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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 200732 matches for " P. Bamigboye Abiodun "
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An Assessment of Housing Status in a Typical Nigerian Town
P. Bamigboye Abiodun,A. Ogunkeyede Segun
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2005,
Abstract: An assessment of the status of housing was carried our in Ile-Ife, a typical Nigerian town in south-western part of Nigeria with a population of more than 180,000 inhabitants made up of people from different parts of the country . Two hundred and thirty-four residential buildings were observed for the purpose of assessing their compliance with minimum standard of fitness as stipulated in existing regulations. Results showed that most of the dwellings were found deficient in meeting the basic requirements expected of living premises and therefore remain unfit for habitation according to Public Health Standard. Economic viability as well as level of education of owners/occupiers have been found to be major determinants of housing condition and government`s effort at addressing problems of housing may not be able to achieve the desirable success without making conscious effort to improve the socio-economic status of the people.
Pattern of Marijuana Use among Male University Students: A Case Study
P. Bamigboye Abiodun,A.M. Afolayan
Journal of Medical Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: An assessment of the pattern of use of marijuana among undergraduate students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria was carried out in 2004. The study which was descriptive focused on male students of the university using a set of structured, self-administered questionnaire. Four hundred study subjects were selected from the three male halls of residence through systematic sampling. Only 81 (20.3%) of the 400 selected subjects self-reported the use of marijuana while the remaining 319 (79.7%) were not using the substance. The use of the substance was commonly reported among students age 20-24 years. The prevalence of use among the study population was observed to be lower than 33% recorded in 1981 in the same university. Mean daily reported consumption among the users was 2.27 wraps and the use was common among students residing in Awolowo Hall of the university. A significant relationship exist between use status and respondents opinion as to whether its use should be discouraged or not and the pattern of use was observed to be related to economic status of the students in relation to how much money they had to play with monthly. The paper solicited for youth friendly approaches within the universities through which young people could be assisted in imbibing positive values about life.
Profile and causes of mortality among elderly patients seen in a tertiary care hospital in Nigeria
EO Sanya, AA Abiodun, P Kolo, TO Olanrewaju
Annals of African Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Old age is one of the factors associated with increased risk of dying when admitted to hospital. Therefore, aim of this study was to examine causes and pattern of death among elderly patients managed in a tertiary care hospital in Nigeria with scanty mortality records. Materials and Methods: This prospective study was on deaths that occurred in patients 60 years and above admitted to University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH), Ilorin, between January 2005 and June 2007. Excluded were all brought-in-dead during the study period. Information obtained included demographic data, duration on admission, and diagnosis. Causes of death were determined from clinical progress notes and diagnosis. Results: A total of 1298 deaths occurred during the study period, of which 297 occurred in persons 60 years and above with crude death rate of 22.8%. The mean age at death was 68 ± 9 years (ranged 60-100 years). This consisted of 59% males and 41% females. Mean age at death for females was 69.7 ± 8.7 years and for males 68.1 ± 9.8 years (P=0.05). Mean values of serum chemistry were sodium 137 ± 8 mMol/l, potassium 3.6 ± 1 mMol/l, urea 11 ± 8 mMol/l, and creatinine 126 ± 91 μmol/l. The value of mean haemogram concentration was 10.5 ± 3 gm/dl and white cell count was 12 ± 2 × 109/ mm3. The three most common diagnoses at deaths were stroke (19.8%), sepsis (16.5%), and lower respiratory tract disease (8.1%). Infectious diseases accounted for 38.2% of all diagnoses. Collective mean length of hospital stay (LOS) at death was 6.8 ± 8.6 (ranged 15 minutes-60 days). Close to 27.4% of the deaths occurred within 24 hours and neurological disorder had shortest hospital stay (4.6 ± 6.3 days), followed by endocrine disorders (6.8 ± 8.4 days) and respiratory diseases (8.4 ± 5.6 days) [P=0.001]. Conclusion: Hospital mortality is high amongst older people. Stroke and infectious diseases are leading causes of death. Efforts should be geared toward reducing risk for cardiovascular diseases and improvement on level of personal and community hygiene.
Survey of Childhood Enuresis in the Ehor Community, the EDO State, Nigeria
Iduoriyekemwen N,Ibadin M,Abiodun P
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation , 2006,
Abstract: A community survey of enuresis was carried out in November/December 2002 among 300 apparently healthy children aged 5-16 years selected systematically from the Ehor Local Government Area in Edo State, Nigeria. This was done with the aim of ascertaining the true prevalence of the disease and the contributions of some organic causative factors. The overall prevalence of enuresis was 21.3%. Of the 64 children who were enuretic, 58 (91%) had only nocturnal enuresis. No strict daytime enuresis was recorded. Combined daytime and night time enuresis accounted for only six (9.4%) cases. Ninety-four percent of cases of enuresis were primary, while only six were secondary. Prevalence of enuresis declined significantly with increasing age ( X 2 = 14 .93, df = 3; p = 002). There was a strong association between enuresis and family history of bed wetting (more so with siblings) ( X 2 = 45.09, p < 0.000). Though not statistically significant, enuresis was more common in males, in children drawn from families of poor socio-economic status, among first order births, and among those with asymptomatic bacteriuria. Also, there was no significant association between enuresis and hemoglobin genotype. Organic conditions played a minimal role in the etiology of enuresis in the study location, but the morbidity occurred frequently enough to warrant health attention. A community approach is advocated because only an insignificant proportion is seen in orthodox health facilities.
Evaluation of Fresh and Hardened Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete  [PDF]
Oladipupo S. Olafusi, Adekunle P. Adewuyi, Abiodun I. Otunla, Adewale O. Babalola
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2015.51001
Abstract: This paper compared the rheological properties and compressive strengths of self-compacting concrete (SCC) and conventional cement concrete. The flowability and segregation resistance of freshly mixed concrete specimens were examined by the V-funnel apparatus, while the characteristics of passing ability were investigated with the L-box apparatus. Cylindrical concrete specimens of 100 mm diameter × 200 mm length were investigated for compressive strength. The rheological properties of SCC are incomparable with those of the conventional concrete due to their diverse testing methods and characteristics of individual flow. The compressive strength results of hardened concrete showed that SCC gained strength slowly compared to the conventional cement concrete due to the presence of admixtures and its 28 days strength was lower than conventional cement concrete, but SCC eventually had potentials of higher strength beyond 90 days. Finally, the effect of water-cement ratio on the plastic properties of self-compacting concrete was quite negligible compared to conventional concrete.
Caesarean section wound infiltration with local anaesthetic for postoperative pain relief – any benefit?
AA Bamigboye, GJ Hofmeyr
South African Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Delivery by caesarean section (CS) is becoming more frequent. Childbirth is an emotion-filled event, and the mother needs to bond with her baby as early as possible. Any intervention that leads to improvement in pain relief is worthy of investigation. Local anaesthetics have been employed as an adjunct to other methods of postoperative pain relief, but reports on the effectiveness of this strategy are conflicting. This review attempted to assess the effects of local anaesthetic agent wound infiltration and/or abdominal nerve blocks on pain after CS and the mother’s well-being and interaction with her baby. Methods. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group’s Trials Register (April 2009).The selection criteria were randomised controlled trials of local analgesia during CS to reduce pain afterwards. Twenty studies (1 150 women) were included. Results. Women who had wound infiltration after CS performed under regional analgesia had a decrease in morphine consumption at 24 hours compared with placebo (morphine dose -1.70 mg; 95% confidence interval (CI) –2.75 to –0.94). Women who had wound infiltration and peritoneal spraying with local anaesthetic after CS under general anaesthesia (1 study, 100 participants) had a reduced need for opioid rescue (risk ratio (RR) 0.51; 95% CI 0.38 to 0.69). The numerical pain score (0 -10) within the first hour was also reduced (mean difference (MD) -1.46; 95% CI –2.60 to –0.32). Women with regional analgesia who had local anaesthetic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory cocktail wound infiltration consumed less morphine (1 study, 60 participants; MD –7.40 mg; 95% CI –9.58 to –5.22) compared with those who had local anaesthetic control. Women who had regional analgesia with abdominal nerve blocks had decreased opioid consumption (4 studies, 175 participants; MD –25.80 mg; 95% CI –50.39 to –5.37). For outcome in terms of the visual analogue pain score (0 - 10) over 24 hours, no advantage was demonstrated in the single study of 50 participants who had wound infiltration with a mixture of local analgesia and narcotics versus local analgesia. Conclusions. Local anaesthetic infiltration and abdominal nerve blocks as adjuncts to regional analgesia and general anaesthesia are of benefit in CS by reducing opioid consumption. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may provide additional pain relief. S Afr Med J 2010; 100: 313-319.
Measuring postpartum uterine contractions during the third stage of labour: a pilot study, using a novel minimally invasive technique  [PDF]
Bamigboye Anthony Akin, Hofmeyr George Justus, Nikodem Vernice Cheryl
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2011.13023
Abstract: Objectives: To determine the feasibility of measuring intra-uterine pressure prior to placental delivery, using a novel minimally invasive method. Design: A prospective exploratory physiological study. Methods: Thirty-six low risk women undergoing normal vaginal delivery were randomly allocated to four groups. Group A received 600 mcg rectal misoprostol; group B received 600 mcg oral misoprostol; group C received 10 international units oxytocin intramuscularly after delivery of the anterior shoulder; group D received intramuscular oxytocin, 30 minutes after delivery of the baby. A calibrated catheter-tip intrauterine pressure transducer was used to measure the intrauterine pressure. This was introduced into the placenta via the umbilical vein, and recorded on a standard tocograph. Results: It was technically easy to introduce the catheter through the umbilical vessels in all mothers. On assessment of the tocograms, it was possible to interpret 95 out of 108 recordings (88%). Conclusions: This study demonstrated the simplicity of a novel, minimally invasive method of measuring the duration and frequency of postpartum uterine contractions prior to delivery of the placenta.
Pattern of chronic liver disease in Omani children – A clinicopathological review
FO Akinbami, P Venugopalan, V Nirmala, J Suresh, P Abiodun
West African Journal of Medicine , 2004,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the pattern of chronic liver disease in Omani children. Study Design: Seventy six children {43M : 33F } aged 4 days to 10 years, referred to the Paediatric Gastroenterology clinic of the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between 1995-2000 for evaluation of liver disease were studied. Liver biopsies were performed in all and tissues obtained processed and examined for histological lesions. Result: The main histological diagnoses were neonatal hepatitis (22) biliary atresia (9) biliary hypoplasia (7), cirrhosis (7) and congenital hepatic fibrosis (5). Hepatomegaly with or without jaundice was the indication for liver biopsy in the majority of patients studied. Conclusion:The study has provided background information on the occurrence of specific liver diseases in Omani children. Neonatal hepatitis syndrome was the most common diagnosis before the age of 2 years. Key Words: Chronic liver disease, Childhood. Résumé Objectif: Déterminer la tendance de la maladie du culin foie chronique chez des enfants Omani. Plan d'étude: Soixante quartoze enfant (43M:33F)agés entre 4 jours et 10 ans envoyés au service de la Pédiatrie gastroentrologie de centre hospitalier universitaire du Sultant Qaboos, Muscat, Oman entre 1995 -2000. Pour une évaluation de la maladie du foie ont été étudies. Les biopsies du foie ont été fait dans tous les tissues obtenus évalues et étudies pour des lésions histologiques. Résultats: Les diagnostiques histologiques principaux sont hépatite néonatale (22), atrésie biliaire (9) l'hypoplasie biliaire (7), et fibrose hépatique congénitale (5). L'hépatomégalie avec ou sans la jaunisse était une indication pour la biopsie du foie chez la majorité des patients étudiés. Conclusion: A travers cette etude, on arrive à avoir informations de base sur le phénomène spécifique des maladies de foie chez des enfants d'Omani. Syndrome d'hépatite néonatale était un diagnostic le plus courant avant l'age de 2 ans. West African Journal of Medicine Vol.23(2) 2004: 162-166
Essentials of indigenous languages to journalism education in Nigeria
Abiodun Salawu
Global Media Journal : African Edition , 2011, DOI: 10.5789/2-1-31
Abstract: This paper advocates for compulsory inclusion of indigenous languages in the mass communication/journalism curricula in Nigeria. Emphasising the point that every educational programme should be socially relevant and culturally sensitive, the paper argues that while it is not out of place for a journalist to be global in orientation and application, thereby equipping himself with proficiency in a very international language like English, it will, however, be out of place for him not to be able to communicate effectively with his very own people. This report concludes by calling for appreciation of the indigenous languages and support for the media's use of them, from both the people and the governments.
Beyond Hollywood Formulas: Evolv ng Indigenous Yoruba Film Aesthetics
Abiodun Olayiwola
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2011, DOI: 10.3968/1604
Abstract: Home video scholarship is an emerging aspect of theatre studies in Nigeria. While previous studies have been merely critical of Nigerian film practitioners’ inability to evolve an indigenous form, they have failed in prescribing necessary strategies for achieving this. This study, therefore, fills this gap by proposing devices for evolving an indigenous meta-language for the Nigerian film industry. It concludes, amongst others, that Nigerian film industry should evolve an indigenous film language through a fusion of traditional story telling forms and conventional film codes. Key words: Film; Indigenization; Yoruba video film; Aesthetics Resumé: La bourse du Home vidéo est un aspect émergent des études théatrales au Nigéria. Les études précédentes ont été simplement des critiques de l'incapacité des praticiens du cinéma nigérian d’élaborer une forme indigène, et elles ont échoué dans la prescription des stratégies nécessaires pour atteindre cet objectif. Cette étude, par contre, comble cette lacune en proposant des dispositifs pour une évolution de métalangage indigène pour l'industrie cinématographique nigérienne. Il conclut, entre autres, que l'industrie cinématographique nigérienne devrait trouver un langage cinématographique autochtone via une fusion entre les formes de récit d'histoire traditionnellse et des codes cinématographiques conventionnels. Mots-clés: Film; Indigénisation; Film Vidéo En Yoruba; Esthétiques
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