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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1716 matches for " PO Iversen "
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Assessing nutrition intervention programmes that addressed malnutrition among young children in South Africa between 1994-2010
PO Iversen, D Marais, L du Plessis, M Herselman
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development , 2012,
Abstract: Several nutrition intervention programmes have been implemented to alleviate malnutrition among young children in South Africa. However, both nationwide studies and smaller, region-based reports show that many of these programmes have failed to improve nutritional health among the target groups. This is an overview of the most important nutrition intervention programmes implemented in post-apartheid South Africa. It is based on data sampled between 1994 and 2010, and collected from HighWire Press and MEDLINE data bases, local journals, official reports as well as experience gathered over the past two decades. s and nutrition issues related to chronic and communicable and non-communicable diseases were not included. The main aim of the implemented supplementation programmes after the Second World War was to correct states of undernutrition. However, these efforts did not benefit the disadvantaged groups, particularly the coloureds and the blacks. Following the downfall of the apartheid regime, various nutrition intervention programmes have been implemented with varying degrees of success. These include health facility-based programmes, community-based programmes as well as nutrition promotion strategies. The more holistic approach of the Integrated Nutrition Programme since 1994 is commendable, but programmes have failed to restore adequate growth rates among the impoverished children. Most likely, the failures are not as a result of inappropriate policies and strategies or lack of knowledge about relevant solutions, but rather inadequate implementation and scale of the programmes. In order to ensure a satisfactory improvement in nutritional health in South Africa, the various programmes should undergo regular evaluations to identify pitfalls and shortcomings. The fight against undernutrition and hunger, which are rooted in poverty and social inequalities, remains a major challenge for the South African health authorities. Urgent scale-up of the current nutrition intervention programmes as well as evaluation of their implementation are needed, coupled with strategies for education, skills development, job creation and poverty alleviation.
Delivery of the Nutrition Supplementation Programme in the Cape Town metropolitan area from the perspective of mothers of under-5s: A qualitative study
EC Andresen, M Wandel, WB Eide, M Herselman, PO Iversen
South African Journal of Child Health , 2009,
Abstract: Background. Child malnutrition is a major problem in South Africa despite implementation of various policies and programmes. Ideally these programmes should be delivered within a human rights paradigm, i.e. parents are responsible for their children’s health, while the State authority is obliged to help parents meet their responsibility. The Nutrition Supplementation Programme (NSP) aims to help underweight children gain weight and empower parents to tackle malnutrition. Objective. To study mothers’ experience with the NSP, and assess this in relation to South Africa’s emphasis on human rights. Subjects and methods. Seven focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 28 mothers of under-5s included in the NSP. The methodology used is particularly suitable for disclosing unexplored and unexpected issues. Results. Most mothers expressed satisfaction with receiving the supplements, which they perceived to be nutritious. However, they had received little or no education and lacked knowledge and skills regarding how to help their children gain weight. In addition, many mothers had experienced poor communication with staff members as well as unfavourable comments and lack of respect. These experiences and perceptions were real for mothers and indicate that the way the NSP was delivered resulted in inadequate compliance with certain principles of human rights, especially respect for human dignity, client participation and empowerment. Conclusions. Even though small studies are relatively prone to bias, this qualitative study is informative. More focus on the education part of the NSP would enable mothers to manage their children’s nutrition better. Measures to improve health workers’ knowledge of how to work within a human rights paradigm are necessary in order to strengthen accountability of the health authorities and improve children’s health.
Nutritional health of young children in South Africa over the first 16 years of democracy
PO Iversen, L du Plessis, D Marais, M Morseth, M Herselman
South African Journal of Child Health , 2011,
Abstract: Objectives. Malnutrition among young children is a major health problem in post-apartheid South Africa. Despite implementation of numerous health and nutrition programmes, these extensive efforts to alleviate the situation have not been adequately reviewed. Methods. We provide an overview of various aspects of the current nutritional health status of young children. The reviewed data are from the time period 1994 - 2010, and were collected from literature databases and official reports, as well as our own experience with field research in various urban and rural parts of the country. Results. Both smaller province-based studies as well as three large nationwide surveys conclude that many young South African children have inadequate nutritional status. Rates of stunting, micronutrient deficiencies and hunger and food insecurity are all unacceptably high. Coexisting HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis add to this burden. A gradual transition to a westernised diet characterised by energy-dense food has led to a worrying increase in overweight and obesity. Conclusion. A major challenge for the South African health authorities is still the fight against childhood undernutrition and hunger, which in turn are rooted in poverty and social inequalities. The double burden of disease adds to the scale and complexity of this challenge.
Control elements in mechanism simulation
Torleif Iversen
Modeling, Identification and Control , 1989, DOI: 10.4173/mic.1989.3.5
Abstract: The work reported in this paper is a step towards a system for multidisciplinary simulation of structure, mechanism and control elements. The control part of the system is implemented as a subroutine called from the mechanism/FEM package. While Newmark's/beta-method is used to integrate the second order mechanism/FEM part, the Lobatto IIIC algorithm is applied to the first order control elements. Preliminary experiments show that this is a workable solution. The package will be further developed to include more elements, improve the performance and add enhanced graphics. The control part can easily be used as a stand alone simulator for the integration of first order differential/algebraic equations.
Résidence du Corpus Troporum
Gunilla Iversen
Bulletin du Centre d’études Médiévales d’Auxerre , 2005, DOI: 10.4000/cem.780
Abstract: Les membres du Corpus Troporum, animé depuis des années par Gunilla Iversen (Stockholm), sont invités en résidence au Centre d’études médiévales d’Auxerre. Ce court séjour est destiné à mettre au point la publication du projet Sapientia- eloquentia. Il a été demandé au groupe d’organiser une journée sur les séquences et tropes de dédicace d’église (dimanche 23 octobre 2005).Presentation of the research project Corpus TroporumThe research project Corpus Troporum (formerly “Projektet Troper”) h...
Towards a polythetic Definition of the Bildungsroman: The Example of Paul Auster’s Moon Palace
Anniken Telnes Iversen
Literatura , 2007,
Simulation and visualization of coupled hydrodynamical, chemical and biological models
Dag Slagstad,T. Iversen
Modeling, Identification and Control , 1997, DOI: 10.4173/mic.1997.2.3
Abstract: This paper briefly describes the principles of hydrodynamical and ecological modelling of marine systems and how model results are presented by use of MATLAB. Two application examples are shown. One refers to modelling and simulation of the carbon vertical transport in the Greenland Sea and the other is a study on the effect of wind pattern for the invasion success of zooplankton from the Norwegian Sea into the North Sea by use of particle tracking.
Changing Identities in Paul Auster's Moon Palace
Anniken Telnes Iversen
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 2005,
40 r gamle kvinner som bruker hormonregimer – sunne utvalg eller risikogrupper?
Sidsel Graff-Iversen
Norsk Epidemiologi , 2009,
Abstract: SAMMENDRAG Form let med denne artikkelen var studere brukerne av kombinerte antikonsepsjonsmidler, regimer med progesteron alene og strogensubstitusjon blant norske 40- ringer. Var det f rst og fremst lavrisikogrupper – friske og r ykfrie kvinner – som brukte p-piller av kombinasjonstype, slik gjeldende anbefalinger r der til? Var progesteronbrukerne et utvalg av s rlig helsebevisste kvinner? Hvor utbredt var bruken av strogen i denne aldersgruppen? Var det tegn til at strogenbrukerne er en “healthy selection”, slik utenlandske studier har vist? Materialet er fra 40- ringsunders kelser i 11 norske fylker i tiden 1997-99. Resultatene viser at 3,5% av kvinnene brukte kombinerte antikonseptiva og at disse utgjorde et “sunt utvalg” med lave andeler r ykere og god helse. De 9,4% av kvinnene som brukte progesteron alene, skilte seg derimot lite fra premenopausale kvinner uten hormonbruk. De 2,4% av kvinnene som brukte strogen, hadde mindre god helse, h yere andel r ykere og lavere utdanningsniv , sammenlignet med premenopausale kvinner. Men sammenligning innen gruppen av post- og perimenopausale kvinner viste ingen vesentlig forskjell mellom strogenbrukerne og andre. Resultatet fra den f rste kontrollerte studien av strogen og hjertesykdom kom i 1998, men f rte ikke til noen p viselig forskjell i seleksjonen til strogenbruk fra 1997 til 1999. Konklusjonen er at kvinnene som brukte kombinerte antikonseptiva i 40- rsalderen var en “sunn seleksjon” i tr d med det som blir anbefalt, mens de som brukte progesteron alene skilte seg lite ut fra kvinner som ikke brukte hormoner. Kvinner som brukte strogen i denne unge alderen, sto fram som en helsemessig risikogruppe i materialet som helhet, men skilte seg lite ut fra andre antatt post- eller perimenopausale kvinner i 40- rsalderen. Graff-Iversen, S. 40-year old female sex hormone users: healthy selections or risk groups? Results from health surveys in 11 Norwegian counties 1997-99.
Changing Identities in Paul Auster's Moon Palace
Anniken Telnes Iversen
Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur , 2005,
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