatment of peptic ulcer are mentioned in this paper.
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