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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 51 matches for " Ousseini Hamadou "
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The Impact of FDIs Flows on the Nigerien Economic Growth
Ousseini Hamadou
International Journal of Financial Research , 2011, DOI: 10.5430/ijfr.v2n2p16
Abstract: Niger, since the 70s has always adopted an approach that makes the IDE a major component of its development plan. It `s so, a series of measures have been taken to make the country more attractive to Foreign direct investment FDI This policy has guaranteed the country a few annual flow between the period 1970 to 2008.The aim of this paper is to try to study the impact of FDI on economic growth in Niger. Observe the literature study on FDI in Niger, however, it is also becoming important to see the between FDI and economic performance since it has not been addressed specifically yet. While it is still unclear of whether there is any relationship between FDI and economic growth in Niger, especially as regard to the causality within the relationship. The theory and the current empirical literature on the relationship between FDI and growth have provided ambiguous results. Using VAR (Vector Autoregressive) model, this paper explores the causal relationship between FDI and economic growth for the period 1970-2008 in Niger. With in the Granger causality framework, this study finds a long-term relationship between FDI and economic growth. This finding is a long-term relationship between variables but failed to establish the direct correlation between each variable. This can be explained by the fact that low volume flows of FDI in Niger have major consequences on the economic system, particularly on employment, inflation and GDP. More, this weakness is emphasized by the insignificance of the volume of capital flows (domestic and foreign) circulating in the Nigerian economy and domestic savings.
Infrastructure Development and Economic Growth in Togo
Aboudou Maman Tachiwou,Ousseini Hamadou
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v3n3p131
Abstract: This paper provides a broad overview of the relationship between infrastructure and growth, focusing on the Togolese case. The paper develops an intuitive theoretical framework in which to analyse this relationship, identifying channels through which infrastructure may effect growth: as a factor of production, a complement to other factors of production, a stimulus to factor accumulation, a stimulus to aggregate demand and a tool of industrial policy. A framework is developed for evaluating theory analyses of this relationship, which explores the implications of different definitions and measures of infrastructure on economics growth. The empirical literature on Togo is then assessed against this framework.
Does Trade Openness Matter for Economic Growth in Niger?  [PDF]
Badamassi Aboubacar, Deyi Xu, Amadou Maiga Ousseini
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.49115
Abstract: The trade openness is one of the most important determinants of a country’s relative level of economic health. It plays a vital role for most free market economies in the world. This research is an attempt to investigate, particularly, the impact of the trade openness on the economic growth in Niger; and generally, the relationship between all the variables under study. Four (4) variables namely real economic growth rate represented by real gross domestic product growth rate (GDPGR), trade openness (TRDOP), real exchange rate (REEXR) and foreign direct investment (FDI) have been considered in the model. The paper used time series data covering the period from 1980 to 2013 as well as time series methods for the econometric analyses. The results show that there exists a long term relationship between all the variables; the independent variables affects the economic growth in the short-run; only the trade openness and the real exchange rate influence economic growth unidirectionally; except foreign direct investment (FDI), all the variables have explanatory power on economic growth in Niger. The implication of this study is that the trade openness has been efficient to spur the economic growth in Niger over the period of study. Therefore, it is a key indicator which the government should care about.
Foreign Aid’s Effect on Economic Growth, New Results from WAEMU’s Countries  [PDF]
Badamassi Aboubacar, Deyi Xu, Amadou Maiga Ousseini
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.53049
Abstract: This study investigates whether foreign aid (AID) has a significant influence on economic growth in WAEMU’s (West African Economic and Monetary Union) countries. We use two (2) types of aid data: aggregate aid and disaggregate aid (aid in education, aid in agriculture, aid in trade policies and regulations and humanitarian aid) to run two (2) different regressions. Both the within-dimension and between-dimension estimators reveal that in the long run, the effect of AID on economic growth is heterogeneous across sectors and aid in agriculture, aid in trade policies and regulations as well as aid in education encourages economic growth.
Foreign Capital Flow in Niger: An Assessment of Impact Using System Equation Method  [PDF]
Amadou Maiga Ousseini, Xiaojuan Hu, Badamassi Aboubacar
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.54060
Abstract: Capital inflow is an important factor for a country’s economy. In this paper our main purpose is to investigate or to assess if the capital from abroad has a significant impact on economic growth in Niger. Our analysis takes data from 1980 to 2012 into consideration by using system equation method or the concept of cointegration and the vector error correction Model of GDP Growth Rate (GDPGR), Development Assistance (DASSIS), Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Migrants’ Remittance (MIGREMIT), Real Exchange Rate (REEXR) and Domestic Investment (DOMINV). We pay a particular attention on the impact of Development Assistance, Foreign Direct Investment, and Migrants’ Remittance. The result of analysis shows an insignificant impact of Development Assistance (DASSIS), Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), on the growth in contrast with our expectation. Migrants’ Remittance on his side has a significant relation on GDP performance.
WAEMU Trade and Current Account Balance Deficit Analysis: A Panel VAR Approach  [PDF]
Amadou Maiga Ousseini, Xiaojuan Hu, Badamassi Aboubacar
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.74060
Abstract: Our study focuses on the analysis of the main determinants which have an effect on trade and current account balance. We empirically investigate the effect of money supply (M2), real exchange rate, income, inflation, investment, and house-hold consumption expenditure on the trade and current account balance of WAEMU for the period 1980-2013. The examination of monetary and absorption approaches to the balance of payments motivate the inclusion of income and money supply (M2). The conventional approach of elasticity motivates usage of exchange rates. We adopt the panel VAR method which additionally includes a simulation of variance decompositions and impulse response functions for transmission of shocks and further deductions. The study found a negative and statistically significant effect of money supply, household consumption expenditure on trade Balance. We found also a significant and positive effect of real exchange rate, income, inflation, and investment on the trade balance. A significant and negative relationship between money supply, investment and current account balance was established. The effect of real exchange rate, income, inflation, and household consumption expenditure on the current account balance was found to be positive and significant as well. The significance of exchange rate effect on the trade balance suggests that the Marshall-Lerner condition hold for WAEMU.
Assessment of Dry Port Efficiency in Africa Using Data Envelopment Analysis  [PDF]
Hamadou Tahirou Abdoulkarim, Seydou Harouna Fatouma, Hamadou Tahirou Hassane
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2019.92012
Abstract: This work involves the evaluation of dry port competitiveness through analysis of efficiencies for selected dry ports in Africa. Five dry ports were selected and analysis carried out over a period of four years. The dry ports considered were Mojo and Kality in Ethiopia, Mombasa in Kenya, Isaka in Tanzania and Casablanca in Casablanca, Morocco. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) was applied for this work. Container throughputs for the various ports under consideration were used as the output variable for the data analysis model, while the number of reach stackers, the number of tractors, the number of forklifts and the size of the dry port were used as the input variables. From the results, the Mombasa dry port was found to be the most efficient with an average score of approximately 1 over the period under consideration. Casablanca was the second efficient dry port with an average score of 0.762, while Isaka was the least efficient with an average score of 0.142. This research is significant since the African countries have embraced the dry port concept, as witnessed in the huge investments in this sector, and would serve to highlight areas that need improvement for the few existing dry port facilities, most of which are undergoing expansion as well as modernization.
Choix linguistique et modernité islamique au Cameroun Linguistic choices and Islamic modernity in Cameroon: the case of Fulfulde and Arabic.
Hamadou Adama
Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/remmm.6012
Abstract: This paper discusses the interplay between Islam, Arabic and Fulfulde in Cameroon with regard to a dual relationship based on competition and cooperation. Language plays a predominant role in the relationship between the universality of the Islamic dogma and the contextualized interpretations of it. The exploration of the cross-currents of fulanization [Fulfuldization] of Arabic and Arabization of Fulfulde, the interference between the linguistic activism of Christian missions and Muslim militants and the relation between orality and writing shed light on the internal and external dynamics and on the modes of invention/reinvention of a certain modernity. The proponents of the Islamic tradition and the militants of modernity maintain a realistic relationship, translated at the linguistic level into mixing and mutual influences between Arabic and Fulfulde. Cet article aborde les questions de l’interface entre islam, langue arabe et fulfulde au regard d’une double relation de compétition et de coopération dans l’espace camerounais. à travers le rapport entre l’universalité du dogme islamique et les interprétations contextualisées de ce dogme, la langue joue un r le de premier plan. L’exploration des processus croisés de fulanisation de l’arabe et d’arabisation du fulfulde ainsi que les interférences entre l’activisme linguistique des missions chrétiennes et des militants musulmans et le rapport oralité/écriture éclairent sur les dynamiques tant internes qu’externes et sur les modalités d’invention ou/et de réinvention d’une certaine modernité. Au-delà des interférences entre langues, savoirs et pouvoirs et des situations de compétition au sein de la société musulmane et face aux églises et à l’état colonial puis postcolonial, au-delà des contingences, de l’instrumentalisation, du communautarisme et des enjeux qu’on imagine plus ou moins importants, les tenants de la tradition islamique et les partisans de la modernité entretiennent pour l’heure une relation somme toute réaliste dont l’issue, au plan linguistique, se déclinerait en termes de métissage et d’influences réciproques fécondes entre l’arabe et le fulfulde.
The Effects of Intermodality on Transport Routes Choice from West African Ports to Landlocked Countries  [PDF]
Bomboma Kalgora, Hamadou Tahirou Abdoulkarim, Bodjrenou Kossivi
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.75001
Abstract: The paper studied 5 transport corridors in West Africa, from the ports of Abidjan, Cotonou, Lagos, Lomé, and Tema, to the landlocked countries (LLCs) of Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger. The study found 15 transport routes available from these ports to the LLCs. It used two modes of transport with their respective transport costs as variables influencing shippers in their choice of corridor route. In regards to the modes of transport, the study chose the unimodal road transport and the intermodal transport as the combination of the rail and road transport, with a projection of the cargo volume demand in 2023 from the LLCs. In addition, a survey conducted on the Togolese corridor with the aim to find from users’ perspective the adequate intermodal terminal location, identified the city of Mango as an ideal host. As for the transport cost analysis attached to each of the modes of transport, the results of this study revealed that in the case of the unimodal road transport, shippers from Burkina Faso would rather choose Tema port in Ghana as optimal route, while shippers from Mali would rather choose Abidjan port in Ivory Coast, and shippers from Niger would choose Cotonou in Benin as the optimal route. Consequently, the study also found that the added parameter of the intermodal terminal of Mango on the Togolese corridor would change the routing habit of the LLCs shippers. In fact, with this parameter in line, the Togolese corridor would be optimal in terms of transport cost minimization for the Niger and Burkina Faso shippers. Based on these findings the study highlights the benefits of the intermodality which it presents to the policymakers.
Insider Trading in Large Canadian Banks
Hamadou Boubacar,Tania Morris
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v3n6p25
Abstract: The aim of this study is, on the one hand, to determine if directors of large Canadian banks obtained abnormal returns by buying or selling their own bank stocks and, on the other hand, to evaluate market reaction when these transactions were made public. Our results show that markets reacted more to the selling of stocks as opposed to the buying of stocks. They also show that directors of large Canadian banks did not seem to profit excessively by buying stocks and that they had sold their stocks strategically as a result of higher value on stock exchanges.
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