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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 51 matches for " Orozovi? Vjekoslav "
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Reperfuziona terapija akutnog infarkta miokarda
Obradovi? Slobodan,Gligi? Branko,OrozoviVjekoslav
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0203281o
Abstract:
Primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in the acute infarction of the right ventricle
Gligi? Branko,OrozoviVjekoslav,Obradovi? Slobodan,Rusovi? Sini?a
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0301081g
Abstract: Background. Predilection site for the acute myocardial infarction of the right ventricle, (AMI-RV) is the upper third of the right coronary artery and for this reason such an infarction is followed by numerous complications, primarily by conduction disorders and very often by sudden and rapid cardiogenic shock development. Methods. Primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PPTCA) was performed on three patients in whom the acute infarction of the right ventricular was diagnosed and who had been hospitalized six hours after the beginning of chest pain. In all three patients intracoronary stent was implanted. On the admission patients had been in the threatening cardiogenic shock, with the prominent chest pain and with the elevation of ST-segment in V4R>2 mV. In the course of intervention patients were administered low-molecular intracoronary heparin with direct platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (abciximab), according to the established procedure applied in such cases. Results. The complete dilatation of the infarcted artery was established with the signs of reperfusion and the further clinical course was completely normal, there was no heart failure and patients had no subjective difficulties. Conclusion. Invasive approach in the treatment of AMI-RV is justifiable, and possibly the therapy of choice of these patients, providing well trained and equipped team is available.
Adenosine stress protocols for myocardial perfusion imaging
Ba?kot Branislav,Obradovi? Slobodan,Gligi? Branko,OrozoviVjekoslav
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0801047b
Abstract: Background/Aim. Treadmill test combined with myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) is a commonly used technique in the assessment of coronary artery disease. There are many patients, however, who may not be able to undergo treadmill test. Such patients would benefit from pharmacological stress procedures combined with MPS. The most commonly used pharmacological agents for cardiac stress are coronary vasodilatators (adenosine, dipyridamol) and catecholamines. Concomitant low-level treadmill exercise with adenosine pharmacologic stress (AdenoEX) during MPS has become commonly used in recent years. A number of studies have demonstrated a beneficial impact of AdenoEX protocol. The aim of the study was, besides introducing into practice the two types of protocols of pharmatological stress test with adenosine, as a preparation for MPS, to compare and monitor the frequency of their side effects to quality, acquisition, as well as to standardize the onset time of acquisition (diagnostic imaging) for both protocols. Methods. A total of 130 patients underwent pharmacological stress test with adenosine (vasodilatator). In 108 of the patients we performed concomitant exercise (AdenoEX) of low level (50W) by a bicycle ergometar. In 28 of the patients we performed Adenosine abbreviated protocol (AdenoSCAN). Side effects of adenosine were followed and compared between the two kinds of protocols AdenoEX and AdenoSCAN. Also compared were image quality and suggested time of acquisition after the stress test. Results. Numerous side effects were found, but being short-lived they did not require any active interventions. The benefit of AdenoEX versus AdenoSCAN included decreased side effects (62% vs 87%), improved safety and patients tolerance, improved target-to-background ratios because of less subdiaphragmatic activity, earlier acquisition, and improved sensitivity. Conclusion. The safety and efficacy of adenosine pharmacological stress is even better with concomitant exercise. In the light of these benefits we recommend AdenoEX whenever possible.
Current therapy of the right ventricle myocardial infarction
OrozoviVjekoslav,Gligi? Branko,Krgovi? Mom?ilo,Rafajlovski Sa?a
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2002, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0206587o
Abstract: Background. Acute myocardial infarction of the right ventricle (AMI-RV) is a separate subgroup within the scope of inferoposterior infarction of the left ventricle. It still represents the population of patients at high risk due to numerous, often hardly predictable complications and high mortality rate. Methods. In fifteen-year period (1987-2001) 3 765 patients with the acute myocardial infarction (AMI) of different localizations of both sexes – 2 283 males and 1 482 females of the average age 61.4 ± 4.6 years were treated in our institution. Anterior myocardial infarction was diagnosed in 2 146 (56.9%) patients, inferior in 1 619 (43.1%) patients, out of whom right ventricular infarction (RVI) was confirmed in 384 (23.7%). Thrombolytic therapy was administered in 163 (42.4%) patients with RVI, and in 53 (41.7%) of these patients balloon dilatation was performed with coronary stent implantation in 24 (45.2%). Results. Favorable clinical effect of the combined thrombolytic therapy and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was achieved in 51 (96.1%), and in only 2 (3.9%) of patients the expected effect wasn't achieved. Myocardial revascularization was accomplished in 6 (3.6%) and 1 patient died. In 3 (3.4%) patients primary balloon dilatation with the implantation of intracoronary stent was performed within 6 hours from the onset of anginal pain. In the other group of 221 (57.5%) patients with RVI who did not receive thrombolytic therapy, or it had no effect, 26 (11.7%) patients died, which indicated the validity and the efficacy of this treatment (p<0,01). In the whole group of patients with myocardial infarction of the right ventricle 31 (8.1%) died; in the group that received thrombolytic therapy and PTCA 5 (3.1%) died, while in the group treated in a conservative way 26 (11.7%) died. Conclusion. Combined therapy was successful in the treatment of patients with RVI and should be administered whenever possible, since it was the best prevention of life-threatening complications and the decrease in the mortality of those patients.
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in the right ventricle myocardial infarction treatment
Rafajlovski Sa?a I.,OrozoviVjekoslav,Risti?-An?elkov An?elka,Ra?en Goran
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0510731r
Abstract: Background/Aim. To present the results of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in the treatment of the patients with acute right ventricle myocardial infarction (ARVMI), with adjuvant analyses of the obtained results in the period of five years (2000-2004). Methods. Thrombolytic therapy and the primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PPTCA) was applied within the first 6 hours from the onset of anginous disorders, and rescue PTCA in the period from 6 24 hours from the onset of ARVMI. Results. A total number of 1175 patients, both sexes, 763 (64.8%) males and 412 females (35.2%), mean age 58.4 ± 7.8 years, were treated for acute myocardial infarction (AIM) of different localization in the period of five years (2000-2004). Anterior infarction was found in 645 (54.8%) of the patients, and inferoposterior infarction (IPI) was localized in 530 patients (45.2%) patients of which in 134 (25.2%) AIMDK was proven. Out of 134 patients with proven acute myocardial of the right ventricle AIMDK, 53 (39.5%) got thrombolytic therapy, 64 patients (47.7%) were treated with the conservative heparin therapy, whereas in 17 patients (12.8%), primary percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PPTCA) was done. Delayed or rescue PTCA was done in 22 (18.8%) patients, in 8 (36.3%) from the group which got thrombolytic therapy, and in 14 (63.7%) treated with the heparin therapy. Out of the total number of 22 patients who got heparin or thrombolytic therapy combined with rescue PTCA, in 7 patients (31.8%) the complete clinical and angiographic effect of thrombolysis with AIM was achieved only by using a balloon. Baloon dilatation with the implantantion of intracoronary stent was performed in another 11 patients (50%), while 2 (9.1%) were sent to revascularization of the myocard due to diffusion changes in each of the 3 blood vessels, and 2 patients (9.1%) died. Of the patients, 17 (12.6%) had PPTCA with the implantation of intracoronary stent with the additional direct inhibitor of the platelet membrane glycoproteins IIb/IIIa (abciximab). All the patients treated in this way survived. They had no side effects nor serious complications. Their clinical recovery was satisfactory. In the first three weeks of the intrahospital period in the group of 45 patients (33.5%) with AIMDK, who got only thrombolytic therapy, 7 patients (15.5%) died, whereas in the group of 50 patients (37.3%) treated only with heparin, 13 (26%) died. In the group of 22 patients (18.8%) treated with the combined therapy with rescue PTCA and heparin or thrombolytic therapy, 2 patients (9.1
The results of the treatment of right ventricle myocardial infarction
Rafajlovski Sa?a I.,OrozoviVjekoslav,Ra?en Goran,Risti?-An?elkov An?elka
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0509629r
Abstract: Aim. To present the results and experience in diagnosing and treating of patients with acute right ventricle infarction, during the period of hospitalization of one month, with adjuvant analyses of the obtained results in the period of fifteen years. Methods. Acute right ventricle infarction porved clinicaly, enzymologicaly, by ECG, echochardiographically or scintigraphically we treated with thrombolitic therapy within first six hours after admittion, with salvaged PTA in case of the cardiogenic shock or AV block IIo IIIo despite of thrommbolitic therapy, or with postponed PTA within first month of intrahospital treatment. Results. In the period from 1990 to 2004, 3 225 patients of both sexes were treated for acute myocardial infarction at the different localization in patients' at the mean age of 53.7 ± 5.8. One-hundredthirty - nine (43.9%) patients were treated with thrombolitic therapy according to the speed up protocole. Heparin was administered to 160 (50.7%) patients with water load, and 17 (5.4%) patients had the primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PPTCA), so that the mechanical blood flow could be established, by the implantation of a stent when necessary. In 316 patients with right ventricle infarction, 58 (18.3%) had postponed and salvaged percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Twenty-two (15.8%) patients had thrombolitic therapy, whereas 36 (22.5%) patients were treated with heparin. We had a successful balloon dilatation in 21 (36.2%), whereas 32 (55.2%) patients had 1 3 intracoronary stents inplanted, depending upon the necessity, and 5 (8.6%) patients from this group were sent to surgical intervention. In the group of 214 (67.7%) patients treated with heparin or thrombolitic therapy combined therapy, with PTCA, 12 (5.7%) patients died, whereas in the group of 124 (39.3%) patients treated only with heparin 26 (16.2%) patients died, statistically significant difference (p < 0.001, χ2 = 18.423). Was noticed n the group of 1 204 patients with inferoposterior infarction, 122 (10.1% ) patients died. In the group of 316 patients with right ventricle infarction, 38 (12%) died. In the group of 888 control patients with inferoposterior infarction, but without right ventricle infarction, 84 (9.4%) patients died. In the group of 2 021 patients (62.2%) with anterior infarction, 248 (12.3%) died. Conclusion. The obtained results showed that the patients with right ventricle infarction, due to the great expansion of necrosis and the involvement of the inferoposterior wall of the left ventricle, as well as the ischemia
Estimating the size of non-observed economy in Croatia using the MIMIC approach
Vjekoslav Klari?
Financial Theory and Practice , 2011,
Abstract: This paper gives a quick overview of the approaches that have been used in the research of shadow economy, starting with the definitions of the terms “shadow economy” and “non-observed economy”, with the accent on the ISTAT/Eurostat framework. Several methods for estimating the size of the shadow economy and the non-observed economy are then presented. The emphasis is placed on the MIMIC approach, one of the methods used to estimate the size of the nonobserved economy. After a glance at the theory behind it, the MIMIC model is then applied to the Croatian economy. Considering the described characteristics of different methods, a previous estimate of the size of the non-observed economy in Croatia is chosen to provide benchmark values for the MIMIC model. Using those, the estimates of the size of non-observed economy in Croatia during the period 1998-2009 are obtained.
Expenditures in Croatia: Personal Income, Corporate Income, Real Estate Transfers and Value Added Tax
Vjekoslav Brati?
Financial Theory and Practice , 2006,
Abstract: -
Tax Expenditures: A Theoretical Review
Vjekoslav Brati?
Financial Theory and Practice , 2006,
Abstract: Tax expenditures are an instrument frequently used when a government wishes to achieve certain economic and social effects. But because of the increasing number and scope of tax expenditures, their proper use, quality of administration and record-keeping have become a major challenge for the tax authorities and the whole of the government. The article considers and explains very diverse forms of tax expenditure such as reliefs, tax deductions, tax allowances, tax exceptions and special rates of taxation and the ways in which they are defined and calculated. The key problems in the analysis are the absence of a single definition and of methodology for the calculations; these ultimately make it impossible to compare tax expenditures between or among countries.
Local Self-Government in Central and Eastern Europe: a Strong and Independent Local-Level Management Tool or Just a Paper Tiger?
Vjekoslav Brati?
Financial Theory and Practice , 2008,
Abstract: The onset of the independence process in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries during the 1990s was marked by tremendous optimism and a declared wish for stronger fiscal decentralisation and the transfer of powers, responsibilities and resources to the units of local and regional self-government that were supposed to be closest to citizens in resolving their daily problems. However, this has not happened in these countries, at least not according to the basic financial decentralisation indicators, and this is the main thesis of this work. Despite numerous adjustments made in the local self-government organisation in the observed countries, an optimum level of local and regional self-government organisation has still not been achieved. The units of local and regional self-government are still heavily dependent on, or rather restricted by, the strong central governments, which reduces their autonomy and their influence on the local social and economic development.
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