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Health and widowhood: Meanings and experience of elderly women in Chile  [PDF]
Paulina Osorio-Parraguez
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.58173

Aging and widowhood signal a real and symbolic landmark of change toward new vital experiences of elderly people. In the aging experience of women, there are three social age markers that participate directly in the construction of their identity as women during old age: menopause, work and widowhood. The present paper reports the results of a research on widowhood in old age and the experience of aging in elderly women in Chile. Through a qualitative methodological strategy, in depth biographic interviews were held with elderly people who were widowed after reaching 60 years of age, centering the analysis on its meanings on the body, health and death in old age, highlighting sociocultural aspects of the aging and widowing processes. Approaching widowhood in old age shows us not only a person who has lost a husband, but also what it means to be an elderly woman in a life experience continuum that also brings about key changes to understand the aging process of people, because marital relations can get to be determining factors for the construction of the identity of women and their experience of the aging process.

Insuficiencia de los constructos psicológicos en la educación del altruismo
Educación y Educadores , 2010,
Abstract: studies dealing with altruism often approach the subject from psychological constructs such as memory, feelings, motivation or learning. very few deal with it from the standpoint of volition and virtue. this article attempts to link these concepts to that field of research in an effort to provide new keys for interpretation regarding education in altruism and for the design of teaching strategies in this field. some empirical evidence suggests that psychological constructs alone are insufficient to explain altruistic behavior and how it comes about. looking at volition and virtue as well provides a more comprehensive and instructive understanding of altruism as an objective in education.
A Proposal on Macro-prudential Regulation
Ensayos sobre POLíTICA ECONóMICA , 2011,
Abstract: this paper assesses the choice of different regulatory policy instruments for crisis management and prevention. to this end a two-period, rational expectations, monetary general equilibrium model with commercial banks, collateral, securitization and default is contructed in order to explain the 2007-2009 u.s. financial crisis. the equilibrium outcome is characterized by a contagion phenomenon that commences with increased default in the mortgage sector, and then spreads to the rest of the nominal sector of the economy. the resuslts show that in times of financial distress accommodative monetary policy mitigates housing crises, but it achieves only a partial improvement on financial stability. regulatory measures are the primary tools to achieve financial stability; capital requirements reduce leverage in the banking sector, and induce banks to internalize (default) losses without taking a toll on the taxpayer; margin requirements prevent excess leverage in the housing and derivatives markets, thus containing the adverse effects of the housing crisis; and, liquidity requirements reduce banks′ exposure to risky assets, thereby promoting lending in times of financial distress and stemming house price deflation.
Historia Crítica , 2004,
Abstract: one of the basic points of the social policy of the spanish crown in america and specifically in the kingdom of nueva granada was the dualism or división between the community or republic of the spaniards and the republic of the indians. the term changed from meaning to or in . this was made concrete in two inter-related dimensions: on the one hand, in the design of a certain type of stratified urban spatial configuration and, on the other hand, in the promotion of a type of subject who would respond to said conditions of , and the condemnation of those who did not enroll in the way of life. thus, the policies aimed at reducing the indian population, originally differentiated from the urban population, which was considered to be the space of , , and , were logically reinforced through mechanisms such as residential segregation policies. nevertheless, this ideal visión of socio- spatial order would confront in practice, on the one hand, the spaniards' need to have the indians cióse at hand for various reasons, especially of an economic nature and, on the other hand, the danger of disturbances resulting from crossbreeding between the white and indian races.
Elementos para una construcción teórica sobre América Latina
Osorio, Jaime;
Argumentos (México, D.F.) , 2008,
Abstract: latin america does not constitute a given object, as supposed by empirist-positivism. yet, it is neither pure disarticulation, as concluded by posmodern approach. latin america is constituted as a theoretical problem as questions arise around its way of being in a world ruled by the logics of capital, that in its unfolding becomes capitalism. it is in the vortex of that social tornado that the region becomes intelligible. the aim of this article is to show a possible path in that direction, one that contemplates the regional whole and that allows, at the same time, to assume the differences and diversities that preveil in its interior.
Biopoder y biocapital: El trabajador como moderno homo sacer
Osorio, Jaime;
Argumentos (México, D.F.) , 2006,
Abstract: in this essay we establish the particularities of biopower within the context in which capital, its dynamic and display rein the sense and the organization of the world. from this horizon we take the ideas of michel foucault and georgio agamben, authors who discuss and outline such topics in their work. we sustain, against agamben, that the current social order is the salaried worker, the modern homo sacer and that only by reveling such position we could comprehend the variety of shapes in which the capital puts life in interdiction, such as refugees, migrants, etc. this reflection offers arguments that justify the consideration of biocapital, a category that assumes and surpass, in hegelian terms, that of biopower.
Entre la explotación redoblada y la actualidad de la revolución: América Latina hoy
Osorio, Jaime;
Argumentos (México, D.F.) , 2007,
Abstract: in latin america the actuality of the revolution constitutes a tendency that runs trough its structure, been the redoubled exploitation the process that internalizes the contradictions of the system worsening the local conflicts of the reproduction of the capital. from this point of view, we analyze the most recent economic and politic transformations in the region with the purpose of presenting an explicative frame to the emergence of important popular movements and governments that once again challenge the domination.
Patudos, entradores y metidos: metáfora, esquema de imagen e idealización en ejemplos del léxico popular chileno de la conducta social
Osorio, Jorge;
Relaciones (Zamora) , 2011,
Abstract: in this study i present an analytical approach to popular chilean lexicon on social behavior from a semantic-conceptual perspective, a vision that allows me to characterize lexical materials in terms of conceptual categories and their relations. the expressions examined form part of the normal vocabulary used in chile in reference to social behavior. on this occasion, attention centers on the formation of these units that, according to the analysis, arise from spatial concepts and schemes of movement. the main conclusion is that the application of these expressions is determined by cognitive models that capture idealizations of social behavior. this latter aspect may explain their recurrence in everyday communication, for such functions as characterizing typical behaviors and designating singular persons.
La participación pública en sistemas tecnológicos: Lecciones para la educación CTS
Revista iberoamericana de ciencia tecnolog?-a y sociedad , 2005,
Abstract: learning to participate has become increasingly crucial in today's scientific education and contemporary technology. this article discloses some of the results of a research study which promotes such participation by means of different teaching techniques/approaches. conceptual aspects as well as the public participation at an international level have also been revised to extract elements that will allow the development of learning strategies of public participation in issues related to science and technology. these learning strategies have been suggested taking the concept of technological system as the unit of analysis . it is possible to learn to participate through the notion of technological system. the proposed didactics are: focal groups, mediation, simulated cases, and the cycle of responsibility; all of which are to be considered in relation to the public participation in matters related to drinking water, health, and agriculture in the colombian context.
El mito de Yurupary: memoria ancestral como resistencia histórica
Revista de Estudios Sociales , 2006,
Abstract: this work explores some critical exercises that place the amazon indian within the occidental symbolic coordinates and the meaning transformations, which are imposed to him when he is moved into knowledge circuits distant from the cultural environment he comes from. meanwhile, it reconstructs and examines in a critical way the relation established by the critics of colombian literature with this symbolic system. in this analysis’ perspective, anthropologic, historical, and literary points of reference are continuously intertwined; however, the most important one is the in-depth and detailed research made by robin wright (1981) on brazilian baniwa groups.
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