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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 586081 matches for " P.A Akpan "
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Accessibility levels to potable Water Supply in Rural Areas of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
P.A Akpan, J Aster
Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management , 2010,
Abstract: The UN in the year 2000 enlisted improved access to potable water supply as one of the development goals to be achieved by 2015 in developing countries including Nigeria. This study therefore, examined the levels of access to potable water supply in rural areas of Akwa Ibom State against the background of meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2015. to carry out the investigation, the map of the study area was divided into 500 grid squares (quadrates) and a total of 50 rural communities were sampled using table of random numbers. Community heads or their spokesmen/women in the sampled areas were target respondents and data on major sources of water supply, distance to the nearest major source of water supply and the number of water boreholes in the communities were collected and analyzed. The population of the communities provided a basis for evolving an index that measured the levels of access to potable water supply in the study area. The use of GIS was subsequently employed to map out the study area on the basis of levels of access to potable water supply. The overall result depicts a very poor status scenario as majority of the communities studied have deteriorating conditions. The study recommends among others that a state of emergency be declared in the water sector, if the MDGs are to be achieved in the water sector by 2015.
Adaptive Response Problems of Subsistence Farmers to Rainfall Changes in South-Eastern Nigeria
A.I. Afangideh,P.A. Akpan,E.P. Udofia
Environmental Research Journal , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/erj.2012.254.258
Abstract: The multivariate (R-mode factor analysis) technique was utilized to determine the main adaptive response problems of subsistence farmers to the changing annual rainfall pattern in South-Eastern Nigeria. A total of one thousand two hundred and seventy nine respondent farmers were randomly drawn from sixty farming communities in Cross River, Abia and Akwa Ibom States, Nigeria, a six dimensional solution from an initial fifteen was arrived at accounting for almost 70% of the variations in the original problem matrix. These major problems include the lack of climate information, illiteracy, awareness problem, fertilizers and funding problems, poor agricultural and weather extension services and difficulties in accessing official information. Non-governmental organisations and governments should be much more interested in climate change issues and act proactively to ameliorate the problem.
Nutritive and Anti-Nutritive Evaluation of Sweet Potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) Leaves
B.S. Antia,E.J. Akpan,P.A. Okon,I.U. Umoren
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2006,
Abstract: Levels of some nutrients and antinutrients of sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas), leaves were determined using standard analytical methods. Crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, ash, carbohydrate, moisture contents and calorific values were 24.85%, 4.90%, 7.20%, 11.10%, 51.95%, 82.21% and 351.30 kcal respectively. The vitamin composition was found to be at the levels of 0.672 mg/100g for vitamin A and 15.20 mg/100g for vitamin C. The elemental analysis of the leaves in mg/100g Dry matter (DM) indicated that the leaves contained appreciable levels of zinc (0.08), potassium (4.05), sodium (4.23), manganese (4.64), calcium (28.44), magnesium (340.00) and iron (16.00). The antinutrient composition for phytic acid, cyanide, tannins and total oxalate were 1.44 0.01, 30.24 0.02, 0.21 0.02 and 308.00 1.04 mg/100g respectively. These results reveal that the leaves contain an appreciable amount of nutrients, vitamins and mineral elements and low levels of toxicants and should be included in diets to supplement our daily allowance needed by the body.
Effect Of Flyash On The Mechanical, Thermal, Dielectric,Rheological And Morphological Properties Of Filled Nylon 6  [PDF]
Suryasarathi Bose, P.A. Mahanwar
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2004, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2004.32007
Abstract: Fillers are used along with various commodities as well as engineering polymers to improve the properties of polymers. The performance of filled polymers is generally determined on the basis of the interface attraction of filler and polymers. Fillers of widely varying particle size and surface characteristics are responsive to the interfacial interactions with polymers. The present study deals with the effect of particle size and its concentration on the properties of flyash filled nylon 6.
Effect of Particle Size of Filler on Properties of Nylon-6  [PDF]
Suryasarathi Bose, P.A. Mahanwar
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2004, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2004.31003
Abstract: Particulate reinforced thermoplastic composites are designed to improve the properties and to lower the overall cost of engineering plastics. In this study the effects of adding mica with variable particle size on the mechanical, thermal, electrical and rheological properties of nylon-6 was investigated. Composites of nylon-6 with varying concentrations (viz. 5 to 40 weights %) of mica were prepared by twin screw extrusion. The composite showed improved mechanical, thermal as well electrical properties on addition of filler. It is also observed that mechanical properties, electrical properties as well as thermal properties increases with decrease in particle size.
Estadística no extensiva de Tsallis en el latido cardiaco de seres humanos sanos
Ritto, P.A.;
Revista mexicana de física , 2011,
Abstract: it is studied the mit-bih normal sinus rhythm database applying to the heartbeat time-series ad hoc, a statistical technique of analysis based on the wavelet and hilbert transforms. with that technique it was previously found, that there is a nonlinear, collective and intrinsic dynamical behavior in the heartbeat during the night and day hours, from 1-64 heartbeats. now it is shown, that using the biorthogonal wavelet bior 3.1 such a behavior reaches the scale 1024 in periods ~ 24 h without being affected by the circadian cycle in its statistic. that result confirms, that the circulatory system is out of equilibrium. furthermore, consistently to the statistics of tsallis, to the healthy human being it corresponds the nonextensive parameter q = 1.70 ± 0.01.
Pectoral spine size in Synodontis schall (Teleostei: Mochokidae) from Asa Lake, Ilorin, Nigeria
Araoye,P.A;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2000,
Abstract: the pectoral spines of synodontis schall (n = 813) were examined for 24 months. mean length for the right (3.2 cm) and left (3.1 cm) pectoral spines were not significantly different [p 0.05];. however, the male and female pectoral spine lengths were significantly different (p < 0.05). a fractured pectoral spine in one of the specimens was shorter than the other. the fracture which could be deleterious to balancing, feeding and reproductive activities was attributed to an injury rather than to genetic or epigenetic defects.
Physical factors and their influence on fish species composition in Asa Lake, Ilorin, Nigeria
Araoye,P.A;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2009,
Abstract: the effect of physical factors on fish species composition was studied during 12 months in asa lake, nigeria. fish and water samples were collected bimonthly (march 2003 to february 2004) in the morning. fish samples were caught with gill nets set at the surface and bottom habitats. there were 11 fish families and 21 species. osteoglossidae, anabantidae, channidae, schilbedae and cyprinidae were rare and occurred seasonally in fishermen catches, while mormyridae, cichlidae, mochokidae, characidae, bagridae and clariidae showed less variation and were more common. characidae and cichlidae were the most abundant (23.0 and 18.6% respectively) while osteoglossidae, channidae and anabantidae were the least (1.7, 2.1 and 2.3% respectively). clariidae and mormyridae had the highest weight with 16.0% and 12.3% respectively, while anabantidae had the lowest (3.4%). surface water temperatures were generally higher than air temperatures during the afternoon, except from january to march when air temperatures were high (28.1 to 28.7 oc) due to low relative humidity (39 to 70%). in the morning, surface water temperatures (25.5 to 26.3 oc) became higher than air temperatures (25.2 to 26.0 oc) from may to december, when relative humidity values were also high (50 to 88%). the differences between surface and bottom water temperatures was generally higher (0.7 to 3.1 oc; p < 0.05) in the afternoon (0.2 to 0.8 oc) due to sunlight. temperature differences in the surface and bottom waters were usually higher during the dry season (p < 0.05), for similar reasons. captures were higher in the dry season when the fish concentrated in the warmer, steadier and scarcer water. minimal and maximal temperatures were different for surface and bottom waters (p < 0.05). however, there were no marked variations in temperature patterns or species distribution. rev. biol. trop. 57 (1-2): 167-175. epub 2009 june 30.
Man-made lakes, ecological studies and conservation needs in Nigeria
Araoye,P.A.;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2002,
Abstract: the benefit derived from the creation of man-made lakes in nigeria and other developing countries is usually associated with great risks. whenever we establish a dam, it appears we dam the inherent consequences to the detriment of man and bis environment. debts were incurred by the countries concerned, man and animals were displaced, arable lands destroyed including degradation of forest and wild life resources. the creation of dams have also ignored the prevention of man and bis life stock from the inherent spread of water borne diseases. the purpose for which a dam is created is threatened if man is indiscriminately exposed to the risk of water borne diseases. the poor and uneconomic management of the fish resources is also another major issue of concern. in order to tap the full potentials of reservoir projects and to promote conservation, it is important to have a round table talk involving all stake holders during the planning stage of such projects. therefore apart from the engineering works, there is also need for collaboration with all experts from relates fields especially the biologists, sociologists and economists for bio-socio-economic reasons during the planning and implementation stages of dam projects in nigeria and other developing countries.
On Issues of Labelling in the "Dictionnaire Fran ais–Mpongwé": A Case-study
P.A Mavoungou
Lexikos , 2005,
Abstract: Dictionaries contain lexicographic data whose occurrence is restricted to certain geo-graphical areas, subject fields, professions, etc. It is part of the duties of the lexicographer to give an account of such deviations to ensure a successful retrieval of the information on the part of the user. This contribution presents a discussion on labelling issues in the Dictionnaire Fran ais–Mpongwé. Although the main focus is on the presentation of different types of labelling as well as problems in labelling, textual condensation procedures and mediostructural representations (to-gether with some aspects of the user perspective) are also critically evaluated. It is shown that these procedures reveal some inconsistencies which are not accounted for in the outer texts (front matter and back matter texts) of the dictionary. Finally suggestions are made for the improvement of the access structure of this dictionary.
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