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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4947 matches for " Ortiz "
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Classification, Identification, and Manipulation of Relevant Factors for Adaptation and Behavioural Adjustment from a Psychological Point of View  [PDF]
Gerardo Ortiz
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.513162
Abstract: Generally, the study of animal welfare is based on the identification and promotion of speciestypical behaviors of the individual or target group. The adjustment to new conditions (i.e. captivity) is easier for some species, while for others it may be very difficult or even impossible. The adjustment to captive conditions is a basic element for the development of conservation strategies (i.e. translocation, introduction, and reintroduction) and can be measured by different variables related to an animal’s psychological well-being. From a psychological point of view, we assume that organisms can adjust their behavior in correspondence to changes in their environment, adjustment that is enabled by an ecological contact medium (e.g. Ribes, 2007; Ribes & Perez-Almonacid, 2011). Under this assumption, we propose a methodology that allows the classification, identification and manipulation of relevant factors for an individual’s adjustment to different conditions (i.e. freedom and captivity) and a more rational handling of organisms and their specific life condition. The main elements of this methodology are: 1) adaptive and survival circumstances; 2) description of ecological milieu; 3) interactive processes (i.e. intra-individual, inter-individual, and inter-individual dependence); and 4) interaction-situation relationship.
Critical role of plant biotechnology for the genetic improvement of food crops: perspectives for the next millennium
Electronic Journal of Biotechnology , 1998,
Abstract: this article reviews some of the highlights of modern plant biotechnology and discusses the potential applications of biotechnology in the betterment of farming systems in the next millennium. plant biotechnology will facilitate the farming of crops with multiple durable resistance to pests and diseases, particularly in the absence of pesticides. likewise, transgenes or marker-assisted selection may assist in the development of high yielding crops, which will be needed to feed the world and save land for the conservation of plant biodiversity in natural habitats. hence, crops should be engineered to meet the demands and needs of consumers. the genetic base of crop production can be preserved and widen by an integration of biotechnology tools in conventional breeding. similarly targeting specific genotypes to particular cropping systems may be facilitated by understanding specific gene-by-environment interaction(s) with the aid of molecular research. high quality crops with improved nutritional and health characteristics as well as other aspects of added-value may be obtained through multidisciplinary co-operation among plant breeders, biotechnologists, and other plant scientists. co-ordinated efforts between consumers, policy makers, farmers and researchers will be required to convert the various aspects of a crop ideotype into components of new and improved farming systems of the next millennium.
As formas elementares da vida religiosa e as ciências sociais contemporaneas
Ortiz, Renato;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64452012000300002
Abstract: beginning from the question "how to address the problems of the contemporary social sciences taking a specific work of an author as reference?", this article examines the elementary forms of religious life by émile durkheim. it refuses the alternative of regain his influence on relevant intellectuals in the area, and goes in another direction - namely, to inquire what the contemporary reader can obtain from that work - in which a retrospective look, immersed in the present, is privileged, because, in relation to the time in which this book was written, progressed the comprehension of how work the human societies. it shows that the discussion about the sacred is not confined to the topic of religion, to remember that, at the conclusion of the book under review, durkheim makes a series of digressions about the problematic of symbolic. these symbols, which are necessary for the social creation and recreation, are incorporated on the development of this article.
Diversidade cultural e cosmopolitismo
Ortiz, Renato;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64451999000200005
Abstract: in a globalized world cultural diversity should be conceived from a cosmopolitan viewpoint. only an universalist view is able to actually value "difference".
Los Niveles Teóricos y Metodológicos en la Investigación Educativa
Cinta de moebio , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-554X2012000100002
Abstract: within the current theoretical and methodological conceptions that approach the educational processes and phenomena there are several levels that, with a systemic character, offer coherence and unity from their more general argumentation to the description of how they should be studied. however, this reality, that is implicit in the different theories, is unnoticed by the researchers and thus it brings about theoretical and methodological in-consequences in the investigation which damage the strictness of the research process. the aim of this article is to analyse each level in the theoretical foundation of investigations about the educational process. a deep analysis of the various ways in which the state of the art has been approached by different authors from the theoretical and methodological points of view is made and the importance of each of one is analysed with new elements that can be enrich according to criterion of the author of this article.
La aplicación de análisis químicos para la interpretación de areas de actividad en la región subandina de Jujuy
Cuadernos de la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales. Universidad Nacional de Jujuy , 2003,
Abstract: it is to analyze the results coming from soil samples taken in an early site in the archaeological subárea of the river san francisco in argentine west forrests' zone (selvas occidentales argentinas). these researchs include different types of chemical analysis, and their values are in comparison with other indicators as: density and spatial distribution of archaeological rests and structures, size of artifacts and the presence of wild vegetation. it is proposed that comparative analysis of all the indicators will provide new skills to interpret the intra site areas of activities, in places where the archaeological evidence is usually reduced to the in-surface dispersion of remains as results of anthropic modern removal.
As ciências sociais e a diversidade dos sotaques
Ortiz, Renato;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092012000100001
Abstract: this article takes a classic theme in the social sciences in latin america: the relationship between domestic development (national) and external influences. it is, however, a recommencement that introduces the problem of the sociological thinking in the context of the globalization of culture. in this sense, to escape the dichotomy between national thinking and cosmopolitan thinking, the author proposes that the social sciences are a language with different accents. there is not, therefore, a universal core (thus identified with theories produced in europe or the united states) and a regional knowledge, identified with the so-called peripheral countries.
As ciências sociais e o inglês
Ortiz, Renato;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092004000100001
Abstract: the article analises the predominancy of the english language in the globalization context, particularly the implications related to the social sciences. it first makes a critical analysis of the literature elaborated by linguists concerning the expansion of the language in the contemporary world, focusing on the evolution of english from an international to a global language. it then discusses the supremacy of english both in natural and social sciences. the central argument is that such scientific practices are distinct, i.e., having english as lingua franca for natural sciences will make it impossible to have it doing so in the human sciences ambit. assuming that the construction of the social object is achieved through the language, being it also referred to a specific historic-geographic context, the making of the social sciences must keep several languages in the process. the imposed prevalence of a language happens due to a power hierarchy in the linguistic métier, within which there has been an erroneous nearing between the ideas of universal and global.
Anota??es sobre o universal e a diversidade
Ortiz, Renato;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-24782007000100002
Abstract: the aim of this article is to problematise the universal and diversity. it investigates the possible implications of the multiple meanings of the terms universality and difference, within the philosophic, sociological and anthropological perspectives. it points out that difference does not possess a value "in itself", nor a "structure" nor a timeless "essence". diversity exists in determined historical situations and also needs to be qualified. in this sense, it is not so much the opposition in relation to the universal which interests us but the way in which a change of contexts affects our understanding of those concepts. it also discusses the question of the local and the national which are not considered as dimensions of "global society" on the point of disappearing. it then seeks to understand how these levels are redefined, given that in globalization a differentiated set of social unities exists: nations, regions, traditions, civilizations and diversity is an integral part of this totality. it concludes that universal and particular are opposing pairs. difference is associated with the particular, with contention, with limits and with identity and is thus incompatible with the movement of universalisation. the universal refers to the idea of expansion, the breaking of frontiers, "everyone", humanity. however, within the context of globalization this antagonistic pair is frequently intertwined, mixing some formerly fixed values with just one of its elements.
Notas sobre Gramsci e as ciências sociais
Ortiz, Renato;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092006000300007
Abstract: this text aims at analyzing the work of antonio gramsci from a sociological perspective. the premise of the author addresses the question: what can a social scientist remove from the reading of his work? we, therefore, deal with a unilateral and implicated angle. the proposed discussion involves constituent problems regarding the treatment of the social sciences, in ways of understanding how gramsci regards the relationship between the individual and society, going through its conception of religion and hegemony.
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