oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 23 matches for " Olesi; Mhango "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /23
Display every page Item
Malawi's contribution to "3 by 5": achievements and challenges
Libamba,Edwin; Makombe,Simon D; Harries,Anthony D; Schouten,Erik J; Yu,Joseph Kwong-Leung; Pasulani,Olesi; Mhango,Eustice; Aberle-Grasse,John; Hochgesang,Mindy; Limbambala,Eddie; Lungu,Douglas;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862007000200015
Abstract: problem: many resource-poor countries have started scaling up antiretroviral therapy (art). while reports from individual clinics point to successful implementation, there is limited information about progress in government institutions at a national level. approach: malawi started national art scale-up in 2004 using a structured approach. there is a focus on one generic, fixed-dose combination treatment with stavudine, lamivudine and nevirapine. treatment is delivered free of charge to eligible patients with hiv and there is a standardized system for recruiting patients, monthly follow-up, registration, monitoring and reporting of cases and outcomes. all treatment sites receive quarterly supervision and evaluation. local setting: in january 2004, there were nine public sector facilities delivering art to an estimated 4 000 patients. by december 2005, there were 60 public sector facilities providing free art to 37 840 patients using national standardized systems. analysis of quarterly cohort treatment outcomes at 12 months showed 80% of patients were alive, 10% dead, 9% lost to follow-up and 1% had stopped treatment. lessons learned: achievements were the result of clear national art guidelines, implementing partners working together, an intensive training schedule focused on clinical officers and nurses, a structured system of accrediting facilities for art delivery, quarterly supervision and monitoring, and no stock-outs of antiretroviral drugs. the main challenges are to increase the numbers of children, pregnant women and patients with tuberculosis being started on art, and to avert high early mortality and losses to follow-up. the capacity of the health sector to cope with escalating case loads and to scale up prevention alongside treatment will determine the future success of art delivery in malawi.
The Duty To Effect An Appropriate Mode Of Payment To Minor Pension Beneficiaries Under Scrutiny In Death Claims
M Mhango, N Dyani
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2009,
Abstract: This note focuses on the payment into a trust arrangement in favour of a minor beneficiary as contemplated in terms of section 37C (2) of the Pension Funds Act 24 of 1956. The aim is to examine the criteria under which the boards of management of pension funds may deprive a guardian the right to administer benefits on behalf of minor beneficiaries. This examination is conducted within the context of the approach adopted by the Pension Funds Adjudicator in four specific determinations decided prior, but relevant, to the amendments to the Pension Funds Act, where the board in each case unlawfully deprived a guardian of the right to administer death benefits in favour of a minor beneficiary. Therefore, the note will discuss four specific determinations and thereafter comment about the criteria to be used by practitioners. The note argues that these determinations should be welcomed because of their progressive interpretation of the Pension Funds Act and for setting an important precedent for pension fund practitioners and boards. In each case, the Pension Funds Adjudicator found a violation of section 37C. The note also criticises the remedy granted in two of the determinations, namely Moralo v Holcim South African Provident Fund, and Mafe v Barloworld (SA) Retirement Fund Respondent, and argues that the Pension Funds Adjudicator’s ruling on these matters was arbitrary and capricious because it disregarded its own precedent in Lebepe v Premier Foods Provident Fund & Others. We therefore submit that the Pension Funds Adjudicator should have ordered the boards in Moralo v Holcim South African Provident Fund, and Mafe v Barloworld (SA) Retirement Fund Respondent to pay all of the benefits directly to the complainants and guardians in those determinations.
What should the board of management of a pension fund consider when dealing with death claims involving surviving cohabitants?
M.O Mhango
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2010,
Abstract: This note argues that the Adjudicator’s determination Hlathi should be welcomed by the pension funds industry because it clarifies the uncertain legal position that emerged in the wake of the judgment in Volks. It comments on the requirements in and implications of Hlathi for the pension funds industry and pension beneficiaries, and criticises the Adjudicator's determination as failing to expressly incorporate the emotional and intimate or sexual bond requirement in the new factual dependency test. It argues that while Hlathi appears to have reverted to the legal position that prevailed prior to Van der Merwe, the new test does not expressly incorporate the relevant requirement that a relationship of mutual dependence involves an emotional and intimate or sexual bond. As a result, the note is critical of this omission because it creates a potentially new uncertainty in the law, and calls on the current Adjudicator to clarify this matter.
The Duty to effect an appropriate Mode of Payment to Minor Pension Beneficiaries under Scrutiny in Death Claims
M Mhango,N Dyani
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2009,
Abstract: This note focuses on the payment into a trust arrangement in favour of a minor beneficiary as contemplated in terms of section 37C (2) of the Pension Funds Act 24 of 1956. The aim is to examine the criteria under which the boards of management of pension funds may deprive a guardian the right to administer benefits on behalf of minor beneficiaries. This examination is conducted within the context of the approach adopted by the Pension Funds Adjudicator in four specific determinations decided prior, but relevant, to the amendments to the Pension Funds Act, where the board in each case unlawfully deprived a guardian of the right to administer death benefits in favour of a minor beneficiary. Therefore, the note will discuss four specific determinations and thereafter comment about the criteria to be used by practitioners. The note argues that these determinations should be welcomed because of their progressive interpretation of the Pension Funds Act and for setting an important precedent for pension fund practitioners and boards. In each case, the Pension Funds Adjudicator found a violation of section 37C. The note also criticises the remedy granted in two of the determinations, namely Moralo v Holcim South African Provident Fund, and Mafe v Barloworld (SA) Retirement Fund Respondent, and argues that the Pension Funds Adjudicator’s ruling on these matters was arbitrary and capricious because it disregarded its own precedent in Lebepe v Premier Foods Provident Fund & Others. We therefore submit that the Pension Funds Adjudicator should have ordered the boards in Moralo v Holcim South African Provident Fund, and Mafe v Barloworld (SA) Retirement Fund Respondent to pay all of the benefits directly to the complainants and guardians in those determinations.
How Could the Pension Funds Adjudicator Get it so Wrong? A Critique of Smith v Eskom Pension and Provident Fund
N Dyani,M Mhango
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2010,
Abstract: In this case note the judgment in the Smith case is criticized for being inconsistent with the landmark ruling in Volks. It is argued that the Adjudicator ought to have remanded the matter in Smith to the Board and ought to have ordered it to re-examine its discretion with a focus on a set of factors. Some of the negative effects of Smith on the pension funds industry are also outlined. While the authors express their understanding that the Adjudicator's decision in Smith was made with the rights of women in mind, they believe that her reasoning was wrong. She may have arrived at the same decision on different reasoning. In order to prevent the negative effects of Smith on the pension funds industry, it is recommended that the Adjudicator, when given an opportunity, should overrule the precedent set in Smith. Failure to do so would create the risk of the inconsistent application of the term "spouse" under South African law, or at the very least in relation to acts of Parliament administered by the National Treasury, which may potentially violate the equality provisions of the Constitution.
Toczeń noworodków: walka z nieznanym wrogiem?
Marzena Olesińska,Justyna Teliga-Czajkowska
Reumatologia , 2011,
Abstract: Toczeń noworodków (TN) wyst puje u 2% dzieci matek z obecnymiprzeciwcia ami anty-SSA/Ro i/lub anty-SSB/La. Najwcze niejszymobjawem choroby, wykrywanym mi dzy 18. a 24. tygodniem ci y,jest blok przedsionkowo-komorowy serca. Jego przebieg, a szcze -gólnie wspó istniej ca uogólniona choroba serca, decyduj o rokowaniu w tej chorobie. Poczynione w ostatnich latach obser -wacje oraz wyniki badań klinicznych z randomizacj znacz coposzerzy y stan wiedzy na temat patogenezy i przebiegu TN,a tak e mo liwo ci terapeutycznych.
Gentamicin for treatment of gonococcal urethritis in Malawi
G Kamanga, C Mhango, LB Brown
Malawi Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: No
How could the pension funds adjudicator get it so wrong? a critique of Smith versus Eskom pension and provident fund
N Dyani, M.O Mhango
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2010,
Abstract: In this case note the judgment in the Smith case is criticized for being inconsistent with the landmark ruling in Volks. It is argued that the Adjudicator ought to have remanded the matter in Smith to the Board and ought to have ordered it to re-examine its discretion with a focus on a set of factors. Some of the negative effects of Smith on the pension funds industry are also outlined. While the authors express their understanding that the Adjudicator's decision in Smith was made with the rights of women in mind, they believe that her reasoning was wrong. She may have arrived at the same decision on different reasoning. In order to prevent the negative effects of Smith on the pension funds industry, it is recommended that the Adjudicator, when given an opportunity, should overrule the precedent set in Smith. Failure to do so would create the risk of the inconsistent application of the term "spouse" under South African law, or at the very least in relation to acts of Parliament administered by the National Treasury, which may potentially violate the equality provisions of the Constitution.
Ocena ryzyka sercowo-naczyniowego u chorych na toczeń rumieniowaty uk adowy – aspekty praktyczne
Monika Swacha,Ewa Wi?sik-Szewczyk,Marzena Olesińska
Reumatologia , 2011,
Abstract: Powik ania sercowo-naczyniowe s przyczyn 20–30% zgonówchorych na toczeń rumieniowaty uk adowy (TRU). Wyst puj onew tej grupie chorych cz ciej i w m odszym wieku ni w populacjiogólnej (tab. I). Przyczyny tego zjawiska nie zosta y wyja nione. Naprzyspieszony rozwój mia d ycy wp ywaj zaburzenia lipidowe,wspó istniej ce zapalenie oraz by mo e stosowanie glikokortykosteroidów.W pracy przedstawiono tradycyjne i swoiste dla TRU czynnikiwp ywaj ce na rozwój mia d ycy (tab. II). Zwrócono uwag nakorzy ci wynikaj ce z kontroli aktywno ci choroby i stosowanialeków antymalarycznych. Omówiono miejsce badań obrazowychw diagnostyce mia d ycy, w tym badania ultrasonograficznegot tnic szyjnych z ocen grubo ci kompleksu b ony wewn trzneji rodkowej (intima-media thickness – IMT). Obecnie nie ma jednoznacznychzaleceń dotycz cych profilaktyki pierwotnej i wtórnejw ród chorych na TRU. Zaproponowano strategi post powania,której wprowadzenie mo e zmniejszy ryzyko rozwojupowik ań sercowo-naczyniowych (tab. III).
T tnicze nadci nienie p ucne w praktyce reumatologa: podst pny pocz tek – powa ne konsekwencje. Znaczenie wczesnego rozpoznania
Ewa Wi?sik-Szewczyk,Marzena Olesińska
Reumatologia , 2010,
Abstract: T tnicze nadci nienie p ucne (TNP) to przewlekle post puj ca choroba,która jest g ówn przyczyn zgonów w przebiegu twardzinyuk adowej. W innych uk adowych chorobach tkanki cznej TNPwyst puje rzadziej. W ostatnim dziesi cioleciu daje si zauwa y post p w zrozumieniu patogenezy t tniczego nadci nienia p ucnego,który zaowocowa wprowadzeniem nowych leków. Warunkiemskutecznej terapii jest wczesne ustalenie rozpoznania. W artykuleomówiono strategi wykrywania TNP u chorych na twardzin uk adow .Optymalne narz dzia badań przesiewowych wci nie s okre lone. Zaleca si coroczn echokardiografi dopplerowsk . Wa nymkrokiem jest diagnostyka ró nicowa przyczyn nadci nienia p ucnego,które mog wynika tak e z uszkodzenia lewej komory serca,choroby ródmi szowej p uc, zmian zatorowo-zakrzepowych czyzapalenia mi nia sercowego. Wci wymagaj okre lenia, szczególniew grupie chorych z agodnym nadci nieniem p ucnym, optymalneprogi warto ci nieprawid owych w badaniu echokardiograficznym.Echokardiografia wi e si z ryzykiem wyników zarówno fa szywiedodatnich, jak i fa szywie ujemnych. We wszystkich przypadkach,w których podejrzenie TNP okazuje si uzasadnione, konieczne jestpotwierdzenie rozpoznania za pomoc cewnikowania serca.
Page 1 /23
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.