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Determinants of contraceptive use among married women residing in rural areas of Belgaum
Padmaja Ravindra Walvekar
Journal of Medical and Allied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Today the world population is around 7 billion and India harbours 1.2 billion. One of the reasons for uncontrolled growth of the population is unregulated fertility. Unregulated fertility many a times leads to unintended pregnancies leading to many unwanted or mistimed births. It is important to know the determinants of contraceptive use among married women. This cross sectional study was conducted from May 2008-May 2009, involving 2106 married women from rural area of Belgaum. Chi square test was used for statistical analysis. Prevalence of contraceptive use was 59.92%, among which 14.25% practiced temporary methods. In our study, important determinants of contraceptive use were age of married women, socio-economic status, type of family, age at first pregnancy, duration of married life, total number of children (p<0.05). Religion, education of both spouses, age at marriage were not associated with contraceptive use with (p>0.05). We conclude that it is mainly the number of children that decides the use of family planning methods.
Studies on Transport Properties of Fe3+: Li2O-K2O-CdO-B2O3 Glass System: An Evidence of Mixed Alkali Effect  [PDF]
G. Padmaja, P. Kistaiah
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.46115
Abstract:

The glasses of the type (30 x)Li2O xK2O 10CdO 一 59B2O3 doped with 1 mol% of Fe2O3 were prepared by melt quench technique and their non-crystallinility has been established by XRD studies. The glasses were investigated for room temperature density and electrical conductivity in the temperature range 300 - 523 K and in the frequency range 102 to 105 Hz. The frequency and temperature dependence of conductivity as dielectric constant are presented.

Free media, labour and citizenship rights in a democracy
Shaw,Padmaja;
Observatorio (OBS*) , 2011,
Abstract: india is the most populous democracy in the world. in the early years after attaining independence, as a new democracy, indian development strategy was driven by what francine frankel (2005) calls the ?the gandhian-socialist consensus? that was predominantly value oriented. frankel enumerates the areas of consensus - first, there was the general agreement that economic policy should aim for the progressive removal of inequalities in indian society, and ultimately result in the complete disappearance of class distinctions. second, the gandhians and the socialists concurred on the need to limit sharply the existing scope of the acquisitive instinct in indian economic life, and to create a new set of cooperative motives. the nehruvian socialist state envisioned a strong industrial base under state ownership (frankel, 2005) and wage labour was seen within the ethical context of productive employment and as a defining frame for good citizenship. this and the constitutional guarantee of fundamental rights helped to give legitimacy to wage labour?s expectation of citizenship rights through provision of jobs, better working conditions, better social services and healthcare. by the 1990s, after economic liberalization, the basic premises of this vision were discarded even in populist political rhetoric, while the state embraced neo-liberal ideology and economic policies. the changed economic agenda impacted severely on the working classes. primarily because of the nature of growth and specifically because of the pressure from the indian industrial houses, the policies encouraged relaxation of the already weakly implemented labour laws. this paper will examine the role media played in debating these issues. as media are event oriented and not process oriented in their coverage, coverage of labour issues is unlikely on an ordinary news day. this paper, therefore, will examine the news and opinion pieces that have appeared in mainstream media when the ceo of a multinational aut
A Study on web Applications & Protection against Vulnerabilities
Padmaja K
International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications , 2012,
Abstract: Web applications are widely adopted and their correct functioning is mission critical for many businesses. Online banking, emails, eshopping, has become an integral part of today’s life. Vulnerabilities in web application can lead to a variety of erroneous behavior at dynamic run time. We encounter the problem of forceful browsing in many web applications, username enumeration can help an attacker who attempts to use guessable passwords, such as test/test, admin/admin, guest/guest, and so on. These accounts are often created by developers for testing purposes, and many times the accounts are never disabled or the developer forgets to change the password, hacking reduces the performance or function of the application, further more, the modified system itself becomes a constraint to counter newer types of vulnerabilities that may crop up from time to time. Hence, the best solution would be to finds the steps to solve that are web-based (firewall) independent for protecting against vulnerabilities in web applications. In our work algorithm is to analyze vulnerabilities that are caused by breaking of the data dependency using problem which work efficient with existing one.
Liquid-Supported Denture & Neutral Zone for Atrophic Residual Ridges : A Case Report
Padmaja S
People's Journal of Scientific Research , 2012,
Abstract: Liquid supported denture can be a permanent solution in edentulous patients with diabetes, xerostomia andatrophied ridge. A liquid-supported denture was planned for maxillary arch and neutral zone concept for fabrication ofcontour of the polished surfaces of mandibular denture. Liquid-supported dentures will have optimal stress distributionduring masticatory function. The neutral zone technique provides muscular harmony over the denture stability. Liquidsupported denture will act as a continuous reliner for the denture and thus has an advantage over the conventionaldenture. Neutral zone technique is an alternative approach for the construction of mandibular dentures where there isatrophic ridge and a history of denture instability.
Haemato-biochemical studies of Camels infested with Trypanosomiasis
K. Padmaja
Veterinary World , 2012,
Abstract: Aim: To know the Haemato-Biochemical values of camels infested with Trypanosomiasis. Materials and Methods: A herd of 13 camels showing signs of inappetance, lethargy, going down in condition, urticarial swellings, oedema of pads and occasional shivering were examined. Blood samples were collected to screen for the trypanosomes and to record hemato-biochemical alterations. Treatment of both group I and group II was undertaken. Results: Nine camels were positive for Trypanosomes recording an incidence of 69.23%. A significant (P<0.01) increase in temperature and decrease in TEC was observed, while a significant (P<0.05) increase in TLC, neutrophils and eosinophils and significant (P<0.05) decrease in lymphocytes was noted in positive blood samples. Significant (P<0.05) decrease in blood glucose levels was recorded and one camel died due to hypoglycemic encephalopathy. Trypanosomiasis was treated successfully with Quinapyramine salts. [Vet. World 2012; 5(6.000): 356-358]
Hyperandrogenism due to ovarian tumour mimicking PCOS: a case report
Padmaja Pidaparthy
International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2013, DOI: 10.5455/2320-1770.ijrcog20130954
Abstract: Hyperandrogenism is the most common endocrine disorder in reproductive age group. While 82% of the cases are due to PCOS, steroid cell tumours account for less than 1% of cases. These tumours are mostly seen in perimenopausal women and 25-30% of these tumours show malignant potential. Hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is the recommended treatment. In a young patient unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and subsequent follow up can be offered. We present one such rare case of a young patient coming with menstrual irregularities, virilising symptoms and infertility, all features mimicking PCOS. She was diagnosed with a steroid cell tumour and successfully treated. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(3.000): 482-484]
Hyperparasitism of Homona coffearia Nietn. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), the Tea Tortrix of Sri Lanka: Implications for Biological Control  [PDF]
Ravindra S. Walgama
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2015.32005
Abstract: Tea tortrix, Homona coffearia Nietner (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), is a seasonal pest of tea in Sri Lanka. Though it is active in dry weather, it is observed that populations do occur in wet weather causing serious damage to tea. The parasite, Macrocentrus homonae Nixon (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), controls the tortrix populations, but the efficiency of Macrocentrus has been reduced on account of hyperparasites in recent times. Level of hyperparasitism was studied in some tea tortrix prone areas in the up country region to study how this affected the tortrix populations during wet weather. The hyperparasitism varied during the study period of which average values observed ranged from 35% to 52% in the plantations studied. A negative linear relationship was observed between the average number of parasite cocoons in a cocoon mass and the percentage hyperparasitism. Three generations of tortrix were evident during the study period of May to November 2005. It is observed that tortrix populations do occur in dry and wet weather, and that hyperparasitism has been identified as the major cause affecting the efficient control of tortrix by the parasite. Possibilities of tea tortrix control in wet weather are discussed.
Atmospheric Signal Processing using Wavelets and HHT
N. Padmaja,S. Varadarajan
Journal of Computations & Modelling , 2011,
Abstract: The HHT (Hilbert-Huang transform) and wavelet transform are both signal processing methods. This paper is based on comparing HHT and Wavelet transform applied to Radar signals. HHT can be used for processing nonstationary and nonlinear signals. It is one of the time-frequency analysis techniques which consists of Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) and instantaneous frequency solution. EMD is a numerical sifting process to decompose a signal into its fundamental intrinsic oscillatory modes, namely intrinsic mode functions (IMFs). In this paper wavelets and EMD has been applied to the time series data obtained from the mesosphere-stratospheretroposphere(MST) region near Gadanki, Tirupati. The Algorithm is developedand tested using Matlab. Analysis has brought out improvement in some of the characteristic features like SNR, Doppler width of the atmospheric signals. SNR using wavelets and EMD has been compared and plotted for validation.
Efficient Regeneration System for Genetic Transformation of Mulberry (Morus indica L. Cultivar S-36) Using in Vitro Derived Shoot Meristems  [PDF]
D. S. Vijaya Chitra, Bhaskarrao Chinthapalli, G. Padmaja
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.51001
Abstract:

Shoot meristems used for the study were exercised from the in vitro regenerated shoots cultured on MS medium supplemented with 0.5 mg/L of BAP for multiplication. The sensitivity of the in vitro regenerated was studied using shoot meristems of 0.5 cm. Shoot meristems were cultured on medium containing 10-100 mg/l kanamycin to determine the concentration that was lethal for multiple shoot induction and root induction. The response of shoot multiplication decreased (66.2%-6.2%) as the concentration of kanamycin increased (10.0-70.0 mg/L) with complete inhibition of shoot proliferation at 100 mg/L kanamycin. The rooting phase was very sensitive to kanamycin compared to shoot multiplication. The percentage of shoots that rooted decreased (53.8%-4.8%) with increase in the concentration of kanamycin (10.0-70.0 mg/l) on IBA and 2,4-D supplemented medium. For transformation studies, the shoot tips that were infected with Agrobacterium strain were placed on selection medium containing MS medium with 0.5 mg/L BAP and 100 mg/L kanamycin and scored for the putative transformed shoots. An average of 62.2% of shoot tips developed shoot buds from the base and the shoots reached a length of 0.5

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