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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 502172 matches for " P. D. C. King "
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The application of the NeXus data format to ISIS muon data
S. P. Cottrell,D. Flannery,G. Porter,A. D. Hillier,P. J. C. King
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: Although originally designed by and for the use of the Neutron and X-ray communities, the flexibility of the NeXus data format makes it equally suitable for storing data gathered from MuSR experiments. Furthermore, its use should open up the possibility of sharing software beyond the immediate muon community; giving access to the many tools that are already in existence for manipulating NeXus and HDF based files. This paper explores the development of the NeXus format for storing ISIS muon data and the associated experimental conditions. The design of an Instrument Definition for the ISIS muon instruments is described and the implementation of an application to translate the present ISIS raw data format to the NeXus format presented. The development of a common muon data format is a topic of active discussion within the muon community; with this in mind, the suitability of NeXus and, in particular, the ISIS Instrument Definition for general application is considered. A number of applications that have been developed to exploit the flexibility of the ISIS muon NeXus file format are described and a scheme for enabling web based browsing and analysis of experiment data is introduced.
Self-compensation in highly n-type InN
C. Rauch,F. Tuomisto,P. D. C. King,T. D. Veal,H. Lu,W. J. Schaff
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1063/1.4732508
Abstract: Acceptor-type defects in highly n-type InN are probed using positron annihilation spectroscopy. Results are compared to Hall effect measurements and calculated electron mobilities. Based on this, self-compensation in n-type InN is studied and the microscopic origin of compensating and scattering centers in irradiated and Si-doped InN is discussed. We find significant compensation through negatively charged indium vacancy complexes as well as additional acceptor-type defects with no or small effective open volume, which act as scattering centers in highly n-type InN samples.
Deficiencia selectiva de inmunoglobulina A (IgA) Selective IgA deficiency
Alexandra King D,Laura Pérez C,José A. Sepúlveda C,Mireya C. Silva B
Revista chilena de pediatría , 1992,
The Effects of Substituting Glassware for Plasticware and the Use of an Ethanol Vector on Oocyte Maturation In Vitro
A. D. Macaulay,C. K. Hamilton,P. M. Bartlewski,W. A. King
Veterinary Medicine International , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/914715
Abstract: The intent of this study was to evaluate specific technical aspects of in vitro oocyte maturation (IVM), which included container material and solvent delivery vector. Oocytes were matured in oil-free, open-well systems contained in either plastic or glass dishes and compared to control oocytes matured in media droplets on plastic dishes overlaid with mineral oil. Open-well experiments were repeated with ethanol in a quantity sufficient for delivery of nonmiscible compounds. Cleavage rates were significantly decreased in the glassware system when compared to controls. The plasticware open-well system did not differ from either the controls or the glassware groups. Cleavage in glassware with ethanol was significantly lower than controls or plasticware with ethanol. Blastocyst rates were only decreased in the glassware-ethanol treatment when compared to plasticware-ethanol treatment. Cell counts and percentage of TUNEL-positive cells did not differ significantly. Unexpectedly, sex ratio was significantly decreased (34% male) from the expected value of 50% male in the glassware group with added ethanol. The current study demonstrates the sensitivity of IVM to subtle technical changes, resulting in significant developmental consequences. 1. Introduction Appropriate nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation is essential for an oocyte to prepare for fertilization and to develop into an embryo [1]. Embryo production in vitro utilizes complex media that coincides to each step in oocyte development: maturation, fertilization, and culture. Common in vitro practice exposes cumulus oocyte complexes to a number of substrates including hormones during maturation. Often luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone, (FSH), and estradiol are added to IVM media; however, other steroid hormones like androgens [2, 3] or thyroid hormones [4] have been explored because of their classic role in physiology, inducing growth. The contribution of other factors has been explored in vitro including biologically derived additives [5, 6], energy sources like pyruvate or glucose [7, 8], and also fully defined media devoid of any unknown biological extracts like serum [6, 9, 10]. Furthermore, the effects of vectors like ethanol (EtOH) [2] and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) [11] which can be used for delivery of poorly water-soluble steroids have been explored. It has been shown that small volumes of EtOH and DMSO (≤1%) do not influence oocyte maturation, but levels of 0.3% or higher can negatively impact blastocyst production [11]. Culture media and the components that comprise it play
Does LEP prefer the NMSSM?
M. Bastero-Gil,C. Hugonie,S. F. King,D. P. Roy,S. Vempati
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(00)00930-8
Abstract: We study the naturalness of electroweak symmetry breaking and baryogenesis in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM). Our study is motivated by the recent LEP bounds on the Higgs boson mass which severely constrains the low \tan\beta region of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). We show that the low \tan \beta region of the NMSSM is clearly favoured over the MSSM with regard to the physical Higgs boson mass, fine-tuning, and electroweak baryogenesis.
New branching rules induced by plethysm
B. Fauser,P. D. Jarvis,R. C. King,B. G. Wybourne
Mathematics , 2005, DOI: 10.1088/0305-4470/39/11/006
Abstract: We derive group branching laws for formal characters of subgroups $H_\pi$ of GL(n) leaving invariant an arbitrary tensor $T^\pi$ of Young symmetry type $\pi$ where $\pi$ is an integer partition. The branchings $GL(n)\downarrow GL(n-1)$, $GL(n)\downarrow O(n)$ and $GL(2n)\downarrow Sp(2n)$ fixing a vector $v_i$, a symmetric tensor $g_{ij}=g_{ji}$ and an antisymmetric tensor $f_{ij}=-f_{ji}$, respectively, are obtained as special cases. All new branchings are governed by Schur function series obtained from plethysms of the Schur function $s_\pi \equiv {\{} \pi {\}}$ by the basic $M$ series of complete symmetric functions and the $L =M^{-1}$ series of elementary symmetric functions. Our main technical tool is that of Hopf algebras, and our main result is the derivation of a coproduct for any Schur function series obtained by plethysm from another such series. Therefrom one easily obtains $\pi $-generalized Newell-Littlewood formulae, and the algebra of the formal group characters of these subgroups is established. Concrete examples and extensive tabulations are displayed for $H_{1^3}$, $H_{21}$, and $H_{3}$, showing their involved and nontrivial representation theory. The nature of the subgroups is shown to be in general affine, and in some instances non reductive. We discuss the complexity of the coproduct formula and give a graphical notation to cope with it. We also discuss the way in which the group branching laws can be reinterpreted as twisted structures deformed by highly nontrivial 2-cocycles. The algebra of subgroup characters is identified as a cliffordization of the algebra of symmetric functions for GL(n) formal characters. Modification rules are beyond the scope of the present paper, but are briefly discussed.
The first detection of weak gravitational shear in infrared observations: Abell 1689
L. J. King,D. I. Clowe,C. Lidman,P. Schneider,T. Erben,J. -P. Kneib,G. Meylan
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20020243
Abstract: We present the first detection of weak gravitational shear at infrared wavelengths, using observations of the lensing cluster Abell 1689, taken with the SofI camera on the ESO-NTT telescope. The imprint of cluster lenses on the shapes of the background galaxy population has previously been harnessed at optical wavelengths, and this gravitational shear signal enables cluster mass distributions to be probed, independent of whether the matter is luminous or dark. At near-infrared wavelengths, the spectrophotometric properties of galaxies facilitate a clean selection of background objects for use in the lensing analysis. A finite-field mass reconstruction and application of the aperture mass (Map) statistic are presented. The probability that the peak of the Map detection S/N~5, arises from a chance alignment of background sources is only ~4.5*10^-7. The velocity dispersion of the best-fit singular isothermal sphere model for the cluster is sigma_1D=1030^{+70}_{-80} km/s, and we find a K-band mass-to-light ratio of ~40 M_solar/L_solar inside a 0.44 Mpc radius.
Arsenal of plant cell wall degrading enzymes reflects host preference among plant pathogenic fungi
Brian C King, Katrina D Waxman, Nicholas V Nenni, Larry P Walker, Gary C Bergstrom, Donna M Gibson
Biotechnology for Biofuels , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1754-6834-4-4
Abstract: Large-scale screening identified a range of hydrolytic activities among 348 unique isolates representing 156 species of plant pathogenic and non-pathogenic fungi. Hierarchical clustering was used to identify groups of species with similar hydrolytic profiles. Among moderately and highly active species, plant pathogenic species were found to be more active than non-pathogens on six of eight substrates tested, with no significant difference seen on the other two substrates. Among the pathogenic fungi, greater hydrolysis was seen when they were tested on biomass and hemicellulose derived from their host plants (commelinoid monocot or dicot). Although T. reesei has a hydrolytic profile that is highly active on cellulose and pretreated biomass, it was less active than some natural isolates of fungi when tested on xylans and untreated biomass.Several highly active isolates of plant pathogenic fungi were identified, particularly when tested on xylans and untreated biomass. There were statistically significant preferences for biomass type reflecting the monocot or dicot host preference of the pathogen tested. These highly active fungi are promising targets for identification and characterization of novel cell wall degrading enzymes for industrial applications.The recalcitrance of lignocellulose to enzymatic degradation and the high cost of hydrolytic enzymes required for depolymerization of polysaccharides found in the plant cell wall are significant barriers to the large-scale production and commercialization of biofuels and bioproducts derived from plant biomass [1]. In order to rapidly increase production of cellulosic biofuels and bioproducts there is a need to develop more efficient and cost effective enzyme mixtures for the conversion of biomass to fermentable sugars [2]. In order to address this challenge, a better understanding of the interactions between plant cell wall polysaccharides and the diversity of cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDE) needed for efficient hyd
Spin-orbit splitting of the Shockley surface state on Cu(111)
A. Tamai,W. Meevasana,P. D. C. King,C. Nicholson,A. de la Torre,E. Rozbicki,F. Baumberger
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.075113
Abstract: We present angle-resolved photoemission data from Cu(111). Using a focused 6 eV continuous wave laser for photo-excitation, we achieve a high effective momentum resolution enabling the first detection of the Rashba spin splitting in the Shockley surface state on Cu(111). The magnitude of the spin-splitting of Delta k ~ 0.006 A^-1 is surprisingly large and exceeds values predicted for the analogous surface state on Ag(111) but is reproduced by first principles calculations. We further resolve a kink in the dispersion which we attribute to electron-phonon coupling.
Nd2Sn2O7: an all-in-all-out pyrochlore magnet with no divergence-free field and anomalously slow paramagnetic spin dynamics
A. Bertin,P. Dalmas de Reotier,B. Fak,C. Marin,A. Yaouanc,A. Forget,D. Sheptyakov,B. Frick,C. Ritter,A. Amato,C. Baines,P. J. C. King
Physics , 2015, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.144423
Abstract: We report measurements performed on a polycrystalline sample of the pyrochlore compound Nd2Sn2O7. It undergoes a second order magnetic phase transition at Tc ~ 0.91 K to a noncoplanar all-in-all-out magnetic structure of the Nd3+ magnetic moments. The thermal behavior of the low temperature specific heat fingerprints excitations with linear dispersion in a three-dimensional lattice. The temperature independent spin-lattice relaxation rate measured below Tc and the anomalously slow paramagnetic spin dynamics detected up to ~ 30 Tc are suggested to be due to magnetic short-range correlations in unidimensional spin clusters, i.e., spin loops. The observation of a spontaneous field in muon spin relaxation measurements is associated with the absence of a divergence-free field for the ground state of an all-in-all-out pyrochlore magnet as predicted recently.
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