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Biosfera, história e conjuntura na análise da quest?o amaz?nica
Pádua, José Augusto;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702000000500003
Abstract: through a free adaptation of the methodology fernand braudel used for the study of the mediterranean sea region, the author analyses the three major overlapping dimensions that have shaped the amazon, each displaying its own temporal pattern. one is the long-term ecological dimension, which in the case of the amazon forest has great biospheric relevance. another is the medium-term historical dimension, which encompasses a series of human settlement patterns that have brought the establishment of relatively stable social-life structures within the universe of the forest. lastly, there is the short-term political and economic dimension, expressed in the chaotic events of recent decades aimed above all at short-term economic gain and immediate survival.
As bases teóricas da história ambiental
Pádua, José Augusto;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142010000100009
Abstract: the article analyzes the emergence of environmental history as a self-conscious science in the historical and cultural context of the passage of the twentieth to the twenty-first century. he defines environmental history as an open and non-reductive investigation of the interactions between social systems and natural systems over time. also discussed are the sociological factors and the fundamental epistemological issues present in the constitution of this new historiographical field.
A cultura midiática infantil e a constru??o da no??o de tempo histórico
Franco, Alexia Pádua;
Cadernos CEDES , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-32622010000300003
Abstract: this paper examines how cartoons and magazines for children approach the notion of time when they deal with historical themes. these analyses are intended to think how these media products can be discussed in history classes of the first grades of elementary school to encourage reflection and the formation of the concept of historical time
"Aniquilando as naturais produ??es": crítica iluminista, crise colonial e as origens do ambientalismo político no Brasil (1786-1810)
Pádua, José Augusto;
Dados , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0011-52581999000300005
Abstract: this article analyzes the trajectory of a group of brazilian intellectuals from 1786 to 1810, who inaugurated a systematic critique of the environmental damage caused by the colonial economy in brazil, especially forest destruction and soil erosion. these authors, schooled in the culture of illuminism, adopted a theoretical framework centered on physiocratic economic doctrine and the "economy of nature" encoded by linnaeus. their focus was political, anthropocentric, and pragmatic. they defended the natural milieu based on its importance for the survival and progress of brazilian society. waste and destruction of natural resources were attributed to the rudimentary technologies and social practices inherited from the colonial system. they proposed an overall modernization policy as the road to overcome environmental degradation in the country.
A profecia dos desertos da Líbia: conserva??o da natureza e constru??o nacional no pensamento de José Bonifácio
Pádua, José Augusto;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092000000300007
Abstract: the article shows that josé bonifácio's concerns about the destructive use of natural resources, particularly forests, represent a basic and recurring issue in his political thought. his writings, produced between 1790 and 1823, reveal his permanent commitment to the 18th century european scientific school known as "economy of nature". this school is considered one of the major links that contributed to the later formation of "ecology". a deep reform regarding the use of nature in brazil, overcoming the predatory exploitation inherited from colonialism, was one of the main aspects of bonifácio's national project which contained precise indications of public policies necessary to reach this goal. his most important contribution was to show the existence of a causal relationship between slavery and environment destruction.
Heran?a romantica e ecologismo contemporaneo: existe um vínculo histórico?
Pádua, José Augusto;
Varia Historia , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-87752005000100004
Abstract: the article investigate the existence of possible historical connections between the romantic inheritance and contemporary ecologism, evidencing the existence of important parallels between some of the visions presented in both movements, even considering the differences of historical context. despite this fact, the historical influence of the romantic heritage on contemporary ecologism must be considered mainly in an indirect way, since the romantic movement promoted a historical opening for the positive evaluation of the natural world in the universe of western modernity. the direct recognition of this influence by present day ecologists is relatively small, being stronger in the anglo-saxon world then in germany, france or brazil. it must be considered that environmentalism has a hybrid and complex genealogy that combines elements of different intellectual and political traditions. the influence of the enlightenment vision on modern ecologism, for example, is becoming each time more evident. it appears especially in the political uses of science and the critical approach in face of social reality. the connection between romanticism and ecologism, therefore, must not be exaggerated or discarded. the article finishes with an analysis of the apparent shallowness in the critique of civilization formulated by brazilian romantics in the 19 c. this factor contributed to the small appropriation of this intellectual inheritance by present day brazilian ecologists.
Direito e conflito social: a resistência jurídica
Pádua Fernandes
Prisma Jurídico , 2011,
Abstract: Multid es em pra a, governos derrubados e outros sob amea a noOriente Médio e no norte da áfrica, bem como as várias express es de movimentos de “indignados” na Europa, que tomaram sua denomina o do breve livro de Stéphane Hessel, Indignai-vos, s o alguns dos fatos de 2011 que confirmam a perene atualidade do tema direito e conflito social, escolhido no ano passado para este volume de Prisma Jurídico.
"Massacraremos as revoltas lógicas": direito e esfera pública
Pádua Fernandes
Prisma Jurídico , 2009,
Abstract:
Escrever a lei sobre os corpos: Biopolítica e Bioética
Pádua Fernandes
Prisma Jurídico , 2010,
Abstract: Uma das mais impressionantes prefigura es do que seria chamadoBiopolítica, esse poder fundado sobre a vida e os corpos, está em "Na col nia penal", obra que Kafka publicou em 1919. Nessa conhecida história, um visitante europeu visita uma col nia penal nos trópicos onde a execu o das penas é realizada por uma estranha máquina. O condenado é preso à máquina, onde é submetido a torturas, enquanto a lei que teria sido violada é inscrita com agulhas na pele. Depois de doze horas, ocorre a morte.
The idea of justice, de Amartya Sen
Pádua Fernandes
Prisma Jurídico , 2010,
Abstract: Neste livro, Amartya Sen, o grande economista, ingressa no milenarcampo da teoria da justi a. The idea of justice nada tem de inusitado, porém: o autor há muito tempo vem tratando de temas correlatos e sendo discutido pelos juristas, mais especificamente pelos que pesquisam o campo do direito ao desenvolvimento.
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