Abstract:
Theory of electronic transport through a triangular triple quantum dot subject to a perpendicular magnetic field is developed using a tight binding model. We show that magnetic field allows to engineer degeneracies in the triple quantum dot energy spectrum. The degeneracies lead to zero electronic transmission and sharp dips in the current whenever a pair of degenerate states lies between the chemical potential of the two leads. These dips can occur with a periodicity of one flux quantum if only two levels contribute to the current or with half flux quantum if the three levels of the triple dot contribute. The effect of strong bias voltage and different lead-to-dot connections on Aharonov-Bohm oscillations in the conductance is also discussed.

Abstract:
We discuss the rate of relaxation of the total spin in the two-electron droplet in the vicinity of the magnetic field driven singlet-triplet transition. The total spin relaxation is attributed to spin-orbit and electron-phonon interactions. The relaxation process is found to depend on the spin of ground and excited states. This asymmetry is used to explain puzzles in recent high source-drain transport experiments.

Abstract:
We study the formation of molecular states in a two-electron quantum dot as a function of the barrier potential dividing the dot. The increasing barrier potential drives the two electron system from an artificial helium atom to an artificial hydrogen molecule. To study this strongly coupled regime, we introduce variational wavefunctions which describe accurately two electrons in a single dot, and then study their mixing induced by the barrier. The evolution of the singlet-triplet gap with the barrier potential and with an external magnetic field is analyzed.

Abstract:
We present results of tight binding calculations demonstrating existence of degenerate electronic shells of Dirac Fermions in narrow, charge neutral graphene quantum rings. We predict removal of degeneracy with finite magnetic field. We show, using a combination of tight binding and configuration interaction methods, that by filling a graphene ring with additional electrons this carbon based structure with half-filled shell acquires a finite magnetic moment.

Abstract:
We present a theory of tunneling spectroscopy of spin-selective Aharonov-Bohm oscillations in a lateral triple quantum dot molecule. The theory combines exact treatment of an isolated many-body system with the rate equation approach when the quantum dot molecule is weakly connected to the leads subject to arbitrary source-drain bias. The tunneling spectroscopy of the many-body complex is analyzed using the spectral functions of the system and applied to holes in a quantum dot molecule. Negative differential conductance is predicted and explained as a result of the redistribution of the spectral weight between transport channels. It is shown that different interference effects on singlet and triplet hole states in a magnetic field lead to spin-selective Aharonov-Bohm oscillations.

Abstract:
We present a tight-binding theory of triangular graphene quantum dots (TGQD) with zigzag edge and broken sublattice symmetry in external magnetic field. The lateral size quantization opens an energy gap and broken sublattice symmetry results in a shell of degenerate states at the Fermi level. We derive a semi-analytical form for zero-energy states in a magnetic field and show that the shell remains degenerate in a magnetic field, in analogy to the 0th Landau level of bulk graphene. The magnetic field closes the energy gap and leads to the crossing of valence and conduction states with the zero-energy states, modulating the degeneracy of the shell. The closing of the gap with increasing magnetic field is present in all graphene quantum dot structures investigated irrespective of shape and edge termination.

Abstract:
We present a theory of excitonic processes in gate controlled graphene quantum dots. The dependence of the energy gap on shape, size and edge for graphene quantum dots with up to a million atoms is predicted. Using a combination of tight-binding, Hartree-Fock and configuration interaction methods, we show that triangular graphene quantum dots with zigzag edges exhibit optical transitions simultaneously in the THz, visible and UV spectral ranges, determined by strong electron-electron and excitonic interactions. The relationship between optical properties and finite magnetic moment and charge density controlled by an external gate is predicted.

Abstract:
We present theoretical results based on mean-field and exact many-body approaches showing that in bilayer triangular graphene quantum dots with zigzag edges the magnetism can be controlled by an external vertical electric-field. We demonstrate that without electric field the spins of the two layers of the quantum dot interact ferromagnetically. At a critical value of the electric-field, the total spin of the bilayer structure can be turned off or reduced to a single localized spin, a qubit isolated from contacts and free from interaction with nuclear spins.

Abstract:
We present a theory of spin, electronic and transport properties of a few-electron lateral triangular triple quantum dot molecule in a magnetic field. Our theory is based on a generalization of a Hubbard model and the Linear Combination of Harmonic Orbitals combined with Configuration Interaction method (LCHO-CI) for arbitrary magnetic fields. The few-particle spectra obtained as a function of the magnetic field exhibit Aharonov-Bohm oscillations. As a result, by changing the magnetic field it is possible to engineer the degeneracies of single-particle levels, and thus control the total spin of the many-electron system. For the triple dot with two and four electrons we find oscillations of total spin due to the singlet-triplet transitions occurring periodically in the magnetic field. In the three-electron system we find a transition from a magnetically frustrated to the spin-polarized state. We discuss the impact of these phase transitions on the addition spectrum and the spin blockade of the lateral triple quantum dot molecule.

Abstract:
We present a theory of graphene quantum rings designed to produce degenerate shells of single particle states close to the Fermi level. We show that populating these shells with carriers using a gate leads to correlated ground states with finite total electronic spin. Using a combination of tight-binding and configuration interaction methods we predict ground state and total spin of the system as a function of the filling of the shell. We show that for smaller quantum rings, the spin polarization of the ground state at half filling depends strongly on the size of the system, but reaches a maximum value after reaching a critical size.