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Stroboscopic findings in patients with benign laryngeal lesions: a brief report
P Dabirmoghadam,S Azimian,Z Mokhtari
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Laryngeal videostroboscopy is an important noninvasive diagnostic tool in patients with dysphonia. More than 50% of patients with dysphonia have a benign laryngeal lesion on vocal fold examination. The aim of this study was to evaluate patients with benign laryngeal lesions by videostroboscopy.Methods: This cross-sectional study was done on 159 patients with dysphonia in Amiralam Hospital in Tehran, Iran during 2006-2007. All the patients underwent stroboscopic examination of the vocal folds, including their movement. We also evaluated the patients for mucosal status, mucosal wave and patterns of glottal closure.Results: Eighty-two patients participating in the study were female and 77 were male. Reflux laryngitis and muscle tension dysphonia were the most observed disorders in the patient population. Patients with sulcus vocalis and intracordal cysts had the worst mucosal wave patterns.Conclusion: Laryngeal videostroboscopy is a useful tool for the diagnosis and treatment planning in patients with benign laryngeal lesions.
Topical mitomycin-C for treatment of laryngotracheal stenosis after the treatment with laser and dilatation
Dabirmoghadam P,Sharifi M,Banihashem M,Mokhtari Z
Tehran University Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Laryngotracheal stenosis is one of the most challenging problems for otolaryngologists. Several methods were developed to treat this problem. However, in many cases, this symptom could be recurred and the patients would suffer from operations for treatment. In this survey, the effect of topical mitomycin-C after laser therapy and dilatation for preventing laryngotracheal stenosis is considered."n"nMethods: Twenty three cases suffered from laryngotracheal stenosis were studied in a clinical trial between years 2006-2007 in Amir-alam educational Hospital in Tehran, Iran. The patients were divided into two groups. In 12 patients (case group), we used topical mitomycin-C (1mg/ml for 4 min) after dilatation and laser therapy, and in 11 of them (control group), this solution was not used. All patients were controlled by endoscopy one and three months later, and then followed up. The results of this study were compared statistically."n"nResults: In the control group after treatment (dilatation and laser), the average changed- vertical and horizontal lengths of stenosis were 0.47±0.77mm and 0.50±0.60mm respectively. However in the control group these changed averages were 2.28±1.15mm and 2.23±1.03mm, respectively after treatment (p<0.0001). The average changed cross section between the two groups were different significantly (p<0.0001), too."n"nConclusions: In the laryngotracheal stenosis, the use of topical mitomycin-C could reduce the recurrence of the stenosis after dilatation and after the laser procedures. In addition, the need for repeated therapy will be reduced.
Comparison of the Accuracy of Panoramic Radiography, Coronal and Axial Ct Scan in Diagnosis of Mandibular Fractures
P Dabirmoghadam,Sh Azari,F Ezoddini-Ardakani,AR Sadr-Arhami
Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Introduction: Mandibular fracture is the most common facial bone fracture due to facial trauma. A variety of imagings have been used for diagnosis of mandibular fractures. However, the choice of imaging for diagnosis of mandibular fractures is controversial.Present study compares the accuracy of the three most common imaging methods in mandibular fracture diagnosis; panoramic radiography, coronal CT and axial CT scan. Methods: This cross sectional diagnostic study was performed on 45 patients with a clinical diagnosis of post traumatic mandibular fracture at the ENT department of Shaheed Sadoughi hospital,Yazd. Patients underwent panoramic radiography and CT scan (both axial and coronal). Then, all were operated for reduction of fracture (either closed or open) and fixation done with arch bar and MMF in combination with or without rigid internal fixation. The physical examination and observation during operation was considered as the exact diagnosis. The radiological findings were reported by three different radiologists. Finally, the accuracy and sensitivity of each method was compared with the other methods. Results: There was no significant difference between the accuracy of panoramic radiography and coronal CT scan in all of the regions, but the accuracy of axial CT was significantly less than coronal CT in certain regions. Conclusion: The accuracy of panoramic radiography and coronal CT scan in diagnosis of mandibular fractures is the same or higher than axial CT scan. Additionally, panoramic radiography is more accessible and less expensive than coronal CT scan. Therefore, this study recommends oral panoramic radiography as the first radiologic test for diagnosis and localization of mandibular fracture
太古宙绿岩带金矿区域预测准则
д.в.Pундцвист
黄金科学技术 , 1991,
Abstract:
Land Use and Land Cover Changes in a Tropical River Basin: A Case from Bharathapuzha River Basin, Southern India  [PDF]
P. P. Nikhil Raj, P. A. Azeez
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2010.24026
Abstract: A study of the spatial and temporal changes in land use and land cover (LULC) was conducted using Remote Sensing and GIS. We analyzed the LULC of Bharathapuzha river basin, south India using multispectral LANDSAT imageries of 1973-2005 time periods. 31% depletion in the natural vegetation cover and 8.7% depletion in wetland agriculture area were seen in the basin during the period. On the other hand the urban spread in the basin increased by 32%. The study highlights the need for a scientific management plan for the sustainability of the river basin, keeping in view the recent climatic anomalies and hydrological conditions of the basin.
Morphometric Analysis of a Tropical Medium River System: A Case from Bharathapuzha River Southern India  [PDF]
P. P. Nikhil Raj, P. A. Azeez
Open Journal of Modern Hydrology (OJMH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojmh.2012.24011
Abstract: Baseline morphometric information at a sub basin level is essential to develop appropriate strategy for sustainable, socially acceptable, ecologically benign and economically viable development of a river basin. The present study was carried out in one of the less studied Bharathapuzha river basin (BRB), the second longest river in the state of Kerala, India. The annual discharge of the river is 3.94 km3. Nevertheless the basin, which receives about 1828 mm of annual rainfall, in recent years has been facing dearth of water. We used GIS and RS tools to study the morphometric characteristics of the basin. The seventh order main river is formed by several lower order streams forming a dentritic flow pattern. Basin geology, slope and rainfall pattern in the basin determine the morphometric characteristics of the basin. The linear aspects of the basin including stream length ratio and bifurcation ratio indicate the role of relief in the basin while the areal ratios indicate the elongate nature of the basin.
Dielectric Property Studies of Biologically Compatible Brushite Single Crystals Used as Bone Graft Substitute  [PDF]
M. P. Binitha, P. P. Pradyumnan
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2013.42016
Abstract:

The electrical characterization of bone is essential for the better understanding of the role of electrical stimulation in bone remodeling. Calcium Hydrogen Phosphate Dihydrate or brushite (CaHPO4 2H2O) has been used in bone substitution owing to their fast resorption under physiological condition. Brushite is a suitable matrix for osteoconductive bone grafts. In this work, Calcium Hydrogen Phosphate single crystals have been grown by single diffusion gel growth technique. The powder XRD studies revealed the monoclinic structure of the grown crystals. The vibrational analysis of the crystals is done with FTIR spectroscopy and the major functional groups and their assigned vibrations are discussed. The frequency dependence of dielectric constant and ac conductivity at different temperatures have been studied in detail. This study shows decrease in the dielectric constant with the increase in frequency and temperature. The variation of ac conductivity is found to be increasing with frequency and decreasing with temperature.

How to Introduce the Basis of Algorithmics? Thanks to the Enumeration and Composition of All Riffle Shuffles from a N Card Deck Used in MathMagic  [PDF]
P. Schott
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.34082
Abstract: Why use magic for teaching combinatory, algorithms and finally informatics basis as tables, control structure, loops and recursive function? Magicians know that once the surprise has worn off, the audience will seek to understand how the trick works. The aim of every teacher is to interest their students, and a magic trick will lead them to ask ‘how?’ and ‘why?’ and ‘how can I create one myself?’ In this article we consider a project I presented in 2009, the subject of which was ‘How many riffle shuffles does exist from a N card deck? Find the composition of each possible riffle shuffle’. The aim of the paper is not only to describe the project scope, the students’ theoretical studies, their approach to this problem and their computer realizations, but also to give ideas for a course or project using pedagogy. That is why only remarkable students’ realizations are shown. In order to complete the given project, the students must answer three steps: the first one is to answer to the following question: “how can I find all possible riffle shuffles with few cards? (for exe*ample 3, 4 or 5 cards) the second one (to go further ) is to answer to the following question “how can I generalize this solution through an algorithm?” the last one (to obtain the results!) is to program the algorithm with a recursive and a non-recursive solution). Each step of the Matlab? solution code is associated with an informatics basis. Whatever the student's professional ambitions, they will be able to see the impact that originality and creativity have when combined with an interest in one’s work. That’s why, two ameliorations of the ‘basic’ algorithm are proposed and a study of the gain thanks to these ameliorations is done. The students know how to “perform” a magic trick for their family and friends thanks to the use of riffle shuffle in Gilbreath’s principles, a trick that they will be able to explain and so enjoy a certain amount of success with. Sharing a mathematical/informatics demonstration is not easy and the fact that they do so means that they will have worked on and understood and are capable of explaining this knowledge. Isn’t this the aim of all teaching?
Teaching Transferable Skills to Doctoral Level Engineers—The Challenge and the Solutions  [PDF]
P. Kapranos
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.25014
Abstract: At Sheffield University, we designed a “Skills Diploma” that supports and certifies our graduates in the areas of Transferable Skills. The Diploma in Personal and Professional Skills for Centers of Doctoral Training (CDT’s) has been built into the 4-year PhD scheme in the following format: Part of the Diploma in Year one provides training in essential personal effectiveness skills to enable students to carry out their PhD research projects; training covers skills such as networking, communication & presentation, motivation, assertiveness, project and time management and creative thinking and later in Year three, students build on the personal skills training delivered in year one and focus on professional skills required in business and industry. Students record their reflections and development in their Personal Development Planning (PDP) log supported by in-class and on line tutorials. A “blended learning” teaching approach is adopted with interactive sessions, including work in small groups, short presentations, individual reflection, plenary discussions and structured tasks. Students are encouraged to take a reflective approach to their learning and to identify their own additional training needs. A very important part of their learning experience is
the SME Project where groups of students have to solve “real” problems and present their solutions within two working weeks. The teaching strategies and methods, learning objectives, assessment and feedback have all been constructively aligned within a flexible curriculum and we believe that the approach outlined above represents a paradigm shift in training tomorrow’s leaders for UK industry.

 

In Vitro Inhibitory Activity of the Leaf Methanol Extract of Green Tea (Camellia sinensis) against Lactococcus garvieae and Aeromonas hydrophila Isolated of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)  [PDF]
P. Akbary
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2014.412091
Abstract: Camellia sinensis Linn is a well-known medical herb that grows in various parts of the world. In the current study, the antimicrobial activity of methanol extract from C. sinensis leaves against Lactococcus garvieae and Aeromanas hydrophila isolated from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) was investigated. The growth inhibitory effects of green tea extract was determined by disc diffusion method (3 times on different days), minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) using serial dilution and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC). For the L. garvieae and A. hydrophila, the zone diameter inhibition (ZDI) of extract ranged 2.30 - 16.5 mm. The highest ZDI (16.50 ± 1.12 mm) for L. garvieae was observed at 100 mgml-1 and for A. hydrophila (16.20 ± 0.95 mm) at 250 mgml
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