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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 33993 matches for " Open and distance e-learning "
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A Framework for Developing Competencies in Open and Distance E-Learning
Patricia B. Arinto
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2013,
Abstract: Many open universities and distance education institutions have shifted from a predominantly print-based mode of delivery to an online mode characterised by the use of virtual learning environments and various web technologies. This paper describes the impact of the shift to open and distance e-learning (ODeL), as this trend might be called, on the course design practices of faculty members at a small single-mode distance education university in the Philippines. Specifically, the paper presents and analyses the faculty’s perspectives on how their course design practices have changed and issues and challenges arising from these changes. The findings suggest that faculty training programs in ODeL should aim to develop a comprehensive range of ODeL competencies in a systematic and coherent way. Based on the findings, as well as research on practitioner development in teaching effectively with technology, a framework for developing ODeL competencies among faculty is proposed. Aside from covering the four areas of change in course design practice identified in the study, the framework also specifies levels of expertise (basic, intermediate, and advanced), indicating degrees of complexity of the knowledge and skills required for each area at each level. All of the competencies listed for all four areas at the basic level comprise the minimum competencies for teaching an online distance education course.
Delivery of Open, Distance, and E-Learning in Kenya
Jackline K. A. Nyerere,,Frederick Q. Gravenir,Godfrey S. Mse
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2012,
Abstract: The increased demand and need for continuous learning have led to the introduction of open, distance, and e-learning (ODeL) in Kenya. Provision of this mode of education has, however, been faced with various challenges, among them infrastructural ones. This study was a survey conducted in two public universities offering major components of ODeL, the University of Nairobi and Kenyatta University. These universities were purposely selected for the study, whose respondents included the students registered in ODeL and the lecturers and senior administrators involved. Analysis of the relevant documents was also undertaken, while library literature was reviewed on the integration of ODeL into the provision of education in Kenya. The study established that efficient and optimal delivery of ODeL in Kenya faces both economic and infrastructural challenges. However, strengthening the existing relevant structures would address some of the challenges.
Elluminate Artical: Research Results from BC’s Connected Learner’s Technology Projects
Elizabeth Childs,Lara Jongedijk
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2007,
Abstract: The publisher of IRRODL, The Canadian Institute of Distance Education Research (CIDER), is pleased to provide links to a series of online seminars that took place over Spring 2007, using Elluminate. These interactive CIDER Sessions disseminate research emanating from North America's and Canada's vibrant DE research community, and we feel these archived recordings are highly relevant to many in the international distance education research community. To access these sessions, you must first download FREE software from Elluminate (http://www.elluminate.com/support/)
Scenario Building to Plan an e-learning Program
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2002,
Athabasca University: Conversion from Traditional Distance Education to Online Courses, Programs and Services
Alan Davis
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2001,
Abstract: In its 30 years of operation, Athabasca University has witnessed the full impact of the growth of online distance education. Its conversion from mixed media course production and telephone/ mail tutoring to a variety of electronic information and communication technologies has been heterogeneous across disciplines and programs. Undergraduate programs in business, computing, and some social science programs have largely led the conversion, and all graduate programs have, since their inception, employed various features of online delivery. The parallel conversion of student services has been equally important to the effectiveness of these processes. The implications of this approach for the quality of offerings, support systems, costing, and the primary mandate of the University (which is to remove barriers, not create them) are discussed.
Managerial Issues in Open and Distance Education Organizations in Transition: A Need for Systematic Approach
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2005,
Abstract: Managerial Issues in Open and Distance Education Organizations in Transition: A Need for Systematic Approach Cemil ULUKAN, PhDAnadolu University Open Education Faculty Eskisehir-TURKEY ABSTRACT Among the most common issues addressed in the educational literature of recent years have been change and transformation . In the literature on open and distance education (ODE), there has been a marked tendency to address change related issues separately. However, ODE leaders should consider all of the relevant organizational aspects during the change process in order to achieve successful transition. This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of what issues should be addressed during the transition process in order to realize a more effective and more competitive ODE organization. It attempts to ensure that all of the major aspects of organizational domains are taken into consideration more systematically in a system-wide transition process.
Impact of OpenCourseWare Publication on Higher Education Participation and Student Recruitment
Stephen Carson,Sukon Kanchanaraksa,Ira Gooding,Fred Mulder
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2012,
Abstract: The free and open publication of course materials (OpenCourseWare or OCW) was initially undertaken by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and other universities primarily to share educational resources among educators (Abelson, 2007). OCW, however, and more in general open educational resources (OER)1, have also provided well-documented opportunities for all learners, including the so-called “informal learners” and “independent learners” (Carson, 2005; Mulder, 2006, p. 35). Universities have also increasingly documented clear benefits for specific target groups such as secondary education students and lifelong learners seeking to enter formal postsecondary education programs.In addition to benefitting learners, OCW publication has benefitted the publishing institutions themselves by providing recruiting advantages. Finally enrollment figures from some institutions indicate that even in the case of the free and open publication of materials from online programs, OCW does not negatively affect enrollment. This paper reviews evaluation conducted at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHSPH), and Open Universiteit Nederland (OUNL) concerning OCW effects on higher education participation and student recruitment.
Regional Focus Editorial ~ Changing Faces of Open and Distance Learning in Asia
Insung Jung
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2007,
Abstract: It is no incident that IRRODL begins the year of 2007 with this regional focus edition on “Changing Faces of Open and Distance Learning in Asia.” Over the recent years, there has been tremendous growth and diversity in open and distance learning (ODL) in Asia. With over 56 percent of the global population, Asia has over 70 universities that are dedicated to open access to education, including seven out of 11 of the world's mega universities (universities with over 100,000 active students in degree-level courses) serving six million active students all together (Daniel, 1996). Quite a few distance teaching universities or programs such as the Bangladeshi Open University, the Hanoi Open University, the Open University Malaysia, and the Open and Distance Learning Program in Singapore, have been established since the 1990s and now provide tertiary level education to those seeking continuing education opportunities. Virtual universities are growing fast and, with 17 virtual universities in Korea alone! Many conventional, campus-based universities have started to offer e-Learning programs as well. For example, 67 e-Colleges have been established within conventional research universities in China.
Creating Effective Collaborative Learning Groups in an Online Environment
Jane E. Brindley,Christine Walti,Lisa M. Blaschke
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2009,
Abstract: Collaborative learning in an online classroom can take the form of discussion among the whole class or within smaller groups. This paper addresses the latter, examining first whether assessment makes a difference to the level of learner participation and then considering other factors involved in creating effective collaborative learning groups. Data collected over a three year period (15 cohorts) from the Foundations course in the Master of Distance Education (MDE) program offered jointly by University of Maryland University College (UMUC) and the University of Oldenburg does not support the authors’ original hypothesis that assessment makes a significant difference to learner participation levels in small group learning projects and leads them to question how much emphasis should be placed on grading work completed in study groups to the exclusion of other strategies. Drawing on observations of two MDE courses, including the Foundations course, their extensive online teaching experience, and a review of the literature, the authors identify factors other than grading that contribute positively to the effectiveness of small collaborative learning groups in the online environment. In particular, the paper focuses on specific instructional strategies that facilitate learner participation in small group projects, which result in an enhanced sense of community, increased skill acquisition, and better learning outcomes.
Connectivism: Learning theory of the future or vestige of the past?
Rita Kop,Adrian Hill
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning , 2008,
Abstract: Siemens and Downes initially received increasing attention in the blogosphere in 2005 when they discussed their ideas concerning distributed knowledge. An extended discourse has ensued in and around the status of ‘connectivism’ as a learning theory for the digital age. This has led to a number of questions in relation to existing learning theories. Do they still meet the needs of today’s learners, and anticipate the needs of learners of the future? Would a new theory that encompasses new developments in digital technology be more appropriate, and would it be suitable for other aspects of learning, including in the traditional class room, in distance education and e-learning? This paper will highlight current theories of learning and critically analyse connectivism within the context of its predecessors, to establish if it has anything new to offer as a learning theory or as an approach to teaching for the 21st Century.
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