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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 368540 matches for " P. L. Krapivsky "
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Dynamical Critical Behaviors of the Ising Spin Chain: Swendsen-Wang and Wolff Algorithms
P. L. Krapivsky
Physics , 2004, DOI: 10.1088/0305-4470/37/27/004
Abstract: We study the zero-temperature Ising chain evolving according to the Swendsen-Wang dynamics. We determine analytically the domain length distribution and various ``historical'' characteristics, e.g., the density of unreacted domains is shown to scale with the average domain length as ^{-d} with d=3/2 (for the q-state Potts model, d=1+1/q). We also compute the domain length distribution for the Ising chain endowed with the zero-temperature Wolff dynamics.
Diffusion-Limited Annihilation with Initially Separated Reactants
P. L. Krapivsky
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.51.4774
Abstract: A diffusion-limited annihilation process, A+B->0, with species initially separated in space is investigated. A heuristic argument suggests the form of the reaction rate in dimensions less or equal to the upper critical dimension $d_c=2$. Using this reaction rate we find that the width of the reaction front grows as $t^{1/4}$ in one dimension and as $t^{1/6}(\ln t)^{1/3}$ in two dimensions.
Diffusion-Limited Aggregation Processes with 3-Particle Elementary Reactions
P. L. Krapivsky
Physics , 1994, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.49.3233
Abstract: A diffusion-limited aggregation process, in which clusters coalesce by means of 3-particle reaction, A+A+A->A, is investigated. In one dimension we give a heuristic argument that predicts logarithmic corrections to the mean-field asymptotic behavior for the concentration of clusters of mass $m$ at time $t$, $c(m,t)~m^{-1/2}(log(t)/t)^{3/4}$, for $1 << m << \sqrt{t/log(t)}$. The total concentration of clusters, $c(t)$, decays as $c(t)~\sqrt{log(t)/t}$ at $t --> \infty$. We also investigate the problem with a localized steady source of monomers and find that the steady-state concentration $c(r)$ scales as $r^{-1}(log(r))^{1/2}$, $r^{-1}$, and $r^{-1}(log(r))^{-1/2}$, respectively, for the spatial dimension $d$ equal to 1, 2, and 3. The total number of clusters, $N(t)$, grows with time as $(log(t))^{3/2}$, $t^{1/2}$, and $t(log(t))^{-1/2}$ for $d$ = 1, 2, and 3. Furthermore, in three dimensions we obtain an asymptotic solution for the steady state cluster-mass distribution: $c(m,r) \sim r^{-1}(log(r))^{-1}\Phi(z)$, with the scaling function $\Phi(z)=z^{-1/2}\exp(-z)$ and the scaling variable $z ~ m/\sqrt{log(r)}$.
Reaction-Diffusion Process Driven by a Localized Source: First Passage Properties
P. L. Krapivsky
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.85.031124
Abstract: We study a reaction-diffusion process that involves two species of atoms, immobile and diffusing. We assume that initially only immobile atoms, uniformly distributed throughout the entire space, are present. Diffusing atoms are injected at the origin by a source which is turned on at time t=0. When a diffusing atom collides with an immobile atom, the two atoms form an immobile stable molecule. The region occupied by molecules is asymptotically spherical with radius growing as t^{1/d} in d>=2 dimensions. We investigate the survival probability that a diffusing atom has not become a part of a molecule during the time interval t after its injection and the probability density of such a particle. We show that asymptotically the survival probability (i) saturates in one dimension, (ii) vanishes algebraically with time in two dimensions (with exponent being a function of the dimensionless flux and determined as a zero of a confluent hypergeometric function), and (iii) exhibits a stretched exponential decay in three dimensions.
Aggregation Driven by a Localized Source
P. L. Krapivsky
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/1751-8113/48/24/245002
Abstract: We study aggregation driven by a localized source of monomers. The densities become stationary and have algebraic tails far away from the source. We show that in a model with mass-independent reaction rates and diffusion coefficients, the density of monomers decays as $r^{-\beta(d)}$ in $d$ dimensions. The decay exponent has irrational values in physically relevant dimensions: $\beta(3)=(\sqrt{17}+1)/2$ and $\beta(2)=\sqrt{8}$. We also study Brownian coagulation with a localized source and establish the behavior of the total cluster density and the total number of of clusters in the system. The latter quantity exhibits a logarithmic growth with time.
Mass Exchange Processes with Input
P. L. Krapivsky
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1088/1751-8113/48/20/205003
Abstract: We investigate a system of interacting clusters evolving through mass exchange and supplemented by input of small clusters. Three possibilities depending on the rate of exchange generically occur when input is homogeneous: continuous growth, gelation, and instantaneous gelation. We mostly study the growth regime using scaling methods. An exchange process with reaction rates equal to the product of reactant masses admits an exact solution which allows us to justify the validity of scaling approaches in this special case. We also investigate exchange processes with a localized input. We show that if the diffusion coefficients are mass-independent, the cluster mass distribution becomes stationary and develops an algebraic tail far away from the source.
Reaction-Diffusion Processes with Nonlinear Diffusion
P. L. Krapivsky
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.86.041113
Abstract: We study reaction-diffusion processes with concentration-dependent diffusivity. First, we determine the decay of the concentration in the single-species and two-species diffusion-controlled annihilation processes. We then consider two natural inhomogeneous realizations. The two-species annihilation process is investigated in the situation when the reactants are initially separated, namely each species occupies a half space. In particular, we determine the growth law of the width of the reaction zone. The single-species annihilation process is studied in the situation when the spatially localized source drives the system toward the non-equilibrium steady state. Finally we investigate a dissolution process with a localized source of diffusing atoms which react with initially present immobile atoms forming immobile molecules.
Symmetric Exclusion Process with a Localized Source
P. L. Krapivsky
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.86.041103
Abstract: We investigate the growth of the total number of particles in a symmetric exclusion process driven by a localized source. The average total number of particles entering an initially empty system grows with time as t^{1/2} in one dimension, t/log(t) in two dimensions, and linearly in higher dimensions. In one and two dimensions, the leading asymptotic behaviors for the average total number of particles are independent on the intensity of the source. We also discuss fluctuations of the total number of particles and determine the asymptotic growth of the variance in one dimension.
Limiting Shapes of Ising Droplets, Ising Fingers, and Ising Solitons
P. L. Krapivsky
Mathematics , 2011, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.85.011152
Abstract: We examine the evolution of an Ising ferromagnet endowed with zero-temperature single spin-flip dynamics. A large droplet of one phase in the sea of the opposite phase eventually disappears. An interesting behavior occurs in the intermediate regime when the droplet is still very large compared to the lattice spacing, but already very small compared to the initial size. In this regime the shape of the droplet is essentially deterministic (fluctuations are negligible in comparison with characteristic size). In two dimensions the shape is also universal, that is, independent on the initial shape. We analytically determine the limiting shape of the Ising droplet on the square lattice. When the initial state is a semi-infinite stripe of one phase in the sea of the opposite phase, it evolves into a finger which translates along its axis. We determine the limiting shape and the velocity of the Ising finger on the square lattice. An analog of the Ising finger on the cubic lattice is the translating Ising soliton. We show that far away from the tip, the cross-section of the Ising soliton coincides with the limiting shape of the two-dimensional Ising droplet and we determine a relation between the cross-section area, the distance from the tip, and the velocity of the soliton.
Slow Cooling of an Ising Ferromagnet
P. L. Krapivsky
Statistics , 2010, DOI: 10.1088/1742-5468/2010/02/P02014
Abstract: A ferromagnetic Ising chain which is endowed with a single-spin-flip Glauber dynamics is investigated. For an arbitrary annealing protocol, we derive an exact integral equation for the domain wall density. This integral equation admits an asymptotic solution in the limit of extremely slow cooling. For instance, we extract an asymptotic of the density of domain walls at the end of the cooling procedure when the temperature vanishes. Slow annealing is usually studied using a Kibble-Zurek argument; in our setting, this argument leads to approximate predictions which are in good agreement with exact asymptotics.
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