Abstract:
The present paper establishes characteristics of the relative magnetic permeability spectrum $\mu$(f) of magnetic materials at microwave frequencies. The integral of the imaginary part of $\mu$(f) multiplied with the frequency f gives remarkable properties. A generalisation of Snoek's law consists in this quantity being bounded by the square of the saturation magnetization multiplied with a constant. While previous results have been obtained in the case of non-conductive materials, this work is a generalization to ferromagnetic materials and ferromagnetic-based composites with significant skin effect. The influence of truncating the summation to finite upper frequencies is investigated, and estimates associated to the finite summation are provided. It is established that, in practice, the integral does not depend on the damping model under consideration. Numerical experiments are performed in the exactly solvable case of ferromagnetic thin films with uniform magnetization, and these numerical experiments are found to confirm our theoretical results. Microwave permeability measurements on soft amorphous films are reported. The relation between the integral and the saturation magnetization is verified experimentally, and some practical applications of the theoretical results are introduced. The integral can be used to determine the average magnetization orientation in materials with complex configurations of the magnetization, and furthermore to demonstrate the accuracy of microwave measurement systems. For certain applications, such as electromagnetic compatibility or radar absorbing materials, the relations established herein provide useful indications for the design of efficient materials, and simple figures of merit to compare the properties measured on various materials.

Abstract:
Many standards and even more proprietary technologies deal with IP-based television (IPTV). But none of them can transparently map popular public broadcast services such as DVB or ATSC to IPTV with acceptable effort. In this paper we explain why we believe that such a mapping using a light weight framework is an important step towards all-IP multimedia. We then present the NetCeiver architecture: it is based on well-known standards such as IPv6, and it allows zero configuration. The use of multicast streaming makes NetCeiver highly scalable. We also describe a low cost FPGA implementation of the proposed NetCeiver architecture, which can concurrently stream services from up to six full transponders.

Abstract:
External or internal domain-specific languages (DSLs) or (fluent) APIs? Whoever you are -- a developer or a user of a DSL -- you usually have to choose your side; you should not! What about metamorphic DSLs that change their shape according to your needs? We report on our 4-years journey of providing the "right" support (in the domain of feature modeling), leading us to develop an external DSL, different shapes of an internal API, and maintain all these languages. A key insight is that there is no one-size-fits-all solution or no clear superiority of a solution compared to another. On the contrary, we found that it does make sense to continue the maintenance of an external and internal DSL. The vision that we foresee for the future of software languages is their ability to be self-adaptable to the most appropriate shape (including the corresponding integrated development environment) according to a particular usage or task. We call metamorphic DSL such a language, able to change from one shape to another shape.

Abstract:
A new analysis method of the magnetization dispersion in a thin magnetic film is presented. It is based on the angular measurement of the permeability spectra and on the evaluation of the integral relation. It provides the average orientation of the magnetization in the layer and a dispersion parameter which quantifies the magnetic dispersion. The method is successfully applied on a soft CoNbZr 800nm magnetic layer which possesses a helical anisotropy profile. This helical profile is obtained by rotating continuously the sample during the sputtering deposition on a scale from R = 0 to 16 turns. The study reveals that, for about 1/2 turn, a maximal dispersion is achieved and, for more elevated rotation speed, the magnetization no longer follows the anisotropy profile but lines up along an easiest axis direction. The experimental data are well described by a one-dimensional micromagnetic model which takes both exchange coupling and a helical anisotropy into account. The analytical cases with an exchange constant null and infinite are also considered in order to gain more insight onto the observed magnetic behaviour in the soft magnetic thin film.

Abstract:
Feature modeling is a widely used formalism to characterize a set of products (also called configurations). As a manual elaboration is a long and arduous task, numerous techniques have been proposed to reverse engineer feature models from various kinds of artefacts. But none of them synthesize feature attributes (or constraints over attributes) despite the practical relevance of attributes for documenting the different values across a range of products. In this report, we develop an algorithm for synthesizing attributed feature models given a set of product descriptions. We present sound, complete, and parametrizable techniques for computing all possible hierarchies, feature groups, placements of feature attributes, domain values, and constraints. We perform a complexity analysis w.r.t. number of features, attributes, configurations, and domain size. We also evaluate the scalability of our synthesis procedure using randomized configuration matrices. This report is a first step that aims to describe the foundations for synthesizing attributed feature models.

It briefly recalls the theory of Bell’s inequality and some experimental
measures. Then measurements are processed on one hand according to a property
of the wave function, on the other hand according to the sum definition. The
results of such processed measures are apparently not the same, so Bell’s
inequality would not be violated. It is a use of the wave function which
implies the violation of the inequality, as it can be seen on the last
flowcharts.

Abstract:
The traditional thermodynamic theory explains
the reversible phenomena quite well, except that reversible phenomena are rare
or even impossible in practice. Here the purpose is to propose an explanation
valid for reversible and also irreversible phenomena, irreversibility being
common or realistic. It previously exposed points tricky to grasp, as the sign
of the work exchange, the adiabatic expansion in vacuum (free expansion) or the
transfer of heat between two bodies at the same temperature (isothermal
transfer). After having slightly modified the concepts of heat transfer (each
body produces heat according to its own temperature) and work (distinguishing
external pressure from internal pressure), the previous points are more easily
explained. At last, an engine efficiency in case of irreversible transfer is
proposed. This paper is focused on the form of thermodynamics, on “explanations”;
it does not question on “results” (except the irreversible free expansion of
1845...) which remain unchanged.

Abstract:
For a century, hypothesis of a variable time is laid down by the
Relativity Theory. This hypothesis can explain many Nature observations,
experiments and formulas, for example the Lorentz factor demonstration. Because
of such good explanations, the hypothesis of a variable time has been
validated. Nevertheless, it remains some paradoxes and some predictions which
are difficult to measure, as a reversible time or the time variation itself.
The purpose of this article is to study another hypothesis. If it gives interesting
results, it would mean that this alternative hypothesis can also be validated.
The idea in this paper is to replace the variable time by a variable inertial
mass. To the difference with the Theory of Relativity (where the inertial mass
and the gravitational mass are equal and variable), the gravitational mass is here
supposed to be constant. So, starting from the definition of the kinetic
energy, it is introduced the Lorentz factor. And then it is demonstrated the
value of the Lorentz factor thanks to a variable inertial mass. This variable
inertial mass can also explain experiments, like Bertozzi experiment. If this
alternative demonstration was validated, it could help to open doors, other
physical effects could be explained like the addition of velocities.

Abstract:
Is it possible to demonstrate the velocity
addition without using a variable time (as it is done in theory of relativity)?
The topic of this paper is to propose and demonstrate an alternative
expres-sion based on the conservation of linear momenta. The method proposed
here is to start from a physical object (and not from a mathematical point),
i.e. from an object with a mass. And the hy-pothesis is inertial mass to be
different from gravitational mass. Then, when impulses are added, we get an
expression of the velocity addition itself. When numerical predictions are
compared with experimental results, the differences are lower than the measures
uncertainty. And these numerical results are much close to those predicts by
the theory of relativity, nevertheless with a little difference at high
velocities. If this demonstration and this expression were validated, it would
allow giving an alternative explanation to some experiments and nature
observations as Doppler Effect on light celerity. But first, it would be
necessary to get from laboratories more precise experimental results, in order
to validate or not this hypothesis of the sum of linear momenta with a Variable
Inertial Mass.

Abstract:
Quantum Mechanics formalism remains difficult to understand and sometimes is confusing, especially in the explanation of ERP paradox and of Bell’s inequalities with entanglement photons. So a chart of conversion, in which elements are named differently, is proposed. Next, experiment about Bell’s inequalities violation is described in another way, and we hope a clearer one. Main result is Bell’s inequalities would not be violated! The explanation would come from confusion between the definition of the correlation function S1, and a property S2. And consequently, Einstein, Podolski and Rosen would be right on the local “hidden” variable.