oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 8 )

2018 ( 12 )

2017 ( 11 )

2016 ( 7 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 767 matches for " Oulimata Kane "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /767
Display every page Item
Serum Galactose-Deficient IgA1 Level Is Not Associated with Proteinuria in Children with IgA Nephropathy
M. Colleen Hastings,Sabahat Afshan,John T. Sanders,Oulimata Kane,T. Matthew Eison,Keith K. Lau,Zina Moldoveanu,Bruce A. Julian,Jan Novak,Robert J. Wyatt
International Journal of Nephrology , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/315467
Abstract: Introduction. Percentage of galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1) relative to total IgA in serum was recently reported to correlate with proteinuria at time of sampling and during follow-up for pediatric and adult patients with IgA nephropathy. We sought to determine whether this association exists in another cohort of pediatric patients with IgA nephropathy. Methods. Subjects were younger than 18 years at entry. Blood samples were collected on one or more occasions for determination of serum total IgA and Gd-IgA1. Gd-IgA1 was expressed as serum level and percent of total IgA. Urinary protein/creatinine ratio was calculated for random specimens. Spearman’s correlation coefficients assessed the relationship between study variables. Results. The cohort had 29 Caucasians and 11 African-Americans with a male?:?female ratio of 1.9?:?1. Mean age at diagnosis was 11.7 ± 3.7 years. No statistically significant correlation was identified between serum total IgA, Gd-IgA1, or percent Gd-IgA1 versus urinary protein/creatinine ratio determined contemporaneously with biopsy or between average serum Gd-IgA1 or average percent Gd-IgA1 and time-average urinary protein/creatinine ratio. Conclusion. The magnitude of proteinuria in this cohort of pediatric patients with IgA nephropathy was influenced by factors other than Gd-IgA1 level, consistent with the proposed multi-hit pathogenetic pathways for this renal disease. 1. Introduction IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common form of chronic glomerulonephritis for individuals of European and Asian descent [1, 2]. The level of proteinuria at diagnosis of IgAN has been associated with the primary endpoint of outcome (i.e., progression to chronic dialysis or transplantation) in adults [3–7] and children [8–11]. Data from clinical and basic research in IgAN has led to the hypothesis that four hits are responsible for clinical expression of IgAN [12]. The first hit is the presence of aberrantly glycosylated O-linked glycans on the heavy-chain hinge region of circulatory IgA1 that terminate in N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) rather than galactose [13]. Elevated serum levels of this galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1) were found in 76% of 153 Caucasian adults with IgAN in the United States [14]. IgAN patients in Japan and China also had elevated serum Gd-IgA1 levels [15, 16], as did African-American patients in the southeastern United States [17]. In addition, elevated serum Gd-IgA1 levels were found in 77% of 22 African-American and Caucasian children with IgAN [18]. The second hit is the induction of circulating IgG or IgA
Biermer Disease: Initial Presentation and Follow-Up of 66 Patients in Internal Medicine Department in Senegal  [PDF]
Seynabou Fall, Nafissatou Diagne, Oulimata-Dior Diop, Boundia Djiba, Fatou-Samba-Diago Ndiaye, Abdoulaye Pouye
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2016.79064
Abstract: Pernicious anemia in black people, is little known. Through this study we assess its diagnostic and evolutive aspects, and compare vitamin therapy B12 intramuscular and oral. Sixty six Biermer disease patients followed (January 2000-June 2014) at Internal Medicine Department of Aristide Le Dantec University Teaching Hospital (Senegal) are included. They were 26 men and 46 women (gender ratio: 0.65), who had a mean age of 47.84 years ± 15.25 years. Patients consulted for anemia (65 cases), acquired melanodermia (36 cases), gastrointestinal symptoms (30 cases), peripheral neuropathy (27 cases), venous thrombosis (2 cases), acute depression (1 case). Macrocytosis was observed in 52 cases. The mean hemoglobin in the vitamin B12 intramuscular group (52 patients) or oral group (14 patients) was the inclusion: 6.55 g/dl ± 3.12 g/dl vs 6.52 g/dl ± 2.18 g/dl (p = 0.04); and at day 8 treatment: 8.69 g/dl ± 2.49 g/dl vs 8.85 g/dl ± 1.9 g/dl (p = 0.43). Neurological and vascular presentations are unusual in contrast to macrocytic anemia. Oral administration of vitamin B12, simple and effective should be recommended in country with limited resources.
Free Will And The Dialectic Of Selfhood: Can One Make Sense Of A Traditional Free Will Requiring Ultimate Responsibility?
KANE,ROBERT;
Ideas y Valores , 2009,
Abstract: for four decades, i have been developing a distinctive view of free will according to which agents are required to be ultimately responsible for the creation or formation of their own wills (characters and purposes). the aim of this paper is to explain how a free will of this traditional kind -which i argue is incompatible with determinism- can be reconciled with modern developments in the sciences and philosophy. i address criticisms that a nondeterminist free will of this kind does not allow sufficient agent control, reduces to mere chance or randomness, fails to account of moral responsibility, and cannot be reconciled with modern science; and i relate such a free will to the nature of the self or person by developing what i call a "dialectic of selfhood."
Islamism: What is New, What is Not? Lessons from West Africa
O Kane
African Journal of International Affairs , 2008,
Abstract: In the aftermath of the Islamic Revolution in Iran of 1979, a marked scholarly interest in Islam driven by policy concerns developed in Western countries. Hitherto the monopoly of a few Orientalists, Islamic studies soon became a multidisciplinary field, attracting experts across the spectrum of the social sciences and the humanities, and indeed beyond academia, and many studies were carried out on Islamism. This article, which focuses on West Africa, questions some of the widely held assumptions on Islamism. The author’s main argument is that Islamism is not a new phenomenon. A second point made here is that ‘Islamist’ movements are not primarily Salafi. A third point is that ‘Islamists’ are not inherently violent. What is new, according to the author, is the perception of Islamism as a threat in the West.
Free Will and the Dialectic of Selfhood: Can One Make Sense of a Traditional Free Will Requiring Ultimate Responsibility?
Robert Kane
Ideas y Valores , 2009,
Abstract: For four decades, I have been developing a distinctive view of free will according to which agents are required to be ultimately responsible for the creation or formation of their own wills (characters and purposes).The aim of this paper is to explain how a free will of this traditional kind —which I argue is incompatible with determinism— can be reconciled with modern developments in the sciences and philosophy. I address criticisms that a nondeterminist free will of this kind does not allow sufficient agent control, reduces to mere chance or randomness, fails to account of moral responsibility, and cannot be reconciled with modern science; and I relate such a free will to the nature of the self or person by developing what I call a ‘‘dialectic of selfhood.”
Family communication: A catalyst for socially desired behaviours
Kane Hopkins
PRism Online PR Journal , 2005,
Abstract: This study examines how mass-communicated messages from two pro-environmental public information communication campaigns, the Big Clean Up and Clean Up New Zealand, affect interpersonal communication in families. It also considers how interpersonal communication flows on to affect family behaviour. The findings from these two campaigns indicate that while parents tended not to pass on information they obtained from campaign messages, children were more enthusiastic about sharing messages with other family members. Parents, it was found, had their current beliefs and behaviour patterns endorsed as a result of the messages. There were no notable behaviour changes in families where the parent was the initial message receiver. However, where children provided initial intervention behaviour, changes ranged from minor to remarkable. These findings have implications for public information campaign designers, where behaviour change is a campaign objective, and indicate an area where further research is required.
DETERMINING THE NUMBER OF CLUSTERS FOR A K-MEANS CLUSTERING ALGORTIHM
Abhijit Kane
Indian Journal of Computer Science and Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: Clustering is a process used to divide data into a number of groups. All data points have some mathematical parameter according to which grouping can be done. For instance, if we have a number of points on a twodimensional grid, the x and y coordinates of the points are the parameters according to which clustering is done. If the k-means algorithm is run with k=3, the data points will be split into 3 groups such that the sum of the variance for each group is minimized. The problem here, of course, is the choice of the parameter k. We mayget a much better modeling of the data if we split the data points into 2 or 4 groups. Determining the ‘best’ value of k is a broad problem – there is no obvious parameter according to which this can be done. This paper looks at a new, efficient approach to determine the number of clusters.
AN EFFICIENT GESTURE RECOGNITION TOOLKIT
Abhijit Kane
Indian Journal of Computer Science and Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: The rapid growth of computing has made effective human-computer interaction essential. It is important for the growing number of computer users whose schedules will not allow the elaborate training and experience that was once necessary to take advantage of computing. As computing affects more aspects of our lives, the needfor usable systems becomes even more important. An attempt has been made to develop a few basic tools for Human-Computer Interaction (HCI), and show how these can be used a basis for developing more advanced applications. The major component used in the project is OpenCV, which is an open-source image processing library developed by Intel. Basic interaction with the computer has been achieved using hand-held aids like colored thimbles. The ability to recognize the position of the fingers without these aids has also been explored.These simple techniques illustrate the steps required to achieve primitive interaction. These can be extended to achieve better interaction, both in terms of accuracy and scope.
Stress causing psychosomatic illness among nurses
Kane Pratibha
Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: Stress in nurses is an endemic problem. It contributes to health problems in nurses and decreases their efficiency. Documenting the causes and extent of stress in any healthcare unit is essential for successful interventions . Aim : Establishing the existence and extent of work stress in nurses in a hospital setting, identifying the major sources of stress, and finding the incidence of psychosomatic illness related to stress. Materials and Methods: This study used a questionnaire relating to stressors and a list of psychosomatic ailments. One hundred and six nurses responded and they were all included in the study. Stressors were based on four main factors: work related, work interactions, job satisfaction, and home stress. The factors relating to stress were given weights according to the severity. The total score of 50 was divided into mild, moderate, severe, and burnout. Results: Most important causes of stress were jobs not finishing in time because of shortage of staff, conflict with patient relatives, overtime, and insufficient pay. Psychosomatic disorders like acidity, back pain, stiffness in neck and shoulders, forgetfulness, anger, and worry significantly increased in nurses having higher stress scores. Increase in age or seniority did not significantly decrease stress. Conclusion: Moderate levels of stress are seen in a majority of the nurses. Incidence of psychosomatic illness increases with the level of stress. Healthcare organizations need to urgently take preemptive steps to counter this problem.
Comparing 'Popular' and 'State' education in Latin Americaand Europe
Liam Kane
European Journal for Research on the Education and Learning of Adults , 2013, DOI: 10.3384/rela.2000-7426.rela0085
Abstract: In the 1970s, a radical adult education movement in Latin America, operating outside the state and engaging in what it called 'popular education', sparked world-wide interest in its educational theory and practice. More recently, with a change in state formations in Latin America, the movement has reconsidered its potential relationship with the state. Though Europe has its own history of popular education, some have argued that advanced economies and welfare states co-opted any strong independent educational movement: today popular education is more likely to take place 'within and against' the state, rather than outside it. Based on literature review, personal interviews and site visits, this article (a) discusses what is understood by popular education (b) outlines the development of popular education in Latin America, examining its relationship with different types of state (c) considers differences between Latin America and Europe and what, if anything, popular educators in the two regions might learn from each other.
Page 1 /767
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.