Abstract:
We present a status report on our study of long-distance contributions to the decay amplitudes A(K^0 --> pi pi, I) in the framework of the 1/N expansion. We argue that a modified prescription for the identification of meson momenta in the chiral loop corrections has to be used to gain a self-consistent picture which allows an appropriate matching with the short-distance part. Possible uncertainties in the analysis of the density-density operators Q_6 and Q_8 which dominate the CP violation parameter epsilon'/epsilon are discussed. As a first result we present the long-distance 1/N correction to the gluon penguin operator Q_6 in the chiral limit.

Abstract:
We present a recent analysis of epsilon'/epsilon in the 1/N_c expansion. We show that the 1/N_c corrections to the matrix element of Q_6 are large and positive, indicating a Delta I = 1/2 enhancement similar to the one of Q_1 and Q_2 which dominate the CP conserving amplitude. This enhances the CP ratio and can bring the standard model prediction close to the measured value for central values of the parameters. Several comments on the theoretical status of epsilon'/epsilon and the errors in its calculation are given.

Abstract:
We present a new analysis of the ratio epsilon'/epsilon which measures the direct CP violation in K\to\pi\pi decays. We use the 1/N_c expansion within the framework of the effective chiral lagrangian for pseudoscalar mesons. From general counting arguments we show that the matrix element of the operator Q_6 is not protected from possible large 1/N_c corrections beyond its large-N_c or VSA value. Calculating the 1/N_c corrections, we explicitly find that they are large and positive. Our result indicates that a \Delta I=1/2 enhancement is operative for Q_6 similar to the one of Q_1 and Q_2 which dominate the CP conserving amplitude. This enhances epsilon'/epsilon and can bring the standard model prediction close to the measured value for central values of the parameters.

Abstract:
The parton model as developed for semileptonic B decays is applied to the inclusive decay B to J/Psi+X. We calculate the momentum spectrum of the J/Psi using a one-parameter distribution function for the heavy quark, taken from production experiments, and compare our results with recent data from CLEO which fixes the distribution parameter epsilon_p. An analogous calculation is carried out in the ACCMM model where the data determines the Fermi motion parameter p_f. The models give a good description of the data, provided in each of them the parameter in the distribution function is chosen to correspond to a softer b quark momentum distribution than that commonly used in studies of semileptonic B decays. In particular we arrive at epsilon_p = O(0.008) and p_f = O(0.55 GeV), respectively. The latter value (p_f = 0.5 GeV) produces in the ACCMM model 10^2*|V_ub/V_cb|^2=1.03, which removes a former supposed discrepancy with the ISGW model. Finally, the strength of the effective color singlet coefficient is found to be a_2 = O(0.28) in both models.

Abstract:
We present a new analysis of the Delta I = 1/2 rule in K --> pi pi decays and the B_K parameter. We use the 1/N_c expansion within the effective chiral lagrangian for pseudoscalar mesons and compute the hadronic matrix elements at leading and next-to-leading order in the chiral and the 1/N_c expansions. Numerically, our calculation reproduces the dominant Delta I = 1/2 K --> pi pi amplitude. Our result depends only moderately on the choice of the cutoff scale in the chiral loops. The Delta I = 3/2 amplitude emerges sufficiently suppressed but shows a significant dependence on the cutoff. The B_K parameter turns out to be smaller than the value previously obtained in the 1/N_c approach. It also shows a significant dependence on the choice of the cutoff scale. Our results indicate that corrections from higher order terms and/or higher resonances are large for the Delta I = 3/2 K --> pi pi amplitude and the (|Delta S| = 2) K^0 -- anti K^0 transition amplitude.

Abstract:
We present a recent analysis of epsilon'/epsilon in the 1/N_c expansion. We show that the 1/N_c corrections to the matrix element of Q_6 are large and positive, indicating a Delta I=1/2 enhancement similar to the one of Q_1 and Q_2 which dominate the CP conserving amplitude. This enhances the CP ratio and can bring the standard model prediction close to the measured value for central values of the parameters.

Abstract:
We calculate long-distance contributions to the amplitudes A(K^0 --> pi pi, I) induced by the gluon and the electroweak penguin operators Q_6 and Q_8, respectively. We use the 1/N_c expansion within the effective chiral lagrangian for pseudoscalar mesons. In addition, we adopt a modified prescription for the identification of meson momenta in the chiral loop corrections in order to achieve a consistent matching to the short-distance part. Our approach leads to an explicit classification of the loop diagrams into non-factorizable and factorizable, the scale dependence of the latter being absorbed in the low-energy coefficients of the effective theory. Along these lines we calculate the one-loop corrections to the O(p^0) term in the chiral expansion of both operators. In the numerical results, we obtain moderate corrections to B_6^(1/2) and a substantial reduction of B_8^(3/2).

Abstract:
We present a new analysis of the ratio \epsilon'/\epsilon which measures the direct CP violation in K\to\pi\pi decays. We use the 1/N_c expansion within the framework of the effective chiral lagrangian for pseudoscalar mesons. The 1/N_c corrections to the hadronic matrix elements of all operators are calculated at leading order in the chiral expansion. Numerically, doing a simple scanning of the input parameters we find 1.5 \cdot 10^{-4}\leq \epsilon'/\epsilon \leq 31.6\cdot 10^{-4}. We also investigate, in the chiral limit, the 1/N_c corrections to the operator Q_6 at next-to-leading order in the chiral expansion. We find large positive corrections which can further enhance \epsilon'/\epsilon and bring the standard model prediction close to the measured value for central values of the parameters. Our result indicates that a \Delta I=1/2 enhancement may be operative for Q_6 similar to the one of Q_1 and Q_2 which dominate the CP conserving amplitude.

Abstract:
In this talk we discuss the general method to calculate loop corrections to Delta S=1 density-density operators in the 1/N_c approach. As a result we present the long-distance evolution of the operators Q_6 and Q_8 to O(p^0/N_c) in the chiral and the 1/N_c expansions.

Abstract:
A computational strategy for the evaluation of the crystal lattice constants and cohesive energy of the weakly bound molecular solids is proposed. The strategy is based on the high level ab initio coupled-cluster determination of the pairwise additive contribution to the interaction energy. The zero-point-energy correction and non-additive contributions to the interaction energy are treated using density functional methods. The experimental crystal lattice constants of the solid benzene are reproduced, and the value of 480 meV/molecule is calculated for its cohesive energy.