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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 381 matches for " Oluseye Ajayi "
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Attitudes of Students towards Peers with Disability in an Inclusive School in Nigeria
Abiola Olaleye,Olorunfemi Ogundele,Samson Deji,Oluseye Ajayi
Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development , 2012, DOI: 10.5463/dcid.v23i3.136
Abstract: Purpose: The majority of children and young people with disabilities live in developing countries where they face inequalities in education and other opportunities. Negative attitudes constitute one of the major barriers to the development of their potential. This study aimed to describe the attitudes of students without disability towards their peers with disability, and to assess the role that gender and interpersonal contact play in shaping these attitudes. Method: A cross-sectional study involving 107 students was carried out at an inclusive secondary school located in a peri-urban area in South Western Nigeria. Participants were recruited from a group of 118 students in the three junior classes and senior class one (JSS 1 to SSS 1). A semi-structured questionnaire containing items on the “Chedoke-McMaster Attitudes Towards Children with Handicaps (CATCH) scale”, which elicits responses on a Likert scale numbered 0 to 4 (0-strongly disagree, 4-strongly agree), was administered. Data analysis was done using Stata version 12. Descriptive analysis was carried out and association between variables was determined using independent two-tailed t-tests. Results: The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of the scale was 0.83. The attitudes of students in the school were generally positive (M = 22.55, SD = 3.79). Female students had higher total scores (M = 24.76, SD = 2.78) than their male contemporaries (M = 19.84, SD = 3.05), t (103) = 8.55, p = .000. Having a friend/relative with a disability was associated with more positive attitudes among female students. Conclusions: In this inclusive setting, the attitudes of students towards their peers with disability were generally positive. Since interpersonal contact was associated with positive attitudes towards students with disabilities, interventions should be directed towards promoting interpersonal relationships in order to build an integrated society. doi: 10.5463/dcid.v23i3.136
Safety Culture, Policies and Practices in Nigerian Maritime Industry: The Exxon-Mobil Experience  [PDF]
John Nsikan Efiok, Opeoluwa Oluseye, Tommy Uduak, Raimi Olalekan
Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology (OJSST) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojsst.2015.53009
Abstract: Over the years, issues on safety culture and policies in maritime industry have received widespread research attention. Some maritime firms have even gone further to anchor their safety policies on learned corporate culture. However, whether these policies are fully embraced and complied with by seamen is a different kettle of fish altogether. This study therefore, examines safety culture, policies and practices in Nigerian maritime industry with a view to ascertaining: the extent of freight men’ awareness and compliance to safety policies, identifying hindrances to conformity with safety policies and practices, and determining intervention options that management of Exxon-Mobil could use to foster safety compliance. The study adopts a survey approach, with structured questionnaire, and gathering primary data from seamen onboard. The findings reveal that workers are aware of the various safety policies and practices put in place by management, but adherence is impeded by several factors-inadequate staff strength, crew fatigue, and poor wages. Others include contract labour, inadequate safety training, complacency, and high risk tolerance. Surprisingly, improper handover and supervisory interference were not potent enough to hinder compliance with safety regulations at sea.
Bibliotherapy as an Alternative Approach to Children’s Emotional Disorders  [PDF]
Ajayi Nathaniel Akinola
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.514146
Abstract:

The alternative approach to solving children emotional and behavioral disorders is the use of bibliotherapy. Many African youths today are undergoing traumatic democratic governance, fear of future and a crazy for materialism and books can be used to address the menace. The objectives of this paper therefore are to find out why and how bibliotherapy can be administered as a correctional therapy for children undergoing emotional and behavioral disorders. Good book selection, individual guidance and skilled therapist increase intellectual soundness of children.

Bacteriology and Qualitative Study of African Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa)  [PDF]
Olajide Adedayo Ajayi
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.211010
Abstract:

This study helps to determine the microbiological quality of local fermented food condiment, African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) obtained from Ondo State, Nigeria. Bacterial species en- countered during the study ranged from 20 × 103 cfu/g to 200 × 103 cfu/g for total bacterial count, 3 × 103 cfu/g to 120 × 103 cfu/g for coliform count and 1 × 103 cfu/g to 60 × 103 cfu/g for the Lac- tobacillus spp. in MRS agar. Some physical sensory study shows that odour became more pleasant when fermentation process take place for longer days and became slimy when fermentation continued at the day four. Adverse changes in this product such as the colour commences after 96 hours. Common bacterial species that persistently populate the samples includes Bacillus spp., Lueconostoc spp. and Staphylococcus spp. The Lueconostoc spp. only survives till the second day of fermentation as distinct from others which are still found after the seventh (7) day. This study helps in the investigation of microbiological hazards associated with fermented locust beans in order to safeguard the production of this food condiment meant for human consumption.

Pattern and outcome of diabetic admissions at a federal medical center: A 5-year review
EA Ajayi, AO Ajayi
Annals of African Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: Background: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing worldwide, with the major increases expected to occur in developing countries. It has been observed that the pattern of hospital admissions can be used to determine the effectiveness of outpatient care of DM. Objective: This study was aimed to examine diabetes-related admissions to medical wards of a federal medical center in Ekiti, Nigeria. Such data would be useful to determine the burden on health care system and in the planning of appropriate management strategies. Methods: A 5-year retrospective analysis of diabetes-related admissions to the medical wards of Federal Medical Centre, Ido Ekiti, Ekiti State, between 2003 and 2007 was carried out using medical records of the patients. SPSS 13 software was used to analyze data. Results: Of the total 2,696 medical admissions, 118 (4.4%) were diabetes related. The mean age of these patients was 57 ± 16.2 years. Majority (37.29%) of the patients were admitted for diabetic foot ulcer. Other major reasons for admission were severe hypertension (13.56%), uncontrolled hyperglycemia (13.56%), hyperglycemic emergencies (11.86%) and stroke (10.17%). Duration of hospital stay ranged from 1 to 107 days, with a mean duration of 17.5 ± 9.2 days. Mean duration of hospital stay was the longest (25.3 ± 23.9 days) for those admitted for diabetic foot ulcer. Most (74.6%) of the patients were discharged and only 4 (3.4%) died. Majority of those who left against medical advice were admitted for diabetic foot ulcer. Conclusion: There is a need to emphasize foot care as one of the cardinal features of optimal diabetes care. Establishing clinics specializing in treating diabetes and having facilities for treatment of all aspects of diabetes, including diabetic complications, will help in providing better patient care and in minimizing hospital admissions.
Pattern and outcome of diabetic admissions at a federal medical center: A 5-year review
Ajayi E,Ajayi A
Annals of African Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: Background: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing worldwide, with the major increases expected to occur in developing countries. It has been observed that the pattern of hospital admissions can be used to determine the effectiveness of outpatient care of DM. Objective: This study was aimed to examine diabetes-related admissions to medical wards of a federal medical center in Ekiti, Nigeria. Such data would be useful to determine the burden on health care system and in the planning of appropriate management strategies. Methods: A 5-year retrospective analysis of diabetes-related admissions to the medical wards of Federal Medical Centre, Ido Ekiti, Ekiti State, between 2003 and 2007 was carried out using medical records of the patients. SPSS 13 software was used to analyze data. Results: Of the total 2,696 medical admissions, 118 (4.4%) were diabetes related. The mean age of these patients was 57 ± 16.2 years. Majority (37.29%) of the patients were admitted for diabetic foot ulcer. Other major reasons for admission were severe hypertension (13.56%), uncontrolled hyperglycemia (13.56%), hyperglycemic emergencies (11.86%) and stroke (10.17%). Duration of hospital stay ranged from 1 to 107 days, with a mean duration of 17.5 ± 9.2 days. Mean duration of hospital stay was the longest (25.3 ± 23.9 days) for those admitted for diabetic foot ulcer. Most (74.6%) of the patients were discharged and only 4 (3.4%) died. Majority of those who left against medical advice were admitted for diabetic foot ulcer. Conclusion: There is a need to emphasize foot care as one of the cardinal features of optimal diabetes care. Establishing clinics specializing in treating diabetes and having facilities for treatment of all aspects of diabetes, including diabetic complications, will help in providing better patient care and in minimizing hospital admissions.
Effects of Dehulling on Functional and Sensory Properties of Flours From Black Beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris)  [PDF]
Olayinka Akinjayeju, Olayinka F. Ajayi
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.24049
Abstract: The effects of dehulling on the physico-chemical and pasting of, as well as anti-nutritional factors in black bean (Phasoelus vulgaris) flours were investigated. Black bean seeds were dehulled both manually and mechanically and the flours obtained from the dehulled seeds were compared with flour milled from undehulled seeds. The flours obtained were evaluated for proximate composition, physical and pasting properties. Anti-nutritional factors in the flours were also determined. The flours were then used to prepare steamed bean cake (“Moinmoin”) which was evaluated for sensory parameters of appearance, taste, aroma, texture and overall acceptability. Dehulling produced significant effects (p < 0.05) on the proximate composition and physical properties. Both dehulling and method of dehulling had significant effect on most pasting properties. Method of dehulling however had no significant difference (p < 0.05) on the proximate composition and physical characteristics. Anti-nutritional factors were higher in flour from dehulled seeds compared to flours from undehulled seeds. There was no significant difference in all sensory parameters of ‘moinmoin’(p > 0.05 and p > 0.01) prepared from dehulled flours, but there was significant difference (p < 0.05) at both levels in most sensory parameters between samples from dehulled seeds and undehulled seeds except for aroma.
A twelve-month field study of the West African Thrush Turdus pelios (Passeriformes:Muscicapidae).Part 1:food and feeding ecology
Akinpelu,Akinsola I; Oyedipe,Oluseye A;
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2004,
Abstract: the feeding ecology of turdus pelios was studied from field observations and gizzard contents. quantitative data on feeding were obtained from repeated standard "fixed route "walks and observational points at seven sites from january to december 1998 on 5065ha at the obafemi awolowo university campus,ile-ife (7 o20 ? n,4 o33 ? e).walks (each lasting about two hours)were started at various times of the day between 7.00 and 16.45 h.a total of 100 walks were made and binoculars were used to observe all feeding activities during 10 minutes at each site.each feeding record included food type,method of feeding and reaction with con-specifics at feeding sites.gizzards from mist-netted specimens were also studied.these birds fed most commonly twice a day between 06.00-9.30hr in the morning and between 17.00-18.30hr in the evening.field observations showed that about 62%of the diet consisted of plant matter.the prey items were earthworms and terrestrial arthropods, of which orthopterans alone constituted 45%of the total.the prey size consumed by both sexes overlapped extensively:differences in prey size were significant only for spiders. rev. biol. trop. 52(4):1001-1007.epub 2005 jun 24.
Global economic meltdown and its effects on human capital development in Nigeria: Lessons and way forward
Kehinde Oladele Joseph,Ogunnaike Olaleke Oluseye
Management Science Letters , 2011,
Abstract: Global economies around the world have experienced the most traumatic moments in the last one-decade. The crisis has been described by scholars, as perhaps been the worst financial crisis since the great economic depression of the 1930s. This paper lucidly examines the effects of global economic recession on the development of human capital with reference to Nigeria nation. The objectives of the paper among others are (i) To establish the level of the impact of global economic recession on development of skills of human capital in Nigeria (ii) To examine if there is any significant relationship between global economic recession and the motivation of human capital development in Nigeria among others. The paper uses survey method with two research hypotheses. Questionnaires were administered among academic staff of two Nigerian universities in the southwest part of Nigeria. Findings showed that the global economic recession has great impact on the development of skills of human capital in Nigeria. Findings also revealed that there exists a positive relationship between global economic recession and training and development of human capital in Nigeria. The paper offers useful policy recommendations, which include the need for government and appropriate agencies to put in place policies such as enabling environment that will lead to the growth and development of human capital in Nigeria. Government needs to put forward policies that minimize cost at all levels, maximize efficiency of output, training and retraining of goods hands; and that there is need to encourage better motivation of workers at every sector of the economy amongst others.
A twelve-month field study of the West African Thrush Turdus pelios (Passeriformes:Muscicapidae).Part 1:food and feeding ecology
Akinsola I Akinpelu,Oluseye A Oyedipe
Revista de Biología Tropical , 2004,
Abstract: The feeding ecology of Turdus pelios was studied from field observations and gizzard contents. Quantitative data on feeding were obtained from repeated standard "fixed route "walks and observational points at seven sites from January to December 1998 on 5065ha at the Obafemi Awolowo University campus,Ile-Ife (7 o20 ’ N,4 o33 ’ E).Walks (each lasting about two hours)were started at various times of the day between 7.00 and 16.45 h.A total of 100 walks were made and binoculars were used to observe all feeding activities during 10 minutes at each site.Each feeding record included food type,method of feeding and reaction with con-specifics at feeding sites.Gizzards from mist-netted specimens were also studied.These birds fed most commonly twice a day between 06.00-9.30hr in the morning and between 17.00-18.30hr in the evening.Field observations showed that about 62%of the diet consisted of plant matter.The prey items were earthworms and terrestrial arthropods, of which orthopterans alone constituted 45%of the total.The prey size consumed by both sexes overlapped extensively:differences in prey size were significant only for spiders. Rev. Biol. Trop. 52(4):1001-1007.Epub 2005 Jun 24. Se examina la ecología alimenticia del ave Turdus pelios en Nigeria,áfrica.Se observó que se alimenta frecuentemente dos veces al día entre 6:00 -9:30 am y entre las 17:00 -18:30 pm.Observaciones de campo mostraron que alrededor del 62%de la dieta consite en material vegetal. Las presas fueron lombices y artropodos terrestres,de los cuales los ortópteros constituyen el 45%del total.El tama o de las presas consumidas por ambos sexos se traslapa ampliamente,y las diferencias fueron significativas solamente respecto al tama o de las ara as (los machos consumieron más).
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