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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 84767 matches for " Olav W. Bertelsen "
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Challenges in Blood Pressure Self-Measurement
Stefan Wagner,Thomas Skj?deberg Toftegaard,Olav W. Bertelsen
International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/437350
Abstract: Blood pressure self-measurement (BPSM) requires patients to follow a range of recommendations in order to be considered reliable for diagnostic use. We investigated currently used BPSM interventions at four medical clinics combined with an online questionnaire targeting BPSM users. We found that the participating healthcare personnel perceived BPSM as a relevant and useful intervention method providing that the recommendations are followed. A total of six challenges were identified: (1) existing devices do not guarantee that the recommendations are followed, (2) healthcare providers cannot verify whether self-monitoring patients follow the recommendations, (3) patients are not aware of all recommendations and the need to follow them, (4) risk of patient induced reporting bias, (5) risk of healthcare provider induced data-transfer bias, and (6) risk of data being registered as belonging to the wrong patient. We conclude that existing BPSM interventions could be significantly affected by user-induced bias resulting in an indeterminable quality of the measurement data. Therefore, we suggest applying context-aware technological support tools to better detect and quantify user errors. This may allow us to develop solutions that could overcome or compensate for such errors in the future. 1. Background Hypertension is defined as elevated blood pressure (BP) above 140?mm Hg systolic and 90?mm Hg diastolic when measured under standardized conditions [1]. Hypertension can be a separate chronic medical condition estimated to be affecting a quarter of the world’s adult population [2], as well as a risk factor for other chronic and nonchronic patient groups. Traditional high-risk patient groups include diabetics, pregnant women with gestational diabetes or Preeclampsia, and kidney disease patients. For chronic hypertensive patients, persistent hypertension is one of the key risk factors for strokes, heart attacks, heart and kidney failure, and other heart and circulatory diseases and increased mortality [3]. Preeclampsia is the most common cause of maternal and fetal death [4]. For gestational diabetes and Preeclampsia patients, the accurate measurement of BP during pregnancy is one of the most important aspects of prenatal care. For kidney disease patients and diabetics, blood pressure should be kept below 130?mmHg systolic and 80?mm Hg diastolic to protect the kidneys from BP-induced damage [5]. As there are usually no symptoms, frequent blood pressure controls are highly relevant for these high-risk groups. The level of the blood pressure is the main factor in
FCJ-149 Affect and Care in Intimate Transactions
Lone Bertelsen
Fibreculture Journal , 2012,
Abstract: This article considers the ‘co-affective’ power of the new media artwork Intimate Transactions. This co-affective power operates at the ‘trans-subjective’ level of experience. In order to explore this level of experience the article draws on the work of Brian Massumi, Bracha Ettinger and Felix Guattari amongst others. For these thinkers the ‘trans-subjective’ level of experience, precisely because it is ‘co-affective’, holds ethical potential. The article argues for the importance of tending to ‘co-affective’ level of experience – both in designing “interactive” art, such as Intimate Transactions, and in life more generally.
Quantum Monte Carlo with Directed Loops
Olav F. Syljuasen,Anders W. Sandvik
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.66.046701
Abstract: We introduce the concept of directed loops in stochastic series expansion and path integral quantum Monte Carlo methods. Using the detailed balance rules for directed loops, we show that it is possible to smoothly connect generally applicable simulation schemes (in which it is necessary to include back-tracking processes in the loop construction) to more restricted loop algorithms that can be constructed only for a limited range of Hamiltonians (where back-tracking can be avoided). The "algorithmic discontinuities" between general and special points (or regions) in parameter space can hence be eliminated. As a specific example, we consider the anisotropic S=1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet in an external magnetic field. We show that directed loop simulations are very efficient for the full range of magnetic fields (zero to the saturation point) and anisotropies. In particular for weak fields and anisotropies, the autocorrelations are significantly reduced relative to those of previous approaches. The back-tracking probability vanishes continuously as the isotropic Heisenberg point is approached. For the XY-model, we show that back-tracking can be avoided for all fields extending up to the saturation field. The method is hence particularly efficient in this case. We use directed loop simulations to study the magnetization process in the 2D Heisenberg model at very low temperatures. For LxL lattices with L up to 64, we utilize the step-structure in the magnetization curve to extract gaps between different spin sectors. Finite-size scaling of the gaps gives an accurate estimate of the transverse susceptibility in the thermodynamic limit: chi_perp = 0.0659 +- 0.0002.
The directed-loop algorithm
Anders W. Sandvik,Olav F. Syljuasen
Physics , 2003, DOI: 10.1063/1.1632141
Abstract: The directed-loop scheme is a framework for generalized loop-type updates in quantum Monte Carlo, applicable both to world-line and stochastic series expansion methods. Here, the directed-loop equations, the solution of which gives the probabilities of the various loop-building steps, are discussed in the context of the anisotropic $S=1/2$ Heisenberg model in a uniform magnetic field. This example shows how the directed-loop concept emerges as a natural generalization of the conventional loop algorithm, where the loops are selfavoiding, to cases where selfintersection must be allowed in order to satisfy detailed balance.
A Deepessay
Andreas Thelander Bertelsen,Per Jespersen
Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis , 2002,
Video observation in HIT development: lessons learned on benefits and challenges
H?stgaard Anna,Bertelsen Pernille
BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6947-12-91
Abstract: Background Experience shows that the precondition for the development of successful health information technologies is a thorough insight into clinical work practice. In contemporary clinical work practice, clinical work and health information technology are integrated, and part of the practice is tacit. When work practice becomes routine, it slips to the background of the conscious awareness and becomes difficult to recognize without the context to support recall. This means that it is difficult to capture with traditional ethnographic research methods or in usability laboratories or clinical set ups. Observation by the use of the video technique within healthcare settings has proven to be capable of providing a thorough insight into the complex clinical work practice and its context - including parts of the tacit practice. The objective of this paper is 1) to argue for the video observation technique to inform and improve health-information-technology development and 2) to share insights and lessons learned on benefits and challenges when using the video observation technique within healthcare settings. Methods A multiple case study including nine case studies conducted by DaCHI researchers 2004–2011 using audio-visual, non-participant video observation for data collection within different healthcare settings. Results In HIT development, video observation is beneficial for 1) informing and improving system design 2) studying changes in work practice 3) identifying new potentials and 4) documenting current work practices. Conclusions The video observation technique used within healthcare settings is superior to other ethnographic research methods when it comes to disclosing the complexity in clinical work practice. The insights gained are far more realistic compared to traditional ethnographic studies or usability studies and studies in clinical set ups. Besides, the data generated through video recordings provide a solid basis for dialog between the health care professionals involved. The most important lessons learned are that a well considered methodology and clear formulated objectives are imperative, in order to stay focused during the data rich analysis phase. Additionally, the video observation technique is primarily recommended for studies of specific clinical work practices within delimited clinical settings. Overall, the video observation technique has proven to be capable of improving our understanding of the interwoven relation between clinical work practice and HIT and to inform us about user requirements and needs for HIT, which
Molecule Formation in Optical Lattice Wells by Resonantly Modulated Magnetic Fields
Jesper Fevre Bertelsen,Klaus Molmer
Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.73.013811
Abstract: We present a theoretical model for formation of molecules in an optical lattice well where a resonant coupling of atomic and molecular states is provided by small oscillations of a magnetic field in the vicinity of a Feshbach resonance. As opposed to an adiabatic sweep over the full resonance, this provides a coherent coupling with a frequency that can be tuned to meet resonance conditions in the system. The effective Rabi frequencies for this coupling are calculated and simulations show perfect Rabi oscillations. Robust production of molecules with an adiabatic sweep of the modulation frequency is demonstrated. For very large oscillation amplitudes, the Rabi oscillations are distorted but still effective and fast association is possible.
Association of heteronuclear molecules in a harmonic oscillator well
Jesper Fevre Bertelsen,Klaus Molmer
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: We describe the collisional interaction between two different atoms that are trapped in a harmonic potential. The atoms are exposed to a magnetic field, which is modulated in the vicinity of an s-wave Feshbach resonance, and we study the formation of molecular bound states and excited states of the trapped system with non-trivial angular correlations.
CO ro-vibrational lines in HD100546: A search for disc asymmetries and the role of fluorescence
R. P. Hein Bertelsen,I. Kamp,M. Goto,G. van der Plas,W. -F. Thi,L. B. F. M. Waters,M. E. van den Ancker,P. Woitke
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201322574
Abstract: We have studied the emission of CO ro-vibrational lines in the disc around the Herbig Be star HD100546 with the final goal of using these lines as a diagnostic to understand inner disc structure in the context of planet formation. High-resolution IR spectra of CO ro-vibrational emission at eight different position angles were taken with CRIRES at the VLT. From these spectra flux tables, CO ro-vibrational line profiles, and population diagrams were produced. We have investigated variations in the line profile shapes and line strengths as a function of slit position angle. We used the thermochemical disc modelling code ProDiMo based on the chemistry, radiation field, and temperature structure of a previously published model for HD100546. Comparing observations and the model, we investigated the possibility of disc asymmetries, the excitation mechanism (UV fluorescence), the geometry, and physical conditions of the inner disc. The observed CO ro-vibrational lines are largely emitted from the inner rim of the outer disc at 10-13 AU. The line shapes are similar for all v levels and line fluxes from all vibrational levels vary only within one order of magnitude. All line profile asymmetries and variations can be explained with a symmetric disc model to which a slit correction and pointing offset is applied. Because the angular size of the CO emitting region (10-13 AU) and the slit width are comparable the line profiles are very sensitive to the placing of the slit. The model reproduces the line shapes and the fluxes of the v=1-0 lines as well as the spatial extent of the CO ro-vibrational emission. It does not reproduce the observed band ratios of 0.5-0.2 with higher vibrational bands. We find that lower gas volume densities at the surface of the inner rim of the outer disc can make the fluorescence pumping more effcient and reproduce the observed band ratios.
Boundedness and surjectivity in normed spaces
Olav Nygaard
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences , 2002, DOI: 10.1155/s0161171202011596
Abstract: We define the (w* -) boundedness property and the (w* -) surjectivity property for sets in normed spaces. We show that these properties are pairwise equivalent in complete normed spaces by characterizing them in terms of a category-like property called (w* -) thickness. We give examples of interesting sets having or not having these properties. In particular, we prove that the tensor product of two w*-thick sets in X** and Y* is a w*-thick subset in L(X,Y)* and obtain as a consequence that the set w*-expBK(l2)* is w*-thick.
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