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Determination of Parallel Market Exchange Rate Premium  [PDF]
Oluremi Ogun
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.62026
Abstract: A model of the determination of parallel market exchange rate premium in liberalized economies is presented. Clear distinction is made between fundamental and nominal determinants with economic justification(s) given for every variable. Likely data problems that may arise during implementation are discussed and suggestions on circumventing are made.
Exchange Rate Determination in Developing Economies  [PDF]
Oluremi Davies Ogun
Modern Economy (ME) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/me.2012.35067
Abstract: This paper identifies the determinants of nominal exchange rate movements in less developed countries operating the flexible exchange rate system. Factors peculiar to such countries which are believed to potently drive their nominal ex-change rates are incorporated into the resulting model. In particular, the weather, parallel market exchange rate and its associated premium as well as corrupt practices enter the model. While all four factors should play crucial roles in ex-plaining short-run variations in the exchange rate, corrupt practices may still be at work in the long-run. However, those more advanced developing countries that have succeeded in instituting a relatively more effective legal system stem-ming the tide of corruption, and, also characterized by a near absence of parallel exchange rate market, may follow the standard model of exchange rate in the literature.
The Incidence of Capital Flight in an African Open Economy  [PDF]
Oluremi Ogun
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103736
Abstract:
This study investigated the incidence of capital flight in Nigeria. A combination of the push factors theory and the portfolio risk approach was employed. The policy and economic environments and political developments were suspected enabling factors. The analysis was confined to the short run in order to avoid the ambiguity inherent in the long run effects of some explanatory variables. Following from the preliminary data analysis, estimates were provided for non-ratio and ratio specifications. Whereas the overall goodness of fit was very impressive under the two specifications, particular variables’ performances were somewhat converse. However, a common denominator emerged from the results to tip off policy direction.
Economic Reforms and an African Market Economy  [PDF]
Oluremi Ogun
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104242
Abstract:
Economic reforms described the collection of policies to re-orientate economic activities in an attempt to re-direct the desired course of evolution of an economy. They were therefore aimed at altering the structure of an economic system for sustainable growth. Economic reforms in Nigeria had their genesis in the structural adjustment program instituted in 1986 to stem the tide of dwindling economic fortunes consequent upon the glut in the market for the country’s main export resource as well as the management oversight of the oil-boom era. Economic regulation had been the general management philosophy in the period before and during the oil boom of the 1970s. Several other reform programs had succeeded the 1986 initiatives. Mostly, the reforms were directed at eliminating distortions in the various markets and relying on market forces for resource allocation and general macroeconomic decisions. Based on a descriptive analytical method, this study showed that the expectations of a smaller government size and a larger private sector were realized. Also, the remarkable expansion in the telecommunications and the education sectors were gains. A combination of low technical changes and little innovations appeared to explain the dwindling contributions of other activity sectors and the general inert economy.
Commentary: Causes of death in elderly
Y Ogun
Annals of African Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: No
Management Of Ischaemic Stroke – Recent Advances
SA Ogun
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2002,
Abstract: There is a better understanding of the natural course of stroke as well as its pathogenesis. This has led to the philosophy of “watch and intervene from ischaemie damage. Thrombolytic therapy given within 3 hours of ictus has been effective but this is not feasible in Africa because of time delay and lack of neuro-imaging facilities in most centers. Contemporary management of stroke is divided into 4 phases; acute, early subacute, late subacute and long term. Acute phase involves early assessment and supportive care from the onset of stroke to the 7th day. These include adequate fluid therapy (not haemodilution) of isotonic or hypertonic infusion to improve cerebral blood flow and reduce cerebral oedema; insulin therapy for hyperglycaemia as well as use of free radical scavengers. Hypertension is the commonest predisposing factor for stroke, but the weight of available evidence does not support its treatment in the first 10 days of stroke onset. However, for extra cerebral complications with blood pressure above 220/120, oral antihypertensive agents could be beneficial. Combination of thrombolytics, agents to protect against the effects of ischaemia and ant-oedema measures are likely to be required. Possible agents that might halt the ischaemic process before infarction becomes inevitable include NMDA receptor blockers, ion channel blockers, free radical scavengers, caspace and xanthine oxidase inhibitors. During the early subacute phase, from the 2nd to the 4th week, prevention of pulmonary embolism with subcutaneous heparin, treatment of pneumonia with antibiotics and early physiotherapy are important. During the late phase, physical and psychological rehabilitation and prevention of stroke recurrence by modifying the risk factors are essential. For effective management of stroke (“brain attack”), stroke units are now in vogue in developed nations. Stroke management in our nation should be reprioritized as a time dependent urgent medical emergency just as is currently stressed for major trauma and acute myocardial infarction (heart attack). Efforts should equally be made to set up stroke units and strengthen primary prevention. KEY WORDS: stroke, management. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice Vol.5(2) 2002: 130-138
Pentasomide infestation
Ogun Yomi
Annals of African Medicine , 2011,
Abstract:
A Neural Network Approach to Predicting Car Tyre Micro-Scale and Macro-Scale Behaviour  [PDF]
Xiaoguang Yang, Mohammad Behroozi, Oluremi A. Olatunbosun
Journal of Intelligent Learning Systems and Applications (JILSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jilsa.2014.61002
Abstract:

Finite Element (FE) analysis has become the favoured tool in the tyre industry for virtual development of tyres because of the ability to represent the detailed lay-up of the tyre carcass. However, application of FE analysis in tyre design and development is still very time-consuming and expensive. Here, the application of various Artificial Neural Network (ANN) architectures to predicting tyre performance is assessed to select the most effective and efficient architecture, to allow extensive parametric studies to be carried out inexpensively and to optimise tyre design before a much more expensive full FE analysis is used to confirm the predicted performance.

The Effect of Different Ration Protein Levels on the Fattening Performance in the Turkgeldi Lambs
Levent Coskuntuna,Sabahattin Ogun
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2005,
Abstract: In this trial the effects of the crude protein contents of the fattening concentrates on the fattening performance in the Turkgeldi lambs were investigated. Twentyseven Turkgeldi male lambs (weaned 2-2.5 mounts of age) were allotted randomly by weight in the three groups at the beginning of the trial. Animals in each trial groups were fed individually with trial concentrates (G1; 13.34% CP, 2510 kcal ME kg-1, G2; 14.56% CP, 2530 kcal ME kg-1, G3; 15.85% CP, 2560 kcal ME kg-1) and the concentrates were given ad libutum levels for a 56 days. Also 100 g/day sun crude hays were given per animal during the fattening period. Concentrates were given three times a day and any food remaining in the troughs were removed and weighted before the morning feeding. Live weights of the animals were recorded every two weeks interval. Average live weights at the end of the trial, average daily gains, average feed intake and feed efficience ratio of the trial groups were founds as 40.40 ± 1.586, 38.73 ± 0.877, 38.14 ± 1.757 kg; 344.31 ± 15.224, 319.69 ± 12.959, 306.56 ± 15.411 g; 1.46 ± 0.015, 1.45 ± 0.010, 1.41 ± 0.013 kg and 4.44 ± 0.214, 4.83 ± 0.231, 4.98 ± 0.302 kg for the groups of G1, G2 and G3, respectively. There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to live weights, daily gains and feed efficience ratios, although the differences about daily feed intake values between trials were found significantly (p<0.05).
Iridescent anterior chamber crystals following minor ocular trauma
Ogun Olufunmilola,Adegbehingbe Stella
Oman Journal of Ophthalmology , 2009,
Abstract: Anterior chamber crystals occur due to severe ocular trauma or chronic inflammation. The affected eye has often suffered irreversible visual loss. Iridescent crystals are rare and they have interesting clinical features which have been reported commonly among Caucasian populations. This condition has never been reported in an African patient. A 21-year-old Nigerian woman presented with a history of trauma to the left eye and subsequent progressive loss of vision. Polychromatic crystals were observed incidentally in the anterior chamber. This is the first report of this unusual clinical condition in an African patient.
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