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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10958 matches for " Pablo Jarillo-Herrero "
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Electronic Transport in Dual-gated Bilayer Graphene at Large Displacement Fields
Thiti Taychatanapat,Pablo Jarillo-Herrero
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.166601
Abstract: We study the electronic transport properties of dual-gated bilayer graphene devices. We focus on the regime of low temperatures and high electric displacement fields, where we observe a clear exponential dependence of the resistance as a function of displacement field and density, accompanied by a strong non-linear behavior in the transport characteristics. The effective transport gap is typically two orders of magnitude smaller than the optical band gaps reported by infrared spectroscopy studies. Detailed temperature dependence measurements shed light on the different transport mechanisms in different temperature regimes.
Electronic transport in locally gated graphene nanoconstrictions
Barbaros ?zyilmaz,Pablo Jarillo-Herrero,Dmitri Efetov,Philip Kim
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1063/1.2803074
Abstract: We have developed the combination of an etching and deposition technique that enables the fabrication of locally gated graphene nanostructures of arbitrary design. Employing this method, we have fabricated graphene nanoconstrictions with local tunable transmission and characterized their electronic properties. An order of magnitude enhanced gate efficiency is achieved adopting the local gate geometry with thin dielectric gate oxide. A complete turn off of the device is demonstrated as a function of the local gate voltage. Such strong suppression of device conductance was found to be due to both quantum confinement and Coulomb blockade effects in the constricted graphene nanostructures.
Electrically tunable transverse magnetic focusing in graphene
Thiti Taychatanapat,Kenji Watanabe,Takashi Taniguchi,Pablo Jarillo-Herrero
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1038/nphys2549
Abstract: Electrons in a periodic lattice can propagate without scattering for macroscopic distances despite the presence of the non-uniform Coulomb potential due to the nuclei. Such ballistic motion of electrons allows the use of a transverse magnetic field to focus electrons. This phenomenon, known as transverse magnetic focusing (TMF), has been used to study the Fermi surface of metals and semiconductor heterostructures, as well as to investigate Andreev reflection, spin-orbit interaction, and to detect composite fermions. Here we report on the experimental observation of transverse magnetic focusing in high mobility mono-, bi-, and tri-layer graphene devices. The ability to tune the graphene carrier density enables us for the first time to investigate TMF continuously from the hole to the electron regime and analyze the resulting focusing fan. Moreover, by applying a transverse electric field to tri-layer graphene, we use TMF as a ballistic electron spectroscopy method to investigate controlled changes in the electronic structure of a material. Finally, we demonstrate that TMF survives in graphene up to 300 K, by far the highest temperature reported for any system, opening the door to novel room temperature applications based on electron-optics.
Quantum Hall effect and Landau level crossing of Dirac fermions in trilayer graphene
Thiti Taychatanapat,Kenji Watanabe,Takashi Taniguchi,Pablo Jarillo-Herrero
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1038/nphys2008
Abstract: We investigate electronic transport in high mobility (\textgreater 100,000 cm$^2$/V$\cdot$s) trilayer graphene devices on hexagonal boron nitride, which enables the observation of Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations and an unconventional quantum Hall effect. The massless and massive characters of the TLG subbands lead to a set of Landau level crossings, whose magnetic field and filling factor coordinates enable the direct determination of the Slonczewski-Weiss-McClure (SWMcC) parameters used to describe the peculiar electronic structure of trilayer graphene. Moreover, at high magnetic fields, the degenerate crossing points split into manifolds indicating the existence of broken-symmetry quantum Hall states.
Electronic transport and quantum Hall effect in bipolar graphene p-n-p junction
Barbaros ?zyilmaz,Pablo Jarillo-Herrero,Dmitri Efetov,Dmitri A. Abanin,Leonid S. Levitov,Philip Kim
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.166804
Abstract: We have developed a device fabrication process to pattern graphene into nanostructures of arbitrary shape and control their electronic properties using local electrostatic gates. Electronic transport measurements have been used to characterize locally gated bipolar graphene $p$-$n$-$p$ junctions. We observe a series of fractional quantum Hall conductance plateaus at high magnetic fields as the local charge density is varied in the $p$ and $n$ regions. These fractional plateaus, originating from chiral edge states equilibration at the $p$-$n$ interfaces, exhibit sensitivity to inter-edge backscattering which is found to be strong for some of the plateuas and much weaker for other plateaus. We use this effect to explore the role of backscattering and estimate disorder strength in our graphene devices.
Ambipolar Electric Field Effect in Metallic Bi2Se3
Hadar Steinberg,Dillon R. Gardner,Young S. Lee,Pablo Jarillo-Herrero
Physics , 2010,
Abstract: Topological insulators (TIs) constitute a new class of materials with unique properties resulting from the relativistic-like character and topological protection of their surface states. Theory predicts these to exhibit a rich variety of physical phenomena such as anomalous magneto-electric coupling and Majorana excitations. Although TI surface states have been detected in Bi-based compounds by ARPES and STM techniques, electrical control over their density, required for most transport experiments, remains a challenge. Existing materials are heavily doped in the bulk, thus preventing electrical tunability of the surface states and their integration into topological quantum electronic devices. Here we show that electronic transport in metallic Bi2Se3 nanoscale devices can be controlled by tuning the surface density via the electric field effect. By choosing an appropriate high-k dielectric, we are able to shift the Fermi energy through the charge neutrality point of the surface states, resulting in ambipolar transport characteristics reminiscent of those observed in graphene. Combining magnetotransport, field effect, and geometry dependent experiments, we provide transport measurements of the surface state mobility, and identify likely scattering mechanisms by measuring its temperature dependence.
Optoelectronics with electrically tunable PN diodes in a monolayer dichalcogenide
Britton W. H. Baugher,Hugh O. H. Churchill,Yafang Yang,Pablo Jarillo-Herrero
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2014.25
Abstract: One of the most fundamental devices for electronics and optoelectronics is the PN junction, which provides the functional element of diodes, bipolar transistors, photodetectors, LEDs, and solar cells, among many other devices. In conventional PN junctions, the adjacent p- and n-type regions of a semiconductor are formed by chemical doping. Materials with ambipolar conductance, however, allow for PN junctions to be configured and modified by electrostatic gating. This electrical control enables a single device to have multiple functionalities. Here we report ambipolar monolayer WSe2 devices in which two local gates are used to define a PN junction exclusively within the sheet of WSe2. With these electrically tunable PN junctions, we demonstrate both PN and NP diodes with ideality factors better than 2. Under excitation with light, the diodes show photodetection responsivity of 210 mA/W and photovoltaic power generation with a peak external quantum efficiency of 0.2%, promising numbers for a nearly transparent monolayer sheet in a lateral device geometry. Finally, we demonstrate a light-emitting diode based on monolayer WSe2. These devices provide a fundamental building block for ubiquitous, ultra-thin, flexible, and nearly transparent optoelectronic and electronic applications based on ambipolar dichalcogenide materials.
Excited state spectroscopy in carbon nanotube double quantum dots
Sami Sapmaz,Carola Meyer,Piotr Beliczynski,Pablo Jarillo-Herrero,Leo P. Kouwenhoven
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1021/nl052498e
Abstract: We report on low temperature measurements in a fully tunable carbon nanotube double quantum dot. A new fabrication technique has been used for the top-gates in order to avoid covering the whole nanotube with an oxide layer as in previous experiments. The top-gates allow us to form single dots, control the coupling between them and we observe four-fold shell filling. We perform inelastic transport spectroscopy via the excited states in the double quantum dot, a necessary step towards the implementation of new microwave-based experiments.
BN/Graphene/BN Transistors for RF Applications
Han Wang,Thiti Taychatanapat,Allen Hsu,Kenji Watanabe,Takashi Taniguchi,Pablo Jarillo-Herrero,Tomas Palacios
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1109/LED.2011.2160611
Abstract: In this letter, we demonstrate the first BN/Graphene/BN field effect transistor for RF applications. The BN/Graphene/BN structure can preserve the high mobility of graphene, even when it is sandwiched between a substrate and a gate dielectric. Field effect transistors (FETs) using a bilayer graphene channel have been fabricated with a gate length LG=450 nm. A current density in excess of 1 A/mm and DC transconductance close to 250 mS/mm are achieved for both electron and hole conductions. RF characterization is performed for the first time on this device structure, giving a current-gain cut-off frequency fT=33 GHz and an fT.LG product of 15 GHz.um. The improved performance obtained by the BN/Graphene/BN structure is very promising to enable the next generation of high frequency graphene RF electronics.
Surface State Transport and Ambipolar Electric Field Effect in Bi2Se3 Nanodevices
Hadar Steinberg,Dillon R. Gardner,Young S. Lee,Pablo Jarillo-Herrero
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1021/nl1032183
Abstract: Electronic transport experiments involving the topologically protected states found at the surface of Bi2Se3 and other topological insulators require fine control over carrier density, which is challenging with existing bulk-doped material. Here we report on electronic transport measurements on thin (<100 nm) Bi2Se3 devices and show that the density of the surface states can be modulated via the electric field effect by using a top-gate with a high-k dielectric insulator. The conductance dependence on geometry, gate voltage, and temperature all indicate that transport is governed by parallel surface and bulk contributions. Moreover, the conductance dependence on top-gate voltage is ambipolar, consistent with tuning between electrons and hole carriers at the surface.
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