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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 52 matches for " Olomola BV "
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The anterior segment of the eye in diabetes
Adeoti CO, Isawumi MA, Ashaye AO, Olomola BV
Clinical Ophthalmology , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S27313
Abstract: nterior segment of the eye in diabetes Original Research (2528) Total Article Views Authors: Adeoti CO, Isawumi MA, Ashaye AO, Olomola BV Published Date May 2012 Volume 2012:6 Pages 667 - 671 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S27313 Received: 13 October 2011 Accepted: 11 December 2011 Published: 07 May 2012 CO Adeoti1, MA Isawumi1, AO Ashaye2, BV Olomola1 1Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Nigeria; 2Ophthalmology Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria Purpose: A prospective study to examine the anterior segment of the eye in patients with diabetes mellitus. Materials and methods: The anterior segments of the eyes of 181 patients with diabetes mellitus were examined. The commonest finding in the lids was warts, followed by poliosis and chalazia, and, in the conjunctiva, tortuous conjunctival vessels inferiorly (36.50%), pterygium (14.92%), and pingueculum (14.37%). Corneal sensitivity was reduced in 25 (13.80%) patients. Iris atrophy was the commonest finding in the iris. Dilatation of the pupil was delayed in 34 (18.79%) patients. Cataract was found in 119 (65.75%) patients. Forty-one (22.65%) patients had intraocular pressure greater than 21 mmHg. Seven (3.87%) patients, four (2.21%) patients, and one (0.55%) patient had seventh, third, and fourth palsy, respectively. No patient had sixth nerve palsy. Conclusion: Primary care physicians and other allied health care professionals who are first in contact with patients are enjoined to familiarize themselves with the anterior segment features of diabetes mellitus and take necessary action when they are detected.
The anterior segment of the eye in diabetes
Adeoti CO,Isawumi MA,Ashaye AO,Olomola BV
Clinical Ophthalmology , 2012,
Abstract: CO Adeoti1, MA Isawumi1, AO Ashaye2, BV Olomola11Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Nigeria; 2Ophthalmology Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan, NigeriaPurpose: A prospective study to examine the anterior segment of the eye in patients with diabetes mellitus.Materials and methods: The anterior segments of the eyes of 181 patients with diabetes mellitus were examined. The commonest finding in the lids was warts, followed by poliosis and chalazia, and, in the conjunctiva, tortuous conjunctival vessels inferiorly (36.50%), pterygium (14.92%), and pingueculum (14.37%). Corneal sensitivity was reduced in 25 (13.80%) patients. Iris atrophy was the commonest finding in the iris. Dilatation of the pupil was delayed in 34 (18.79%) patients. Cataract was found in 119 (65.75%) patients. Forty-one (22.65%) patients had intraocular pressure greater than 21 mmHg. Seven (3.87%) patients, four (2.21%) patients, and one (0.55%) patient had seventh, third, and fourth palsy, respectively. No patient had sixth nerve palsy.Conclusion: Primary care physicians and other allied health care professionals who are first in contact with patients are enjoined to familiarize themselves with the anterior segment features of diabetes mellitus and take necessary action when they are detected.Keywords: diabetes mellitus, eye, anterior segment
It may be a wise decision from ‘Editor-in-Chief and Publisher of IJAV’
Murlimanju BV
International Journal of Anatomical Variations , 2011,
Abstract: Dear Sir,I read your editorial article ‘New measures taken for a better IJAV’ [1] and it seems that you have taken a wise decision for following up of the journal. As Prof. Nayak opined [2], having a processing fee for publication may discourage many authors, but in order to maintain the publication expenditures, editorial office and handling of higher number of manuscripts, you might have taken these steps. Since IJAV is an open access electronic journal, getting subscription fees from the institutions and universities is not possible. The anatomical variants are commonly encountered in day to day practice and are submitted to the journals for publication. But this is not that often with the original communications and review articles. In view of this, it may be difficult to manage a journal like IJAV as it is the only journal exclusively [3] made for publishing anatomical variations and clinical anatomy case reports. Waiving the processing fee for the authors from poor countries and students is an encouragement from the editor. Regarding the decision to provide incentives for the peer reviewers, instead of providing the money; it may be more suitable to issue a certificate from the editorial board for reviewing the case. It may help to decrease the amount of processing charge paid by the author. It’s a good idea to restrict the number of authors since most of the other reputed journal editors have opined that the authorship criteria for the case report should be four or less than four.I am very happy that IJAV has published more than hundreds of case reports within a short span of years. The map overlay of web traffic of IJAV via Google Analytics [1], which is displayed in your article, is informative and I am proud that our country ‘India’ is on higher traffic [1]. It is obvious that the Editor-in-Chief and his team deserve a big salute [4] for the hard work and efforts in bringing out the third volume. Wish the journal a bright career and evergreen success in the years to come.
The Role of Human Capital in Industrial Development: The Nigerian Case (1980-2010)  [PDF]
Akintoye Victor Adejumo, Phillip Akanni Olomola, Opeyemi Oluwabunmi Adejumo
Modern Economy (ME) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/me.2013.410069
Abstract: Human capital development is seen as a focal point for pivoting industrial development, for reducing the level of unemployment and increasing the supply of entrepreneurs in any economy. However, the effect of human capital on sustainable industrial development in Nigeriahas not been adequately explored. In view of various policies adopted by successive governments to advance industrialization inNigeria, the study examined the effect human capital development has had on industrial growth in the light of various factors that could have shaped industrial performance. In addition, the different educational enrollment rates were examined to find out if any significant positive impact will be felt in the industrial sector. Time series data covering the period between 1980 and 2010 were used with an appropriate econometric technique. It was discovered that human capital has to a large extent impacted on industry value-added, but in terms of output generated industrially, the effect of human capital remains low inNigeria.
Hepatitis C virus infection in patients with oral lichen planus
A Konidena, BV Pavani
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Lichen planus (LP) is a chronic mucocutaneous disease of uncertain etiology. Recent reports suggest that LP is an extrahepatic manifestation of Hepatitis C infection. Objective: To determine the association of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with oral LP and to study the tests of liver function in patients with oral LP. Study Design: A cross-sectional case-control study was carried out on 25 patients with oral LP and an equal number of controls. The study was conducted in the outpatient department of a dental college for a period of six months between January and June 2008. The sera of the patients and controls were tested for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) using reverse transcription primed-polymerase chain reaction and liver function tests (bilirubin, transaminases, and alkaline phosphatase). Results: Of the 25 patients with LP, three (12%) had HCV infection. None of the controls had HCV RNA positivity (P = 0.2347). Oral LP patients had higher serum bilirubin and transaminases when compared with controls (P < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in alkaline phosphatase. HCV-positive and -negative patients did not differ significantly in liver function tests. Conclusions: An increased prevalence of HCV infection was seen in oral LP patients. Our findings support a possible etiological association between these two diseases.
The advent of MR/PET Imaging
Rishabh Kapila,Subash BV
Indian Journal of Dental Advancements , 2011,
Abstract: Advancements in imaging took a leap in the last decade, when PETonly systems were phased out and replaced with PET-CT systems. This led to a functional and anatomic image of tissues of high contrast and greater application. Another breakthrough in oncology imaging is expected with the merger of MRI and PET, where imaging of specific body locations with no additional radiation burden and better tissue contrast is achieved.
Speech Enhancement Algorithm to Reduce the Effect of Background Noise in Mobile Phones
Premananda BS,Uma BV
International Journal of Wireless & Mobile Networks , 2013,
Abstract: In mobile phones, perceived quality of speech signal deteriorates significantly in the presence ofbackground noise since near-end/surrounding noise also arrives at the near-end listener’s ears. Thequality of the received signal varies widely depending upon signal strength and unavoidable backgroundnoise in the user environment. There is a need to improve the quality of received speech signal in noisyconditions by developing the speech enhancement algorithms. This paper focuses on the impact of thevarious background noises on signal degradation and mechanisms to mitigate the noise impact forimproved speech signal perception. Gain adjustment process with simple time domain and frequencydomain approach using psychoacoustic has been adapted to improve the quality and intelligibility of thespeech signal in the noisy environments by automatically enhancing the speech signals when the noisedominates. Time domain approach is less complex and frequency domain using psychoacoustic is moreefficient in overcoming the degradation of speech signals in presence of near-end or background noise.
A meeting point for different lines of thought
Afanasyev BV,Zander AR
Cellular Therapy and Transplantation , 2008,
Abstract:
Effect of waste water on vegetable production
BA Adams, B Osikabor, A Olomola, AAA Adesope
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) , 2010,
Abstract: This experiment was carried out in Ibadan, Oyo State Nigeria purposively selecting four sites where waste waters were used for growing vegetables. Water, soil and leafy vegetables (Amarantus) samples were collected randomly form each siute and subjected to analysis for heavy metals such as Lead, Nickel, Arsenic, Cadmium and Mercury at laboratories in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife for leafy vegetables and University of Ibadan for soil and water analysis. The result showed that there are significant difference with the respect of contaminant presence in the waters and soils samples. With regard to the analysis results, specimen C (Eleyele dam) vegetable had the highest percentage value of Lead (0.28%) Arsenic (62.5%) and Cadmium (0.92%) which was influenced by the amount of heavy metals taken from both soil and water.
Comparative Study of element composition of some honey samples in Ibadan metropolis
BA Adams, B Osikabor, A Olomola, AAA Adesope
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) , 2010,
Abstract: The study was carried out at the Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan with seven honey samples were randomly selected within Ibadan metropolis, labeled as: Sample A (Forestry Honey), Sample B(Pure Honey), Sample C (Mr. Honey), Sample D (Taraba Honey), Sample E (Sokoto Honey), Sample F (Saki Honey), and Sample G (Natural Honey). The samples were then analysed at the chemical laboratory of the International Institute of Tropic Agriculture (IITA). The TXRF and infrared spectrophotometer techniques were used to measured elemental concentrations present in the sample. Eight elements – K, Ca, P, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, and Na – were analysed. The result showed the honey samples to be quite rich in minerals. Potassium was the most abundant element in the honey samples (range 6.629 – 7.744ppm) with a mean value of 7.029, followed by Na (range 0.86 – 1.13ppm) with a mean value of 1.03 and P (range 0.565 – 0.644ppm) with a mean of 0.605. Calcium ranges between 0.277 and 0.591ppm with a mean value of 0.384, while Mn has a range of 0.025-0.036ppm with a mean of 0.030, followed by Zn(range 0.02-0.03ppm) with a mean value of 0.03ppm. iron also ranges between 0.015 and 0.024ppm with a mean value of 0.018ppm, while Cu came last with a range of 0.001-0.003 and a mean value of 0.002ppm. The computation of the standard deviation shows Potassium to have a value of 0.344, Ca 0.078, P0.023, Fe0.003, Mn 0.003, Cu 0.001, Zn 0.006 and Na 0.476. In addition, the processed honey samples had more elemental concentrations than the unprocessed honeys. Nevertheless the results have shown that Nigeria honey samples are rich in mineral composition, hence the need for better processing method and packaging in order to achieve wide market and income both locally and internationally.
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